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Comments to the Editor Re: Papukashvili et al. Nutrients 2020, 12, 184.

Cyril Willson,

Papukashvili et al [...]. ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
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Recent Caffeine Drinking Associates with Cognitive Function in the UK Biobank.

Marilyn C Cornelis, Sandra Weintraub, Martha Clare Morris,

Clinical evidence points to the premise that caffeine may benefit cognition, but whether these findings extend to real life settings and amidst factors that impact caffeine metabolism is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of recent caffeine drinking on cognitive ability while additionally accounting for ... Read more >>

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Regular Consumption of Lipigo® Promotes the Reduction of Body Weight and Improves the Rebound Effect of Obese People Undergo a Comprehensive Weight Loss Program.

Marlhyn Valero-Pérez, Laura M Bermejo, Bricia López-Plaza, Meritxell Aguiló García, Samara Palma-Milla, Carmen Gómez-Candela,

Obesity is a global public health problem. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect of the regular consumption of the product Lipigo® on body weight and rebound effect on overweight/obese subjects undergoing a comprehensive weight loss program. METHODS:A randomized, parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted with male and female subjects presenting a ... Read more >>

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Electrolyte Intake and Major Food Sources of Sodium, Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium among a Population in Western Austria.

Natalia Schiefermeier-Mach, Sabrina Egg, Judith Erler, Verena Hasenegger, Petra Rust, Jürgen König, Anna Elisabeth Purtscher,

Dietary intake of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium has a strong impact on personal health. In order to understand possible correlations with regional occurrence of diseases and to develop new dietary strategies, it is necessary to evaluate food choices in defined geographic areas. The aim of this study was to ... Read more >>

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Lifestyle Changes Observed among Adults Participating in a Family- and Community-Based Intervention for Diabetes Prevention in Europe: The 1st Year Results of the Feel4Diabetes-Study.

Yannis Manios, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Christina Mavrogianni, Greet Cardon, Jaana Lindström, Violeta Iotova, Tsvetalina Tankova, Imre Rurik, Vicky Van Stappen, Jemina Kivelä, Rocío Mateo-Gallego, Luis Α Moreno, Konstantinos Makrilakis, Odysseas Androutsos,

The Feel4Diabetes intervention was a school and community-based intervention aiming to promote healthy lifestyle and tackle obesity and obesity-related metabolic risk factors for the prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among families at risk of developing this disease. The current study aims to present the results on lifestyle behaviors obtained ... Read more >>

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Associations between Subjective and Objective Measures of the Community Food Environment and Executive Function in Early Childhood.

Lindsey M Bryant, Heather A Eicher-Miller, Irem Korucu, Sara A Schmitt,

The present study utilized a cross-sectional design to assess whether two indicators of the community food environment, parent perceptions of the community food environment (i.e., as assessed by parent reports of access to, availability, and affordability of foods) and limited food access (via census data), were related to executive function ... Read more >>

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The seed of industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.): Nutritional Quality and Potential Functionality for Human Health and Nutrition.

Barbara Farinon, Romina Molinari, Lara Costantini, Nicolò Merendino,

Hempseeds, the edible fruits of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, were initially considered a by-product of the hemp technical fibre industry. Nowadays, following the restorationing of the cultivation of C. sativa L. plants containing an amount of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) <0.3% or 0.2% (industrial hemp) there is a growing interest for ... Read more >>

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Food Pattern Modeling as an Alternative Assessment Method to Multiday Dietary Recalls for Iron-Related Nutrients: A Proof-of-Concept Study.

Nicole Delimont, Sarah Nickel,

There are barriers to in-depth memory-based dietary assessment techniques in community-based research. Food pattern modeling may be an alternative method to traditional assessment techniques. The objective of this study was to pilot a comparison of food pattern modeling to 24 h diet recalls for predicting hematological outcomes of iron status. ... Read more >>

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Nutrition, Microbiota and Noncommunicable Diseases.

Julio Plaza-Diaz,

The advent of new sequencing technologies has inspired the foundation of novel research to ascertain the connections between the microbial communities that reside in our gut and some physiological and pathological conditions [...]. ... Read more >>

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Leptin and Nutrition in Gestational Diabetes.

