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Large animal models for translational research in acute kidney injury.

Balamurugan Packialakshmi, Ian J Stewart, David M Burmeister, Kevin K Chung, Xiaoming Zhou,

While extensive research using animal models has improved the understanding of acute kidney injury (AKI), this knowledge has not been translated into effective treatments. Many promising interventions for AKI identified in mice and rats have not been validated in subsequent clinical trials. As a result, the mortality rate of AKI ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):1042-1058]

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Occupational risk factors for chronic kidney disease in Andhra Pradesh: 'Uddanam Nephropathy'.

Youssef M K Farag, Kuyilan Karai Subramanian, Vikrum A Singh, Ravi Raju Tatapudi, Ajay K Singh,

BACKGROUND:CKD of unknown etiology (CKDu) has been reported in several countries including India. We previously showed a prevalence of CKD in India to be 17.2% and we found a CKD epidemic in Andhra Pradesh (AP) to be 46.8%. We conducted this study to further explore the unexplained CKD epidemic in ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):1032-1041]

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Non-adherence to hemodialysis regimens among patients on maintenance hemodialysis in sub-Saharan Africa: an example from Cameroon.

Marie Patrice Halle, Musaga Nelson, Folefack Francois Kaze, Nda Mefo'o Jean Pierre, Tewafeu Denis, Hermine Fouda, Enow Gloria Ashuntantang,

BACKGROUND:Non-adherence (NA) to hemodialysis regimens is one of the contributors to the high morbidity and mortality observed in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). We aimed to determine the prevalence and predictors of NA to hemodialysis (HD) regimens among patients on maintenance HD in Cameroon. METHODS:A cross-sectional study in two ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):1022-1028]

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Hyperuricemia, the heart, and the kidneys - to treat or not to treat?

Tadej Petreski, Robert Ekart, Radovan Hojs, Sebastjan Bevc,

BACKGROUND:Hyperuricemia is a state in which the serum levels of uric acid are elevated. As such it has a pronounced effect on vascular and renal function with their consequences, while also showing some antioxidant effects that show to be beneficial. SUMMARY:Hyperuricemia has shown to have a J-shaped relationship with mortality, ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):978-986]

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Therapeutic effect of intravenous sodium thiosulfate for uremic pruritus in hemodialysis patients.

Yu-Huan Song, Si-Yang Wang, Jia-Hui Lang, Yue-Fei Xiao, Guang-Yan Cai, Xiang-Mei Chen,

OBJECTIVES:This study aimed to compare the efficacy of intravenous sodium thiosulfate (IV STS) with that of loratadine in the treatment of uremic pruritus in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS:This retrospective study included 44 HD patients with pruritus aged over 18 years between June 2018 and January 2020 at the Aerospace Center Hospital of ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):987-993]

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Clinical characteristics and outcome of hemodialysis patients with COVID-19: a large cohort study in a single Chinese center.

Rong Zou, Fang Chen, Dan Chen, Cui-Ling Xu, Fei Xiong,

BACKGROUND:Novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly, which poses great challenges to patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Here we report the clinical features of 66 hemodialysis patients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 infection. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS:Retrospective, single-center case series of the 66 hemodialysis patients with confirmed COVID-19 from 1 January ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):950-957]

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Elevated expression of HDAC6 in clinical peritoneal dialysis patients and its pathogenic role on peritoneal angiogenesis.

Yingfeng Shi, Jun Ni, Min Tao, Xiaoyan Ma, Yi Wang, Xiujuan Zang, Yan Hu, Andong Qiu, Shougang Zhuang, Na Liu,

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an important renal replacement therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. However, its complications, such as peritoneal fibrosis (PF) and angiogenesis can cause ultrafiltration failure and PD termination. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) has been demonstrated to be involved in PF. However, its underlying role in peritoneal ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):890-901]

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Could KIM-1 and NGAL levels predict acute kidney injury after paracentesis? - preliminary study.

