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Identifying changes in immune cells and constructing prognostic models using immune-related genes in post-burn immunosuppression.

Peng Wang, Zexin Zhang, Bin Yin, Jiayuan Li, Cheng Xialin, Wenqin Lian, Yingjun Su, Chiyu Jia,

<h4>Background</h4>Burn patients are prone to infection as well as immunosuppression, which is a significant cause of death. Currently, there is a lack of prognostic biomarkers for immunosuppression in burn patients. This study was conducted to identify immune-related genes that are prognosis biomarkers in post-burn immunosuppression and potential targets for immunotherapy.<h4>Methods</h4>We ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12680]

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Differences in the expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in partially injured anterior cruciate ligament and medial collateral ligament of rabbits.

Huining Gu, Siyuan Chen, Mingzheng Zhang, Yu Wen, Bin Li,

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), as a novel regulatory factor, are considered to play a vital role in various biological processes and diseases. However, the overall expression profile and biological functions of lncRNAs in the partially injured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) have not been clearly explored. ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12781]

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RNA-seq and phytohormone analysis reveals the culm color variation of Bambusa oldhamii Munro.

Yulian Jiao, Hu Zeng, Haitao Xia, Yueying Wang, Jinwang Wang, Chuan Jin,

<h4>Background</h4>The clumping bamboo <i>Bambusa oldhamii</i> Munro, known as "green bamboo", is famous for its edible bamboo shoots and fast-growing timber. The green and yellow striped-culm <i>B. oldhamii</i> variety, named <i>B. oldhamii</i> f. <i>revoluta</i> W.T. Lin & J. Y. Lin, is an attractive system for researching the culm color variation of ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12796]

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ChiroVox: a public library of bat calls.

Tamás Görföl, Joe Chun-Chia Huang, Gábor Csorba, Dorottya Győrössy, Péter Estók, Tigga Kingston, Kriszta Lilla Szabadi, Ellen McArthur, Juliana Senawi, Neil M Furey, Vuong Tan Tu, Vu Dinh Thong, Faisal Ali Anwarali Khan, Emy Ritta Jinggong, Melissa Donnelly, Jayaraj Vijaya Kumaran, Jian-Nan Liu, Shiang-Fan Chen, Mao-Ning Tuanmu, Ying-Yi Ho, Heng-Chia Chang, Nurul-Ain Elias, Nur-Izzati Abdullah, Lee-Sim Lim, C Daniel Squire, Sándor Zsebők,

Recordings of bat echolocation and social calls are used for many research purposes from ecological studies to taxonomy. Effective use of these relies on identification of species from the recordings, but comparative recordings or detailed call descriptions to support identification are often lacking for areas with high biodiversity. The ChiroVox ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12445]

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Validity and reliability evidence for the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire with Romanian professional athletes.

Cristina Ioana Alexe, Dan Iulian Alexe, Gabriel Mareş, Dragoş Ioan Tohănean, Ioan Turcu, Rafael Burgueño,

<h4>Background</h4>Despite the importance attributed to athletes' motivation in sports performance and well-being; no measures of motivation toward sport were found in the Romanian sport context.<h4>Objective</h4>Grounded in self-determination theory, this research aimed to adapt and to gather validity and reliability evidence supporting the use of the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12803]

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DNA barcoding and morphological identification of spiny lobsters in South Korean waters: a new record of Panulirus longipes and Panulirus homarus homarus.

Sachithra Amarin Hettiarachchi, Ji-Yeon Hyeon, Angka Mahardini, Hyung-Suk Kim, Jun-Hwan Byun, Han-Jun Kim, Jong-Gyun Jeong, Jung-Kyu Yeo, Shin-Kwon Kim, Se-Jae Kim, Youn-Seong Heo, Jonathan Sathyadith, Do-Hyung Kang, Sung-Pyo Hur,

To date, 19 species of spiny lobsters from the genus <i>Panulirus</i> have been discovered, of which only <i>P. japonicus</i>, <i>P. penicilatus</i>, <i>P. stimpsoni</i>, and <i>P. versicolor</i> have been documented in South Korean waters. In this study, we aimed to identify and update the current list of spiny lobster species that ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12744]

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Postural stability disorders-early signs of aging-in physically non-active prisoners.

Piotr Łapiński, Aleksandra Truszczyńska-Baszak, Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Adam Tarnowski,

<h4>Background</h4>There is a need for a study of possible relationship between serving a prison sentence and developing postural stability dysfunction. The aim of the study was to analyze postural stability of physically inactive prisoners. The study group consisted of 24 male prisoners aged 34.6 ± 7.02 years, imprisoned in closed ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12489]

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Old trees are perceived as a valuable element of the municipal forest landscape.

