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Dimensions of Perception: 3D Real-Life Objects Are More Readily Detected Than Their 2D Images.

Uri Korisky, Liad Mudrik,

Most of our interactions with our environment involve manipulating real 3D objects. Accordingly, 3D objects seem to enjoy preferential processing compared with 2D images, for example, in capturing attention or being better remembered. But are they also more readily perceived? Thus far, the possibility of preferred detection for real 3D ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211010718]

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Idiosyncratic Tower of Babel: Individual Differences in Word-Meaning Representation Increase as Word Abstractness Increases.

Xiaosha Wang, Yanchao Bi,

Humans primarily rely on language to communicate, on the basis of a shared understanding of the basic building blocks of communication: words. Do we mean the same things when we use the same words? Although cognitive neural research on semantics has revealed the common principles of word-meaning representation, the factors ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211003877]

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Absolute Versus Relative Success: Why Overconfidence Creates an Inefficient Equilibrium.

Alice Soldà, Changxia Ke, William von Hippel, Lionel Page,

Overconfidence is one of the most ubiquitous biases in the social sciences, but the evidence regarding its overall costs and benefits is mixed. To test the possibility that overconfidence might yield important relative benefits that offset its absolute costs, we conducted an experiment (<i>N</i> = 298 university students) in which ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211007414]

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Psychometric Curves Reveal Three Mechanisms of Vigilance Decrement.

Jason S McCarley, Yusuke Yamani,

The vigilance decrement is a decline in signal detection rate that occurs over time on a sustained-attention task. The effect has typically been ascribed to conservative shifts of response bias and losses of perceptual sensitivity. Recent work, though, has suggested that sensitivity losses in vigilance tasks are spurious, and other ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211007559]

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Psychological Drivers of Individual Differences in Risk Perception: A Systematic Case Study Focusing on 5G.

Renato Frey,

What drives people's perceptions of novel risks, and how malleable are such risk perceptions? Psychological research has identified multiple potential drivers of risk perception, but no studies have yet tested within a unified analytic framework how well each of these drivers accounts for individual differences in large population samples. To ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :956797621998312]

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A Contextual Approach to the Psychological Study of Identity Concealment: Examining Direct, Interactive, and Indirect Effects of Structural Stigma on Concealment Motivation Across Proximal and Distal Geographic Levels.

Micah R Lattanner, Jessie Ford, Na Bo, Wanzhu Tu, John E Pachankis, Brian Dodge, Mark L Hatzenbuehler,

Psychological theories of identity concealment locate the ultimate source of concealment decisions within the social environment, yet most studies have not explicitly assessed stigmatizing environments beyond the immediate situation. We advanced the identity-concealment literature by objectively measuring structural forms of stigma related to sexual orientation (e.g., social policies) at proximal ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211018624]

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The Effect of Replications on Citation Patterns: Evidence From a Large-Scale Reproducibility Project.

Felix Schafmeister,

Replication of existing research is often referred to as one of the cornerstones of modern science. In this study, I tested whether the publication of independent replication attempts affects the citation patterns of the original studies. Investigating 95 replications conducted in the context of the Reproducibility Project: Psychology, I found ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211005767]

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A Multisite Preregistered Paradigmatic Test of the Ego-Depletion Effect.

Kathleen D Vohs, Brandon J Schmeichel, Sophie Lohmann, Quentin F Gronau, Anna J Finley, Sarah E Ainsworth, Jessica L Alquist, Michael D Baker, Ambra Brizi, Angelica Bunyi, Grant J Butschek, Collier Campbell, Jonathan Capaldi, Chuting Cau, Heather Chambers, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Weston J Christensen, Samuel L Clay, Jessica Curtis, Valeria De Cristofaro, Kareena Del Rosario, Katharina Diel, Yasemin Doğruol, Megan Doi, Tina L Donaldson, Andreas B Eder, Mia Ersoff, Julie R Eyink, Angelica Falkenstein, Bob M Fennis, Matthew B Findley, Eli J Finkel, Victoria Forgea, Malte Friese, Paul Fuglestad, Natasha E Garcia-Willingham, Lea F Geraedts, Will M Gervais, Mauro Giacomantonio, Bryan Gibson, Karolin Gieseler, Justina Gineikiene, Elana M Gloger, Carina M Gobes, Maria Grande, Martin S Hagger, Bethany Hartsell, Anthony D Hermann, Jasper J Hidding, Edward R Hirt, Josh Hodge, Wilhelm Hofmann, Jennifer L Howell, Robert D Hutton, Michael Inzlicht, Lily James, Emily Johnson, Hannah L Johnson, Sarah M Joyce, Yannick Joye, Jan Helge Kaben, Lara K Kammrath, Caitlin N Kelly, Brian L Kissell, Sander L Koole, Anand Krishna, Christine Lam, Kelemen T Lee, Nick Lee, Dana C Leighton, David D Loschelder, Heather M Maranges, E J Masicampo, Kennedy Mazara, Samantha McCarthy, Ian McGregor, Nicole L Mead, Wendy B Mendes, Carine Meslot, Nicholas M Michalak, Marina Milyavskaya, Akira Miyake, Mehrad Moeini-Jazani, Mark Muraven, Erin Nakahara, Krishna Patel, John V Petrocelli, Katja M Pollak, Mindi M Price, Haley J Ramsey, Maximilian Rath, Jacob A Robertson, Rachael Rockwell, Isabella F Russ, Marco Salvati, Blair Saunders, Anne Scherer, Astrid Schütz, Kristin N Schmitt, Suzanne C Segerstrom, Benjamin Serenka, Konstantyn Sharpinskyi, Meaghan Shaw, Janelle Sherman, Yu Song, Nicholas Sosa, Kaitlyn Spillane, Julia Stapels, Alec J Stinnett, Hannah R Strawser, Kate Sweeny, Dominic Theodore, Karine Tonnu, Yasmijn van Oldenbeuving, Michelle R vanDellen, Raiza C Vergara, Jasmine S Walker, Christian E Waugh, Feline Weise, Kaitlyn M Werner, Craig Wheeler, Rachel A White, Aaron L Wichman, Bradford J Wiggins, Julian A Wills, Janie H Wilson, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Dolores Albarracín,

