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Journal PLoS One

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Difference in racket head trajectory and muscle activity between the standard volley and the drop volley in tennis.

Ryosuke Furuya, Hikaru Yokoyama, Milos Dimic, Toshimasa Yanai, Tobias Vogt, Kazuyuki Kanosue,

Among tennis coaches and players, the standard volley and drop volley are considered basically similar, but muscles need to be relaxed (deactivation) just at the moment of impact when hitting the drop volley. However, this is not evidence-based. The aim of this study was to clarify racket head trajectory and ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257295]

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Off-chip prefetching based on Hidden Markov Model for non-volatile memory architectures.

Adrián Lamela, Óscar G Ossorio, Guillermo Vinuesa, Benjamín Sahelices,

Non-volatile memory technology is now available in commodity hardware. This technology can be used as a backup memory for an external dram cache memory without needing to modify the software. However, the higher read and write latencies of non-volatile memory may exacerbate the memory wall problem. In this work we ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257047]

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Improving fake news classification using dependency grammar.

Kitti Nagy, Jozef Kapusta,

Fake news is a complex problem that leads to different approaches used to identify them. In our paper, we focus on identifying fake news using its content. The used dataset containing fake and real news was pre-processed using syntactic analysis. Dependency grammar methods were used for the sentences of the ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0256940]

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Effects of full-body mirror exposure on eating pathology, body image and emotional states: Comparison between positive and negative verbalization.

Julia A Tanck, Andrea S Hartmann, Jennifer Svaldi, Silja Vocks,

Mirror exposure (ME) is an effective technique to improve body image. However, evidence on the underlying mechanisms and the optimal verbalization instruction during ME is lacking. Therefore, this experimental study analyzed mechanisms of ME and therapeutic outcomes by comparing positive (PV) and negative (NV) full-body verbalization. N = 73 healthy ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257303]

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The interactive effects of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and hemoglobin concentration in the first trimester on the development of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Mengnan Li, Min Hu, Zhijing Yue, Yudan Zhang, Hailan Yang,

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse perinatal and maternal outcomes. Epidemiological studies have reported that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and a high hemoglobin (Hb) concentration are risk factors for GDM in the middle trimester. However, no consistent conclusions have been reached, especially in Chinese pregnant women. A ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257391]

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Otolith "spawning zones" across multiple Atlantic cod populations: Do they accurately record maturity and spawning?

Côme Denechaud, Audrey J Geffen, Szymon Smoliński, Jane A Godiksen,

Specific changes identified in the otolith macrostructure of Northeast Arctic cod as "spawning zones" are presumed to represent spawning events, but recent experimental studies have challenged this relationship. Because these zones are not routinely recorded outside of Norway, otoliths from multiple Atlantic cod populations with different life history and environmental ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257218]

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Defective expansion and function of memory like natural killer cells in HIV+ individuals with latent tuberculosis infection.

Kamakshi Prudhula Devalraju, Venkata Sanjeev Kumar Neela, Siva Sai Krovvidi, Ramakrishna Vankayalapati, Vijaya Lakshmi Valluri,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of infectious disease related mortality, and only 10% of the infected individuals develop active disease. The likelihood of progression of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) to active TB disease is high in HIV infected individuals. Identification of HIV+ individuals at risk would allow treating targeted ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257185]

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Maternal health and health-related behaviours and their associations with child health: Evidence from an Australian birth cohort.

Kabir Ahmad, Enamul Kabir, Syed Afroz Keramat, Rasheda Khanam,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study investigates the associations between maternal health and health-related behaviours (nutrition, physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking) both during pregnancy and up to 15 months from childbirth and children's health outcomes during infancy and adolescence (general health, presence of a chronic illness, and physical health outcome index).<h4>Methods</h4>This study used ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257188]

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Prenatal care providers' perceptions of the SARS-Cov-2 vaccine for themselves and for pregnant women.

Philippe Deruelle, Camile Couffignal, Jeanne Sibiude, Alexandre J Vivanti, Olivia Anselem, Dominique Luton, Alexandra Benachi, Laurent Mandelbrot, Christelle Vauloup-Fellous, Anne Gael Cordier, Olivier Picone,

<h4>Background</h4>Prenatal care providers will play an important role in the acceptance of SARS-Cov-2 vaccination for pregnant women.<h4>Objective</h4>To determine the perceptions of French prenatal care providers: midwives, general practitioners (GPs) and obstetricians and gynaecologists (Ob-Gyn) regarding SARS-CoV-2 vaccination during pregnancy.<h4>Study design</h4>An anonymous online survey was sent to members of French professional ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0256080]

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Community's misconception about COVID-19 and its associated factors in Satkhira, Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study.

