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Expectant parents' vaccine decisions influenced by the 2018 Chinese vaccine crisis: A cross-sectional study.

Xiaomin Wang, Leesa Lin, Jiayao Xu, Weiyi Wang, Xudong Zhou,

Immunization programs have been challenged by vaccine crises. Between 2013 and 2018, China has experienced three major vaccine scandals and crises, which has partly impaired Chinese public trust in domestically produced vaccines. This study aims to explore the associations between parental trust toward CDC-released crisis communication information, parents' critical understanding ... Read more >>

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[2021, :106423]

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Applying social norms interventions to increase adherence to COVID-19 prevention and control guidelines.

Sean D Young, Noah J Goldstein,

Despite widespread national, state, and local guidelines for COVID-19 prevention, including social distancing and mask orders, many people continue to not adhere to recommendations, including congregating in groups for non-essential activities, putting themselves and others at risk. A social psychological perspective can be used to understand reasons for lack of ... Read more >>

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[2021, :106424]

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Adolescent perceptions of E-cigarette use and vaping behavior before and after the EVALI outbreak.

Afaf F Moustafa, Daniel Rodriguez, Alexa Mazur, Janet Audrain-McGovern,

This study sought to determine whether adolescents' e-cigarette risk perceptions, perceived benefits, and positive expectations, and vaping behavior changed after the electronic-cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) outbreak. This longitudinal survey studied 1539 high school students in suburban Philadelphia, PA in 11th and 12th grade, before and after ... Read more >>

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[2021, :106419]

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Effects of US state preemption laws on infant mortality.

Douglas A Wolf, Shannon M Monnat, Jennifer Karas Montez,

Studies show that raising the minimum wage in a US state above the federal minimum wage can reduce infant mortality rates in those states. Some states have raised their minimum wage in recent decades, while many others did not, and have prohibited local authorities from doing so by enacting preemption ... Read more >>

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[2021, 145:106417]

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Identifying emerging predictors for adolescent electronic nicotine delivery systems use: A machine learning analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study.

Dae-Hee Han, Shin Hyung Lee, Shieun Lee, Dong-Chul Seo,

Intervention strategies to prevent adolescents from using electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) should be based on robust predictors of ENDS use that may differ from predictors of conventional cigarette use. Literature points to the need for uncovering emerging predictors of ENDS use. This study identified emerging predictors of adolescent ENDS ... Read more >>

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[2021, 145:106418]

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Increased alcohol use during the COVID-19 pandemic: The effect of mental health and age in a cross-sectional sample of social media users in the U.S.

Ariadna Capasso, Abbey M Jones, Shahmir H Ali, Joshua Foreman, Yesim Tozan, Ralph J DiClemente,

The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a public health crisis of unprecedented scale. Increased alcohol use has been extensively documented during other crises, particularly among persons with anxiety and depression. Despite COVID-19's differential impact by age; the association of age, mental health and alcohol use during the pandemic have not been ... Read more >>

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[2021, :106422]

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A cross-sectional analysis of associations between lifestyle advice and behavior changes in patients with hypertension or diabetes: NHANES 2015-2018.

April R Williams, Maureen Wilson-Genderson, Maria D Thomson,

Clinicians supporting patients in lifestyle behavior change is an important strategy to help reduce chronic disease burden. Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data from 2015 to 2018, this study assessed rates of and associations between patient-reported receipt of lifestyle behavior change advice and corresponding self-reported behavior change ... Read more >>

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[2021, :106426]

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Association between physical activity and subjective memory decline triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic: Findings from the PAMPA cohort.

Natan Feter, Eduardo L Caputo, Emily C Smith, Igor R Doring, Júlia Cassuriaga, Jayne S Leite, Felipe F Reichert, Marcelo C da Silva, Jeff S Coombes, Airton J Rombaldi,

Implementation of social distancing reduced the incidence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases. Nevertheless, this strategy has other undesirable effects such as physical inactivity and psychological distress, which are associated with cognitive impairment. We aimed to examine whether physical activity during social distancing restrictions could reduce the risk of subjective memory ... Read more >>

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[2021, 145:106415]

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eHealth interventions for reducing cardiovascular disease risk in men: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

James McMahon, David R Thompson, Michaela C Pascoe, Kevin Brazil, Chantal F Ski,

Men remain at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) than women and behavioral risk factor modification is an important preventive measure. However, engaging men in behavior change interventions is challenging. Although men often indicate a preference for gender-specific information and support, this rarely occurs. eHealth interventions have the ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106402]

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The impact of capitated payment on preventive care utilization in community health clinics.