We conducted a preregistered multilaboratory project (<i>k</i> = 36; <i>N</i> = 3,531) to assess the size and robustness of ego-depletion effects using a novel replication method, termed the <i>paradigmatic replication approach</i>. Each laboratory implemented one of two procedures that was intended to manipulate self-control and tested performance on a subsequent ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :956797621989733]

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Boosting Understanding and Identification of Scientific Consensus Can Help to Correct False Beliefs.

Aart van Stekelenburg, Gabi Schaap, Harm Veling, Moniek Buijzen,

Some people hold beliefs that are opposed to overwhelming scientific evidence. Such misperceptions can be harmful to both personal and societal well-being. Communicating scientific consensus has been found to be effective in eliciting scientifically accurate beliefs, but it is unclear whether it is also effective in correcting false beliefs. Here, ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211007788]

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Who Are You? The Study of Personality in Patients With Anterograde Amnesia.

McKenna M Garland, Jatin G Vaidya, Daniel Tranel, David Watson, Justin S Feinstein,

Little is known about the role of declarative memory in the ongoing perception of one's personality. Seven individuals who developed a rare and severe type of anterograde amnesia following damage to their medial temporal lobes were identified from our neurological patient registry. We examined the stability of their personality ratings ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211007463]

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Mental Logout: Behavioral and Neural Correlates of Regulating Temptations to Use Social Media.

Nurit Sternberg, Roy Luria, Gal Sheppes,

Individuals sometimes use social media instead of sleeping or while driving. This fact raises the crucial need for-and challenge of-successfully self-regulating potent social-media temptations. To date, however, empirical evidence showing whether social-media temptations can be self-regulated and how self-regulation can be achieved remains scarce. Accordingly, the present within-participants study (<i>N</i> ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211001316]

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Do People Prescribe Optimism, Overoptimism, or Neither?

Jane E Miller, Inkyung Park, Andrew R Smith, Paul D Windschitl,

Past work has suggested that people prescribe optimism-believing it is better to be optimistic, instead of accurate or pessimistic, about uncertain future events. Here, we identified and addressed an important ambiguity about whether those findings reflect an endorsement of biased beliefs-that is, whether people prescribe likelihood estimates that reflect overoptimism. ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, :9567976211004545]

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Pupil-Linked Arousal Biases Evidence Accumulation Toward Desirable Percepts During Perceptual Decision-Making.

Yuan Chang Leong, Roma Dziembaj, Mark D'Esposito,

People's perceptual reports are biased toward percepts they are motivated to see. The arousal system coordinates the body's response to motivationally significant events and is well positioned to regulate motivational effects on perceptual judgments. However, it remains unclear whether arousal would enhance or reduce motivational biases. Here, we measured pupil ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1494-1509]

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Ideological Extremism Among Syrian Refugees Is Negatively Related to Intentions to Migrate to the West.

Katarzyna Jasko, David Webber, Erica Molinario, Arie W Kruglanski, Katharine Touchton-Leonard,

The conflict in Syria created a dire humanitarian situation, as nations around the world struggled with how best to deal with the more than 6.6 million Syrian refugees who fled their homes to escape aggression. Resistance to granting refugee status to individuals often originates in the belief that the influx ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1362-1374]

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Acute Psychosocial Stress Increases Cognitive-Effort Avoidance.

