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Application of 1H-NMR combined with qRT-PCR technology in the exploration of rosmarinic acid biosynthesis in hair roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and Salvia castanea f. tomentosa Stib.

Zhuoni Hou, Yuanyuan Li, Feng Su, Jipeng Chen, Xiaodan Zhang, Ling Xu, Dongfeng Yang, Zongsuo Liang,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Methyl jasmonate promotes the synthesis of rosmarinic acid in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and Salvia castanea f. tomentosa Stib, and it promotes the latter more strongly. Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (SMB) is a traditional Chinese medicinal material, its water-soluble phenolic acid component rosmarinic acid has very important medicinal value. Salvia castanea ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 253(1):2]

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Light- and hormone-mediated development in non-flowering plants: An overview.

Durga Prasad Biswal, Kishore Chandra Sekhar Panigrahi,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Light, hormones and their interaction regulate different aspects of development in non-flowering plants. They might have played a role in the evolution of different plant groups by conferring specific adaptive evolutionary changes. Plants are sessile organisms. Unlike animals, they lack the opportunity to abandon their habitat in unfavorable conditions. ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 253(1):1]

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Synthesis, characteristics and medical applications of plant nanomaterials.

Lidong Du, Ruoyu Zhang, Hanchao Yang, Shaojian Tang, Zhaohua Hou, Jinjin Jing, Bingjie Lin, Shujie Zhang, Zhong Lu, Peng Xue,

MAIN CONCLUSION:The recent preparations of metal nanoparticles using plant extracts as reducing agents are summarized here. The synthesis and characterization of plant-metal nanomaterials and the progress in antibacterial and anti-inflammatory medical applications are detailed, providing a new vision for plant-based medical applications. The medical application of plant-metal nanoparticles is becoming ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):108]

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Benzopyrene induces oxidative stress and increases expression and activities of antioxidant enzymes, and CYP450 and GST metabolizing enzymes in Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyta).

Alberto González, Daniela Espinoza, Constanza Vidal, Alejandra Moenne,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Benzopyrene is rapidly incorporated and metabolized, and induces oxidative stress and activation of antioxidant enzymes, and CYP450 and GST metabolizing enzymes in Ulva lactuca. To analyze absorption and metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) in Ulva lactuca, the alga was cultivated with 5 µM of BaP for 72 h. In the culture medium, ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):107]

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Synergistic consortium of beneficial microorganisms in rice rhizosphere promotes host defense to blight-causing Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

Akansha Jain, Anwesha Chatterjee, Sampa Das,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Rice plants primed with beneficial microbes Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and Aspergillus spinulosporus with biocontrol potential against Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, provided protection from disease by reprogramming host defence response under pathogen challenge. Plant-beneficial microbe interactions taking place in the rhizosphere are widely used for growth promotion and mitigation of biotic ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):106]

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Exploring the complexity of soybean (Glycine max) transcriptional regulation using global gene co-expression networks.

Fabricio Almeida-Silva, Kanhu C Moharana, Fabricio B Machado, Thiago M Venancio,

MAIN CONCLUSION:We report a soybean gene co-expression network built with data from 1284 RNA-Seq experiments, which was used to identify important regulators, modules and to elucidate the fates of gene duplicates. Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is one of the most important crops worldwide, constituting a major source of protein ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):104]

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Cryopreservation of carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) and other Dianthus species.

Jaime A Teixeira da Silva, Adhityo Wicaksono, Florent Engelmann,

MAIN CONCLUSION:This paper reviews the cryopreservation of the ornamental, carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.), as an important method for the long-term preservation of this plant's germplasm. Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) is an important ornamental plant that is used as a potted plant as well as a cut flower. Important Dianthus germplasm ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):105]

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Overexpression of Citrus reticulata SAMT in Nicotiana tabacum increases MeSA volatilization and decreases Xylella fastidiosa symptoms.

Laura M Gómez, Natália S Teixeira-Silva, Raquel Caserta, Marco A Takita, Márcia O M Marques, Alessandra A de Souza,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Nicotiana tabacum overexpressing CrSAMT from Citrus reticulata increased production of MeSA, which works as an airborne signal in neighboring wild-type plants, inducing PR1 and increasing resistance to the pathogen Xylella fastidiosa. Xylella fastidiosa is one of the major threats to plant health worldwide, affecting yield in many crops. Despite ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):103]

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Glandular trichomes of Robinia viscosa Vent. var. hartwigii (Koehne) Ashe (Faboideae, Fabaceae)-morphology, histochemistry and ultrastructure.

Agata Konarska, Barbara Łotocka,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Permanent glandular trichomes of Robinia viscosa var. hartwigii produce viscous secretion containing several secondary metabolites, as lipids, mucilage, flavonoids, proteins and alkaloids. Robinia viscosa var. hartwigii (Hartweg's locust) is an ornamental tree with high apicultural value. It can be planted in urban greenery and in degraded areas. The shoots, ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):102]

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Advancement of research on plant NLRs evolution, biochemical activity, structural association, and engineering.