Marzena Suchocka, Magdalena Wojnowska-Heciak, Magdalena Błaszczyk, Agnieszka Gawłowska, Joanna Ciemniewska, Agata Jarska, Jakub Heciak, Beata Pachnowska,

Urban trees are important to maintain biodiversity and, therefore, need public acceptance. Few studies, however, have addressed the topic of social acceptability of old trees. The aim of this research was to examine city residents' perception of old trees, including hollow-bearing ones, mainly in the aspect of safety and aesthetics. ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12700]

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Genome-wide identification and evolution of WNK kinases in Bambusoideae and transcriptional profiling during abiotic stress in Phyllostachys edulis.

RongXiu Liu, Naresh Vasupalli, Dan Hou, Antony Stalin, Hantian Wei, Huicong Zhang, Xinchun Lin,

With-no-lysine (WNK) kinases play vital roles in abiotic stress response, circadian rhythms, and regulation of flowering time in rice, Arabidopsis, and Glycine max. However, there are no previous reports of WNKs in the Bambusoideae, although genome sequences are available for diploid, tetraploid, and hexaploid bamboo species. In the present study, ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12718]

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Medical cannabis use in Thailand after its legalization: a respondent-driven sample survey.

Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Kanittha Thaikla, Muhammadfahmee Talek, Darika Saingam,

<h4>Background</h4>Many countries now allow the consumption of cannabis or cannabinoids for medical purposes with varying approaches concerning products allowed and the regulatory frameworks prevailing their endowment. On 18 February 2019 Thailand passed legislation allowing the use of cannabis for medical purposes. This study aimed to examine patterns and purposes for ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12809]

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CTRP3 as a novel biomarker in the plasma of Saudi children with autism.

Manan Alhakbany, Laila Al-Ayadhi, Afaf El-Ansary,

<h4>Background</h4>C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein-3 (CTRP3) has diverse functions: anti-inflammation, metabolic regulation, and protection against endothelial dysfunction.<h4>Methods</h4>The plasma level of CTRP3 in autistic patients (<i>n</i> = 32) was compared to that in controls (<i>n</i> = 37) using ELISA.<h4>Results</h4>CTRP3 was higher (24.7% with <i>P</i> < 0.05) in autistic patients than in controls. ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12630]

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Spatiotemporal variations in length-weight relationship, growth pattern and condition factor of Periophthalmus variabilis Eggert, 1935 in Vietnamese Mekong Delta.

Quang Minh Dinh, Ton Huu Duc Nguyen, Tien Thi Kieu Nguyen, Giang Van Tran, Ngon Trong Truong,

Length-weight relationship (<i>LWR</i>), growth pattern and condition factor (<i>CF</i>) play a vital role in fish resource evaluation and management but data on this is limited for <i>Periophthalmus variabilis</i>. This is an amphibious fish that lives in the mudflats of the mangrove forests in the Western Pacific regions, including the Vietnamese ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12798]

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Biochemical profile in mixed martial arts athletes.

Łukasz Marcin Tota, Szczepan Stanisław Wiecha,

The study aimed to evaluate changes in selected biochemical indicators among mixed martial arts competitors in subsequent periods of the training cycle. The research involved 12 mixed martial arts athletes aged 25.8 ± 4.2 years competing in the intermediate category. Selected somatic indicators were measured twice. Biochemical indicators were assessed five times ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12708]

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Effects of different intensities of long-term grazing on plant diversity, biomass and carbon stock in alpine shrubland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.

Jinlan Wang, Wen Li, Wenxia Cao, Shilin Wang,

Grazing is the main grassland management strategy applied in alpine shrubland ecosystems on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. However, how different intensities of long-term grazing affect plant diversity, biomass accumulation and carbon (C) stock in these ecosystems is poorly understood. In this study, alpine shrubland with different long-term (more than 30 years) ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12771]

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Waterlogging tolerance and recovery capability screening in peanut: a comparative analysis of waterlogging effects on physiological traits and yield.

Ruier Zeng, Jing Cao, Xi Li, Xinyue Wang, Ying Wang, Suzhe Yao, Yu Gao, Jing Hu, Mingzhu Luo, Lei Zhang, Tingting Chen,

Fifteen peanut varieties at the pod filling stage were exposed to waterlogging stress for 7 days, the enzyme activities and fluorescence parameters were measured after 7 days of waterlogging and drainage. The waterlogging tolerance and recovery capability of varieties were identified. After waterlogging, waterlogging tolerance coefficient (WTC) of relative electrolyte ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12741]

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Effects of soil fauna on litter decomposition in Chinese forests: a meta-analysis.

