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Journal Poult. Sci.

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A year of change

Robert L. Taylor,

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, :]

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Genetic and antigenic heterogeneity of GI-1/Massachusetts lineage infectious bronchitis virus variants recently isolated in China

Jie Sheng, Mengting Ren, Zongxi Han, Junfeng Sun, Yan Zhao, Shengwang Liu,

Four GI-1/Massachusetts-type (GI-1/Mass-type) infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strains were isolated and the complete genomes of these isolates, coupled with the Mass-type live-attenuated vaccine H120 and the Mass-type pathogenic M41 strains, were sequenced in the present study. Our results show that isolates LJL/140820 and I0306/17 may be derived from the Ma5 ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, :]

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Impact of dietary incorporation of Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) and exogenous enzymes on broiler performance, carcass traits, and meat quality.

J M Pestana, B Puerta, H Santos, M S Madeira, C M Alfaia, P A Lopes, R M A Pinto, J P C Lemos, C M G A Fontes, M M Lordelo, J A M Prates,

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(8):4100]

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Effects of dietary iron on reproductive performance of Chinese Yellow broiler breeder hens during the egg-laying period.

Zhongyong Gou, Qiuli Fan, Long Li, Zongyong Jiang, Xiajing Lin, Xiaoyan Cui, Yibing Wang, Chuntian Zheng, Shouqun Jiang,

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary iron (Fe) on reproductive performance of Chinese Yellow broiler breeder hens during the egg-laying period. A total of 480, 55-wk-old hens were balanced for laying rate and then randomly allotted into 5 groups, each with 6 replicates (8 ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(8):3921-3929]

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Efficacy of commercial polyvalent avian infectious bronchitis vaccines against Chinese QX-like and TW-like strain via different vaccination strategies

Guanming Shao, Tong Chen, Keyu Feng, Qiqi Zhao, Xinheng Zhang, Hongxin Li, Wencheng Lin, Qingmei Xie,

The infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is an acute and highly contagious disease, which affects chickens of all ages. Vaccination is the most important way to control this disease. Nevertheless, novel variant strains are constantly reported because of the lack of proofreading capabilities of RNA polymerase and high frequency of homologous ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(10):4786-4794]

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An integrated transcriptomics and metabolomics study of the immune response of newly hatched chicks to the cytosine-phosphate-guanine oligonucleotide stimulation.

Djomangan Adama Ouattara, Lydie Remolue, Jérémie Becker, Magali Perret, Andrei Bunescu, Kristin Hennig, Emeline Biliaut, Annemanuelle Badin, Cesarino Giacomini, Frédéric Reynier, Christine Andreoni, Frédéric Béquet, Patrick Lecine, Karelle De Luca,

The immunological immaturity of the innate immune system during the first-week post-hatch enables pathogens to infect chickens, leading to the death of the animals. Current preventive solutions to improve the resistance of chicks to infections include vaccination, breeding, and sanitation. Other prophylactic solutions have been investigated, such as the stimulation ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4360-4372]

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Effects of microbial fermentation on the flavor of cured duck legs.

Zhendong Cai, Yifan Ruan, Jun He, Yali Dang, Jinxuan Cao, Yangying Sun, Daodong Pan, Hongwei Tian,

In this study, fermentation with Lactobacillus plantarum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae was applied to improve the flavor of cured duck leg meat. Odor and taste evaluations, lipid oxidation, volatile flavor substances, and protein degradation were determined to investigate the effects of microbial fermentation on flavor improvement. The results showed that the ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4642-4652]

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Effects of varying dietary intoxication with lead on the performance and ovaries of laying hens.

Y Ma, Y Z Shi, Q J Wu, Y Q Wang, J P Wang, Z H Liu,

In this study, we explored the effect of dietary lead nitrate on zootechnical performance, egg quality, accumulation of ovarian plumbum (Pb), follicular atresia rate, and ovarian oxidative stress in laying hens. Furthermore, the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling molecule was studied to reveal the molecular mechanism of ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4505-4513]

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Carvacrol attenuates Campylobacter jejuni colonization factors and proteome critical for persistence in the chicken gut.

B R Wagle, A M Donoghue, S Shrestha, I Upadhyaya, K Arsi, A Gupta, R Liyanage, N C Rath, D J Donoghue, A Upadhyay,

Campylobacter jejuni is a major foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis in humans. Chickens act as the reservoir host for C. jejuni, wherein the pathogen asymptomatically colonizes the ceca leading to contamination of carcasses during slaughter. The major colonization factors in C. jejuni include motility, intestinal epithelial attachment, acid/bile tolerance, and ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4566-4577]

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Effect of Bacillus-direct-fed microbial on leaky gut, serum peptide YY concentration, bone mineralization, and ammonia excretion in neonatal female turkey poults fed with a rye-based diet.

