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SiOxNy back-contact barriers for CZTSe thin-film solar cells.

Wenjian Chen, Hippolyte Hirwa, Jörg Ohland, Teoman Taskesen, Ulf Mikolajczak, Devendra Pareek, Jürgen Parisi, Levent Gütay,

The formation of molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) is widely observed at the back-contact interface for copper zinc tin selenide (CZTSe) thin-film solar cells. Depending on individual selenium (Se) supply and thermal conditions for forming CZTSe absorbers on molybdenum (Mo) substrates, the thickness of MoSe2 can vary from a few hundreds of ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245390]

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Choosing important health outcomes for comparative effectiveness research: 6th annual update to a systematic review of core outcome sets for research.

Elizabeth Gargon, Sarah L Gorst, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Paula R Williamson,

<h4>Background</h4>An annual update to a systematic review of core outcome sets (COS) for research ensures that the COMET database is up-to-date. The aims of this study were to: (i) identify COS that were published or indexed in 2019 and to describe the methodological approaches used in these studies; (ii) investigate ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0244878]

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Behavioral structure of users in cryptocurrency market.

Ayana T Aspembitova, Ling Feng, Lock Yue Chew,

Human behavior as they engaged in financial activities is intimately connected to the observed market dynamics. Despite many existing theories and studies on the fundamental motivations of the behavior of humans in financial systems, there is still limited empirical deduction of the behavioral compositions of the financial agents from a ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0242600]

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Implementing a high-efficiency similarity analysis approach for firmware code.

Yisen Wang, Ruimin Wang, Jing Jing, Huanwei Wang,

The rapid expansion of the open-source community has shortened the software development cycle, but the spread of vulnerabilities has been accelerated, especially in the field of the Internet of Things. In recent years, the frequency of attacks against connected devices is increasing exponentially; thus, the vulnerabilities are more serious in ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245098]

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Profile of risk factors for Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in a highly urbanized district of India: Findings from Puducherry district-wide STEPS Survey, 2019-20.

Parthibane Sivanantham, Jayaprakash Sahoo, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Zachariah Bobby, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Rapid urbanization and industrialization drives the rising burden of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) worldwide that are characterized by uptake of unhealthy lifestyle such as tobacco and alcohol use, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet. In India, the prevalence of various NCDs and its risk factors shows wide variations across geographic regions necessitating ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245254]

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High-throughput phenotyping analysis of maize at the seedling stage using end-to-end segmentation network.

Yinglun Li, Weiliang Wen, Xinyu Guo, Zetao Yu, Shenghao Gu, Haipeng Yan, Chunjiang Zhao,

Image processing technologies are available for high-throughput acquisition and analysis of phenotypes for crop populations, which is of great significance for crop growth monitoring, evaluation of seedling condition, and cultivation management. However, existing methods rely on empirical segmentation thresholds, thus can have insufficient accuracy of extracted phenotypes. Taking maize as ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0241528]

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How do city-specific factors affect migrant integration in China? A study based on a hierarchical linear model of migrants and cities.

Rumin Zheng, Lin Mei, Yanhua Guo, Shuo Zhen, Zhanhui Fu,

<h4>Background</h4>Previous studies indicate that migrant integration is associated with migrants' characteristics as well as restrictions and opportunities in receiving cities. However, the effect of receiving cities and the relationship between migrants and receiving cities have not been fully explored due to the lack of large samples from cities. The objective ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0244665]

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Undernutrition and its determinants among adolescent girls in low land area of Southern Ethiopia.

Yoseph Halala Handiso, Tefera Belachew, Cherinet Abuye, Abdulhalik Workicho, Kaleab Baye,

<h4>Background</h4>Undernutrition is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality among adolescent girls worldwide, especially in South-East Asia and Africa. Even though adolescence is a window of opportunity to break the intergenerational cycle of undernutrition, adolescent girls are a neglected group. The objective of this study was to ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0240677]

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Prescribing errors and associated factors in discharge prescriptions in the emergency department: A prospective cross-sectional study.

