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Journal Radiology

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Case 278: Mutation in ROBO3 Gene-Horizontal Gaze Palsy and Progressive Scoliosis.

Felipe Alba Scortegagna, Felipe T Pacheco, Renato Hoffmann Nunes, Aline Serpa, Michele Patricia Migliavacca, Antonio José da Rocha,

HistoryA 13-year-old girl was born to consanguineous parents. She presented with mild intellectual impairment, convergent strabismus, horizontal gaze palsy, and bilateral abducens palsy. Vertical gaze was preserved, and no abnormalities suggesting facial paralysis were noted. In addition, she reported progressive back pain since she was 5 years old. Other symptoms ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, 295(3):736-740]

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Case 282.

Amir H Davarpanah, Linton W Eberhardt,

HistoryA 63-year-old woman with a history of left mastectomy for breast cancer and partial gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction for nonhealing peptic ulcer presented to the emergency department and reported a 1-month history of abdominal distention, fevers, chills, and flu-like symptoms. She was initially suspected of having flu, and she completed ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, 295(3):733-735]

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Dual-Energy CT of Spinal Tophaceous Gout.

Brian Gibney, Nicolas Murray,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :200816]

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Intravenous Iodine Contrast Media in Patients with Kidney Disease: Some Considerations to the American College of Radiology and National Kidney Foundation Consensus.

Claudio Ronco, Ulf Nyman,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :201387]

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Adverse Events to the Gadolinium-based Contrast Agent Gadoxetic Acid: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Nicola Schieda, Christian B van der Pol, Daniel Walker, Anne K Tsampalieros, Pejman J Maralani, Sungmin Woo, Matthew S Davenport,

Background Gadoxetic acid is classified by the American College of Radiology as a group III gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA), which indicates that there are limited data regarding nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) risk, but there are few if any unconfounded cases of NSF. Purpose To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :200073]

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One-Stop Shopping: Dual-Energy CT for the Confident Diagnosis of Adrenal Adenomas.

Nicole M Hindman, Alec J Megibow,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :201718]

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Radiogenomic Analysis of Breast Cancer by Linking MRI Phenotypes with Tumor Gene Expression.

Tycho Bismeijer, Bas H M van der Velden, Sander Canisius, Esther H Lips, Claudette E Loo, Max A Viergever, Jelle Wesseling, Kenneth G A Gilhuijs, Lodewyk F A Wessels,

Background Better understanding of the molecular biology associated with MRI phenotypes may aid in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. Purpose To discover the associations between MRI phenotypes of breast cancer and their underlying molecular biology derived from gene expression data. Materials and Methods This is a secondary analysis ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :191453]

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Adrenal Adenomas versus Metastases: Diagnostic Performance of Dual-Energy Spectral CT Virtual Noncontrast Imaging and Iodine Maps.

Yasunori Nagayama, Taihei Inoue, Seitaro Oda, Shota Tanoue, Takeshi Nakaura, Osamu Ikeda, Yasuyuki Yamashita,

Background Dual-energy CT allows virtual noncontrast (VNC) attenuation and iodine density measurements from contrast material-enhanced examination, potentially enabling adrenal lesion characterization. However, data regarding diagnostic performance remain limited, and combined diagnostic values have never been investigated. Purpose To determine whether VNC attenuation, iodine density, and combination of the two allow ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :192227]

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Differentiation of Benign from Malignant Pulmonary Nodules by Using a Convolutional Neural Network to Determine Volume Change at Chest CT.

Yoshiharu Ohno, Kota Aoyagi, Atsushi Yaguchi, Shinichiro Seki, Yoshiko Ueno, Yuji Kishida, Daisuke Takenaka, Takeshi Yoshikawa,

Background Deep learning may help to improve computer-aided detection of volume (CADv) measurement of pulmonary nodules at chest CT. Purpose To determine the efficacy of a deep learning method for improving CADv for measuring the solid and ground-glass opacity (GGO) volumes of a nodule, doubling time (DT), and the change ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :191740]

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COVID-19 -associated Diffuse Leukoencephalopathy and Microhemorrhages.

Alireza Radmanesh, Anna Derman, Yvonne W Lui, Eytan Raz, John P Loh, Mari Hagiwara, Maria J Borja, Elcin Zan, Girish M Fatterpekar,

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in association with a variety of brain imaging findings such as ischemic infarct, hemorrhage, and acute hemorrhagic necrotizing encephalopathy. Here, we report brain imaging features in 11 critically ill COVID-19 patients with persistently depressed mental status who underwent MRI between April 5-25, 2020 ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :202040]

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CT Pulmonary Angiography in Chronic Thromboembolic Disease: Where Do We Stand?

Andrew J Swift, Smitha Rajaram,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :201344]

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State of the Art: Imaging of Osteoarthritis-Revisited 2020.

