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Journal Nicotine Tob. Res.

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Alarmingly High Levels of Nicotine and Carcinogenic Nitrosamines in Smokeless Tobacco Products Sold Worldwide.

Alpana K Gupta, Ravi Mehrotra,

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Results of a feasibility study of Helpers Stay Quit Training for smoking relapse prevention.

Myra L Muramoto, Allison Hopkins, Alicia Allen, Uma Nair, Melanie Bell, Timothy E Connolly,

INTRODUCTION:Most smoking quit attempts end in relapse, and interventions focused on relapse prevention are lacking. Helpers Stay Quit (HSQ) is a novel behavioral relapse prevention intervention that teaches newly abstinent smokers to offer a "helping conversation" (HC) to help others quit tobacco. METHODS:Pre-post intervention feasibility study with state quitline participants ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Effectiveness of Electronic Cigarettes in Smoking Cessation: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

I Grabovac, M Oberndorfer, J Fischer, W Wiesinger, S Haider, T E Dorner,

BACKGROUND:Reports of the effectiveness of e-cigarettes (ECs) for smoking cessation vary across different studies making implementation recommendations hard to attain. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the current evidence regarding effectiveness of ECs for smoking cessation. METHODS:PubMed, PsycInfo and Embase databases were searched for randomized controlled trials ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Patterns of e-cigarette use and subsequent cigarette smoking cessation over two years (2013/2014 to 2015/2016) in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study.

Allison Glasser, Mahathi Vojjala, Jennifer Cantrell, David T Levy, Daniel P Giovenco, David Abrams, Raymond Niaura,

BACKGROUND:Understanding the population impact of e-cigarettes requires determining their effect on cigarette smoking cessation. METHODS:Using the U.S. Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) cohort, we examined smoking cessation among adult current cigarette smokers at Wave 1 with follow-up data at Waves 2 and 3 (n=9,724). RESULTS:By Wave 3 (2015/2016), ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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The misuse of the precautionary principle in justifying Australia's ban on the sale of nicotine vaping products.

Kylie Morphett, Wayne Hall, Coral Gartner,

In Australia, the precautionary principle has been used to justify an effective sales ban on nicotine vaping products (NVPs) by requiring all NVPs to be approved as medicines. Australia's policy is out of step with other English-speaking countries, which allow the sale of NVPs as consumer products. We provide a ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Vaping restrictions: is priority to the young justified?

Monica Magalhaes,

The vast majority of smokers becomes dependent on nicotine in youth. Preventing dependence has therefore been crucial to the recent decline in youth smoking. The advent of vaping creates an opportunity for harm reduction to existing smokers (mostly adults) but also undermines prevention efforts by becoming a new vehicle for ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Limited Aggregation and E-Cigarettes.

James Edgar Lim,

Non-consequentialist ethicists have noted that small harms, goods, or claims should not count against large claims. For example, given a choice between saving on life and a large group of people with minor headaches, we ought to save the one life, no matter how large the group is. This principle ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Preparing for the Quit Day: Comparing beliefs of nondaily versus daily young adult smokers as they prepare for a quit attempt.

Bettina B Hoeppner, Susanne S Hoeppner, Hannah A Carlon, Alexandra Abry, Audrey Darville, Damaris J Rohsenow,

BACKGROUND:Most smoking cessation approaches are modeled on heavy daily smoking. With increasing prevalence of nondaily smoking, it may be necessary to modify these approaches for nondaily smokers. OBJECTIVE:To provide information about beliefs and attitudes relevant to smoking cessation for nondaily smokers. METHODS:Secondary analysis of two prospective studies on young adult ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Very Light Daily Smoking in Young Adults: Relationships Between Nicotine Dependence and Lapse.

Melinda L Ashe, Stephen J Wilson,

INTRODUCTION:Very light daily smoking is increasingly common among young adults. Evidence suggests that levels of nicotine dependence vary significantly among young adults who engage in very light daily smoking. However, the links between dependence and clinically relevant outcomes (e.g., lapse) in this population remain unclear. The goal of this study ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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The Economic Cost of Smoking in South Africa, 2016.