Peng Zan, Zijun Mao, Tao Sun,

Litter quality and climate have been presumed to be the dominant factors regulating litter decomposition rates on broad spatial scales. However, the role of soil fauna on litter decomposition is poorly understood, despite the fact that it could strongly influence decomposition by fragmentation and subsequent modification of the activities of ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12747]

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The speed of information propagation in the scientific network distorts biomedical research.

Raul Rodriguez-Esteban,

Delays in the propagation of scientific discoveries across scientific communities have been an oft-maligned feature of scientific research for introducing a bias towards knowledge that is produced within a scientist's closest community. The vastness of the scientific literature has been commonly blamed for this phenomenon, despite recent improvements in information ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12764]

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Identification and expression analysis of the sucrose synthase gene family in pomegranate (Punica granatum L.).

Longbo Liu, Jie Zheng,

<h4>Background</h4>Sucrose synthase (SUS, EC 2.4.1.13) is one of the major enzymes of sucrose metabolism in higher plants. It has been associated with C allocation, biomass accumulation, and sink strength. The <i>SUS</i> gene families have been broadly explored and characterized in a number of plants. The pomegranate (<i>Punica granatum</i>) genome is ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12814]

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Tentacle patterning during Exaiptasia diaphana pedal lacerate development differs between symbiotic and aposymbiotic animals.

Jason S Presnell, Elizabeth Wirsching, Virginia M Weis,

<i>Exaiptasia diaphana</i>, a tropical sea anemone known as Aiptasia, is a tractable model system for studying the cellular, physiological, and ecological characteristics of cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis. Aiptasia is widely used as a proxy for coral-algal symbiosis, since both Aiptasia and corals form a symbiosis with members of the family Symbiodiniaceae. Laboratory ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12770]

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Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the cucumber PYL gene family.

Zeyu Zhang, Shilei Luo, Zeci Liu, Zilong Wan, Xueqin Gao, Yali Qiao, Jihua Yu, Guobin Zhang,

Abscisic acid (ABA) is a very important hormone in plants. It regulates growth and development of plants and plays an important role in biotic and abiotic stresses. The Pyrabactin resistance 1-like (PYR/PYL) proteins play a central role in ABA signal transduction pathways. The working system of <i>PYL</i> genes in cucumber, ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12786]

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A decision support system for primary headache developed through machine learning.

Fangfang Liu, Guanshui Bao, Mengxia Yan, Guiming Lin,

<h4>Background</h4>Primary headache is a disorder with a high incidence and low diagnostic accuracy; the incidence of migraine and tension-type headache ranks first among primary headaches. Artificial intelligence (AI) decision support systems have shown great potential in the medical field. Therefore, we attempt to use machine learning to build a clinical ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12743]

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KIR gene content imputation from single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the Finnish population.

Jarmo Ritari, Kati Hyvärinen, Jukka Partanen, Satu Koskela,

The killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) gene cluster on chromosome 19 encodes cell surface glycoproteins that bind class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules as well as some other ligands. Through regulation of natural killer (NK) cell activity KIRs participate in tumour surveillance and clearing viral infections. KIR gene gene ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12692]

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An integrative taxonomic revision of slug-eating snakes (Squamata: Pareidae: Pareineae) reveals unprecedented diversity in Indochina.

Nikolay A Poyarkov, Tan Van Nguyen, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Platon V Yushchenko, Peter Brakels, Linh Hoang Nguyen, Hung Ngoc Nguyen, Chatmongkon Suwannapoom, Nikolai Orlov, Gernot Vogel,

Slug-eating snakes of the subfamily Pareinae are an insufficiently studied group of snakes specialized in feeding on terrestrial mollusks. Currently Pareinae encompass three genera with 34 species distributed across the Oriental biogeographic region. Despite the recent significant progress in understanding of Pareinae diversity, the subfamily remains taxonomically challenging. Here we ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12713]

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Identifying and prioritising climate change adaptation actions for greater one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) conservation in Nepal.

Ganesh Pant, Tek Maraseni, Armando Apan, Benjamin L Allen,

Climate change has started impacting species, ecosystems, genetic diversity within species, and ecological interactions and is thus a serious threat to conserving biodiversity globally. In the absence of adequate adaptation measures, biodiversity may continue to decline, and many species will possibly become extinct. Given that global temperature continues to increase, ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12795]

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Beyond the prey: male spiders highly invest in silk when producing worthless gifts.

Camila Pavón-Peláez, Valentina Franco-Trecu, Irene Pandulli-Alonso, Therésa M Jones, Maria J Albo,

In the spider <i>Paratrechalea ornata</i>, males have two gift-giving mating tactics, offering either a nutritive (prey) or a worthless (prey leftovers) silk wrapped gift to females. Both gift types confer similar mating success and duration and afford males a higher success rate than when they offer no gift. If this ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2022, 10:e12757]

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