G Tellez, M A Arreguin-Nava, J A Maguey, M A Michel, J D Latorre, R Merino-Guzman, X Hernandez-Velasco, P A Moore, B M Hargis, G Tellez-Isaias,

Rye is high in nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP), a complex carbohydrate which cannot be digested by poultry as they lack the endogenous enzymes to do so. Exogenous carbohydrases must therefore be supplemented to avoid the antinutritional effects associated with a high NSP diet. The objectives of the present study were to ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4514-4520]

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Viability of Salmonella Typhimurium biofilms on major food-contact surfaces and eggshell treated during 35 days with and without water storage at room temperature.

Ki-Hoon Lee, Ji-Young Lee, Pantu Kumar Roy, Md Furkanur Rahaman Mizan, Md Iqbal Hossain, Si Hong Park, Sang-Do Ha,

Salmonella is one of the main foodborne pathogens that affect humans and farm animals. The Salmonella genus comprises a group of food-transmitted pathogens that cause highly prevalent foodborne diseases throughout the world. The aim of this study was to appraise the viability of Salmonella Typhimurium biofilm under water treatment at ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4558-4565]

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2-Nitro-1-propanol improved nutrient digestibility and oocyst shedding but not growth performance of Eimeria-challenged broilers.

Po-Yun Teng, Sudhir Yadav, Tatiane Souza Dos Santos, Alberta Lorraine Fuller, Woo Kyun Kim,

A 2 × 3 factorial arrangement study was conducted to evaluate 3 dosages of 2-nitro-1-propanol (NP; 0, 150, and 200 ppm) on intestinal health of birds with or without Eimeria challenge. A total of 432 thirteen-day-old male broiler chickens were randomly allocated to 6 treatments with 8 replicate cages of 9 ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4314-4322]

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Staphylococci in poultry intestines: a comparison between farmed and household chickens.

Muhammad Ali Syed, Hakim Ullah, Sadia Tabassum, Bushra Fatima, Tiffanie A Woodley, Hazem Ramadan, Charlene R Jackson,

Both pathogenic as well as nonpathogenic species of staphylococci have been reported in poultry, but these studies have not compared staphylococcal flora of both farmed and household broiler chickens. Staphylococci from farmed (n = 51) and household chicken intestines (n = 43) were isolated and tested for resistance to antimicrobials, ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4549-4557]

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Defining characteristics of immersion carbon dioxide gas for successful euthanasia of neonatal and young broilers.

B I Baker, S Torrey, T M Widowski, P V Turner, T D Knezacek, J Nicholds, T G Crowe, K Schwean-Lardner,

This study investigated how the carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration within a chamber affects the efficacy of CO2 euthanasia and how the efficacy of CO2 induction methods changes as birds age. In experiment 1, pairs of broiler chicks (n = 192; 0, 3, and 6 D of age) were immersed into a ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4408-4416]

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Current status of vaccine research, development, and challenges of vaccines for Mycoplasma gallisepticum.

Muhammad Ishfaq, Wanying Hu, Mohammad Zeb Khan, Ijaz Ahmad, Wenxin Guo, Jichang Li,

Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is an important avian pathogen that causes significant economic losses in the poultry industry. Surprisingly, the limited protection and adverse reactions caused by the vaccines, including live vaccines, bacterin-based (killed) vaccines, and recombinant viral vaccines is still a major concern. Mycoplasma gallisepticum strains vary in infectivity and ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4195-4202]

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Effect of chestnut wood extract on performance, meat quality, antioxidant status, immune function, and cholesterol metabolism in broilers.

H S Liu, S U Mahfuz, D Wu, Q H Shang, X S Piao,

Plant extracts have been proved as natural antioxidants resources as well as alternative feed additives in livestock and poultry species. Chestnut wood extract (CWE) as a source of hydrolysable tannic acid was used to evaluate the growth performance, nutrient retention, meat quality, antioxidant status, and immune function of broilers. A ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4488-4495]

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Probiotic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens H57 ameliorates subclinical necrotic enteritis in broiler chicks by maintaining intestinal mucosal integrity and improving feed efficiency.

