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Sexual Harassment and Sexual Assault in Early Adulthood: National Estimates for College and Non-College Students.

Elizabeth A Mumford, Sharyn Potter, Bruce G Taylor, Jane Stapleton,

Young adults are at high risk for sexual harassment and sexual assault. Although attention has been given to prevention on college campuses, the need for prevention may be at least as high for young adults who do not attend college as for young adults who do. In October 2019, we ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, :33354920946014]

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Exploring Changes in Racial/Ethnic Disparities of HIV Diagnosis Rates Under the "Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America" Initiative.

Donna Hubbard McCree, Harrell Chesson, Erin L P Bradley, Austin Williams, Zanetta Gant, Angelica Geter,

OBJECTIVES:Racial/ethnic disparities in HIV diagnosis rates remain despite the availability of effective treatment and prevention tools in the United States. In 2019, President Trump announced the "Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America" (EHE) initiative to reduce new HIV infections in the United States at least 75% by 2025 ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, :33354920943526]

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Master's-Level Education in the Governmental Public Health Workforce.

Jonathon P Leider, Katie Sellers, Kyle Bogaert, Brian C Castrucci, Paul C Erwin,

OBJECTIVES:More than 16 000 graduate degrees in public health are awarded annually. Yet only 14% of the governmental public health workforce has formal public health training of any kind, and 8% has a master of public health (MPH) degree. We characterized the differences among governmental staff members with master's degrees ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, :33354920943519]

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The Florida Department of Health STEPS Public Health Approach: The COVID-19 Response Plan and Outcomes Through May 31, 2020.

Scott A Rivkees, Shamarial Roberson,

In January 2020, the Florida Department of Health began planning for a potential coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. The first 2 cases of COVID-19 in Florida were confirmed on March 1, 2020. The state's multiagency response to the COVID-19 pandemic was based on the Florida STEPS plan: (1) social distancing, ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, :33354920946785]

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Applying an Innovative Model of Disaster Resilience at the Neighborhood Level : The COPEWELL New York City Experience.

Catherine C Slemp, Sarah Sisco, Marc C Jean, Munerah S Ahmed, Norma F Kanarek, Monika Erös-Sarnyai, Ingrid A Gonzalez, Takeru Igusa, Kathryn Lane, Fernando P Tirado, Maryellen Tria, Sen Lin, Valter N Martins, Sanjana Ravi, James M Kendra, Eric G Carbone, Jonathan M Links,

Community resilience is a community's ability to maintain functioning (ie, delivery of services) during and after a disaster event. The Composite of Post-Event Well-Being (COPEWELL) is a system dynamics model of community resilience that predicts a community's disaster-specific functioning over time. We explored COPEWELL's usefulness as a practice-based tool for ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, :33354920938012]

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Lessons Learned From a Peer Writing Coach Program in a School of Public Health.

Jennifer Beard, Ryann Monteiro, Mahogany B Price-Oreyomi, Vanessa Boland Edouard, Mary Murphy-Phillips,

Clear writing is a critical component of public health research and practice. The ability to convey information in a concise, engaging, and insightful manner influences stakeholder engagement and is the backbone of program and policy development, organization, and implementation. To help master of public health (MPH) students adapt their writing ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, :33354920939562]

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Heat-Associated Mortality in a Hot Climate : Maricopa County, Arizona, 2006-2016.

Sally Ann Iverson, Aaron Gettel, Carla P Bezold, Kate Goodin, Benita McKinney, Rebecca Sunenshine, Vjollca Berisha,

OBJECTIVES:Maricopa County, Arizona (2017 population about 4.3 million), is located in the Sonoran Desert. In 2005, the Maricopa County Department of Public Health (MCDPH) established a heat-associated mortality surveillance system that captures data on circumstances of death for Maricopa County residents and visitors. We analyzed 2006-2016 surveillance system data to ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, :33354920938006]

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Infectious Disease Hospitalizations, New York City, 2001-2014.

Chaorui C Huang, David E Lucero, Sungwoo Lim, Yihong Zhao, Robert J Arciuolo, Joseph Burzynski, Demetre Daskalakis, Annie D Fine, Jordan Kennedy, Dana Haberling, Neil M Vora,

OBJECTIVE:Hospital discharge data are a means of monitoring infectious diseases in a population. We investigated rates of infectious disease hospitalizations in New York City. METHODS:We analyzed data for residents discharged from New York State hospitals with a principal diagnosis of an infectious disease during 2001-2014 by using the Statewide Planning ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, :33354920935080]

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Trends in Women With an HIV Diagnosis at Delivery Hospitalization in the United States, 2006-2014.

