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Journal Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J.

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Expanding the Differential in a Global Pandemic.

Caitlin Naureckas Li, Tanvi S Sharma,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(10):e334-e335]

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A Multicentered Study on Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of 37 Neonates With Community-acquired COVID-19.

Mehmet Kenan Kanburoglu, Cuneyt Tayman, Mehmet Yekta Oncel, Ilke Mungan Akin, Emrah Can, Nihat Demir, Sema Arayici, Demet Orhan Baser, Ibrahim Caner, Asli Memisoglu, Saime Sundus Uygun, Selahattin Akar, Mustafa Ali Akin, Emel Ataoglu, Handan Bezirganoglu, Leyla Bilgin, Senol Bozdag, Serdar Comert, Resat Gurpinar, Ebru Yalin Imamoglu, Timucin Imdadoglu, Fatma Narter, Ramazan Ozdemir, Handan Hakyemez Toptan, Emine Esin Yalinbas, Akan Yaman, Omer Erdeve, Esin Koc,

BACKGROUND:Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) primarily affects adults and spares children, whereas very little is known about neonates. We tried to define the clinical characteristics, risk factors, laboratory, and imagining results of neonates with community-acquired COVID-19. METHODS:This prospective multicentered cohort study included 24 neonatal intensive care units around Turkey, wherein outpatient ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(10):e297-e302]

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Effectiveness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Examination for the Diagnosis of Pediatric Cat-scratch Disease.

Yoshihiro Aoki, Katsuhiko Kitazawa,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(10):e334-e335]

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Acute Kidney Injury and COVID-19: Attention to Inflammatory Phenotype.

Akash Deep, Mehak Bansal, Zaccaria Ricci,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(10):e332]

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Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Severe COVID-19 Children.

Vania Giacomet, Lucia Barcellini, Marta Stracuzzi, Emma Longoni, Laura Folgori, Alessandro Leone, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, ,

There are growing evidence of clinical manifestations other than acute respiratory syndrome in severe acute respiratory syndrome associated with coronavirus 2-infected children. In our multicenter retrospective analysis, we observed among 127 severe acute respiratory syndrome associated with coronavirus 2 positive children that the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms was more frequently ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(10):e317-e320]

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Rhabdomyolysis and Acute Kidney Injury as Leading COVID-19 Presentation in an Adolescent.

Nathalie Tram, Benedetta Chiodini, Isabel Montesinos, Alfredo Vicinanza, Xavier Beretta-Piccoli, Natacha Gubbelmans, Milena Demey, Nathalie Genis, Anne Tilmanne, Pierre R Smeesters, Khalid Ismaili,

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, the virus responsible of the current COVID-19 pandemic, has limited impact in the pediatric population. Children are often asymptomatic or present mild flu-like symptoms. We report the case of a COVID-19-infected adolescent presenting severe rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury without any fever or respiratory ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(10):e314-e315]

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COVID-19 in South American Children: A Call For Action.

Omar Yassef Antúnez-Montes, María Isabel Escamilla, Augusto Flavio Figueroa-Uribe, Erick Arteaga-Menchaca, Manuel Lavariega-Sárachaga, Perla Salcedo-Lozada, Rosa Arana Sunohara, Priscilla Melchior, Jorge Omar Flores Del Razo, Juan Carlos Tirado-Caballero, Jaime Amadeo Tasayco-Muñoz, Hernando Pinzon-Redondo, Laura Vanessa Montes-Fontalvo, Teresa Ochoa, Francisco Eduardo Campos, Roger Hernandez, Lara Limansky, Olguita Del Aguila, Danilo Buonsenso,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(10):e332-e334]

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Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C) Surveillance and COVID-19 in Latin America.

Rolando Ulloa-Gutierrez, Gabriela Ivankovich-Escoto, Adriana Yock-Corrales, Adriana H Tremoulet,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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Outbreak of Enterovirus D68 Among Children in Japan-Worldwide Circulation of Enterovirus D68 Clade B3 in 2018.