Antonio Pérez-Pérez, Teresa Vilariño-García, Pilar Guadix, José L Dueñas, Víctor Sánchez-Margalet,

Leptin is highly expressed in the placenta, mainly by trophoblastic cells, where it has an important autocrine trophic effect. Moreover, increased leptin levels are found in the most frequent pathology of pregnancy: gestational diabetes, where leptin may mediate the increased size of the placenta and the fetus, which becomes macrosomic. ... Read more >>

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Phytopharmacological Possibilities of Bird Cherry Prunus padus L. and Prunus serotina L. Species and Their Bioactive Phytochemicals.

Aleksandra Telichowska, Joanna Kobus-Cisowska, Piotr Szulc,

Wild cherry is a plant observed in the form of trees or shrubs. This species comprises about twenty kinds of plants and the most popular are two, Prunus padus L. and Prunus serotina L., whose properties and content of phytochemical compounds are subject to studies. Wild cherry contains many active ... Read more >>

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Vitamin K Nutrition and Bone Health.

Naoko Tsugawa, Masataka Shiraki,

Vitamin K is essential for blood coagulation and plays an important role in extrahepatic metabolism, such as in bone and blood vessels, and in energy metabolism. This review discusses the assessment of vitamin K sufficiency and the role of vitamin K in bone health. To elucidate the exact role of ... Read more >>

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Cocoa Polyphenols and Gut Microbiota Interplay: Bioavailability, Prebiotic Effect, and Impact on Human Health.

Vincenzo Sorrenti, Sawan Ali, Laura Mancin, Sergio Davinelli, Antonio Paoli, Giovanni Scapagnini,

Cocoa and its products are rich sources of polyphenols such as flavanols. These compounds exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, accountable for cocoa health-promoting effects. However, cocoa polyphenols are poorly absorbed in the intestine, and most of them cannot reach the systemic circulation in their natural forms. Instead, their secondary bioactive ... Read more >>

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Inhibition of UVB-Induced Inflammation by Laminaria japonica Extract via Regulation of nc886-PKR Pathway.

Kwang-Soo Lee, Eunae Cho, Jin Bae Weon, Deokhoon Park, Mathilde Fréchet, Hanane Chajra, Eunsun Jung,

Continuous exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) can cause photodamage of the skin. This photodamage can be inhibited by the overexpression of the non-coding RNA, nc886, via the protein kinase RNA-activated (PKR) pathway. The study aims to identify how UVB inhibits nc886 expression, and it also seeks to determine whether substances ... Read more >>

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Food Addiction Mediates the Relationship between Perceived Stress and Body Mass Index in Taiwan Young Adults.

Yi-Syuan Lin, Yu-Tang Tung, Yu-Chun Yen, Yi-Wen Chien,

Perceived stress is the degree of stress experienced by an individual in the face of a stressor. Studies have shown that stress affects emotions, leads to behavioral changes, and is likely to trigger physical illnesses. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), stress is classified as a health epidemic of ... Read more >>

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Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Hyperandrogenism Mediate the Link between Poor Diet Quality and Ovarian Dysmorphology in Reproductive-Aged Women.

Maryam Kazemi, Brittany Y Jarrett, Heidi Vanden Brink, Annie W Lin, Kathleen M Hoeger, Steven D Spandorfer, Marla E Lujan,

The relationship between diet quality and ovarian morphology has biological plausibility yet remains unclear and was therefore evaluated. In a multicenter cross-sectional analysis, four dietary patterns were scored for 111 consecutive reproductive-aged women (18-45 years) using (1) Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2015); (2) alternative HEI-2010; (3) alternate Mediterranean Diet (aMED); (4) ... Read more >>

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Chenopodium Quinoa and Salvia Hispanica Provide Immunonutritional Agonists to Ameliorate Hepatocarcinoma Severity under a High-Fat Diet.

Jose Moisés Laparra Llopis, Daniel Brown, Blanca Saiz,

Complex interactions between immunonutritional agonist and high fat intake (HFD), the immune system and finally gut microbiota are important determinants of hepatocarcinoma (HCC) severity. The ability of immunonutritional agonists to modulate major aspects such as liver innate immunity and inflammation and alterations in major lipids profile as well as gut ... Read more >>

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Neuroimaging of Sex/Gender Differences in Obesity: A Review of Structure, Function, and Neurotransmission.

