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School characteristics and children's mental health: A linked survey-administrative data study.

Praveetha Patalay, Erin O'Neill, Jessica Deighton, Elian Fink,

Mental health difficulties are childhood-onset with lifelong health, social and economic consequences. Children spend a large amount of time in schools, making schools an important context for mental health prevention and support. We examine how school composition and school climate, controlling for individual child-level characteristics, are associated with children's mental ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106292]

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Surveillance systems for monitoring cervical cancer elimination efforts: Focus on HPV infection, cervical dysplasia, cervical screening and treatment.

Julia M L Brotherton, Cosette Wheeler, Gary Clifford, Miriam Elfstrom, Marion Saville, John Kaldor, Dorothy A Machalek,

In order to achieve the global elimination of cervical cancer as a public health problem, close surveillance of progress in the public health and clinical activities and outcomes across the three pillars of vaccination, screening and treatment will be required. Surveillance should ideally occur within an integrated system planned, funded, ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106293]

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Screen time and extracurricular activities as risk and protective factors for mental health in adolescence: A population-level study.

Eva Oberle, Xuejun Ryan Ji, Salima Kerai, Martin Guhn, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl, Anne M Gadermann,

This study examines adolescents' (N = 28,712; 49% female; Mage = 12.25, SDage = 0.51) recreational screen time and participation in extracurricular activities during after-school hours in association to indicators of positive (optimism, satisfaction with life) and negative (anxiety, depressive symptoms) mental health and wellbeing. Data were drawn from a population-level study with the Middle Years ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106291]

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Behavior change, health, and health disparities 2020: Some current challenges in tobacco control and regulatory science.

Stephen T Higgins,

This Special Issue of Preventive Medicine (PM) is the 7th in a series on behavior change, health, and health disparities. This series focuses on personal behavior patterns, including substance use disorders, physical inactivity/obesity, and non-adherence with medical regimens, which are among the most important modifiable causes of chronic disease and ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106287]

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Patterns of tobacco use and nicotine dependence among youth, United States, 2017-2018.

Yessica Gomez, MeLisa Creamer, Katrina F Trivers, Gabriella Anic, Aura Lee Morse, Chad Reissig, Israel Agaku,

This study examined patterns of tobacco product use and its influence on nicotine dependence among U.S. youth. Combined data from the 2017-2018 National Youth Tobacco Surveys were analyzed for students that reported current (past-30-day) use of e-cigarettes, cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, or hookah (n = 6106). Analyses assessed multiple product use (≥2 ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106284]

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Core functions, knowledge bases and essential services: A proposed prescription for the evolution of the preventive medicine specialty.

Yuri T Jadotte, Dorothy S Lane,

The pandemonium from the 2020 pandemic calls for a greater emphasis on prevention, public health and population health. Yet the role of preventive medicine specialists, ideally qualified to lead this charge, remains difficult to situate within the houses of medicine and public health. To overcome this challenge to its identity ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106286]

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Core functions, knowledge bases and essential services: A proposed prescription for the evolution of the preventive medicine specialty

Yuri T. Jadotte, Dorothy S. Lane,

The pandemonium from the 2020 pandemic calls for a greater emphasis on prevention, public health and population health. Yet the role of preventive medicine specialists, ideally qualified to lead this charge, remains difficult to situate within the houses of medicine and public health. To overcome this challenge to its identity ... Read more >>

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Prospective associations between nicotine beliefs and tobacco-related susceptibility, curiosity, and use in U.S. adults.

Andrea C VillantiPhD, Shelly NaudPhD, Julia C WestBA, Jennifer L PearsonPhD, Olivia A WackowskiPhD, Elizabeth HairPhD, Raymond S NiauraPhD, Jessica M RathPhD,

Low harm perceptions of tobacco products have been associated with use of those products in youth and adults, but this relationship has not been assessed for nicotine beliefs. This study used data from a national sample of adults aged 18-40 in Wave 9 (Spring 2016) of the Truth Initiative Young ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106285]

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Private/marketplace insurance in community health centers 5 years post-affordable care act in medicaid expansion and non-expansion states.