S Shini, D Zhang, R C Aland, X Li, P J Dart, M J Callaghan, R E Speight, W L Bryden,

Subclinical necrotic enteritis (NE) was induced in broiler chicks using a high dose of Eimeria spp. vaccine in the drinking water on day 9, and Clostridium perfringens (Cp) culture mixed in the feed on days 14 and 15. The aim was to evaluate the effects of probiotic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4278-4293]

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Novel goose-origin astrovirus infection in geese: the effect of age at infection.

Da An, Ji Zhang, Jing Yang, Yi Tang, Youxiang Diao,

Since 2017, a serious infectious disease characterized by visceral gout has emerged in China's main goose-producing regions. The disease has caused huge economic losses to China's goose industry. In our previous study, we determined that the pathogen causing gout in goslings is a novel goose-origin astrovirus, designated as AStV/SDPY/Goose/1116/17 (AStV-SDPY) ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4323-4333]

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The body fat distribution and fatty acid composition of muscles and adipose tissues in geese.

J Yu, H M Yang, Y Y Lai, X L Wan, Z Y Wang,

In this study, we evaluated the body fat distribution and fatty acid composition of muscles and adipose tissues of Yangzhou geese, including thirty 60-day-old goslings (15 males and 15 females) and 20 320-day-old geese (10 males and 10 females). Adipose tissues of Yangzhou geese were distributed widely and could be ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4634-4641]

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Prevalence of Salmonella enterica on poultry processing equipment after completion of sanitization procedures.

Tomi Obe, Rama Nannapaneni, Wes Schilling, Li Zhang, Chris McDaniel, Aaron Kiess,

Salmonella is a poultry-borne pathogen that causes illness throughout the world. Consequently, it is critical to control Salmonella during the process of converting broilers to poultry meat. Sanitization of a poultry processing facility, including processing equipment, is a crucial control measure that is utilized by poultry integrators. However, prevalence of ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4539-4548]

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Muscle water properties in raw intact broiler breast fillets with the woody breast condition.

B Pang, B Bowker, G Gamble, J Zhang, Y Yang, X Yu, J-X Sun, H Zhuang,

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between muscle water properties, water-holding capacity (WHC), and woody breast (WB) severity in intact raw broiler breast fillets. Broiler pectoralis major deboned at 3 h postmortem was collected from a commercial plant and categorized as normal (NORM), moderate WB, or severe ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4626-4633]

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Killing individual poultry on-farm-a survey among veterinarians and farmers.

Anneleen Watteyn, Leonie Jacobs, Bart Ampe, Christel P H Moons, An Garmyn, Frank A M Tuyttens,

To date, information about reasons to select and kill poultry on-farm and which method veterinarians and poultry producers preferably use is scarce. Little is also known about their knowledge of the legislation regarding on-farm killing methods and of methods alternative to the one(s) they use, as well as their perception ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4132-4140]

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Interactions between egg storage duration and broiler breeder age on egg fat content, chicken organ weights, and growth performance.

Hedia Nasri, Henry van den Brand, Taha Najjar, Moncef Bouzouaia,

Egg storage and breeder age are between the most important factors affecting egg lipids, chicken quality, and posthatch performance. To evaluate these factors, including their interaction, the impact of egg storage duration (5, 12, and 19 D), and breeder age (47 and 67 wk) was investigated in Arbor Acres broiler eggs and ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4607-4615]

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Effects of different egg turning frequencies on incubation efficiency parameters.

Gabriel da S Oliveira, Vinícius M Dos Santos, Jullyana C Rodrigues, Sheila T Nascimento,

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different egg turning frequencies on incubation efficiency parameters. Nine hundred sixty brown fertile eggs, with an average weight of 52.20 ± 0.85 g, from 38-week-old CJD (Carijó Pesadão) breeder hens were randomly distributed among 4 treatments before incubation. Each treatment corresponded to a turning frequency, ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4417-4420]

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The effect of total flavonoids of Epimedium on granulosa cell development in laying hens.

Yu Guo, Yurong Li, Shuang Zhang, Xianjun Wu, Luying Jiang, Qianhui Zhao, Wenhui Xue, Shuying Huo,

To investigate the impact of total flavonoids of Epimedium (TFE) on the development of follicles of laying hens, 3 types of follicles including primary, prehierarchical, and preovulatory follicles were selected to obtain the follicular granulosa cells cultured in vitro. First, extraction of TFE was conducted by alcohol-soluble and ultrasonic methods. The ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry science)
[2020, 99(9):4598-4606]

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