Micheal Kofi Boachie, Laura Rossouw, Hana Ross,

INTRODUCTION:Chronic, non-communicable diseases are on the rise globally, with tobacco consumption being an important contributing risk factor. These increases result in significant economic costs due to increased healthcare costs, productive lives lost, and productive days lost due to illness. Estimates of these economic costs are scarce in low- and middle-income ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Rescuing vapers vs. rescuing smokers: the ethics.

Nir Eyal,

Suppose for the sake of argument that wide access to e-cigarettes would help a great many smokers quit and others avoid smoking, with a dramatic cumulative effect on population health. But suppose also that nowadays, teenagers rarely benefit from that effect, because most do not smoke and are not expected ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Cannabis use and the onset of cigarette and e-cigarette use: A prospective, longitudinal study among youth in the United States.

Andrea H Weinberger, Jiaqi Zhu, Joun Lee, Shu Xu, Renee D Goodwin,

INTRODUCTION:Cigarette use is declining among youth in the United States (US), whereas cannabis use and e-cigarette use are increasing. Cannabis use has been linked with increased uptake and persistence of cigarette smoking among adults. The goal of this study was to examine whether cannabis use was associated with the prevalence ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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"Because there's just something about that menthol": Exploring African American Smokers' Perspectives on Menthol Smoking and Local Menthol Sales Restrictions.

Joanne D'Silva, Erin O'Gara, Craig S Fryer, Raymond G Boyle,

INTRODUCTION:Local governments are pursuing policies to limit the availability of menthol cigarettes at the point-of-sale. Although African Americans are disproportionately impacted by menthol cigarettes, little is known about African American smokers' perspectives on emerging menthol policy. The purpose of this study was to fill a gap in the literature by ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Organizational Characteristics and Readiness for Tobacco-Free Workplace Program Implementation Moderates Changes in Clinician's Delivery of Smoking Interventions within Behavioral Health Treatment Clinics.

Vijay Nitturi, Tzu-An Chen, Bryce Kyburz, Isabel M Leal, Virmarie Correa-Fernandez, Daniel P O'Connor, Teresa Williams, Lorra Garey, Tim Stacey, William T Wilson, Cho Lam, Lorraine R Reitzel,

BACKGROUND:Smoking is elevated amongst individuals with behavioral health disorders, but not commonly addressed. Taking Texas Tobacco Free is an evidence-based, tobacco-free workplace program that addresses this, in-part, by providing clinician training to treat tobacco use in local mental health authorities (LMHAs). This study examined organizational moderators of change in intervention ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Economic Costs of Diseases and Deaths Attributable to Tobacco use in India, 2017-18.

Rijo M John, Praveen Sinha, Vineet Gill Munish, Fikru T Tullu,

INTRODUCTION:About 28.6% of Indian adults use tobacco. This study estimates economic burden of deaths and diseases attributable to smoking and smokeless tobacco (SLT) use for persons aged 35+ years. METHODS:The National Sample Survey data on healthcare expenditures, the Global Adult Tobacco Survey data on tobacco use prevalence, and relative risks ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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The United States National Cancer Institute's Coordinated Research Effort on Tobacco Use as a Major Cause of Morbidity and Mortality among People with HIV.

Rebecca L Ashare, Steven L Bernstein, Robert Schnoll, Robert Gross, Sheryl L Catz, Patricia Cioe, Kristina Crothers, Brian Hitsman, Stephanie L Marhefka, Jennifer B McClure, Lauren R Pacek, Damon J Vidrine, Roger Vilardaga, Annette Kaufman, E Jennifer Edelman,

The use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for people with HIV (PWH) has improved life expectancy. However, PWH now lose more life-years to tobacco use than to HIV infection. Unfortunately, PWH smoke at higher rates and have more difficulty maintaining abstinence than the general population, compounding their risk for chronic disease. ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Exclusive e-cigarette users report lower levels of respiratory symptoms relative to dual e-cigarette and cigarette users.

