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Spatial distribution of iron rich foods consumption and its associated factors among children aged 6-23 months in Ethiopia: spatial and multilevel analysis of 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey.

Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Belete Achamyelew Ayele, Getachew Yideg Yitbarek, Desalegn Tesfa Asnakew, Melaku Tadege Engidaw, Alemayehu Digssie Gebremariam,

BACKGROUND:Micronutrient deficiencies are the most prevalent nutritional deficiencies that cause serious developmental problems in the globe. The aim of this study was to assess the spatial distribution of iron rich foods consumption and its associated factors among children aged 6-23 months in Ethiopia. METHODS:The data retrieved from the standard Ethiopian Demographic ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):115]

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A latent class analysis of dietary behaviours associated with metabolic syndrome: a retrospective observational cross-sectional study.

Jung Ha Park, Ju Young Kim, So Hye Kim, Jung Hyun Kim, Young Mi Park, Hye Seon Yeom,

BACKGROUND:Obesity defined solely by the Body Mass Index (BMI) may not reflect the true heterogeneity of the obese population. This study aimed to classify the dietary behaviours of overweight and obese individuals and to explore the relationship between patterns of dietary behaviour and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS:A total of 259 ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):116]

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Validity and reliability of a simplified food frequency questionnaire: a cross sectional study among physical health examination adults in southwest region of China.

Zhengyan Cheng, Ping Shuai, Qichuan Qiao, Tingxin Li,

BACKGROUND:In China, many people are regarded suitable for participating in regular physical examination for diagnosis and prevention of diseases. Some simplified food frequency questionnaires have been designed and used; however, the accuracy of the questionnaire is absent. This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of simplified food frequency questionnaire ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):114]

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The association between animal flesh foods consumption and semen parameters among infertile Iranian men: a cross-sectional study.

Reza Ghiasvand, Laleh Dehghan Marvast, Seyyed Payam Shariatpanahi, Makan Pourmasoumi, Cain C T Clark, Farahnaz Haeri,

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have demonstrated the association between dietary patterns and semen quality indicators, but research on the possible association between animal flesh foods consumption and semen quality is limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the association between animal flesh foods consumption with semen quality. METHODS:In this cross-sectional study, ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):113]

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Dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) score and obesity phenotypes in children and adolescents.

Hamed Rahimi, Emad Yuzbashian, Rahim Zareie, Golaleh Asghari, Abolghassem Djazayery, Ariyo Movahedi, Parvin Mirmiran,

BACKGROUND:The prevalence of obesity and its two important phenotypes, the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) and the metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) are 10.9, 9.1, and 1.8%, respectively, among children and adolescents in Iran. Data on the link between diet quality indices and obesity phenotypes in children and adolescents is scarce. The ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):112]

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Secular trend in dietary patterns of Iranian adults from 2006 to 2017: Tehran lipid and glucose study.

Maryam Aghayan, Golaleh Asghari, Emad Yuzbashian, Maryam Mahdavi, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi,

BACKGROUND:Based on data regarding nutrition transition in the Middle East and North Africa, this study aim to investigate the general structure and secular trend of dietary patterns reported from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) and adherence to these dietary patterns among Iranian population from 2006 till 2017. METHODS:We ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):110]

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Vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and methionine and risk of pancreatic cancer: a meta-analysis.

Dan-Hong Wei, Qi-Qi Mao,

BACKGROUND:Nutrients involved in one-carbon metabolism may play a key role in pancreatic carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine the association between pancreatic cancer risk and intake or blood levels of vitamins B6, B12 and methionine via meta-analysis. METHODS:A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Knowledge ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):111]

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Association of plasma chromium with metabolic syndrome among Chinese adults: a case-control study.

Sijing Chen, Li Zhou, Qianqian Guo, Can Fang, Mengke Wang, Xiaobo Peng, Jiawei Yin, Shuzhen Li, Yalun Zhu, Wei Yang, Yan Zhang, Zhilei Shan, Xiaoyi Chen, Liegang Liu,

BACKGROUD:Chromium has been suggested playing a role in alleviating diabetes, insulin resistance and lipid anomalies, but the effect on metabolic syndrome (MetS) in humans remains controversial. METHODS:We conducted a matched case-control study in a Chinese population, involving 2141 MetS cases and 2141 healthy controls, which were 1:1 matched by age ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):107]

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The affordability of a healthy and sustainable diet: an Australian case study.