Frank W Roemer, Shadpour Demehri, Patrick Omoumi, Thomas M Link, Richard Kijowski, Simo Saarakkala, Michel D Crema, Ali Guermazi,

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent chronic condition with marked implications for affected individuals and public health care. There are available treatments to manage pain and symptoms but no effective treatment for OA. In the past 10 years, joint imaging, particularly MRI, has evolved rapidly due to technical advances and ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :192498]

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Breakthrough Hypersensitivity Reactions to Gadolinium-based Contrast Agents and Strategies to Decrease Subsequent Reaction Rates: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Daniel T Walker, Matthew S Davenport, Trevor A McGrath, Matthew D F McInnes, Tara Shankar, Nicola Schieda,

Background Hypersensitivity reactions to gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) that occur despite corticosteroid premedication (breakthrough reactions) are not well understood. Purpose To determine the GBCA breakthrough reaction rate overall and according to GBCA class and to determine the effect of using an alternative GBCA or allergy skin testing on the risk ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :192855]

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BI-RADS Category 3 Is a Safe and Effective Alternative to Biopsy or Surgical Excision.

Linda Moy,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :201583]

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CT Angiography for Triage of Minor Stroke: Controversial Analysis.

David M Yousem, Alice Zhou, Matthew D Alvin,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :200755]

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Comparison of V/Q SPECT and CT Angiography for the Diagnosis of Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension.

Meng Wang, Dayong Wu, Rongzheng Ma, Zongyao Zhang, Hailong Zhang, Kai Han, Changming Xiong, Lei Wang, Wei Fang,

Background Accurate methods for identifying obstructions in both large and small vessels are crucial for diagnosis and treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Purpose To compare the performance of ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scanning, V/Q SPECT, and CT pulmonary angiography (PA) in CTEPH by using digital subtraction PA as the reference ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :192181]

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Imaging in Neurological Disease of Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients: An Italian Multicenter Retrospective Observational Study.

Abdelkader Mahammedi, Luca Saba, Achala Vagal, Michela Leali, Andrea Rossi, Mary Gaskill, Soma Sengupta, Bin Zhang, Alessandro Carriero, Suha Bachir, Paola Crivelli, Alessio Paschè, Enrico Premi, Alessandro Padovani, Roberto Gasparotti,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :201933]

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A Breakthrough in Gadolinum-based Contrast Agent Hypersensitivity Reactions.

Martin R Prince,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :201644]

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Cancer Yield and Patterns of Follow-up for BI-RADS Category 3 after Screening Mammography Recall in the National Mammography Database.

Wendie A Berg, Jeremy M Berg, Edward A Sickles, Elizabeth S Burnside, Margarita L Zuley, Robert D Rosenberg, Cindy S Lee,

Background The literature supports the use of short-interval follow-up as an alternative to biopsy for lesions assessed as probably benign, Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 3, with an expected malignancy rate of less than 2%. Purpose To assess outcomes from 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-up of probably ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :192641]

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Acute Pulmonary Embolism and COVID-19.

Neo Poyiadji, Peter Cormier, Parth Y Patel, Mohamad O Hadied, Pallavi Bhargava, Kanika Khanna, Jeffrey Nadig, Thomas Keimig, David Spizarny, Nicholas Reeser, Chad Klochko, Edward L Peterson, Thomas Song,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :201955]

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COVID-19-Associated Leukoencephalopathy.

Jeffrey R Sachs, Kevin W Gibbs, Dionne E Swor, Adam P Sweeney, Daniel W Williams, Jonathan H Burdette, Thomas G West, Carol P Geer,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :201753]

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Assessing the Value of Diagnostic Tests in the New World of COVID-19 Pandemic.

Francesco Sardanelli, Giovanni Di Leo,

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :201845]

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PSMA-targeted Radiotracers versus 18F Fluciclovine for the Detection of Prostate Cancer Biochemical Recurrence after Definitive Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Nelly Tan, Udochukwu Oyoyo, Niusha Bavadian, Nicholas Ferguson, Anudeep Mukkamala, Jeremie Calais, Matthew S Davenport,

Background National guidelines endorse fluorine 18 (18F) fluciclovine PET/CT for the detection of prostate cancer (PCa) in men with biochemically recurrent PCa. The comparative performance between fluciclovine and gallium 68 or 18F prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT, a newer examination, is unclear. Purpose To compare the detection of biochemical recurrence ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :191689]

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Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Hip Joint Infection Using MRI with Metal Artifact Reduction at 1.5 T.

Julien Galley, Reto Sutter, Christoph Stern, Lukas Filli, Stefan Rahm, Christian W A Pfirrmann,

Background MRI with metal artifact reduction has gained importance in assessment of pain with total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, its role in diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) has not been well defined. Purpose To evaluate findings of PJI after THA and to determine the diagnostic performance of 1.5-T MRI ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :191901]

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Preoperative CT-based Deep Learning Model for Predicting Disease-Free Survival in Patients with Lung Adenocarcinomas.

Hyungjin Kim, Jin Mo Goo, Kyung Hee Lee, Young Tae Kim, Chang Min Park,

Background Deep learning models have the potential for lung cancer prognostication, but model output as an independent prognostic factor must be validated with clinical risk factors. Purpose To develop and validate a preoperative CT-based deep learning model for predicting disease-free survival in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Materials and Methods In ... Read more >>

Radiology (Radiology)
[2020, :192764]

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