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Coffee consumption and mortality in Japan with 18 years of follow-up: the Jichi Medical School Cohort Study.

T Sakamaki, K Kayaba, K Kotani, M Namekawa, T Hamaguchi, N Nakaya, S Ishikawa,

Coffee consumption can be expected to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular diseases and cancer. This study tested the hypothesis of an inverse association between coffee intake and all-cause mortality and mortality due to cancer, coronary heart disease, or stroke. Prospective cohort study. We analyzed data from the Jichi Medical School ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2021, 191:23-30]

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Does vitamin D deficiency increase the risk of obesity in adults and the elderly? A systematic review of prospective cohort studies.

M Pereira, P Ribas de Farias Costa, E Miranda Pereira, I Russoni de Lima Lago, A Marlucia Oliveira,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Epidemiological studies indicate an association between vitamin D deficiency and obesity. However, there is no consistent evidence of the direction or causal relationship between these conditions. Thus, we analysed the longitudinal relationship between vitamin D deficiency and obesity/adiposity in different age groups.<h4>Study design</h4>This study was a systematic review with PROSPERO ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2021, 190:123-131]

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Changes in physical activity and mortality risk among an adult Lithuanian urban population: results from a cohort study.

V Jasiukaitiene, D Luksiene, D Kranciukaite-Butylkiniene, A Tamosiunas,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in physical activity and the association of these changes with the risk of all-cause mortality and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) among an adult and elderly Lithuanian urban population.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective cohort study.<h4>Methods</h4>Data from four surveys are presented. In total, there were ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2021, 191:3-10]

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The challenges of administering a new treatment: the case of direct-acting antivirals for hepatitis C virus.

S Mondschein, N Yankovic, O Matus,

<h4>Objectives</h4>We develop a patient prioritization scheme for treating patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and study under which scenarios it outperforms the current practices in Spain and Chile.<h4>Study design</h4>We use simulation to evaluate the performance of prioritization rules under two HCV patient cohorts, constructed using secondary data of public ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2021, 190:116-122]

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A link between dishonest data reporting and xenophobia.

W Kwong, E Mak,

Public Health (Public health)
[2021, :]

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Inter-relationship of risk factors and pathways associated with chronic kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a structural equation modelling analysis.

C-P Wang, Y-C Lu, W-C Hung, I-T Tsai, Y-H Chang, D-W Hu, C-C Hsu, C-C Wu, C-T Wei, F-M Chung, Y-J Lee,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Diabetes mellitus is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, the inter-relationships and pathogenetic mechanisms among risk factors are still largely unknown. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was applied to test a hypothesis of causal pathways related to CKD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).<h4>Study design</h4>This ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2021, :]

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Financial burden is now on the forefront of self-isolation non-adherence.

J Hayre,

Public Health (Public health)
[2021, :]

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What can be done to encourage women from Black, Asian and minority ethnic backgrounds to attend breast screening? A qualitative synthesis of barriers and facilitators.

J Baird, G Yogeswaran, G Oni, E E Wilson,

<h4>Objective</h4>The objective of the study is to identify the barriers to UK Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) women attending breast screening and subsequently, support the growing evidence base providing solutions to the public health problem of ethnic variation within screening attendance.<h4>Study design</h4>A systematic review and thematic analysis of UK-based, ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Sharp increase in depression and anxiety among Brazilian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic: findings from the PAMPA cohort

N. Feter, E.L. Caputo, I.R. Doring, J.S. Leite, J. Cassuriaga, F.F. Reichert, M.C. da Silva, J.S. Coombes, A.J. Rombaldi,

<h4>Objectives</h4> We aimed to compare the prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms before and during the pandemic and identify factors associated with aggravated mental health symptoms. <h4>Study design</h4> Retrospective cohort study. <h4>Methods</h4> We identified the proportion of normal, mild, moderate, and severe symptoms of depression and anxiety before and during ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:101-107]

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Sharp increase in depression and anxiety among Brazilian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic: findings from the PAMPA cohort.

N Feter, E L Caputo, I R Doring, J S Leite, J Cassuriaga, F F Reichert, M C da Silva, J S Coombes, A J Rombaldi,

<h4>Objectives</h4>We aimed to compare the prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms before and during the pandemic and identify factors associated with aggravated mental health symptoms.<h4>Study design</h4>Retrospective cohort study.<h4>Methods</h4>We identified the proportion of normal, mild, moderate, and severe symptoms of depression and anxiety before and during the social distancing restrictions in ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:101-107]

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Should lockdown be based on age rather than geography?

George James Porter,

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, :]

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To safely reopen after a lockdown, masks are crucial: lessons from Taiwan.

C-H Hsu, C-H Chen, H-T Huang, C-J Yang, Y-H Chen,

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:99-100]

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Syphilis infection and epidemiological characteristics in Haidian District, Beijing, China, 2013-2018.

X Peng, S Yu, F Wu, J Yang, Y Wang, Y Li, G Zhang, C Lai, Z Wei, W Zhang,

<h4>Objectives</h4>This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of syphilis between 2013 and 2018 in the Haidian District of Beijing in China. In addition, this study suggests potential strategies to control the spread of syphilis infection.<h4>Study design</h4>Observational study.<h4>Methods</h4>Data were collected from the Infectious Disease Reporting System at medical institutions within ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:62-66]

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Health literacy and behavioral health factors in adults.