Tara Goulding, Rebecca Lindberg, Catherine Georgina Russell,

BACKGROUND/AIMS:EAT-Lancet Commission's Planetary Health Diet proposed a diet that integrates nutrition and sustainability considerations, however its affordability is unknown in many country-specific contexts, including Australia. The aim of this study is to develop a healthy and sustainable food basket modelled on the Planetary Health Diet to determine the affordability of ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):109]

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Leading dietary determinants identified using machine learning techniques and a healthy diet score for changes in cardiometabolic risk factors in children: a longitudinal analysis.

Xianwen Shang, Yanping Li, Haiquan Xu, Qian Zhang, Ailing Liu, Songming Du, Hongwei Guo, Guansheng Ma,

BACKGROUND:Identifying leading dietary determinants for cardiometabolic risk (CMR) factors is urgent for prioritizing interventions in children. We aimed to identify leading dietary determinants for the change in CMR and create a healthy diet score (HDS) to predict CMR in children. METHODS:We included 5676 children aged 6-13 years in the final analysis ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):105]

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Clinical measurement properties of malnutrition assessment tools for use with patients in hospitals: a systematic review.

Yue Camille Xu, Joshua I Vincent,

BACKGROUND:The use of malnutrition outcome measures (OM) by registered dietitians (RD) with inpatients in hospitals has increased promoting the achievement of nutritional care goals and supporting decision-making for the allocation of nutritional care resources in hospitals. There are 3 commonly used OMs: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Patient Generated-Subjective Global Assessment ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):106]

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Habitual dietary intake of flavonoids and all-cause and cause-specific mortality: Golestan cohort study.

Jalal Hejazi, Matin Ghanavati, Ehsan Hejazi, Hossein Poustchi, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Masoud Khoshnia, Abdolsamad Gharavi, Amir Ali Sohrabpour, Masoud Sotoudeh, Sanford M Dawsey, Paolo Boffetta, Christian C Abnet, Farin Kamangar, Arash Etemadi, Akram Pourshams, Akbar FazeltabarMalekshah, Paul Brennan, Reza Malekzadeh, Azita Hekmatdoost,

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Flavonoids are the most important group of polyphenols with well-known beneficial effects on health. However; the association of intake of total flavonoid or their subclasses with all-cause or cause-specific mortality is not fully understood. The present study aims to evaluate the association between intake of total flavonoid, flavonoid ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):108]

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Zinc supplementation affects favorably the frequency of migraine attacks: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Hedieh Ahmadi, Seyedeh Shabnam Mazloumi-Kiapey, Omid Sadeghi, Morteza Nasiri, Fariborz Khorvash, Tayebeh Mottaghi, Gholamreza Askari,

BACKGROUND:Observational studies have shown a link between zinc deficiency and migraine headaches. We aimed to examine the effect of zinc supplementation on the characteristics of migraine attacks in patients with migraine. METHODS:This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 80 patients with migraine. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either zinc ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):101]

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The use of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v (DSM 9843) in cancer patients receiving home enteral nutrition - study protocol for a randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial.

Karolina Kaźmierczak-Siedlecka, Marcin Folwarski, Karolina Skonieczna-Żydecka, Jakub Ruszkowski, Wojciech Makarewicz,

BACKGROUND:Nutritional treatment is one of the most important components of multidisciplinary anti-cancer therapy. Home enteral nutrition is considered as a safe procedure, however, it may be associated with the risk of side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhoea. It is uncertain whether diarrhoea is the result of ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):98]

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Development and validation of nutrient estimates based on a food-photographic record in Japan.

Keigo Saeki, Naoto Otaki, Maiko Kitagawa, Nobuhiro Tone, Ribeka Takachi, Rika Ishizuka, Norio Kurumatani, Kenji Obayashi,

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have reported that estimates of portion size, energy, and macronutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fat based on the food-photographic record closely correlate with directly weighed values. However, the correlation based on a large sample of the test meal with the evidence of many nutrients is yet to ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):104]

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Important considerations when assessing the effect of essential fatty acids on cognitive performance.

Aayush Visaria, David Lo, Pranay Maniar,

Over the past decade, there have been many studies determining the effect of dietary ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids intake on cognitive performance; however, they have largely been inconsistent in their conclusions. In this letter, we provide context to the article by Dong et al., titled "Association of dietary ω-3 ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):100]

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Validation of a roadmap for mainstreaming nutrition-sensitive interventions at state level in Nigeria.

