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A Technology-Assisted Language Intervention for Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Rose Sheldon, Mekibib Altaye, Laura Lane, Lindsay Mays, Susan Wiley,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) often have persistent language delays despite early identification and interventions. The technology-assisted language intervention (TALI), which incorporates augmentative and alternative communication technology into a speech-language therapy model, was designed to support language learning. The study objective was to evaluate ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Standard Versus Long Peripheral Catheters for Multiday IV Therapy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Kirby R Qin, Nicholas Ensor, Richard Barnes, Anna Englin, Ramesh M Nataraja, Maurizio Pacilli,

<h4>Objectives</h4>In children, intravenous therapy (IVT) is generally administered via peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) (2-6 cm in length). There is evidence that PIVCs are unreliable after 2 days. Long peripheral catheters (LPCs) (6-15 cm in length) could improve the delivery of IVT. The aim of this trial was to determine if ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Children's Coverage Vulnerabilities With Loss of a Parent's Employer-Sponsored Insurance.

Lois K Lee, Hannah Todd, Alison A Galbraith,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Is Developmental Screening Enough in High-Risk Populations?

Julia S Anixt, Susan Wiley,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Progress in Helping Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Achieve Their Potential.

Karl R White,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Predictive Models of Neurodevelopmental Outcomes After Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy.

Eric S Peeples, Rakesh Rao, Maria L V Dizon, Yvette R Johnson, Priscilla Joe, John Flibotte, Tanzeema Hossain, Danielle Smith, Shannon Hamrick, Robert DiGeronimo, Girija Natarajan, Kyong-Soon Lee, Toby D Yanowitz, Ulrike Mietzsch, Tai-Wei Wu, Nathalie L Maitre, Eugenia K Pallotto, Mark Speziale, Amit M Mathur, Isabella Zaniletti, An Massaro, ,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To develop predictive models for death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) from data readily available at the time of NICU admission ("early") or discharge ("cumulative").<h4>Methods</h4>In this retrospective cohort analysis, we used data from the Children's Hospitals Neonatal Consortium Database (2010-2016). Infants born at ≥35 weeks' gestation ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Opioid Management in the Dying Child With Addiction.

Liza-Marie Johnson, Erica C Kaye, Kimberly Sawyer, Alex M Brenner, Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, Abby R Rosenberg, Armand H Matheny Antommaria,

The dramatic increases of opioid use and misuse in the past 15 years have resulted in a focus on the responsible and judicious use of opioids. In this Ethics Rounds, the commentators analyze the case of a 16-year-old girl with lymphoma and opioid misuse whose caregiver may have diverted her ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Six-Year Neurodevelopmental Outcomes for Children With Single-Ventricle Physiology.

Renee Sananes, Caren S Goldberg, Jane W Newburger, Chenwei Hu, Felicia Trachtenberg, J William Gaynor, William T Mahle, Thomas Miller, Karen Uzark, Kathleen A Mussatto, Christian Pizarro, Jeffrey P Jacobs, James Cnota, Andrew M Atz, Wyman W Lai, Kristin M Burns, Angelo Milazzo, Jodie Votava-Smith, Cheryl L Brosig, ,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To determine if neurodevelopmental deficits in children with single-ventricle physiology change with age and early developmental scores predict 6-year outcomes.<h4>Methods</h4>In the Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial, Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition, were administered at 14 months of age, and parents completed the Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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The Need for New Cost Measures in Pediatric Value-Based Payment.

Nathaniel Z Counts, Kamila B Mistry, Charlene A Wong,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Parental Vaccine Hesitancy and Vaccination Disparities in a Safety-Net System.

Joshua T B Williams, John D Rice, Yingbo Lou, Elizabeth A Bayliss, Steven G Federico, Simon J Hambidge, Sean T O'Leary,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Predictors in Infancy for Language and Academic Outcomes at 11 Years.

Patricia Eadie, Edith L Bavin, Lesley Bretherton, Fallon Cook, Lisa Gold, Fiona Mensah, Melissa Wake, Sheena Reilly,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To examine the contribution of early life factors and preschool- and school-aged language abilities to children's 11-year language and academic outcomes.<h4>Methods</h4>Participants (<i>N</i> = 839) were from a prospective community cohort study of 1910 infants recruited at 8 to 10 months of age. Early life factors included a combination of child ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Use of E-cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products and Progression to Daily Cigarette Smoking.

John P Pierce, Ruifeng Chen, Eric C Leas, Martha M White, Sheila Kealey, Matthew D Stone, Tarik Benmarhnia, Dennis R Trinidad, David R Strong, Karen Messer,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To identify predictors of becoming a daily cigarette smoker over the course of 4 years.<h4>Methods</h4>We identified 12- to 24-year-olds at wave 1 of the US Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study and determined ever use, age at first use, and daily use through wave 4 for 12 tobacco products.<h4>Results</h4>Sixty-two ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Vestibular Disorders in Congenital Cytomegalovirus: A Balancing Act.