Md Bakebillah, Md Arif Billah, Befikadu L Wubishet, Md Nuruzzaman Khan,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Misconception related to coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) have been spread out broadly and the the World Health Organization declared these as a major challenge to fight against the pandemic. This study aimed to assess COVID-19 related misconception among rural people in Bangladesh and associated socio-demographic and media related factors.<h4>Methods</h4>Multistage sampling method ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257410]

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Correction: Economic analysis of the costs associated with Hidradenitis suppurativa at a German University Hospital.

Verena Gerlinde Frings, Oliver Schöffski, Matthias Goebeler, Dagmar Presser,

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0255560.]. ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257481]

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Improving health care from the bottom up: Factors for the successful implementation of kaizen in acute care hospitals.

Kosta Shatrov, Camilla Pessina, Kaspar Huber, Bernhard Thomet, Andreas Gutzeit, Carl Rudolf Blankart,

<h4>Background</h4>Kaizen-a management technique increasingly employed in health care-enables employees, regardless of their hierarchy level, to contribute to the improvement of their organization. The approach puts special emphasis on frontline employees because it represents one of their main opportunities to participate directly in decision making. In this study, we aimed to ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257412]

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Exploring pooled analysis of pretested items to monitor the performance of medical students exposed to different curriculum designs.

Pedro Tadao Hamamoto Filho, Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourenção, Joélcio Francisco Abbade, Dario Cecílio-Fernandes, Jacqueline Teixeira Caramori, Angélica Maria Bicudo,

Several methods have been proposed for analyzing differences between test scores, such as using mean scores, cumulative deviation, and mixed-effect models. Here, we explore the pooled analysis of retested Progress Test items to monitor the performance of first-year medical students who were exposed to a new curriculum design. This was ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257293]

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An empirical analysis of long-term Brazilian interest rates.

Tanweer Akram, Syed Al-Helal Uddin,

This paper empirically models the dynamics of Brazilian government bond (BGB) yields based on monthly macroeconomic data, in the context of the evolution of the key macroeconomic variables in Brazil. The results show that the current short-term interest rate has a decisive influence on the long-term interest rate on BGBs, ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257313]

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Changes in central venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide tension induced by fluid bolus in critically ill patients.

Charalampos Pierrakos, David De Bels, Thomas Nguyen, Dimitrios Velissaris, Rachid Attou, Jacques Devriendt, Patrick M Honore, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Daniel De Backer,

<h4>Background</h4>In this prospective observational study, we evaluated the effects of fluid bolus (FB) on venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide tension (PvaCO2) in 42 adult critically ill patients with pre-infusion PvaCO2 > 6 mmHg.<h4>Results</h4>FB caused a decrease in PvaCO2, from 8.7 [7.6-10.9] mmHg to 6.9 [5.8-8.6] mmHg (p < 0.01). PvaCO2 decreased independently ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257314]

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PIIKA 2.5: Enhanced quality control of peptide microarrays for kinome analysis.

Connor Denomy, Conor Lazarou, Daniel Hogan, Antonio Facciuolo, Erin Scruten, Anthony Kusalik, Scott Napper,

Peptide microarrays consisting of defined phosphorylation target sites are an effective approach for high throughput analysis of cellular kinase (kinome) activity. Kinome peptide arrays are highly customizable and do not require species-specific reagents to measure kinase activity, making them amenable for kinome analysis in any species. Our group developed software, ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257232]

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Voltage-dependent plasticity of spin-polarized conductance in phenyl-based single-molecule magnetic tunnel junctions.

Mojtaba Madadi Asl, Saeideh Ramezani Akbarabadi,

Synaptic strengths between neurons in brain networks are highly adaptive due to synaptic plasticity. Spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) is a form of synaptic plasticity induced by temporal correlations between the firing activity of neurons. The development of experimental techniques in recent years enabled the realization of brain-inspired neuromorphic devices. Particularly, magnetic ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257228]

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Effects of blood urea nitrogen independent of the estimated glomerular filtration rate on the development of anemia in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease: The results of the KNOW-CKD study.