Joydeep Chakraborty, Prithwi Ghosh,

MAIN CONCLUSION:In this review, we have included evolution of plant intracellular immune receptors, oligomeric complex formation, enzymatic action, engineering, and mechanisms of immune inspection for appropriate defense outcomes. NLR (Nucleotide binding oligomerization domain containing leucine-rich repeat) proteins are the intracellular immune receptors that recognize pathogen-derived virulence factors to confer effector-triggered ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):101]

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Inability to accumulate Ni in a genus of hyperaccumulators: the paradox of Odontarrhena sibirica (Brassicaceae).

Isabella Bettarini, Ilaria Colzi, Cristina Gonnelli, Luigia Pazzagli, Roger D Reeves, Federico Selvi,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Odontarrhena is a highly diverse genus of Ni-hyperaccumulators. Here, we demonstrate substantial inability to accumulate Ni in the facultative serpentinophyte O. sibirica, which seems a unique case among the numerous species of the genus that grow on ultramafic soils. Odontarrhena is the most diverse genus of Ni-accumulating plants in ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):99]

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The genome of Ricinus communis encodes a single glycolate oxidase with different functions in photosynthetic and heterotrophic organs.

Jessica Schmitz, Meike Hüdig, Dieter Meier, Nicole Linka, Veronica G Maurino,

MAIN CONCLUSION:The biochemical characterization of glycolate oxidase in Ricinus communis hints to different physiological functions of the enzyme depending on the organ in which it is active. Enzymatic activities of the photorespiratory pathway are not restricted to green tissues but are present also in heterotrophic organs. High glycolate oxidase (GOX) ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):100]

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Expression of PHT1 family transporter genes contributes for low phosphate stress tolerance in foxtail millet (Setaria italica) genotypes.

G Victor Roch, T Maharajan, T P Ajeesh Krishna, S Ignacimuthu, S Antony Ceasar,

MAIN CONCLUSION:This is a first comprehensive study to analyze the 12 PHT1 family phosphate transporter genes in 20 foxtail millet genotypes for the improvement of millets and other crops for phosphate use efficiency. Phosphorus (P), absorbed from soil solutions as inorganic phosphate (Pi), is a limiting nutrient for plant growth ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):98]

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Production of a structurally validated cyclotide in rice suspension cells is enabled by a supporting biosynthetic enzyme.

Haiou Qu, Mark A Jackson, Kuok Yap, Peta J Harvey, Edward K Gilding, David J Craik,

MAIN CONCLUSION:We demonstrate the production of a structurally correct cyclotide in rice suspension cells with co-expression of a ligase-type AEP, which unlocks monocotyledons as production platforms to produce cyclotides. Cyclotides are a class of backbone-cyclic plant peptides that harbor a cystine knot composed of three disulfide bonds. These structural features ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):97]

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NAC103, a NAC family transcription factor, regulates ABA response during seed germination and seedling growth in Arabidopsis.

Ling Sun, Li-Ping Liu, Ya-Zhen Wang, Lei Yang, Mei-Jing Wang, Jian-Xiang Liu,

MAIN CONCLUSION:The Arabidopsis transcription factor NAC103 is up-regulated and its encoding protein is stabilized by ABA treatment, which positively regulates several ABA-responsive downstream genes during seed germination and seedlings growth. The Arabidopsis transcription factor NAC103 was previously found to be involved in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and DNA damage responses. ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(6):95]

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Inefficient weapon-the role of plant secondary metabolites in cotton defence against the boll weevil.

Diego Martins Magalhães, Miguel Borges, Raúl Alberto Laumann, John C Caulfield, Michael A Birkett, Maria Carolina Blassioli-Moraes,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Cotton genotypes displayed similar volatile organic compound (VOC) profiles, but major differences in terpenoid aldehyde (TA) content. The differences in VOC production were minor among genotypes, but these differences are crucial for boll weevil attraction. Weevils did not display any preference in feeding behaviour towards cotton genotypes, suggesting physiological ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):94]

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Chloroplast genome assembly of Handroanthus impetiginosus: comparative analysis and molecular evolution in Bignoniaceae.

Mariane B Sobreiro, Lucas D Vieira, Rhewter Nunes, Evandro Novaes, Eric Coissac, Orzenil B Silva-Junior, Dario Grattapaglia, Rosane Garcia Collevatti,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Bignoniaceae species have conserved chloroplast structure, with hotspots of nucleotide diversity. Several genes are under positive selection, and can be targets for evolutionary studies. Bignoniaceae is one of the most species-rich family of woody plants in Neotropical seasonally dry forests. Here we report the assembly of Handroanthus impetiginosus chloroplast ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):91]

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AtKPNB1, an Arabidopsis importin-β protein, is downstream of the RING E3 ubiquitin ligase AtAIRP1 in the ABA-mediated drought stress response.