Gail J Demmler-Harrison,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease Presenting With Concurrent COVID-19 Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome.

Katherine F Sweeny, Yanjia J Zhang, Bonnie Crume, Colin A Martz, Melissa M Blessing, Stacy A Kahn,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Crossing Boundaries: Mentorship in Global Health.

Maya I Brasher, Gregory C Valentine,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Incidence and Secondary Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Infections in Schools.

Kanecia O Zimmerman, Ibukunoluwa C Akinboyo, M Alan Brookhart, Angelique E Boutzoukas, Kathleen McGann, Michael J Smith, Gabriela Maradiaga Panayotti, Sarah C Armstrong, Helen Bristow, Donna Parker, Sabrina Zadrozny, David J Weber, Daniel K Benjamin, ,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Timing of Co-occurring Chronic Conditions in Children With Neurologic Impairment.

Joanna Thomson, Matt Hall, Katherine Nelson, Juan Carlos Flores, Brigid Garrity, Danielle D DeCourcey, Rishi Agrawal, Denise M Goodman, James A Feinstein, Ryan J Coller, Eyal Cohen, Dennis Z Kuo, James W Antoon, Amy J Houtrow, Lucia Bastianelli, Jay G Berry,

<h4>Background</h4>Children with neurologic impairment (NI) are at risk for developing co-occurring chronic conditions, increasing their medical complexity and morbidity. We assessed the prevalence and timing of onset for those conditions in children with NI.<h4>Methods</h4>This longitudinal analysis included 6229 children born in 2009 and continuously enrolled in Medicaid through 2015 with ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Implementation of a Standardized Approach To Improve the Pediatric Discharge Medication Process.

Kaitlyn Philips, Roy Zhou, Diana S Lee, Christine Marrese, Joanne Nazif, Constance Browne, Mark Sinnett, Steven Tuckman, Anjali Modi, Michael L Rinke,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>The pediatric inpatient discharge medication process is complicated, and caregivers have difficulty managing instructions. Authors of few studies evaluate systematic processes for ensuring quality in these care transitions. We aimed to improve caregiver medication management and understanding of discharge medications by standardizing the discharge medication process.<h4>Methods</h4>An interprofessional team ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Vestibular, Gaze, and Balance Disorders in Asymptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection.

Swetha Pinninti, Jennifer Christy, Anwar Almutairi, Graham Cochrane, Karen B Fowler, Suresh Boppana,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the leading nongenetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss and developmental disabilities. Because there are limited data from studies of vestibular involvement in select groups of children with cCMV, the true frequency of vestibular disorders in cCMV is likely underestimated. Our objective for this study ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Healthy Communities: Shifting Toward Inclusive Immigration Policy.

J Raul Gutierrez,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Improving Care and Outcomes for Pediatric Musculoskeletal Infections.

Gabrielle Z Hester, Amanda J Nickel, David Watson, Gloria Swanson, Jennifer C Laine, Kelly R Bergmann,

<h4>Background</h4>Pediatric musculoskeletal infection (MSKI) is a common cause of hospitalization with associated morbidity. To improve the care of pediatric MSKI, our objectives were to achieve 3 specific aims within 24 months of our quality improvement (QI) interventions: (1) 50% reduction in peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) use, (2) 25% reduction ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Pica, Autism, and Other Disabilities.

Victoria L Fields, Gnakub N Soke, Ann Reynolds, Lin H Tian, Lisa Wiggins, Matthew Maenner, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Tanja V E Kral, Kristina Hightshoe, Laura A Schieve,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Pica, the repeated ingestion of nonfood items, can be life-threatening. Although case reports describe pica in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disability (ID), there has been little systematic study of pica prevalence. We assessed pica in children 30 to 68 months of age (median = ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Variability in Cerebral Palsy Diagnosis.

Bhooma R Aravamuthan, Darcy Fehlings, Sheetal Shetty, Michael Fahey, Laura Gilbert, Ann Tilton, Michael C Kruer,

<h4>Background</h4>Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood motor disability. The emergence of genetic CP etiologies, variable inclusion of hypotonic CP in international registries, and involvement of different medical disciplines in CP diagnosis can promote diagnostic variability. This variability could adversely affect patients' understanding of their symptoms and access to ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Mental Health Disorders in Children With Congenital Heart Disease.

Vincent J Gonzalez, Rachel T Kimbro, Katherine E Cutitta, John C Shabosky, Mohammad F Bilal, Daniel J Penny, Keila N Lopez,

<h4>Background</h4>Data on anxiety, depression, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are lacking for youth with congenital heart disease (CHD), particularly those with simple CHD. This study aims to characterize these disorders in youth with CHD compared to those without CHD.<h4>Methods</h4>A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted by using the electronic medical records of ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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"It Occupied Her Entire Childhood": Looking Back on Limb-Lengthening.

David Hootnick, Lindsay Ellingsworth, Rene Mauchin, Amy Caruso Brown,

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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