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Journal Prosthet Orthot Int

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Calculated functional joint center positions are highly variable in individuals with unilateral transtibial amputation walking with identical prosthetic ankle-foot devices.

Alan R De Asha, Cleveland T Barnett,

<h4>Background</h4>Biomechanical modeling of the lower limbs, including prosthetic componentry, makes a number of assumptions that influence the data obtained and their subsequent interpretation. Calculated prosthetic ankle functional joint center (FJC) positions vary between devices and have been suggested as a possible method of comparing device function.<h4>Objectives</h4>The study aimed to assess ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Digital Transformation in an Evolving World.

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, 45(Suppl 6):1-293]

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Prevalence of the need for adaptive seating systems among children with cerebral palsy in Egypt.

Mohamed Adel Abdallah, Faten Abdelaziem, Mostafa Soliman,

<h4>Background</h4>An adaptive seating system is a basic rehabilitation need for children and youth with cerebral palsy (CP) as it supports the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system and can positively affect their activities and participation. Despite the importance of adaptive seating systems, there is limited access to such systems ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Moderate effect of ankle foot orthosis versus ground reaction ankle foot orthosis on balance in children with diplegic cerebral palsy.

Doaa Ahmed Sanad,

<h4>Background</h4>The children with diplegic cerebral palsy (CP) commonly have abnormal alignment of lower extremities affecting their abilities of keeping balance. Orthoses are one of the many approaches that can be prescribed to improve balance and walking in diplegic children.<h4>Objective</h4>This study was conducted to assess the moderate effect of solid ankle ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Prosthesis satisfaction and quality of life in US service members with combat-related major lower-limb amputation.

Susan L Eskridge, Amber L Dougherty, Jessica R Watrous, Cameron T McCabe, Jill M Cancio, Brittney N Mazzone, Michael R Galarneau,

<h4>Background</h4>Military amputee patient care programs offer extensive services, including advanced prosthetic devices, to restore function and improve quality of life (QOL) among veterans and service members with combat-related limb loss, but research on satisfaction with these devices is limited.<h4>Objective</h4>To assess prosthesis satisfaction and QOL in US service members and veterans ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Factors related to indoor prosthetic use in individuals with unilateral lower limb amputation.

Yusuke Tezuka, Takaaki Chin, Yuji Azuma, Yasushi Miura,

<h4>Background</h4>The rate of indoor prosthetic use in people with lower limb amputation (LLA) is lower than that of outdoor use. Very few studies of indoor prosthetic use have been conducted, and no studies have focused on the perspective of instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs).<h4>Objectives</h4>To assess the indoor prosthetic use ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the satisfaction module of the Orthotics and Prosthetics Users' Survey.

Senem Demirdel, Kardem Ulaş, Seher Erol Çelik, Sevilay Karahan, Semra Topuz,

<h4>Background</h4>Evaluation of prosthesis and orthosis (P&O) devices and service satisfaction in patients using P&O are important to understand the patient perspective and improve the quality of devices and the services.<h4>Objective</h4>The aim of this study was to translate the original Orthotics and Prosthetics Users' Survey (OPUS) satisfaction module into Turkish and ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Application of a myoelectric elbow flexion assist orthosis in adult traumatic brachial plexus injury: patient perspectives.

Christina M Webber, Jason S Egginton, Alexander Y Shin, Kenton R Kaufman,

<h4>Background</h4>Individuals with brachial plexus injuries (BPIs) can be prescribed assistive devices, including myoelectric elbow orthoses (MEOs), for rehabilitation or functional use after failed treatment for elbow flexion restoration. Although recent case studies indicate potential for clinical improvements after using an MEO after BPI, the patients' perspectives on such use are ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Application of myoelectric elbow flexion assist orthosis in adult traumatic brachial plexus injury: a retrospective clinical study.

Nicholas Pulos, Catherine van den Berg, Kenton R Kaufman, Alexander Y Shin,

<h4>Background</h4>Adult traumatic brachial plexus injuries (BPIs) can result in severe impairment following penetrating wounds, falls, and motor vehicle accidents or other high-energy trauma.<h4>Objective</h4>Quantify functional outcomes of adult patients with a BPI using a myoelectric orthosis to restore elbow flexion.<h4>Study design</h4>Retrospective review.<h4>Methods</h4>A clinic specializing in the BPI treatment at a large ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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The reading imperative.