Oluchi Ezekannagha, Scott Drimie, Dieter von Fintel, Busie Maziya-Dixon, Xikombiso Mbhenyane,

BACKGROUND:National programs are often developed with little consideration to the sub-national local factors that might affect program success. These factors include political support, capacity for implementation of program and variation in malnutrition indices being tackled. State context factors are evident in the distribution of malnutrition (e.g. high prevalence or gap ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):96]

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Unpack the Salt: an evaluation of the Victorian Salt Reduction Partnership's media advocacy activities to highlight the salt content of different foods.

Emalie Rosewarne, Kathy Trieu, Clare Farrand, Jenny Reimers, Jane Potter, Chelsea Davidson, Natasha Darrigan, Elizabeth Joldeski, Sian Armstrong, Jacqui Webster,

BACKGROUND:Australians are consuming almost double the recommended maximum salt intake. The Victorian Salt Reduction Partnership was established to coordinate efforts to reduce salt intake in the state of Victoria. As part of an intervention strategy, media advocacy strategies were used to raise public awareness and stimulate industry and government action ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):102]

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A scoping review of policies promoting and supporting sustainable food systems in the university setting.

Amanda Grech, Eloise Howse, Sinead Boylan,

BACKGROUND:Transitioning towards sustainable food systems for the health of the population and planet will require governments and institutions to develop effective governance to support the adoption of sustainable food practices. The aim of the paper is to describe current governance within Australian and New Zealand universities designed to support sustainable ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):97]

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The effects of nudges on purchases, food choice, and energy intake or content of purchases in real-life food purchasing environments: a systematic review and evidence synthesis.

Marjolein C Harbers, Joline W J Beulens, Femke Rutters, Femke de Boer, Marleen Gillebaart, Ivonne Sluijs, Yvonne T van der Schouw,

BACKGROUND:Adults with a low socioeconomic position (SEP) are more likely to engage in unhealthy diets as compared to adults with high SEP. However, individual-level educational interventions aiming to improve food choices have shown limited effectiveness in adults with low SEP. Environmental-level interventions such as nudging strategies however, may be more ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):103]

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Beyond clinical food prescriptions and mobile markets: parent views on the role of a healthcare institution in increasing healthy eating in food insecure families.

Emily L DeWit, Emily M Meissen-Sebelius, Robin P Shook, Kimberly A Pina, Evelyn Donis De Miranda, Michelle J Summar, Emily A Hurley,

BACKGROUND:Children in food-insecure families face increased barriers to meeting recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption. Hospitals and pediatric healthcare institutions have attempted to alleviate food-insecurity through various internal programs like food prescriptions, yet little evidence for these programs exist. Consistent with a patient-centered perspective, we sought to develop a comprehensive ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):94]

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Response to important considerations when assessing the effect of essential fatty acids on cognitive performance.

Xue Dong, Dongfeng Zhang,

In this letter, we respond to the comments raised by Visaria et al. in their letter to the editor about the publication "Association of dietary ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids intake with cognitive performance in older adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014". We have further adjusted for ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):99]

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Dietary patterns of Chinese women of childbearing age during pregnancy and their relationship to the neonatal birth weight.

Hui Yan, Shaonong Dang, Yaodong Zhang, Shuying Luo,

OBJECTIVE:To examine the type of maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and the distribution characteristics of children's birth weight and the association between dietary patterns and neonatal birth weight in China. METHODS:Data were derived from a cross-sectional program named "The prevalence and risk factors of birth defects in Shaanxi Province" in ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):89]

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Modern dietary pattern is prospectively associated with earlier age at menarche: data from the CHNS 1997-2015.

Ruonan Duan, Yue Chen, Tian Qiao, Ruotong Duan, Mengxue Chen, Li Zhao, Yunhui Gong, Guo Cheng,

BACKGROUND:Early age at menarche is associated with risk of several chronic diseases. Prospective study on the association between dietary pattern and timing of menarche is sparse. We examined whether dietary patterns prior to the menarche onset were prospectively associated with menarcheal age in Chinese girls. METHODS:One thousand one hundred eighteen ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):95]

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Perceived stress and diet quality in women of reproductive age: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Karim Khaled, Fotini Tsofliou, Vanora Hundley, Rebecca Helmreich, Orouba Almilaji,

BACKGROUND:Poor diet quality is associated with obesity-related morbidity and mortality. Psychological stress can increase unhealthy dietary choices, but evidence pertinent to women of reproductive age remains unclear. This paper systematically reviewed the literature to determine the association between psychological stress and diet quality in women of reproductive age. METHODS:Medline, CINAHL, ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):92]

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