Tatsuki Ikuse, Yuta Aizawa, Takayuki Yamanaka, Rie Habuka, Kanako Watanabe, Taketo Otsuka, Akihiko Saitoh,

BACKGROUND:Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) causes asthma-like respiratory infection in children. Several EV-D68 outbreaks have been reported worldwide since the largest outbreak occurred in the United States in 2014. We experienced an accumulation of pediatric cases with asthma-like respiratory illness in Niigata, Japan, in 2018. STUDY DESIGN:To determine whether EV-D68 was responsible ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CORONAVIRUS INFECTION IN CHILDREN AND THEIR IMPACT ON LUNG HEALTH: FINDING FROM A BIRTH COHORT STUDY.

Prawin Kumar, Aparna Mukherjee, Shivani Randev, Guruprasad R Medigeshi, Kana Ram Jat, Arti Kapil, Rakesh Lodha, Sushil K Kabra,

In this birth cohort, coronavirus acute respiratory infection was detected in 6.5% of the episodes; the commonest strain was OC43, followed by NL63, HKU1, and 229E. Children with coronavirus acute respiratory infection during infancy had significantly decreased forced expiratory volume in 0.5 seconds, forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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COMMENTARY ON "SYMPTOM-BASED SCREENING IS NOT THE SOLUTION TO IMPROVE PEDIATRIC HIV TESTING".

Saeed Ahmed, Carrie Cox, Elaine Abrams,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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Acute Appendicitis in Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children With COVID-19.

Juanita Lishman, Charles Kohler, Corne de Vos, Marieke M van der Zalm, Justina Itana, Andrew Redfern, Liezl Smit, Helena Rabie,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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Predictors of Virologic Failure Among a Cohort of HIV-infected Children in Southern Ethiopia.

Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Byron Alexander Foster, Emile Latour, Jeong Youn Lim, Degu Jerene, Andrea Ruff, Eleni Aklillu,

BACKGROUND:Optimal care for children with HIV infection includes timely assessment of treatment failure. Using HIV viral load to define treatment failure remains a challenge in resource-limited settings. METHODS:Children with HIV infection who were already on or starting first-line antiretroviral therapy were enrolled and followed over time. We examined clinical and ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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Low Pretreatment Viral Loads in Infants With HIV in an Era of High-maternal Antiretroviral Therapy Coverage.

Faeezah Patel, Stephanie Shiau, Renate Strehlau, Yanhan Shen, Megan Burke, Maria Paximadis, Sharon Shalekoff, Diana Schramm, Karl-Günter Technau, Gayle G Sherman, Ashraf Coovadia, Caroline T Tiemessen, Elaine J Abrams, Louise Kuhn,

BACKGROUND:With expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs, transmission rates are low but new infant infections still occur. We investigated predictors of pre-ART viral load (VL) and CD4+ T-cell counts and percentages in infants diagnosed with HIV at birth in a setting with high coverage of maternal ART and infant prophylaxis. ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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Mupirocin and Chlorhexidine Genotypic Resistance Found in Staphylococcus aureus Isolated From Young Infants Below 90 Days Old: A Genetic Basis for Eradication Failure.

Hyun Mi Kang, Ki Cheol Park, Joonhong Park, Sun Hee Park, Dong-Gun Lee, Jong-Hyun Kim,

OBJECTIVES:To investigate the genetic characteristics associated with eradication failure of Staphylococcus aureus in infants below 90 days old. METHODS:S. aureus isolated from clinical specimen cultures (blood, surgical tissue, or drainage, pus, etc.) and routine screening cultures in the neonatal intensive care unit (nasal and axillary skin swab) from patients below ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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PLASMAPHERESIS FOR RESCUE IN SEVERE ENCEPHALOPATHY AND MULTIORGAN FAILURE FROM FULMINANT INFLUENZA (H3N2) INFECTION.

Prashant Jha, Daniel Gebhard,

We are presenting a case of 4-years-old previously healthy male with coma, severe acute hepatitis and multiorgan failure in presence of Influenza infection. Literature review highlighted an immune-mediated pathophysiology for such presentations so the child underwent a trial of plasmapheresis which resulted in a rapid clinical improvement and child was ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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OCCULT BACTEREMIA IN YOUNG CHILDREN WITH VERY HIGH FEVER WITHOUT A SOURCE: A MULTICENTER STUDY.