David Boone,

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Issues faced by people with amputation(s) during lower limb prosthetic rehabilitation: a thematic analysis.

Shruti Turner, Athina Belsi, Alison H McGregor,

<h4>Background</h4>Successful rehabilitation is essential to improve the physical and mental outcomes of people with lower limb amputation(s). Individuals have different goals and expectations of successful rehabilitation and experience issues that affect their quality of life.<h4>Objectives</h4>To determine factors affecting lower limb prosthetic rehabilitation from people with amputation(s), important for studies focusing ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Walking while talking: validation in older adults with lower-limb amputation.

Ehsan Misaghi, William C Miller, Bita Imam, Michael W C Payne, Heather Lindstrom,

<h4>Background</h4>Walking while talking (WWT) is a dual-task (cognitive and motor) performance test that has not yet been validated in older adults with lower-limb amputation (LLA). WWT is composed of two sections: WWT-simple (walking while reciting every letter of the alphabet) and WWT-complex (walking while reciting every other letter of the ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Back squat mechanics in persons with a unilateral transtibial amputation: a case study.

Kinyata J Cooper, AuraLea Fain, Walter Lee Childers,

<h4>Case description</h4>A 30-year-old person with a unilateral transtibial amputation (TTAmp) was assessed performing an Olympic-style back squat with an energy storage and return prosthetic foot.<h4>Objective</h4>Determine joint-level movement strategies of an individual with TTAmp while performing an Olympic-style back squat.<h4>Study design</h4>Case study design.<h4>Treatment</h4>Back squat mechanics are evaluated in an individual with ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Effects of a modified passive socket system on short-term changes in residuum volume and comfort: A preliminary study in transtibial amputees.

Huthaifa Atallah, Laurence Kenney, David Howard, Anmin Liu, John Head,

<h4>Background</h4>Changes in residuum volume are a common problem in lower-limb amputees during prosthesis usage, and can lead to poor suspension, impaired gait, and tissue damage. Residuum volume can be affected by the in-socket air pressure, which will influence fluid flow in and around the residuum. The use of "active" pumps ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Optimized scheme for paired transverse corrective forces in S-shaped scoliosis via ultrasound and application in Chêneau brace: a pilot study.

Li Wang, Nan Xia, Chun Wang, Qian Zheng, Christina Zonghao Ma, Ahmed S A Youssef, Chao Zhang, Youbin Deng, Guoli Zhu, Xiaolin Huang,

<h4>Background</h4>There is currently no consensus on the optimal positions of the transverse corrective forces (TCFs) for scoliosis braces.<h4>Objectives</h4>This study aimed to explore an optimal scheme of placing paired TCF for S-shaped adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and its feasibility in Chêneau brace (CB) treatment.<h4>Study design</h4>Cross-over feasibility pilot trial.<h4>Methods</h4>Ten S-shaped adolescent idiopathic scoliosis ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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3D-printed prostheses in developing countries: a systematic review.

Hnady E M A Abbady, Edwin T M Klinkenberg, Lisanne de Moel, Noa Nicolai, Merel van der Stelt, Arico C Verhulst, Thomas J J Maal, Lars Brouwers,

<h4>Background</h4>According to the World Health Organization, only 5%-15% of people in lower-income countries have access to prostheses. This is largely due to low availability of materials and high costs of prostheses. 3D-printing techniques have become easily accessible and can offer functional patient-specific components at relatively low costs, reducing or bypassing ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Work-related musculoskeletal pain in prosthetists and orthotists: a comparison between Australia and other countries.

Sarah Anderson, Victoria Weale, Rwth Stuckey, Jodi Oakman,

<h4>Background</h4>Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is a substantial societal and personal burden resulting in loss of employment and reduced productivity. Prosthetics and orthotics professionals working in Australia have previously reported a high prevalence of MSP; however, little is known about the prosthetic and orthotic communities in other countries.<h4>Objectives</h4>To explore the prevalence and ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Hyperhidrosis of the residual limb: a narrative review of the measurement and treatment of excess perspiration affecting individuals with amputation.