Marta Pietrukaniec, Maciej Migacz, Agnieszka Żak-Gołąb, Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz, Jerzy Chudek, Jan Duława, Michał Holecki,

BACKGROUND:Kidney dysfunction is a common complication in patients with severe liver cirrhosis. There is a need for discovery and validation of novel biomarkers for earlier AKI detection. The aim of this study was to determine if tubular injury markers: NGAL and KIM-1 could be helpful in the early diagnosis of ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):853-859]

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Serum Sphingosine-1-phosphate level and peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Qiong Bai, Hong-Xia Guo, Chun-Yan Su, Qing-Feng Han, Tao Wang, Wen Tang,

BACKGROUND:Given the important role of Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in maintaining the hemostasis in intestinal barrier function and regulation of inflammation and immune, we hypothesize that S1P might be a biomarker to predict peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS:In this case-control study, 78 stable, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients were enrolled ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):829-835]

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Association between serum alkaline phosphatase and renal outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Lijun Zhao, Lin Li, Honghong Ren, Yutong Zou, Rui Zhang, Shanshan Wang, Huan Xu, Jie Zhang, Fang Liu,

This retrospective study included 299 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and biopsy-confirmed diabetic nephropathy (DN) to investigate the prognostic value of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) for renal outcome. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) for the serum ALP level on renal outcome, which was ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):818-828]

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Asymmetric dimethylarginine compartmental behavior during high-flux hemodialysis.

Qiuna Du, Jiayuan Gao, Renhua Lu, Yun Jin, Yanfang Zou, Chen Yu, Yucheng Yan,

AIM:The accumulation of uremic toxins, such as asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), has emerged as one of the major cardiovascular disease-related risk factors in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Based on the low molecular weight of ADMA, hemodialysis (HD) should theoretically effectively remove ADMA. In this study, we investigated the clearance ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):760-766]

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Monocyte counts are negatively associated with ankle-brachial index values in non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease patients.

Myung Sung Kim, Dong-Jin Oh,

Our aim was to determine which leukocyte subtypes are most relevant to ankle-brachial index (ABI) values in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD). The study included 79 NDD-CKD patients aged 62.84 ± 12.09 years (63.33% men; 26.67% patients with diabetes) and 21 age-matched normal controls. According to the estimated glomerular filtration rate ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):740-747]

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Glomerular C4 deposition and glomerulosclerosis predict worse renal outcomes in Chinese patients with IgA nephropathy.

Yan Yang, Xi Tang, Yuan Yang, Xinrui Li, Lingzhi Li, Kai Huang, Yi Li, Jing Li, Ping Fu,

BACKGROUND:Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is a clinical and pathological syndrome with heterogenous manifestation and progression. Complement activation is involved in the disease. However, the clinical significance of C4 deposition in IgAN is obscure. METHODS:A multicenter retrospective study was conducted in biopsy-proven IgAN patients. Based on mesangial C4 deposition, patients were ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):629-637]

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The impact of switching to mTOR inhibitor-based immunosuppression on long-term non-melanoma skin cancer incidence and renal function in kidney and liver transplant recipients.

Susan L Murray, Fergus E Daly, Patrick O'Kelly, Eamonn O'Leary, Sandra Deady, James P O'Neill, Alexander Dudley, Nicholas R Rutledge, Aiden McCormick, Diarmuid D Houlihan, Yvonne Williams, Patrick G Morris, Siona Ni Raghallaigh, Fergal J Moloney, Donal J Sexton, Peter J Conlon,

Background: Solid organ transplantation is associated with increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancer. Studies with short follow up times have suggested a reduced occurrence of these cancers in recipients treated with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors as maintenance immunosuppression. We aimed to describe the occurrence of skin cancers in renal ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):607-612]

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Prevalence of hypothyroidism in Japanese chronic kidney disease patients.

Rena Yuasa, Yasushi Ohashi, Akinobu Saito, Kumiko Tsuboi, Seiichiro Shishido, Ken Sakai,

Background: Major symptoms of progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) are similar to those of hypothyroidism. Hidden symptoms of hypothyroidism underlying CKD are often observed in clinical practice. This study aimed to ascertain the frequency of hypothyroidism complicated by CKD, and to analyze factors impacting thyroid function.Methods: During the period from ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):572-579]

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Development and validation of a predictive model for the progression of diabetic kidney disease to kidney failure.

Yaqi Cheng, Jin Shang, Dong Liu, Jing Xiao, Zhanzheng Zhao,

Introduction: A good prediction model plays an important role in determining the progression to diabetic kidney disease. We aimed to create a model to predict progression to kidney failure in patients with diabetic kidney disease.Methods: We retrospectively assessed 641 patients with type 2 diabetic kidney disease as derivation cohort and ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):550-559]

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DACH1, a novel target of miR-218, participates in the regulation of cell viability, apoptosis, inflammatory response, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition process in renal tubule cells treated by high-glucose.