V Olisarova, J Kaas, V Staskova, S Bartlova, K Papp, M Nagorska, R Korucova, E Reifsnider,

<h4>Objectives</h4>This study was to examine the relationship between health literacy (HL) and health behaviors in the South Bohemia Region in the Czech Republic (CR) and compare them to HL and health behaviors in the Visegrád group countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia). The paper reports the results from the ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:75-81]

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Factors affecting patient adherence to publicly funded colorectal cancer screening programmes: a systematic review.

J Dressler, A T Johnsen, L J Madsen, M Rasmussen, L N Jorgensen,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer. Many countries in Europe have already implemented systematic screening programmes as per the recommendations by the European Union. The impact of screening is highly dependent on participation rates. The aim of the study was to identify barriers, facilitators and modifiers to ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:67-74]

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Disease X: availability bias, biotechnology and seeing beyond zoonotic risk.

R Armitage, L B Nellums,

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, :]

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Health coaching: a necessary role for medical students?

C Grant, H Jopling,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The objective of this study is to discuss the strong rationale for training medical students in health coaching and explain the structure of a planned programme at the University of Cambridge.<h4>Study design</h4>This is a perspective piece.<h4>Methods</h4>This article explores the concept of health coaching and evidence for the approach and argues ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:52-54]

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Structural racism, socio-economic marginalization, and infant mortality.

J Bishop-Royse, B Lange-Maia, L Murray, R C Shah, F DeMaio,

<h4>Objectives</h4>We examine associations between infant mortality rates (IMRs) and measures of structural racism and socio-economic marginalization in Chicago, Illinois. Our purpose was to determine whether the Index of Concentration at the Extremes (ICE) was significantly related to community-level IMRs.<h4>Study design</h4>We use a cross-sectional ecological public health design to examine community-level ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:55-61]

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The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on acute coronary syndrome hospitalizations and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Greece.

C J Kapelios, C Siafarikas, M Bonou, S Liatis, J Barbetseas,

<h4>Objectives</h4>After coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, striking decreases in the number of hospital admissions for acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) and rises in rates of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) have been noted.<h4>Study design</h4>This is an analysis of prospectively collected data from a cardiology department in a single, large volume hospital of ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 191:17-19]

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Online 'anti-vax' campaigns and COVID-19: censorship is not the solution.

R Armitage,

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, :]

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Health-related claims in food supplements endorsements: a content analysis from the perspective of EU regulation.

C Muela-Molina, S Perelló-Oliver, A García-Arranz,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Based on the legal framework regulating the advertisement of food supplements in the EU, the aim of this article is to analyse the relationship between the presence of endorsers, the different types of health-related claims (H-RCs) and product content information.<h4>Study design</h4>We applied a quantitative approach based on the content analysis ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, :]

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to WG consumption among college students: a cross-sectional study in Chongqing, China.

H Liu, S He, H Long, X Cao, Z Zhang, Z Zhang, Y Zhou, H Liu, D Liu, M Yao, Y Zhao,

<h4>Objectives</h4>This work aimed to investigate WG (WG)-related knowledge, attitudes, practices (KAPs) and factors affecting WG consumption among college students in Chongqing, China.<h4>Study design</h4>A cross-sectional study was performed among 2500 students from six universities using a self-administered questionnaire.<h4>Methods</h4>The chi-squared test and binary logistic regression were used for data analysis.<h4>Results</h4>Only 14.7% of ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:37-41]

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Prevalence and determinants of uncorrected refractive error among a socially vulnerable older adult population living in Armenia.

A Giloyan, V Khachadourian, V Petrosyan, T Harutyunyan,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study estimated the prevalence of uncorrected refractive error (URE) and its determinants in a socially vulnerable older population living in Armenia.<h4>Study design</h4>The study design used in the stidy is a cross-sectional study.<h4>Methods</h4>A total of 485 people responded to a survey on sociodemographic characteristics, spectacle use, and ophthalmic services' use. ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:30-36]

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All-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and incidence of cardiovascular disease according to a screening program of cardiovascular risk in South Korea among young adults: a nationwide cohort study.

J M Yun, S Choi, K Kim, S M Kim, J S Son, G Lee, S-M Jeong, S Y Park, Y-Y Kim, S M Park,

<h4>Objectives</h4>We aimed to determine whether there are any differences in all-cause and cause-specific mortality with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk between health screening attenders and non-attenders among young adults.<h4>Study design</h4>We performed a retrospective cohort study using claim data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database.<h4>Methods</h4>Individuals aged 20-39 years who had ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:23-29]

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Geospatial and temporal variation of prostate cancer incidence.

Win Wah, Susannah Ahern, Sue Evans, Jeremy Millar, Melanie Evans, Arul Earnest,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The objective of this study was to evaluate geographical and temporal variations in prostate cancer incidence in Victoria, Australia.<h4>Study design & methods</h4>This study analysed 105,349 cases of incident prostate cancer between 1982 and 2016 from the population-based Victorian Cancer Registry. We performed Poisson regression analyses to identify an association between ... Read more >>

Public Health (Public health)
[2020, 190:7-15]

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