Iker Gangoiti, Ane Zubizarreta, Borja Elgoibar, Santiago Mintegi, ,

We carried out a prospective multicenter study including 203 previously healthy well-appearing children aged 3-24 months old with fever without a source ≥40.5°C. Thirty-one (15.3%, 95% confidence interval 11.0-20.9) were diagnosed with serious bacterial infection, including 6 with bacteremia (3%, 95% confidence interval 1.4-6.3). Testing for occult bacteremia in children ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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Possible Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic and Pregnancy: Vertical Transmission Is Not Excluded.

Roberto Marzollo, Salvatore Aversa, Federico Prefumo, Barbara Saccani, Carmen Rodriguez Perez, Enrico Sartori, Mario Motta,

Coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak has a growing impact on global health; vertical transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection is still controversial. In this article, we describe a case of vertical transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in a newborn with respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(9):e261-e262]

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Clinical Severity of Gastroenteritis in Children Hospitalized With Rotavirus Infection Before and Post Introduction of a National Rotavirus Vaccination Program in Australia.

Michelle Clarke, Ying Ying Liew, Suja Mary Mathew, Helen Siobhan Marshall,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(9):e289-e290]

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Sacroilitis in Preschool Children: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.

Rosa María Alcobendas, Sara Murias Loza, Agustín Remesal Camba, Clara Udaondo Gascon, Cristina Calvo Rey,

Pyogenic sacroilitis is an infrequent osteoarticular infection, and its diagnosis is a challenge in young children. A series of 20 cases is described. The median age was 15 months, 75% of them being under 2 years old. Fourteen (70%) reported fever. Refusal to sit was the main reason for consultation. ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(9):e272-e274]

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Chronic Lung Disease in Patients With Perinatally Acquired HIV in England: A Retrospective Case-Note Review.

Penelope K Ellis, Fiona Shackley, Kelechi Ugonna, Clare E Ryan, David Hughes, Stephen Owens, Philip Brown, Andrew Riordan, Chinenye I Ilozue, Sarah L Rowland-Jones, Paul J Collini,

Chronic lung disease (CLD) is common in individuals living with perinatally acquired HIV (PA-HIV) in southern/eastern Africa. Most of the UK PA-HIV population are African. We conducted a case-note review of CLD in 3 UK PA-HIV cohorts (n = 98). Bronchiectasis or obliterative bronchiolitis occurred in 8.1% of patients and ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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Characteristics of Streptococcus pyogenes Versus Streptococcus pneumoniae Pleural Empyema and Pneumonia With Pleural Effusion in Children.

Orli Megged,

BACKGROUND:Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of complicated pneumonia in children, but its incidence is decreasing since the introduction of the antipneumococcal conjugated vaccines. Streptococcus pyogenes is an uncommon cause of community-acquired pleuropneumonia/empyema in children, but its relative incidence is rising. METHODS:The medical records of all children 0-18 years ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(9):799-802]

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Is Nasopharyngeal Swab Comparable With Nasopharyngeal Aspirate to Detect SARS-CoV-2 in Children?

Ester Capecchi, Giada Maria Di Pietro, Ester Luconi, ,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(9):e288-e289]

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Intrauterine Transmission of SARS-COV-2 Infection in a Preterm Infant.

Julide Sisman, Mambarambath A Jaleel, Wilmer Moreno, Veena Rajaram, Rebecca R J Collins, Rashmin C Savani, Dinesh Rakheja, Amanda S Evans,

We present a preterm infant who developed a fever and mild respiratory disease on the second day of life. Infant severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nasopharyngeal testing was positive at 24 and 48 hours of life. Placenta histopathology revealed SARS-CoV-2 infection by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Further understanding ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(9):e265-e267]

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Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia in a Pediatric Patient With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection.

Pilar Vega Hernández, Yaiskybele Borges Rivas, Estefanía Ortega Sánchez, Araceli Marqués Cabrero, Laura Remedios Mateo, Patricia Silvera Roig, Aranzazu Infante Quintanar, Rafael Díaz-Delgado Peñas, Verónica Sánchez Escudero, María Luz García-García,

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(9):e288]

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