Ying-Li Zhang, Jie-Min Wang, Hong Yin, Shou-Bao Wang, Cai-Ling He, Jing Liu,

Objective: This report was designed to assess the functional role of miR-218/dachshund family transcription factor 1 (DACH1) in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and investigate its possible molecular mechanism.Materials and Methods: From the GEO database, we downloaded different datasets for analyzing the expression of miR-218 and DACH1 in DKD. TargetScan was ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):463-473]

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miR-25-3p promotes proliferation and inhibits autophagy of renal cells in polycystic kidney mice by regulating ATG14-Beclin 1.

Guojian Liu, Xiaowen Kang, Ping Guo, Yu Shang, Ruomei Du, Xiyue Wang, Liting Chen, Rui Yue, Fanwu Kong,

MicroRNAs are involved in the regulation of the autophagy and proliferation in several diseases. This study aims to verify the role of miR-25-3p in the proliferation and autophagy of renal cells in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). We found that kidney to body weight and blood urea content were increased in ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):333-342]

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Survival rate in acute kidney injury superimposed COVID-19 patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Hatem Ali, Ahmed Daoud, Mahmoud M Mohamed, Sohail Abdul Salim, Lenar Yessayan, Jyoti Baharani, Asam Murtaza, Vinaya Rao, Karim M Soliman,

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):393-397]

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Comprehensive assessment of deceased donor kidneys with clinical characteristics, pre-implant biopsy histopathology and hypothermic mechanical perfusion parameters is highly predictive of delayed graft function.

Jin Zheng, Xiaojun Hu, Xiaoming Ding, Yang Li, Chenguang Ding, Puxun Tian, Heli Xiang, Xinshun Feng, Xiaoming Pan, Hang Yan, Jun Hou, Xiaohui Tian, Zunwei Liu, Xuzhen Wang, Wujun Xue,

Background: Due to the current high demand for transplant tissue, an increasing proportion of kidney donors are considered extended criteria donors, which results in a higher incidence of delayed graft function (DGF) in organ recipients. Therefore, it is important to fully investigate the risk factors of DGF, and establish a ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):369-376]

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Interleukin-22 attenuates renal tubular cells inflammation and fibrosis induced by TGF-β1 through Notch1 signaling pathway.

Rong Tang, Xiangcheng Xiao, Yang Lu, Huihui Li, Qiaoling Zhou, Patrick Kwadwo Nuro-Gyina, Xia Li,

Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a crucial factor implicated in the development of renal inflammation and tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF). The cytokine interleukin 22 (IL-22) was previously reported to involve in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases, however recent studies showed that IL-22 could reduced inflammatory responses and tissue damage. In ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):381-390]

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Renal echography for predicting acute kidney injury in critically ill patients: a prospective observational study.

Hai Jun Zhi, Yong Li, Bo Wang, Xiao Ya Cui, Meng Zhang, Zhen Jie Hu,

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic performances of renal resistive index (RRI) and semiquantitative power Doppler ultrasound (PDU) scores in predicting acute kidney injury (AKI) stage 3 in critically ill patients.Methods: This prospective observational study included 148 patients (80 with reduced cardiac index [CI], 68 with maintained CI). RRI and semiquantitative ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):263-269]

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Efficacy of leflunomide combined with prednisone for the treatment of PLA2R-associated primary membranous nephropathy.

Yaling Guo, Xueping Wu, Lei Liu, Haifeng Zhang, Lijuan Yang, Weidong Chen,

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of leflunomide (LEF) combined with prednisone for the treatment of PLA2R-associated primary membranous nephropathy (PMN) and changes in anti-PLA2R antibody titers after treatment.Methods: Sixty patients with nephrotic syndrome, biopsy-proven MN and anti-PLA2R antibody positivity were included in this study conducted from December ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):122-130]

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Coronary artery bypass grafting vs. drug-eluting stent implantation in patients with end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis.

Zhi Wang, Yanjun Gong, Fangfang Fan, Fan Yang, Lin Qiu, Tao Hong, Yong Huo,

Objectives: To evaluate the optimal revascularization strategy for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD) in the drug-eluting stent (DES) era.Methods: One hundred and twelve patients with ESRD treated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled from 2007 to ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):107-112]

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Hepatitis C virus and carpal tunnel syndrome in hemodialysis patients: a single center cross-sectional study.

Ling Yu, Shen Shen, Yuan Zu, Jia Huang, Han Li, Shixiang Wang,

OBJECTIVES:Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common complication in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients and leads to disabilities and increased risk of mortality. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with inflammatory and oxidative stress, and HCV infection can be cured. This study aimed at evaluating the association of HCV infection ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):1076-1082]

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