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Journal Parasitol. Res.

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Correction to: A formulation of neem and hypericum oily extract for the treatment of the wound myiasis by Wohlfahrtia magnifica in domestic animals.

Fiorella Carnevali, Delia Franchini, Domenico Otranto, Annunziata Giangaspero, Antonio Di Bello, Stefano Ciccarelli, Krzysztof Szpila, Carmela Valastro, Andrew Stephen van der Esch,

The given names and family names of the authors of the originally published version of this article was inadvertently interchanged. Correct presentation of the author names are presented here. ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, 118(9):2741]

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The importance of anthelmintic efficacy monitoring: results of an outreach effort.

Jennifer L Cain, Donna Foulk, Edward Jedrzejewski, Heather Stofanak, Martin K Nielsen,

Anthelmintic resistance in equine cyathostomin parasites is widespread. A surveillance-based parasite control program using fecal egg counts (FECs) and fecal egg count reduction tests (FECRTs) to decrease anthelmintic use and monitor treatment efficacy is recommended. The purpose of this study was to examine shifts in equine parasite control program management ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of the echinostome Echinostoma miyagawai and phylogenetic implications.

Yi-Tian Fu, Yuan-Chun Jin, Fen Li, Guo-Hua Liu,

Echinostomes are important intestinal foodborne parasites. Despite their significance as pathogens, characterization of the molecular biology and phylogenetics of these parasites are limited. In the present study, we determined the entire mitochondrial (mt) genome of the echinostome Echinostoma miyagawai (Hunan isolate) and examined the phylogenetic relationship with selected members of ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Quantitative analysis of Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) cytokines and TLR expression to eyeworm (Oxyspirura petrowi) and caecal worm (Aulonocephalus pennula) glycoproteins.

Aravindan Kalyanasundaram, Kendall R Blanchard, Brett J Henry, Cassandra Henry, Matthew Z Brym, Ronald J Kendall,

Helminth parasites have been a popular research topic due to their global prevalence and adverse effects on livestock and game species. The Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus), a popular game bird in the USA, is one species subject to helminth infection and has been experiencing a decline of > 4% annually over ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Molecular epidemiology of Blastocystis sp. in dogs housed in Italian rescue shelters.

Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Marianna Marangi, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Luca Villa, Annunziata Giangaspero, Maria Teresa Manfredi,

Blastocystis is a ubiquitous protozoan with a wide range of hosts. In humans, its presence has been associated with gastrointestinal disorders, although its role as a pathogen still needs to be elucidated. Until now, 17 Blastocystis subtypes (STs) have been identified, with ST1-ST4 the most commonly found in humans. Among ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Plasmodium helical interspersed subtelomeric family-an enigmatic piece of the Plasmodium biology puzzle.

Vikash Kumar, Ankita Behl, Rachana Sharma, Aanchal Sharma, Rachna Hora,

Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) refurbishes the infected erythrocytes by exporting a myriad of parasite proteins to the host cell. A novel exported protein family 'Plasmodium Helical Interspersed Subtelomeric' (PHIST) has gained attention for its significant roles in parasite biology. Here, we have collected and analysed available information on PHIST members to ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Infection patterns, clinical significance, and genetic characteristics of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Giardia duodenalis in dairy cattle in Jiangsu, China.

Rui Wang, Na Li, Wen Jiang, Yaqiong Guo, Xiaolan Wang, Yue Jin, Yaoyu Feng, Lihua Xiao,

The infection patterns and clinical significance of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Giardia duodenalis in dairy cattle remain poorly investigated despite their common occurrence. Data on the genetic diversity are also needed to understand the transmission and human-infective potential of the two pathogens. In this study, fecal specimens from 1366 dairy cattle ... Read more >>

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[2019, :]

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Immunodiagnosis of human neurocysticercosis: comparative performance of serum diagnostic tests in Mexico.

Marisela Hernández, Osvaldo-Germán Astudillo, Gustavo Diego, Jorge-Luis de-la-Rosa-Arana, Antonio Meza-Lucas, Ricardo García-Rodea, Matthew-L Romo, Andrea Toledo, R-Michael-E Parkhouse, Teresa Garate, Edda Sciutto, Agnès Fleury,

Immunodiagnosis has a supportive role in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC). The aim of this study was to compare the validity of seven immunodiagnostic tests among serum samples from 58 patients with NCC, 26 patients with neurological diseases other than NCC, and 15 healthy controls. One test for viable parasite ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Beta diversity of gastrointestinal helminths in two closely related South African rodents: species and site contributions.

Andrea Spickett, Luther van der Mescht, Kerstin Junker, Boris R Krasnov, Voitto Haukisalmi, Sonja Matthee,

A fundamental aim of parasite ecology is to understand the mechanisms behind spatial variation in diversity and structure of parasite assemblages. To understand the contribution of individual parasite species and their assemblages to spatial variation in parasite communities, we examined species contributions to beta diversity (SCBD) and local contributions to ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Combination oral therapy against Leishmania amazonensis infection in BALB/c mice using nanoassemblies made from amphiphilic antimony(V) complex incorporating miltefosine.