Anne E Larson, Megan Hoopes, Heather Angier, Miguel Marino, Nathalie Huguet,

Community health centers (CHCs) play an important role in providing care for the safety net population. After implementation of the Affordable Care Act, many patients gained insurance through state and federal marketplaces. Using electronic health record data from 702,663 patients in 257 clinics across 20 states, we sought to explore ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106271]

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Correlates of school gun carrying among black, Hispanic, and white male adolescents: Evidence from a nationally representative sample of youth.

Benjamin P Comer, Eric J Connolly,

Previous studies have found that individual, environmental, geographic, and demographic factors correlate with adolescent gun carrying. Comparatively less research has focused on identifying correlates of adolescent gun carrying to schools. The current study examined whether previously identified factors associated with adolescent gun carrying similarly predict adolescent school gun carrying. Logistic ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106277]

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Use of protease inhibitors for the prevention of COVID-19.

Tomoya Sagawa, Ken-Ichiro Inoue, Hirohisa Takano,

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[2020, 141:106280]

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COVID-19 treatment resource disparities and social disadvantage in New York City.

Jason A Douglas, Andrew M Subica,

Black and Hispanic communities in the U.S. have endured a disproportionate burden of COVID-19-related morbidity and mortality. Racial and ethnic health disparities such as these are frequently aggravated by inequitable access to healthcare resources in disadvantaged communities. Yet, no known studies have investigated disadvantaged communities' access to COVID-19-related healthcare resources. ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106282]

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Cross-sectional association between physical activity level and subjective cognitive decline among US adults aged ≥45 years, 2015.

John D Omura, David R Brown, Lisa C McGuire, Christopher A Taylor, Janet E Fulton, Susan A Carlson,

Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is the self-reported experience of worsening or more frequent confusion or memory loss within the previous 12 months and can be one of the earliest symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Regular physical activity can contribute to the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention of cognitive decline. At the national ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106279]

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Making the news: Victim characteristics associated with media reporting on firearm injury.

Elinore J Kaufman, Jesse E Passman, Sara F Jacoby, Daniel N Holena, Mark J Seamon, Jim MacMillan, Jessica H Beard,

Firearm injury is a public health crisis in the United States. Selective media coverage may contribute to incomplete public understanding of firearm injury. To better understand how firearm injury is communicated to the public, we analyzed media coverage of intentional, interpersonal shootings in 3 U.S. cities. We hypothesized that multiple shootings ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106275]

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The medical costs of low leisure-time physical activity among working-age adults: Gender and minority status matter.

Iris Buder, Norman Waitzman, Cathleen Zick,

This study analyzes the direct medical costs of low physical activity by race/ethnicity and gender. Average health expenditures based on physical activity status for Black non-Hispanics (NH), Asian NHs, and Hispanics were compared to White NHs. Data from the National Health Interview Survey were merged with the Medical Expenditure Panel ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106273]

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Development and nationwide application of an antibiotic knowledge scale.

Dandan Li, Heping Yang, Yanhong Gong, Yuxin Zhao, Lei Qiu, Na Sun, Xiaoxv Yin,

Misconceptions about antibiotics among the public can potentially lead to their inappropriate use. Currently, there is no antibiotic knowledge assessment tool to address this issue. This study aimed to develop and validate an antibiotic knowledge scale (AKS) and apply this scale to assess public knowledge about antibiotics in China. An ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106262]

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Low human papillomavirus (HPV) knowledge related to low risk perception among men living with HIV: Implications for HPV-associated disease prevention.

Jennifer L Gillis, Troy Grennan, Ramandip Grewal, Gina Ogilvie, Mark Gaspar, Daniel Grace, Aisha Lofters, Janet M Raboud, Olli Saarela, Paul MacPherson, Ron Rosenes, Irving E Salit, Ann N Burchell, ,

Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated anal cancer is orders of magnitude higher among men living with HIV than the general male population. Our objective was to examine factors associated with HPV awareness and self-perceived risk for HPV-associated anal cancer among men living with HIV, which may influence uptake of cancer prevention strategies. ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106274]

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Household food insecurity and preschool suspension/expulsion in the United States.