Rachel N Cassidy, Jennifer W Tidey, Suzanne M Colby,

INTRODUCTION:Exclusive e-cigarette use has been shown to be associated with reduced levels of respiratory symptoms relative to smoking combustible cigarettes; this association has been less frequently studied in smokers using advanced-generation e-cigarette devices. Advanced generation devices generate denser vapor than either early generation or pod-style devices, and engender longer inhalations; ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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A magic bullet? The potential impact of e-cigarettes on the toll of cigarette smoking.

David Mendez, Kenneth E Warner,

INTRODUCTION:We examine the proportion of U.S. smoking-produced mortality that e-cigarettes might eliminate under assumptions regarding vaping's ability to increase smoking cessation, vaping's health risks, and the possibility that vaping will increase smoking among young people. METHODS:We employ a dynamic population simulation model that tracks individuals from ages 0-110, differentiated by ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Characterization and Validation of Second Generation wPUM™ Topography Monitors.

Risa J Robinson, Shehan Jayasekera, Gary Difrancesco, Edward C Hensel,

INTRODUCTION:Little is known about the natural use behavior of new and emerging tobacco products due to the limited availability of reliable puff topography monitors suitable for ambulatory deployment. An understanding of use behavior is needed to assess the health impact of emerging tobacco products and inform realistic standardized topography profiles ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Cigarette Smoking Reduction and Health Risks: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Joanne T Chang, Gabriella M Anic, Brian L Rostron, Manju Tanwar, Cindy M Chang,

INTRODUCTION:Studies have shown the health benefits of cigarette smoking cessation. However, the literature remains unclear about the relationship between smoking reduction and health risks. This comprehensive review and meta-analysis updates previous reviews with the newest estimates. METHODS:We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the association between smoking reduction and ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Compliance of oral snuff (Naswar) packaging and sales practices with national tobacco control laws and the relevant articles of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan.

Fayaz Ahmad, Zohaib Khan, Kamran Siddiqi, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Melanie Boeckman, Steffen Dregger, Linda Bauld, Hajo Zeeb, Sarah Forberger,

INTRODUCTION:Smokeless tobacco (SLT) is a significant contributor to tobacco related harm in Pakistan but its control has lags behind that of combustible tobacco. We assessed the compliance of Naswar's (a widely used SLT product in the Southeast Asia) packaging and sales practices with the national legislations and relevant articles of ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Polarization within the field of tobacco and nicotine science and its potential impact on trainees.

Dana Mowls Carroll, Rachel L Denlinger-Apte, Sarah Dermody, Jessica L King, Melissa Mercincavage, Lauren R Pacek, Tracy T Smith, Hollie L Tripp, Cassidy M White,

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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One-year efficacy and incremental cost-effectiveness of contingency management for cigarette smokers with depression.

Alba González-Roz, Sara Weidberg, Ángel García-Pérez, Víctor Martínez-Loredo, Roberto Secades-Villa,

INTRODUCTION:Contingency management (CM) is efficacious for smoking cessation. To date, the number of cost-effectiveness evaluations of behavioral and pharmacological smoking cessation treatments far outnumbers the ones on CM. This study estimated one-year efficacy and incremental cost-effectiveness (ICE) of adding CM in relation to abstinence outcomes for a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)+behavioral ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Smoking during pregnancy among immigrant women with same-origin and Swedish-born partners.

Marcelo L Urquia, Sol Juarez, Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Anders Hjern,

INTRODUCTION:Although ethnically mixed couples are on the rise in industrialized countries, their health behaviors are poorly understood. We examined the associations between partner's birthplace, age at immigration and smoking during pregnancy among foreign-born women. METHODS:Population-based register study including all pregnancies resulting in a livebirth or stillbirth in Sweden (1991-2012) with ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Erratum to: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel Smoking Cessation App Designed for Individuals With Co-Occurring Tobacco Dependence and Serious Mental Illness.

Roger Vilardaga, Javier Rizo, Paige E Palenski, Paolo Mannelli, Jason A Oliver, Francis J McClernon,

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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