Maria Vyshnya Aslam, Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Steven R Nesheim, Kristen Mahle Gray, Margaret A Lampe, Patricia Marie Dietz,

OBJECTIVES:The risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission can be reduced to ≤0.5% if the mother's HIV status is known before delivery. This study describes 2006-2014 trends in diagnosed HIV infection documented on delivery discharge records and associated sociodemographic characteristics among women who gave birth in US hospitals. METHODS:We analyzed data from ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(4):524-533]

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Trends in Indicators of Injection Drug Use, Indian Health Service, 2010-2014 : A Study of Health Care Encounter Data.

Mary E Evans, Marissa Person, Brigg Reilley, Jessica Leston, Richard Haverkate, Jeffrey T McCollum, Andria Apostolou, Michele K Bohm, Michelle Van Handel, Danae Bixler, Andrew J Mitsch, Dana L Haberling, Sarah M Hatcher, Thomas Weiser, Kim Elmore, Eyasu H Teshale, Paul J Weidle, Philip J Peters, Kate Buchacz,

OBJECTIVES:Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV transmission in the United States may increase as a result of increasing rates of opioid use disorder (OUD) and associated injection drug use (IDU). Epidemiologic trends among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) persons are not well known. METHODS:We analyzed 2010-2014 Indian Health Service data on ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(4):461-471]

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A National Measurement Framework to Assess and Improve Sickle Cell Care in 4 US Regions.

Elissa Z Faro, Lisa Shook, Marsha J Treadwell, Allison A King, Lauren N Whiteman, E Donnell Ivy, Mary Hulihan, Patricia L Kavanagh, Sabrina Selk, Suzette Oyeku, Scott D Berns,

OBJECTIVES:Coordinated measurement strategies are needed to inform collaborative approaches to improve access to and quality of care for persons with sickle cell disease (SCD). The objective of our study was to develop a multilevel measurement strategy to assess improvements in access to and quality of care for persons with SCD ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(4):442-451]

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Provider-Level Caseload of Psychosocial Services for Medicaid-Insured Children.

Pravara M Harati, Janet R Cummings, Nicoleta Serban,

OBJECTIVE:We estimated the caseload of providers, practices, and clinics for psychosocial services (including psychotherapy) to Medicaid-insured children to improve the understanding of the current supply of such services and to inform opportunities to increase their accessibility. METHODS:We used 2012-2013 Medicaid claims data and data from the 2013 National Plan and ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, :33354920932658]

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Response to Letter to the Editor: The Contribution of Prescribed and Illicit Opioids to Fatal Overdoses in Massachusetts, 2013-2015.

Alexander Y Walley, Dana Bernson, Marc R Larochelle, Traci C Green, Leonard Young, Thomas Land,

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(4):542-543]

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Policy and Public Health : Reducing the Burden of Infectious Diseases.

Deron C Burton, Scott Burris, Jonathan H Mermin, David W Purcell, Sara C Zeigler, Lara Bull-Otterson, Hazel D Dean,

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):5S-9S]

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Impact of Targeted Local Interventions on Tuberculosis Awareness and Screening Among Persons Experiencing Homelessness During a Large Tuberculosis Outbreak in Atlanta, Georgia, 2015-2016.

Eleanor M Kerr, Laura A Vonnahme, Neela D Goswami,

OBJECTIVES:Tuberculosis (TB) outbreaks disproportionately affect persons experiencing homelessness (PEH) in the United States. During 2014-2016, a resurgent TB outbreak occurred among PEH in Atlanta, Georgia. To control the outbreak, citywide policies and educational interventions were implemented in January 2015. Policy changes standardized and enforced TB screening requirements for PEH in ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):90S-99S]

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California's Prisoner Protections for Family and Community Health Act : Implementing a Mandated Condom Access Program in State Prisons, 2015-2016.