Hyo Jin Kim, Tae Eun Kim, Miyeun Han, Yongin Yi, Jong Cheol Jeong, Ho Jun Chin, Sang Heon Song, Joongyub Lee, Kyu-Beck Lee, Suah Sung, Seung Hyeok Han, Eun Young Seong, Curie Ahn, Kook-Hwan Oh, Dong-Wan Chae,

<h4>Background</h4>Anemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in CKD represents nitrogenous uremic toxin accumulation which could be involved in anemia of CKD. We investigated the effects of BUN independent of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on anemia in non-dialysis CKD (NDCKD).<h4>Methods</h4>This prospective study ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257305]

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Standardization of the psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score in a French population.

Olivier A Coubard, Kinga M Ober, Marie Gaumet, Marika Urbanski, Jean-Noël Amato, Vincent Chapron, Nicolas Weiss, Kiyoka Kinugawa, Karin Weissenborn, Dominique Thabut,

The Psychometric Hepatic Encephalopathy Score (PHES) has previously been standardized in thirteen countries on three continents, confirming its status of gold standard test to detect minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE). In the meantime, performance has also been shown to vary with variables such as age, education, and barely sex. The present ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257136]

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Comparative analysis of the ex vivo IFN-gamma responses to CD8+ T cell epitopes within allelic forms of PfAMA1 in subjects with natural exposure to malaria.

Omarine N Nlinwe, Ebenezer A Ofori, Kwadwo Akyea-Mensah, Eric Kyei-Baafour, Harini Ganeshan, Maria Belmonte, Bjoern Peters, Eileen Villasante, Martha Sedegah, Kwadwo Asamoah Kusi,

Antigen polymorphisms in essential malarial antigens are a key challenge to the design and development of broadly effective malaria vaccines. The effect of polymorphisms on antibody responses is fairly well studied while much fewer studies have assessed this for T cell responses. This study investigated the effect of allelic polymorphisms ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257219]

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Experiences of transgender and non-binary youth accessing gender-affirming care: A systematic review and meta-ethnography.

Seán Kearns, Thilo Kroll, Donal O'Shea, Karl Neff,

<h4>Objective</h4>Transgender and non-binary individuals frequently engage with healthcare services to obtain gender-affirming care. Little data exist on the experiences of young people accessing gender care. This systematic review and meta-ethnography aimed to identify and synthesise data on youths' experiences accessing gender-affirming healthcare.<h4>Method</h4>A systematic review and meta-ethnography focusing on qualitative research ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257194]

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Relation classification via BERT with piecewise convolution and focal loss.

Jianyi Liu, Xi Duan, Ru Zhang, Youqiang Sun, Lei Guan, Bingjie Lin,

Recent relation extraction models' architecture are evolved from the shallow neural networks to natural language model, such as convolutional neural networks or recurrent neural networks to Bert. However, these methods did not consider the semantic information in the sequence or the distance dependence problem, the internal semantic information may contain ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257092]

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BERTtoCNN: Similarity-preserving enhanced knowledge distillation for stance detection.

Yang Li, Yuqing Sun, Nana Zhu,

In recent years, text sentiment analysis has attracted wide attention, and promoted the rise and development of stance detection research. The purpose of stance detection is to determine the author's stance (favor or against) towards a specific target or proposition in the text. Pre-trained language models like BERT have been ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257130]

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A systematic review of the menstrual experiences of university students and the impacts on their education: A global perspective.

Alana K Munro, Erin C Hunter, Syeda Z Hossain, Melanie Keep,

<h4>Background</h4>Higher education attainment is linked to improved health and employment outcomes but the impact of university students' experiences of menstruation on their education is less clear. The objective of this review was to synthesise qualitative and quantitative research on university students' menstrual experiences and educational impacts.<h4>Methods</h4>Eligible studies were identified through ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0257333]

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Characterization of microRNA expression in B cells derived from Japanese black cattle naturally infected with bovine leukemia virus by deep sequencing.

Chihiro Ochiai, Sonoko Miyauchi, Yuta Kudo, Yuta Naruke, Syuji Yoneyama, Keisuke Tomita, Leng Dongze, Yusuke Chiba, To-Ichi Hirata, Toshihiro Ichijo, Kazuya Nagai, Sota Kobayashi, Shinji Yamada, Hirokazu Hikono, Kenji Murakami,

Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is the causative agent of enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL), a malignant B cell lymphoma. However, the mechanisms of BLV-associated lymphomagenesis remain poorly understood. Here, after deep sequencing, we performed comparative analyses of B cell microRNAs (miRNAs) in cattle infected with BLV and those without BLV. In ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(9):e0256588]

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