Maria Ukhanova, Miguel Marino, Heather Angier, Lorie Jacob, Jean O'Malley, Erika K Cottrell, Katie Dambrun, John Heintzman,

Only half of the United States population regularly receives recommended preventive care services. Alternative payment models (e.g., a per-member-per-month capitated payment model) may encourage the delivery of preventive services when compared to a fee-for-service visitbased model; however, evaluation is lacking in the United States. This study assesses the impact of ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106405]

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Impact of postal correspondence letters on participation in cancer screening: a rapid review.

Mafo Yakubu, Olivia Meggetto, Yonda Lai, Leslea Peirson, Meghan Walker, Aisha Lofters,

The purpose of this rapid review was to identify and synthesize evidence on the impact of postal correspondence letters on participation in cancer screening and to determine whether impact varied by cancer site or inclusion of the participant's physician's name within the letter (i.e., physician-linked). PubMed and the Cochrane Database ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106404]

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Firearm purchases without background checks in California.

Nicole Kravitz-Wirtz, Rocco Pallin, Rose Kagawa, Matthew Miller, Deborah Azrael, Garen Wintemute,

Background checks are designed to prevent firearm acquisition by people prohibited from purchasing or possessing firearms. There is limited information about background checks, particularly on a state by state basis. We conducted a state-representative, probability-based, Internet survey of California adults in 2018 (n=2558; completion rate 49%) to describe where, when, ... Read more >>

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[2021, :106414]

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Associations between sexual identity-attraction discordance, and prescription opioid misuse among adults.

Fares Qeadan, William A Barbeau, Lingpeng Shan, Sunday Azagba,

Prior research has shown that sexual minorities are disproportionately affected by substance use disorders and prescription opioid misuse. While most studies explore how single dimensions of sexual orientation (i.e., identity, attraction, and behavior) are associated with substance use disorders, we aimed to explore how multiple dimensions of sexual orientation interact ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106401]

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Dying at home of Covid-19: Meeting the need for home-based care.

Cara Kiernan Fallon, Madison K Kilbride,

Despite the increased burden of Covid-19 on older adults, ethical and public health frameworks lack adequate guidance for elderly patients who manage severe, even fatal, illness at home. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) recognize the heightened risks of Covid-19 for older ... Read more >>

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[2020, 145:106409]

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HPV vaccination introduction worldwide and WHO and UNICEF estimates of national HPV immunization coverage 2010-2019.

Laia Bruni, Anna Saura, Alexandra Montoliu, Maria Brotons, Laia Alemany, Mamadou Saliou Diallo, Oya Zeren Afsar, D Scott LaMontagne, Liudmila Mosina, Marcela Contreras, Martha Velandia-González, Roberta Pastore, Marta Gacic-Dobo, Paul Bloem,

WHO/UNICEF estimates for HPV vaccination coverage from 2010 to 2019 are analyzed against the backdrop of the 90% coverage target for HPV vaccination by 2030 set in the recently approved global strategy for cervical cancer elimination as a public health problem. As of June 2020, 107 (55%) of the 194 ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106399]

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Effects of fact-checking social media vaccine misinformation on attitudes toward vaccines.

Jingwen Zhang, Jieyu Ding Featherstone, Christopher Calabrese, Magdalena Wojcieszak,

Social media vaccine misinformation can negatively influence vaccine attitudes. It is urgent to develop communication approaches to reduce the misinformation's impact. This study aimed to test the effects of fact-checking labels for misinformation on attitudes toward vaccines. An online survey experiment with 1198 participants recruited from a U.S. national sample ... Read more >>

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[2021, 145:106408]

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Role of community pharmacies in a population-based colorectal cancer screening program.