Virgínia M Carregal, Juliane S Lanza, Daniel M Souza, Arshad Islam, Cynthia Demicheli, Ricardo T Fujiwara, Luis Rivas, Frédéric Frézard,

Clinically available drugs for mucocutaneous and cutaneous leishmaniases (CL) include mainly pentavalent antimony (Sb(V)) complexes, liposomal amphotericin B, and miltefosine (HePC). However, they present at least one of the following limitations: long-term parenteral administration through repeated doses, severe side effects, drug resistance, and high cost. HePC is the only oral ... Read more >>

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[2019, :]

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Selection and characterization of a precocious line of Eimeria media.

Xiaolong Gu, Hongbin Liu, Chao Li, Sufang Fang, Ping Cui, Qin Liao, Sixin Zhang, Si Wang, Chunhui Duan, Fang Yu, Xun Suo, Xianyong Liu,

Coccidiosis, caused by the infection of Eimeria parasites, is one of the most common diseases in domestic rabbits. Live anticoccidial vaccine formulated with attenuated precocious lines of pathogenic eimerian parasites is expected to be valuable for the control of rabbit coccidiosis as a similar strategy to produce anticoccidial vaccines against ... Read more >>

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[2019, :]

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A high number of pfmdr1 gene copies in P. falciparum from Venezuela.

César Pacheco, Jorge Moreno, Flor Herrera,

Multidrug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum has been associated with gene amplification of pfmdr1. We studied the corresponding gene amplification in P. falciparum from blood samples of malaria patients in the Sifontes Municipality, Bolívar State, Venezuela, known as the highest region of incidence of malaria. Fifty-five P. falciparum DNA samples were ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Therapeutic efficacy of nanocompounds in the treatment of cystic and alveolar echinococcoses: challenges and future prospects.

Nayer Mehdizad Bakhtiar, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh, Adriano Casulli, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Sanam Nami, Ali Rostami, Adel Spotin,

Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato and E. multilocularis are the causative agents of life-threatening cystic and alveolar echinococcoses (CE and AE), respectively, which lead to serious public health concerns across the globe. Benzimidazoles (BMZs) are the drugs of choice for the treatment of human CE and AE. Presently, the chemotherapeutic failures ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, 118(9):2455-2466]

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Biological activity of Morita-Baylis-Hillman adduct homodimers in L. infantum and L. amazonensis: anti-Leishmania activity and cytotoxicity.

Juliana da Câmara Rocha, Klinger Antonio da Franca Rodrigues, Patrícia Lima do Nascimento Néris, Larisse Virgolino da Silva, Fernanda Silva Almeida, Viviane Silva Lima, Rephany Fonseca Peixoto, Juliene da Câmara Rocha, Fátima de Lourdes Assunção Araújo de Azevedo, Robson Cavalcanti Veras, Isac Almeida de Medeiros, Wagner André Vieira da Silva, Claudio G Lima-Junior, Mário Luiz Araújo de Almeida Vasconcellos, Ian Porto Gurgel do Amaral, Márcia Rosa de Oliveira, Tatjana de Souza Lima Keesen,

This study is a report on the anti-Leishmania activity of Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) homodimers adducts against the promastigote and axenic amastigote forms of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum and Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis and on the cytotoxicity of these adducts to human blood cells. Both studied homodimers, MBH 1 and MBH 2, showed activity ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Functional characterization of the translation initiation factor eIF4E of Echinococcus granulosus.

Filipe Santos Pereira-Dutra, Martin Cancela, Bruna Valandro Meneghetti, Henrique Bunselmeyer Ferreira, Karina Mariante Monteiro, Arnaldo Zaha,

The eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) specifically recognizes the 5' mRNA cap, a rate-limiting step in the translation initiation process. Although the 7-methylguanosine cap (MMGcap) is the most common 5' cap structure in eukaryotes, the trans-splicing process that occurs in several organism groups, including nematodes and flatworms, leads to the ... Read more >>

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[2019, :]

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Effects of temperature on the survival of Sarcoptes scabiei of black bear (Ursus americanus) origin.

Kevin D Niedringhaus, Justin D Brown, Mark A Ternent, Sarah K Peltier, Michael J Yabsley,

For two decades, the incidence and range of sarcoptic mange in black bears (Ursus americanus) in Pennsylvania has increased. The causative agent, Sarcoptes scabiei, can be directly or indirectly transmitted; therefore, data on environmental persistence is important for guiding management and public communications. The objective of this study was to ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Identification of a new type of haematopoietic progenitor kinase-interacting protein (HIP-55) in Aedes aegypti mosquito haemocytes and its involvement in immunity-like functions in mosquito: a molecular study.

M Mohiadeen Batcha, A Sajith Ahamed, Chiung Fang Peng,

In this study, we characterize the HIP-55 protein in the mosquito Aedes aegypti for the first time. HIP-55 is a 55-kDa HPK1-interacting protein that is also called SH3P7. HIP-55 constitutively binds HPK1 'via' an HPK1 proline-rich motif 2(PR2) through its C-terminal SH3 domain. HIP-55 critically interacts with ZAP-70, and this ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, 118(9):2509-2521]

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Cytokine production and signalling in human THP-1 macrophages is dependent on Toxocara canis glycans.