Ford M Lannan, Jordan Powell, Gabriel M Kim, Colby R Hansen, Paul F Pasquina, Douglas G Smith,

<h4>Background</h4>Hyperhidrosis (HH) is a relatively common disorder involving excessive sweating, typically of the palms or axilla. HH can also frequently occur after limb amputation, where the remaining residual limb excessively perspires, leading to an increased risk of dermatological disorders and functional limitations, such as the inability to comfortably or safely ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Use of lower extremity orthoses in patients with cerebral palsy and related factors.

Mazlum Serdar Akaltun, Ozlem Altindag, Sükrü Bicer, Neytullah Turan, Savas Gursoy, Ali Gur,

<h4>Background</h4>The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of using lower extremity orthosis prescribed for patients with cerebral palsy (CP) and to determine the factors associated with orthosis use.<h4>Study design</h4>The study had a retrospective and descriptive design.<h4>Methods</h4>One hundred and twenty-nine patients with CP who were prescribed orthoses were ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Japanese translation and linguistic validation of the Prosthetic Limb Users Survey of Mobility (PLUS-M).

Geoffrey S Balkman, Soshi Samejima, Kazuki Fujimoto, Brian J Hafner,

<h4>Background</h4>Self-report survey instruments can be used to improve clinical care for lower-limb prosthesis users on a global scale by pooling comparable health outcomes data from multiple countries. The language translation process is critical to the quality and comparability of a translated survey instrument.<h4>Objectives</h4>The goals of this research were to translate ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Prefabricated ankle-foot orthoses for children with cerebral palsy to overcome spastic drop-foot: does orthotic ankle stiffness matter?

Harald Böhm, Chakravarthy U Dussa,

<h4>Background</h4>Spastic drop-foot is a common problem in children with cerebral palsy that may lead to tripping and falling. To improve ankle dorsiflexion in swing phase, prefabricated carbon-composite ankle-foot orthoses are commonly prescribed; by increasing ankle stiffness, these orthoses may also improve knee extension in stance.<h4>Objectives</h4>To compare the effect of a ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Rehabilitation outcomes after major lower limb amputation in the oldest old: a systematic review.

Courtney Frengopoulos, Katherine Fuller, Michael W C Payne, Ricardo Viana, Susan W Hunter,

<h4>Background</h4>Because the population grows older and the burden of chronic disease increases, many individuals will undergo major lower limb amputation (LLA) at advanced ages. There is a scarcity of literature focusing on the outcomes of rehabilitation for people who acquire LLA at 80 years of age and older.<h4>Objectives</h4>To determine the ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Content comparison of four commonly used amputee mobility assessment scales in the literature by linking to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health.

Yasin Ekinci, Ömer Faruk Yaşaroğlu, Tülin Düger,

<h4>Background</h4>Despite the fact that there are a number of studies revealing the linkage of scales with the World Health Organization's international classification of functioning, disability, and health (ICF), there is a need for comprehensive studies examining the relationship between amputee mobility scales and ICF.<h4>Objective</h4>To analyze the content of four amputee ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Comparison of body structure, function, activity, and participation levels according to ankle foot orthosis wearing time in children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Sefa Unes, Gursoy Coskun, Mintaze Kerem Gunel,

<h4>Background</h4>Ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are usually recommended to prevent deformities and to increase the standing and walking performance in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP).<h4>Objective</h4>To compare the body functions and structures, activity and participation levels, and environmental factors according to AFO-wearing time in children with spastic CP.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective, cross-sectional-observational-clinical study.<h4>Methods</h4>Eighty ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, :]

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Learning to Kitesurf Using an Adapted Prosthesis: A Case Report.

Guillermo De Castro-Maqueda, José V Gutiérrez-Manzanedo, Beatriz Minghelli,

<h4>Case description</h4>Kitesurfing is a sliding water sport whose popularity and number of practitioners are growing around the world. We describe an athlete of this sport who has undergone a transfemoral amputation (right leg, at the distal third), who uses a knee prosthesis that requires flexion and extension to absorb the ... Read more >>

Prosthet Orthot Int (Prosthetics and orthotics international)
[2021, 45(5):440-443]

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