Nuria Vives, Núria Milà, Gemma Binefa, Noemie Travier, Albert Farre, Carmen Vidal, Maryam Sattari, Guillermo Bagaria, Montse Garcia,

In Catalonia (Spain), population-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening offers biennial fecal occult blood testing to men and women aged 50-69 years old. The program is organized in screening hubs, most of which use a pharmacy-based model to distribute and collect fecal immunochemical test (FIT) kits The comprehensive evaluation of CRC screening ... Read more >>

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[2021, :106420]

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Hard to reach populations in cervical cancer screening in high income countries.

Lindsay N Fuzzell, Rebecca Perkins, Shannon Christy, Paige W Lake, Susan T Vadaparampil,

Cervical cancer screening rates in the United States are generally high, yet certain groups demonstrate disparities in screening and surveillance. The populations at greatest risk of HPV and subsequent cervical cancer are often from medically underserved and/or marginalized groups and are typically less engaged with the healthcare system, making them ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106400]

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Burden of disease from second-hand tobacco smoke exposure at home among adults from European Union countries in 2017: an analysis using a review of recent meta-analyses.

Giulia Carreras, Alessio Lachi, Barbara Cortini, Silvano Gallus, Maria José López, Ángel López Nicolás, Joan B Soriano, Esteve Fernandez, Olena Tigova, Giuseppe Gorini, ,

Smoke-free legislation reduced second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in public places, and indirectly promoted private smoke-free settings. Nevertheless, a large proportion of adults is still exposed to SHS at home. The aim of this paper is to quantify the burden of disease due to home SHS exposure among adults in the ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106412]

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Factors influencing social distancing to prevent the community spread of COVID-19 among Chinese adults.

Yuqi Guo, Weidi Qin, Zhiyu Wang, Fan Yang,

The global outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in 2020 has been an international public health threat. Early strong social distancing efforts is needed to stop transmission of the virus. The purpose of the present study is to identify individual and environmental factors related to individuals' compliance with the ... Read more >>

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[2020, 143:106385]

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A multi-state evaluation of the association between mental health and firearm storage practices.

Dara L Horn, Elissa K Butler, Jessica L Stahl, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Alyson J Littman,

Firearm storage method is a potentially modifiable risk factor for suicide. Using data from a large, multi-state survey, we sought to determine whether there is an association between mental health and household firearm storage practices, and characterize that association by state of residence. Participants who endorsed the presence of a ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106389]

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Removing conscientious objection: The impact of 'No Jab No Pay' and 'No Jab No Play' vaccine policies in Australia.

Ang Li, Mathew Toll,

Vaccine refusal and hesitancy pose a significant public health threat to communities. Public health authorities have been developing a range of strategies to improve childhood vaccination coverage. This study examines the effect of removing conscientious objection on immunisation coverage for one, two and five year olds in Australia. Conscientious objection ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106406]

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Sexually transmitted disease clinics in the United States: Understanding the needs of patients and the capabilities of providers.

William S Pearson, Sagar Kumar, Melissa A Habel, Sara Walsh, Michael Meit, Roxanne Y Barrow, Gretchen Weiss, Thomas L Gift,

Reports of bacterial sexually transmitted infections are at the highest levels ever reported in the United States, and state and local budgetary issues are placing specialized sexually transmitted disease (STD) care at risk. This study collected information from 4138 patients seeking care at 26 STD clinics in large metropolitan areas ... Read more >>

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[2020, 145:106411]

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A narrative review of HPV vaccination interventions in rural U.S. communities.

Heather M Brandt, Robin C Vanderpool, Meagan Pilar, Maria Zubizarreta, Lindsay R Stradtman,

Uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in the United States (U.S.) is far below the Healthy People 2020 goal of 80% coverage among adolescents. In rural communities, HPV vaccination coverage is low, yet incidence and mortality rates of HPV-associated cancer are high. Much of the research focused on HPV vaccination ... Read more >>

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[2020, :106407]

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Patient barriers and facilitators of colonoscopy use: A rapid systematic review and thematic synthesis of the qualitative literature.

Robert S Kerrison, Dahir Sheik-Mohamud, Emily McBride, Katriina L Whitaker, Colin Rees, Stephen Duffy, Christian von Wagner,

Colonoscopy is the gold standard test in the diagnosis of colorectal cancer. Despite this, many people across the world decline the procedure when invited for screening, surveillance or diagnostic evaluation. The aim of this review was to characterise the barriers and facilitators of colonoscopy use described in the qualitative literature. ... Read more >>

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[2021, :106413]

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