Ewa Długosz, Katarzyna Basałaj, Anna Zawistowska-Deniziak,

The effect of Toxocara canis antigens on cytokine production by human THP-1 macrophages was studied in vitro. Toxocara Excretory-Secretory products (TES) and recombinant mucins (Tc-MUC-2, Tc-MUC-3, Tc-MUC-4, and Tc-MUC-5) as well as deglycosylated forms of these antigens were used in the study. TES products stimulated macrophages to produce the innate ... Read more >>

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[2019, :]

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The cost of being a killer's accomplice: Trypanosoma cruzi impairs the fitness of kissing bugs.

Gabino Cordero-Montoya, A Laura Flores-Villegas, Paz María Salazar-Schettino, Mauro O Vences-Blanco, Maya Rocha-Ortega, Ana E Gutiérrez-Cabrera, Eréndira Rojas-Ortega, Alex Córdoba-Aguilar,

Relatively little is known about the fitness effects and life history trade-offs in medically important parasites and their insect vectors. One such case is the triatomine bugs and the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the key actors in Chagas disease. Previous studies have revealed some costs but have not simultaneously examined traits ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, 118(9):2523-2529]

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Molecular detection of two major gastrointestinal parasite genera in cattle using a novel droplet digital PCR approach.

Paulius Baltrušis, Peter Halvarsson, Johan Höglund,

Cooperia sp. and Ostertagia sp. are two cosmopolitan parasitic nematodes often found in mixed gastrointestinal infections in cattle across temperate regions. In light of the recent increase in the emergence of anthelmintic resistance in these and other nematodes derived from cattle around the globe, and their negative impact on animal ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, :]

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Screening of wild ruminants from the Kaunertal and other alpine regions of Tyrol (Austria) for vector-borne pathogens.

Martina Messner, Feodora Natalie Kayikci, Bita Shahi-Barogh, Josef Harl, Christian Messner, Hans-Peter Fuehrer,

Knowledge about vector-borne pathogens important for human and veterinary medicine in wild ruminants in Tyrol (Austria) is scarce. Blood samples from Alpine ibex (Capra ibex; n = 44), Alpine chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra; n = 21), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus; n = 18) and red deer (Cervus elaphus; n = 6) were collected over a period of 4 years (2015-2018) ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, 118(9):2735-2740]

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Schistosoma japonicum cathepsin B as potential diagnostic antigen for Asian zoonotic schistosomiasis.

Adrian Miki C Macalanda, Jose Ma M Angeles, Kharleezelle J Moendeg, Minh-Anh Dang-Trinh, Luna Higuchi, Masashi Kirinoki, Yuichi Chigusa, Lydia R Leonardo, Elena A Villacorte, Pilarita T Rivera, Yasuyuki Goto, Shin-Ichiro Kawazu,

In this study, the diagnostic value of Schistosoma japonicum cathepsin B (SjCatB) was evaluated as an antigen for the early detection of S. japonicum infection. SjCatB is a key protease used by the cercaria to penetrate the intact skin of the host for transdermal infection. The early exposure of the ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, 118(9):2601-2608]

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Kudoa sp. (Myxozoa, Multivalvulida): first report in five commercial fish species from the Canary Islands-FAO 34 (Macaronesia-Spain).

Eligia Rodríguez-Ponce, Eva Betancor, Dieter Steinhagen, Ana Sofía Ramírez, Myriam R Ventura, Magnolia Conde de Felipe, Jose Pestano,

Kudoid myxozoans have been reported causing serious chronic problems in marine fisheries, by reducing the market value of infected fish through pathological damage to the host musculature. We report here the overall prevalence of a Kudoa species in 84/277 (30.3%) fishes from 20 different species of high commercial value captured ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, 118(9):2567-2574]

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Insecticide resistance in stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) on dairy farms in Germany.

Sophia Reissert-Oppermann, Burkhard Bauer, Stephan Steuber, Peter-Henning Clausen,

Stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans Linnaeus, 1758) can have a considerable negative impact on animal well-being, health, and productivity. Since insecticides constitute the mainstay for their control, this study aimed at assessing the occurrence of insecticide resistance in S. calcitrans on dairy farms in Brandenburg, Germany. First, the susceptibility of stable ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, 118(9):2499-2507]

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Artemisinin-resistant Leishmania parasite modulates host cell defense mechanism and exhibits altered expression of unfolded protein response genes.

Aditya Verma, Sushmita Ghosh, Poonam Salotra, Ruchi Singh,

Artemisinin, extracted from a medicinal herb Artemisia annua, is widely used to treat malaria and has shown potent anticancer activity. Artemisinin has been found to be effective against experimental visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis. Despite extensive research to understand the complex mechanism of resistance to artemisinin, several questions remain unanswered. The ... Read more >>

Parasitol. Res. (Parasitology research)
[2019, 118(9):2705-2713]

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