Kimberley D Lucas, Joseph Bick, Janet C Mohle-Boetani,

In 2014, California passed Assembly Bill 966, which required condom access for persons incarcerated in all 35 California state prisons (33 men's and 2 women's prisons). The California Correctional Health Care Services and the Sexually Transmitted Disease Control Branch and the Office of AIDS of the California Department of Public ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):50S-56S]

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The Impact of Syringe Services Program Policy on Risk Behaviors Among Persons Who Inject Drugs in 3 US Cities, 2005-2015.

Tanner Nassau, Alia Al-Tayyib, William T Robinson, Jennifer Shinefield, Kathleen A Brady,

OBJECTIVES:The impact of a syringe services program (SSP) policy on risk behaviors and its durability are not as well studied as the impact of the SSPs themselves. We examined whether trends in syringe sharing among persons who inject drugs (PWID) were associated with changes to syringe access policies in 3 ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):138S-148S]

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Routine Screening in a California Jail : Effect of Local Policy on Identification of Syphilis in a High-Incidence Area, 2016-2017.

Jennifer L Harmon, Satvinder K Dhaliwal, Nicole O Burghardt, Stephanie Koch-Kumar, Jennifer Walch, Ashley Dockter, Laura Kovaleski, Heidi M Bauer,

OBJECTIVES:California is experiencing a syphilis and congenital syphilis epidemic, and many persons diagnosed with syphilis report a history of recent incarceration or sexual contact with a person who has recently been incarcerated. Fresno County's local health department and jail collaborated to implement a routine syphilis screening policy for male adults ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):57S-64S]

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Policy Implications of Mathematical Modeling of Latent Tuberculosis Infection Testing and Treatment Strategies to Accelerate Tuberculosis Elimination.

Suzanne M Marks, David W Dowdy, Nicolas A Menzies, Priya B Shete, Joshua A Salomon, Andrea Parriott, Sourya Shrestha, Jennifer Flood, Andrew N Hill,

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):38S-43S]

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Ending the HIV Epidemic: New York's Quest to Become the First State to Reduce HIV Prevalence.

Johanne E Morne, James M Tesoriero, Erika G Martin, Guthrie S Birkhead, David R Holtgrave, Karen Hagos, Howard Zucker,

In 2014, New York State became the first jurisdiction to launch a statewide initiative to end AIDS by reducing the number of persons living with HIV for the first time since effective HIV treatment became available. The Ending the Epidemic (ETE) initiative encompasses (1) identifying and linking undiagnosed persons with ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):65S-74S]

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State Laws Governing Syringe Services Programs and Participant Syringe Possession, 2014-2019.

Marcelo H Fernández-Viña, Nadya E Prood, Adam Herpolsheimer, Joshua Waimberg, Scott Burris,

OBJECTIVE:Law is an important factor in the diffusion of syringe services programs (SSPs). This study measures the current status of, and 5-year change in, state laws governing SSP operations and possession of syringes by participants. METHODS:Legal researchers developed a cross-sectional data set measuring key features of state laws and regulations ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):128S-137S]

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A Rapid Review of the Impact of Systems-Level Policies and Interventions on Population-Level Outcomes Related to the Opioid Epidemic, United States and Canada, 2014-2018.

Bahareh Ansari, Katherine M Tote, Eli S Rosenberg, Erika G Martin,

OBJECTIVES:In the United States, rising rates of overdose deaths and recent outbreaks of hepatitis C virus and HIV infection are associated with injection drug use. We updated a 2014 review of systems-level opioid policy interventions by focusing on evidence published during 2014-2018 and new and expanded opioid policies. METHODS:We searched ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):100S-127S]

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Differential Association of HIV Funding With HIV Mortality by Race/Ethnicity, United States, 1999-2017.

Benedict I Truman, Ramal Moonesinghe, Yolanda T Brown, Man-Huei Chang, Jonathan H Mermin, Hazel D Dean,

OBJECTIVE:Federal funds have been spent to reduce the disproportionate effects of HIV/AIDS on racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States. We investigated the association between federal domestic HIV funding and age-adjusted HIV death rates by race/ethnicity in the United States during 1999-2017. METHODS:We analyzed HIV funding data from the Kaiser ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(1_suppl):149S-157S]

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Letter to the Editor.

Manreet Bhullar, Thomas Gilson,

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(4):540-541]

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From Global Thinking to Local Action: The Planetary Diet as Chronic Disease Prevention.

Henriette Aurora Selvik, Robert E Fullilove,

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(4):424-427]

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