Mona Anzan, Monira Alwhaibi, Mansour Almetwazi, Tariq M Alhawassi,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Evidence regarding the prevalence of medication prescribing errors (PEs) and potential factors that increase PEs among patients treated in the emergency department (ED) are limited. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and nature of PEs in discharge prescriptions in the ED and identify potential risk factors associated with PEs.<h4>Methods</h4>This ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245321]

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HRSA's evidence-based tele-emergency network grant program: Multi-site prospective cohort analysis across six rural emergency department telemedicine networks.

Sarah Heppner, Nicholas M Mohr, Knute D Carter, Fred Ullrich, Kimberly A S Merchant, Marcia M Ward,

<h4>Background</h4>The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Federal Office of Rural Health Policy (FORHP) funded the Evidence-Based Tele-Emergency Network Grant Program (EB TNGP) to serve the dual purpose of providing telehealth services in rural emergency departments (teleED) and systematically collecting data to inform the telehealth evidence base. This provided a ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0243211]

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Efficient gene expression signature for a breast cancer immuno-subtype.

Ben Galili, Xavier Tekpli, Vessela N Kristensen, Zohar Yakhini,

<h4>Motivation and background</h4>The patient's immune system plays an important role in cancer pathogenesis, prognosis and susceptibility to treatment. Recent work introduced an immune related breast cancer. This subtyping is based on the expression profiles of the tumor samples. Specifically, one study showed that analyzing 658 genes can lead to a ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245215]

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Ultrasonography validation for early alteration of diaphragm echodensity and function in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Antonietta Mele, Paola Mantuano, Adriano Fonzino, Francesco Rana, Roberta Francesca Capogrosso, Francesca Sanarica, Jean-Francois Rolland, Ornella Cappellari, Annamaria De Luca,

The mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy is characterized by functional and structural alterations of the diaphragm since early stages of pathology, closely resembling patients' condition. In recent years, ultrasonography has been proposed as a useful longitudinal non-invasive technique to assess mdx diaphragm dysfunction and evaluate drug efficacy over ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245397]

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Detection of postural control in early Parkinson's disease: Clinical testing vs. modulation of center of pressure.

Anna Kamieniarz, Justyna Michalska, Wojciech Marszałek, Magdalena Stania, Kajetan J Słomka, Agnieszka Gorzkowska, Grzegorz Juras, Michael S Okun, Evangelos A Christou,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Little is known about the early stage balance changes in PD. Many clinicians assume that there are no postural issues in early PD because of failure to identify them on bedside and clinical testing. Here, we quantify balance changes in early and moderate stage PD and compared these values to ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245353]

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Obstructive sleep apnea: A sharp increase in the prevalence of patients treated with nasal CPAP over the last decade in France.

Laurence Mandereau-Bruno, Damien Léger, Marie-Christine Delmas,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a frequent condition. In the absence of treatment, OSA is associated with a higher risk of traffic accidents and a large variety of diseases. The objectives of this study were to describe the characteristics of patients treated for OSA in France and assess the time ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245392]

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Characteristics and expression patterns of six α-galactosidases in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.).

Zhi-Ping Zhang, Yan-Cheng Liu, Hai-Bo Dai, Min-Min Miao,

Six putative α-galactosidase genes (α-Gals), three acid forms (CsGAL1, CsGAL2, CsGAL3) and three alkaline forms (CsAGA1, CsAGA2, CsAGAL3), were found in the cucumber genome. It is interesting to know the expression pattern and possible function of these α-Gals in the cucumber plant since it is a stachyose-translocating species. In this ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0244714]

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Identification of biomarkers and construction of a microRNA‑mRNA regulatory network for clear cell renal cell carcinoma using integrated bioinformatics analysis.

Miaoru Han, Haifeng Yan, Kang Yang, Boya Fan, Panying Liu, Hongtao Yang,

With the recent research development, the importance of microRNAs (miRNAs) in renal clear cell carcinoma (CCRCC) has become widely known. The purpose of this study is to screen out the potential biomarkers of renal clear cell carcinoma (CCRCC) by microarray analysis. The miRNA chip (GSE16441) and mRNA chip (GSE66270) related ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0244394]

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Decreasing patient-reported burden of treatment: A systematic review of quantitative interventional studies.

Aurore Lesage, Brice Leclère, Leïla Moret, Clément Le Glatin,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To describe and analyse studies aiming at quantitatively assessing the impact of interventions on patient-reported burden of treatment as an outcome (primary or secondary).<h4>Methods</h4>The aim of the search strategy was to identify all publications describing a medical intervention intended to reduce patient-reported burden of treatment in adult patients with long-term ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245112]

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Feasibility and performance of the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) for average-risk colorectal cancer screening in Nigeria.