Dylan B Jackson, Alexander Testa,

Food insecurity is a serious public health concern, affecting approximately 15 million children in the U.S. alone. Exposure to household food insecurity has been linked to a host of deleterious outcomes among infants and children, including mental and behavioral health outcomes. Even so, scholars have yet to examine the connection ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106283]

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The multivariate physical activity signature associated with metabolic health in children and youth: An International Children's Accelerometry Database (ICAD) analysis.

Eivind Aadland, Olav Martin Kvalheim, Bjørge Herman Hansen, Susi Kriemler, Mathias Ried-Larsen, Niels Wedderkopp, Luis B Sardinha, Niels Christian Møller, Pedro C Hallal, Sigmund A Anderssen, Kate Northstone, Lars Bo Andersen, ,

There is solid evidence for an association between physical activity and metabolic health outcomes in children and youth, but for methodological reasons most studies describe the intensity spectrum using only a few summary measures. We aimed to determine the multivariate physical activity intensity signature associated with metabolic health in a ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106266]

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Screen-based behaviors in Australian adolescents: Longitudinal trends from a 4-year follow-up study.

George Thomas, Jason A Bennie, Katrien De Cocker, Michael J Ireland, Stuart J H Biddle,

The longitudinal trends of screen time, a highly prevalent behavior in adolescents, are relatively unknown. This study examined longitudinal trends in screen time among a large sample of Australian primary school-aged children transitioning into secondary school-aged adolescence. Data were derived from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). In 2010, ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106258]

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Suicidal behaviors and ideation during emerging viral disease outbreaks before the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic rapid review.

Edouard Leaune, Maeva Samuel, Hans Oh, Emmanuel Poulet, Jérôme Brunelin,

The current COVID-19 pandemic is the most severe pandemic of the 21st century, on track to having a rising death toll. Beyond causing respiratory distress, COVID-19 may also cause mortality by way of suicide. The pathways by which emerging viral disease outbreaks (EVDOs) and suicide are related are complex and ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106264]

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Longitudinal association between social media use and psychological distress among adolescents.

Ingibjorg E Thorisdottir, Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, John P Allegrante, Christa L Lilly, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir,

This study aimed to examine in a longitudinal cohort design whether social media use among adolescents is related to symptoms of social anxiety, depressed mood, and physical symptoms of anxiety over time. As part of the LIFECOURSE study of risk and protective factors for healthy adolescent development, three waves of ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106270]

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Leading determinants for multimorbidity in middle-aged Australian men and women: A nine-year follow-up cohort study.

Xianwen Shang, Wei Peng, Jinrong Wu, Mingguang He, Lei Zhang,

Although socioeconomic, behavioural, psychological, and biological factors have been individually linked to multimorbidity, data on the importance of these factors are limited. Our study aimed to determine the leading predictors for multimorbidity of chronic conditions in middle-aged Australian adults using machine learning methods. We included 53,867 participants aged 45-64 years from ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106260]

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Re: Enthoven et al.: The impact of computer use on myopia development in childhood: The generation R study.

Elanor M H Watts,

Prev Med (Preventive medicine)
[2020, 139:106038]

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Fit and Strong! Plus: Twelve and eighteen month follow-up results for a comparative effectiveness trial among overweight/obese older adults with osteoarthritis.

Marian L Fitzgibbon, Lisa Tussing-Humphreys, Linda Schiffer, Renae Smith-Ray, David X Marquez, Andrew D DeMott, Michael L Berbaum, Susan L Hughes,

This comparative effectiveness trial compared the longer-term effectiveness (12 and 18 months) of the standard Fit & Strong! physical activity program to Fit & Strong! Plus, which combined physical activity and dietary weight loss. Outcomes were weight, diet quality, physical activity, osteoarthritis symptoms, performance measures, and anxiety/depression. In this study, 413 ... Read more >>

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[2020, 141:106267]

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