Mario Bogdanov, Jonas P Nitschke, Sophia LoParco, Jennifer A Bartz, A Ross Otto,

Adverse effects following acute stress are traditionally thought to reflect functional impairments of central executive-dependent cognitive-control processes. However, recent evidence demonstrates that cognitive-control application is perceived as effortful and aversive, indicating that stress-related decrements in cognitive performance could denote decreased motivation to expend effort instead. To investigate this hypothesis, we ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1463-1475]

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Predictive Uncertainty Underlies Auditory Boundary Perception.

Niels Chr Hansen, Haley E Kragness, Peter Vuust, Laurel Trainor, Marcus T Pearce,

Anticipating the future is essential for efficient perception and action planning. Yet the role of anticipation in event segmentation is understudied because empirical research has focused on retrospective cues such as surprise. We address this concern in the context of perception of musical-phrase boundaries. A computational model of cognitive sequence ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1416-1425]

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A New Option for Scientific Exchange and an Alternative to the Commentary Format.

Patricia J Bauer,

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1343-1345]

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Face-Based Judgments: Accuracy, Validity, and a Potential Underlying Mechanism.

Seungbeom Hong, Hye Won Suk, Yoonseok Choi, Jinkyung Na,

Despite the pervasiveness of facial inferences, scholars have debated whether our face reflects valid information regarding how we actually behave. Whereas previous research has largely focused on the accuracy of facial inferences, the present research examined the validity of face-based judgments. Specifically, we tested how accurate face-based judgments are, whether ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1452-1462]

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Memory Fidelity Reveals Qualitative Changes in Interactions Between Items in Visual Working Memory.

Zachary Lively, Maria M Robinson, Aaron S Benjamin,

Memory for objects in a display sometimes reveals attraction-the objects are remembered as more similar to one another than they actually were-and sometimes reveals repulsion-the objects are remembered as more different from one another. The conditions that lead to these opposing memory biases are poorly understood; there is no theoretical ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1426-1441]

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Revisiting the Integration Hypothesis: Correlational and Longitudinal Meta-Analyses Demonstrate the Limited Role of Acculturation for Cross-Cultural Adaptation.

Kinga Bierwiaczonek, Jonas R Kunst,

When moving to a new country or living in that country as ethnic-minority-group members, individuals have to relate to different cultural spheres. Scholars and practitioners commonly agree that how people acculturate influences their psychological and sociocultural adaptation. <i>Integration</i> (or <i>biculturalism</i>), which involves engagement in both one's heritage culture and the ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1476-1493]

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Disproportionate School Punishment and Significant Life Outcomes: A Prospective Analysis of Black Youths.

Edith Chen, Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Lauren C Hoffer, Aubrey Russak-Pribble, Gregory E Miller,

This study tested relationships between racial inequalities in the school system-specifically, the disproportionate punishment of Black students-and life outcomes for Black youths, along with moderating psychological factors. In an 18-year longitudinal study of 261 Black youths (ages 11-29), we investigated whether adult life outcomes varied as a function of adolescent ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1375-1390]

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Aging Impairs Inhibitory Control Over Incidental Cues: A Construal-Level Perspective.

Liat Hadar, Yaacov Trope, Boaz M Ben-David,

Age-related changes in decision making have been attributed to deterioration of cognitive skills, such as learning and memory. On the basis of past research showing age-related decreases in the ability to inhibit irrelevant information, we hypothesize that these changes occur, in part, because of older adults' tendency to give more ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1442-1451]

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Mind-Body Practices and Self-Enhancement: Direct Replications of Gebauer et al.'s (2018) Experiments 1 and 2.

Thomas I Vaughan-Johnston, Jill A Jacobson, Alex Prosserman, Emily Sanders,

Mind-body practices such as yoga and meditation are often believed to instill a "quiet ego," entailing less self-enhancement. In two experiments, however, Gebauer et al. (2018) demonstrated that mind-body practices may actually increase self-enhancement, particularly because such practices become self-central bases for self-esteem. We conducted preregistered replications of both of ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1510-1521]

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The Psychological Burden of the COVID-19 Pandemic Is Associated With Antisystemic Attitudes and Political Violence.

Henrikas Bartusevičius, Alexander Bor, Frederik Jørgensen, Michael Bang Petersen,

What are the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for people's political attitudes and behavior? We tested, specifically, whether the psychological burden of the COVID-19 pandemic relates to antisystemic attitudes (dissatisfaction with the fundamental social and political order), peaceful political activism, and political violence. Nationally representative two-wave panel data were collected ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1391-1403]

Cited: 1 time

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Search for the Unknown: Guidance of Visual Search in the Absence of an Active Template.

Oryah C Lancry-Dayan, Matthias Gamer, Yoni Pertzov,

Can you efficiently look for something even without knowing what it looks like? According to theories of visual search, the answer is no: A template of the search target must be maintained in an active state to guide search for potential locations of the target. Here, we tested the need ... Read more >>

Psychol Sci (Psychological science)
[2021, 32(9):1404-1415]

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