Danielle S Kroll, Dana E Feldman, Catherine L Biesecker, Katherine L McPherson, Peter Manza, Paule Valery Joseph, Nora D Volkow, Gene-Jack Wang,

While the global prevalence of obesity has risen among both men and women over the past 40 years, obesity has consistently been more prevalent among women relative to men. Neuroimaging studies have highlighted several potential mechanisms underlying an individual's propensity to become obese, including sex/gender differences. Obesity has been associated ... Read more >>

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Factors in Early Feeding Practices That May Influence Growth and the Challenges that Arise in Growth Outcomes Research.

Veronica Fabrizio, Veronika Shabanova, Sarah N Taylor,

Growth in preterm infants is associated with improved outcomes during both the initial hospitalization and long-term. A single center investigation evaluated preterm infant in-hospital growth trajectory and how it related to early nutritional practices as a way to identify areas for quality improvement. Infants born <34 weeks' gestational age and ... Read more >>

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Reactive Dicarbonyl Scavenging Effectively Reduces MPO-Mediated Oxidation of HDL and Restores PON1 Activity.

Jiansheng Huang, Patricia G Yancey, Huan Tao, Mark S Borja, Loren E Smith, Valentina Kon, Sean S Davies, MacRae F Linton,

Atheroprotective functions of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) are related to the activity of HDL-associated enzymes such as paraoxonase 1 (PON1). We examined the impact of inhibition of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-mediated HDL oxidation by PON1 on HDL malondialdehyde (MDA) content and HDL function. In the presence of PON1, crosslinking of apoAI in response ... Read more >>

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The Development of a Psychometrically Valid and Reliable Questionnaire to Assess Nutrition Knowledge Related to Pre-Schoolers.

Jeanette Rapson, Cathryn Conlon, Kathryn Beck, Pamela von Hurst, Ajmol Ali,

With rising childcare enrollments, caregivers have a unique opportunity to promote children's nutrition education and healthy eating. Accurately identifying nutrition knowledge gaps amongst caregivers is necessary for professional development planning. Our aim was to design an early childhood education and care (ECEC) teacher nutrition knowledge questionnaire that satisfies psychometric criteria ... Read more >>

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Associations between Chronotype, Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Sexual Opinion among University Students.

Pedro Manuel Rodríguez-Muñoz, Juan Manuel Carmona-Torres, Cristina Rivera-Picón, Fabio Fabbian, Roberto Manfredini, María Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego, Pablo Jesús López-Soto,

A person's chronotype determines different habits, among which are eating and physical activity. Furthermore, at the university stage, social and organisational factors have a direct effect on students' daily attitudes and habits. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is linked to better sleep quality and less social jet lag, but association ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
[2020, 12(6):]

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Profiles of Polyphenol Intake and Type 2 Diabetes Risk in 60,586 Women Followed for 20 Years: Results from the E3N Cohort Study.

Nasser Laouali, Takiy Berrandou, Joseph A Rothwell, Sanam Shah, Douae El Fatouhi, Francesca Romana Mancini, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi,

Most studies on dietary polyphenol intake and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk have focused on total or specific subclasses of polyphenols. Since polyphenols are often consumed simultaneously, the joint effect of an intake of multiple subclasses should be explored. We aimed to identify profiles of the dietary polyphenol subclasses intake ... Read more >>

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β-Hydroxybutyrate Increases Exercise Capacity Associated with Changes in Mitochondrial Function in Skeletal Muscle.

Matías Monsalves-Alvarez, Pablo Esteban Morales, Mauricio Castro-Sepulveda, Carlos Sepulveda, Juan Manuel Rodriguez, Mario Chiong, Verónica Eisner, Sergio Lavandero, Rodrigo Troncoso,

β-hydroxybutyrate is the main ketone body generated by the liver under starvation. Under these conditions, it can sustain ATP levels by its oxidation in mitochondria. As mitochondria can modify its shape and function under different nutritional challenges, we study the chronic effects of β-hydroxybutyrate supplementation on mitochondrial morphology and function, ... Read more >>

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A Comprehensive Critical Assessment of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Intake on Weight Loss in Women.

Mark L Dreher, Nikki A Ford,

No previous reviews or meta-analyses have specifically assessed the effects of increased fruit and vegetable (FV) intake on weight loss with a primary focus on women. Several studies show differences between men and women in how increased FV intake affects their weight loss and maintenance, risk of becoming overweight or ... Read more >>

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