Tae Rin Oh, Seong Gwan Yu, Hee Woong Yang, Jong Hum Kim, Woo Taek Kim,

MAIN CONCLUSION:AtKPNB1, an Arabidopsis importin-β protein, was regulated by AtAIRP1 E3 ubiquitin ligase, which intensified the ABA-mediated drought stress response. As an early step in the abscisic acid (ABA)-mediated drought response, the ABA signal is transduced into the nucleus, and thus the nuclear transport system is crucially involved in the ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):93]

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Responses of plant biomass and yield component in rice, wheat, and maize to climatic warming: a meta-analysis.

Xiaodi Liu, Quanhui Ma, Hongying Yu, Yibo Li, Li Zhou, Qijin He, Zhenzhu Xu, Guangsheng Zhou,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Responses of plant biomass and yield components to warming are species-specific and are shifted as increased warming magnitude rises; this finding improves the results of IPCC AR5. The responses of crop yields to climatic warming have been extensively reported from experimental results, historical yield collections, and modeling research. However, ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):90]

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Molecular characterization of a RING E3 ligase SbHCI1 in sorghum under heat and abscisic acid stress.

Sung Don Lim, Dae Gyeom Oh, Yong Chan Park, Cheol Seong Jang,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Molecular function ofRING E3 ligase SbHCI1is involved in ABA-mediated basal heat stress tolerancein sorghum. Global warming generally reduces plant survival, owing to the negative effects of high temperatures on plant development. However, little is known about the role of Really Interesting New Gene (RING) E3 ligase in the heat ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):89]

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Whole-genome mining of abiotic stress gene loci in rice.

Luomiao Yang, Lei Lei, HuaLong Liu, Jingguo Wang, Hongliang Zheng, Detang Zou,

MAIN CONCLUSION:We projected meta-QTL (MQTL) for drought, salinity, cold state, and high metal ion tolerance in rice using a meta-analysis based on high-density consensus maps. In addition, a genome-wide association analysis was used to validate the results of the meta-analysis, and four new chromosome intervals for mining abiotic stress candidate ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):85]

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Effects of artificial ultraviolet B radiation on the macrophyte Lemna minor: a conceptual study for toxicity pathway characterization.

Li Xie, Knut Asbjørn Solhaug, You Song, Bjørn Johnsen, Jorunn Elisabeth Olsen, Knut Erik Tollefsen,

MAIN CONCLUSION:UVB radiation caused irradiance-dependent and target-specific responses in non-UVB acclimated Lemna minor. Conceptual toxicity pathways were developed to propose causal relationships between UVB-mediated effects at multiple levels of biological organisation. Macrophytes inhabit waterways around the world and are used in hydroponics or aquaponics for different purposes such as feed ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):86]

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Inoculation with the endophytic bacterium Herbaspirillum seropedicae promotes growth, nutrient uptake and photosynthetic efficiency in rice.

Alessandro C Ramos, Juliana Melo, Sávio B de Souza, Amanda A Bertolazi, Renderson A Silva, Weverton P Rodrigues, Eliemar Campostrini, Fábio L Olivares, Frederico J Eutrópio, Cristina Cruz, Teresa Dias,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Higher vacuolar proton pump activity may increase plant energy and nutrient use efficiency and provide the nexus between plant inoculation with Herbaspirillum seropedicae and growth promotion. Global change and growing human population are exhausting arable land and resources, including water and fertilizers. We present inoculation with the endophytic plant-growth ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):87]

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Multiple Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 8004 type III effectors inhibit immunity induced by flg22.

Yan Huang, Tongqi Li, Ting Xu, Zizhong Tang, Jingya Guo, Yi Cai,

MAIN CONCLUSION:Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 8004 secretes several effector proteins that interfere with plant phosphorylation. Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) can infect cruciferous plants and cause black rot. The strain Xcc8004 secretes effector proteins that interfere with plant cellular processes into host cells using a type III secretion (T3S) system. ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):88]

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The dehydration- and ABA-inducible germin-like protein CpGLP1 from Craterostigma plantagineum has SOD activity and may contribute to cell wall integrity during desiccation.

Valentino Giarola, Peilei Chen, Sarah Jane Dulitz, Maurice König, Stefano Manduzio, Dorothea Bartels,

MAIN CONCLUSION:CpGLP1 belongs to the large group of germin-like proteins and comprises a cell wall-localized protein which has superoxide dismutase activity and may contribute towards ROS metabolism and cell wall folding during desiccation. The plant cell wall is a dynamic matrix and its plasticity is essential for cell growth and ... Read more >>

Planta (Planta)
[2020, 252(5):84]

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