Gregory C Knapp, Olusegun Alatise, Bolatito Olopade, Marguerite Samson, Olalekan Olasehinde, Funmilola Wuraola, Oluwole O Odujoko, Akinwunmi O Komolafe, Olujide O Arije, Philip E Castle, J Joshua Smith, Martin R Weiser, T Peter Kingham,

<h4>Introduction</h4>There is a paucity of prospective data on the performance of the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this exploratory analysis was to evaluate the feasibility and performance of FIT in Nigeria.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a prospective, single-arm study. A convenience sample of ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0243587]

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Adaptation and validation of the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) among Czech children.

Roman Cuberek, Marcela Janíková, Jan Dygrýn,

The study aimed to adapt the standardized Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) into the Czech language and assess its psychometric properties. A forwards-and-backwards translation method was carried out to prepare the Czech PAQ-C version (PAQ-C/CZ), followed by adjustments based on socio-cultural aspects. In the next phase, participants (n ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245256]

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Revising transcriptome assemblies with phylogenetic information.

August Guang, Mark Howison, Felipe Zapata, Charles Lawrence, Casey W Dunn,

A common transcriptome assembly error is to mistake different transcripts of the same gene as transcripts from multiple closely related genes. This error is difficult to identify during assembly, but in a phylogenetic analysis such errors can be diagnosed from gene phylogenies where they appear as clades of tips from ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0244202]

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Multi-view classification with convolutional neural networks.

Marco Seeland, Patrick Mäder,

Humans' decision making process often relies on utilizing visual information from different views or perspectives. However, in machine-learning-based image classification we typically infer an object's class from just a single image showing an object. Especially for challenging classification problems, the visual information conveyed by a single image may be insufficient ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245230]

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Comparison of four low-cost carbapenemase detection tests and a proposal of an algorithm for early detection of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in resource-limited settings.

Wirittamulla Gamage Maheshika Kumudunie, Lakmini Inoka Wijesooriya, Yasanandana Supunsiri Wijayasinghe,

Rapidly progressing antibiotic resistance is a great challenge in therapy. In particular, the infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are exceedingly difficult to treat. Carbapenemase production is the predominant mechanism of resistance in CRE. Early and accurate identification of carbapenemase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CP-CRE) is extremely important for the treatment and ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245290]

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Smoking, development of or recovery from metabolic syndrome, and major adverse cardiovascular events: A nationwide population-based cohort study including 6 million people.

Sehoon Park, Kyungdo Han, Soojin Lee, Yaerim Kim, Yeonhee Lee, Min Woo Kang, Sanghyun Park, Yong Chul Kim, Seung Seok Han, Hajeong Lee, Jung Pyo Lee, Kwon Wook Joo, Chun Soo Lim, Yon Su Kim, Dong Ki Kim,

Smoking, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) are important global health problems. We aimed to investigate the association between smoking, alteration in MetS status, and the consequent risk of MACE. We performed a nationwide observational cohort study based on the claims database of Korea. We included people ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0241623]

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The association of cadmium and lead exposures with red cell distribution width.

Junenette L Peters, Melissa J Perry, Eileen McNeely, Robert O Wright, Wendy Heiger-Bernays, Jennifer Weuve,

Elevated red blood cell distribution width (RDW), traditionally an indicator of anemia, has now been recognized as a risk marker for cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality. Experimental and acute exposure studies suggest that cadmium and lead individually affect red blood cell production; however, associations between environmental exposures and RDW have ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245173]

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Effect of ethanol in carbon monoxide poisoning and delayed neurologic sequelae: A prospective observational study.

Sungwoo Choi, Sangsoo Han, Sangun Nah, Young Hwan Lee, Young Soon Cho, Hoon Lim, Myeong Sik Kim, Gi Woon Kim,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the most common poisoning substances, which causes mortality and morbidity worldwide. Delayed neurologic sequelae (DNS) have been reported to occur from several days to months after exposure to CO. Thus, there is a need for prevention, recognition, and treatment of DNS. Patients with CO ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(1):e0245265]

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