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Journal Neurology

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Neuropathological features associated with basal forebrain atrophy in Alzheimer's disease.

Stefan J Teipel, H-Christian Fritz, Michel J Grothe, ,

OBJECTIVE:To study the neuropathological correlates of cholinergic basal forebrain atrophy as determined using ante-mortem MRI in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum. METHODS:We determined associations between basal forebrain (BF) volume from antemortem MRI brain scans and post-mortem assessment of neuropathological features, including neuritic plaques, neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), Lewy body (LB) pathology, ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Clinical Reasoning: Complex ataxia: Unpicking the threads.

Tarig Abkur, Kayal Vijayakumar, Amanda J Churchill, James Stevens,

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Overcoming challenges in fellowship recruitment: Headache medicine's experience may help other subspecialties.

Rebecca Erwin Wells, Lauren Doyle Strauss,

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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EEG features of brain injury during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in children.

Arnold J Sansevere, Melissa L DiBacco, Alireza Akhondi-Asl, Kerri LaRovere, Tobias Loddenkemper, Michael J Rivkin, Ravi R Thiagarajan, Phillip L Pearl, Mark H Libenson, Robert C Tasker,

OBJECTIVE:To examine EEG features of major pathophysiology in children undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHODS:Single-center, retrospective study of 201 pediatric ECMO patients, using the first 24 hours of continuous EEG (cEEG) monitoring, collating background activity and electrographic seizures (ES) with imaging, ECMO type and outcome. RESULTS:Severely abnormal cEEG background occurred ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Intracranial Atherosclerosis on 7T MRI and Cognitive Functioning - the SMART-MR study.

Maarten H T Zwartbol, Anja G van der Kolk, Rashid Ghaznawi, Yolanda van der Graaf, Jeroen Hendrikse, Mirjam I Geerlings, ,

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the association between intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) and cognitive functioning in patients with a history of vascular disease. METHODS:Within the SMART-MR study cross-sectional analyses were performed in 130 patients (mean±SD age 68±9 years) with 7T vessel wall-magnetic resonance imaging data. Vessel wall lesions were rated according to established criteria ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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The state of the headache fellowship application process and attitudes toward the match.

Niushen Zhang, Cynthia Armand, Thomas Berk, Deborah I Friedman,

OBJECTIVE:To examine the current Headache Medicine fellowship application process and propose recommendations for a more unified, systematic, and transparent process. METHODS:We identified 42 headache fellowship programs using the UCNS certification database. After an initial contact via email, we conducted individual telephone interviews with program directors. Qualitative data coding allowed for ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Antithrombotic treatment in patients with stroke and supracardiac atherosclerosis.

Dimitrios Sagris, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Ioannis Leventis, Konstantinos Pateras, Lesly A Pearce, Eleni Korompoki, Konstantinos Makaritsis, Konstantinos Vemmos, Haralampos Milionis, George Ntaios,

OBJECTIVE:To compare the efficacy and safety of oral anticoagulants vs antiplatelets in patients with stroke and atherosclerotic plaques in the aortic arch or cervical or intracranial arteries, collectively described as supracardiac atherosclerosis. METHODS:We searched PubMed and Scopus until August 28, 2019, for randomized trials comparing oral anticoagulants vs antiplatelets in ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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A Nomogram to Predict Symptomatic Epilepsy in Patients with Radiation-induced Brain Necrosis.

Xiaolong Huang, Xiaoni Zhang, Xicheng Wang, Xiaoming Rong, Yi Li, Honghong Li, Jingru Jiang, Jinhua Cai, Xiaohuang Zhuo, Yaxuan Pi, Jinpeng Lin, Melvin L K Chua, Andreas A Argyriou, Simona Lattanzi, Charles B Simone, Jon Glass, Joshua D Palmer, Edward Chow, Paul D Brown, Zongwei Yue, Yamei Tang, ,

OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to develop and validate a nomogram to predict epilepsy in patients with radiation-induced brain necrosis (RN). METHODS:The nomogram was based on a retrospective analysis of 302 patients who were diagnosed with symptomatic RN from January 2005 to January 2016 in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital using the Cox ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Patterns of striatal dopamine depletion in early Parkinson disease: Prognostic relevance.

Seok Jong Chung, Hye Sun Lee, Han Soo Yoo, Yang Hyun Lee, Phil Hyu Lee, Young H Sohn,

OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether the patterns of striatal dopamine depletion on dopamine transporter (DAT) scans could provide information on the long-term prognosis in Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS:We enrolled 205 drug-naive patients with early-stage PD, who underwent 18F-FP-CIT PET scans at initial assessment and received PD medications for 3 or more years. ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Comment: Can we trust administrative codes for identification of stroke cases?

Jennifer J Majersik,

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Editors' note: Understanding and addressing gender equity for women in neurology.

Ariane Lewis, Steven Galetta,

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, 95(1):49]

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White Matter Atrophy in Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy.

Panagiotis Fotiadis, Yael D Reijmer, Susanne J Van Veluw, Sergi Martinez-Ramirez, Fikret Isik Karahanoglu, Elif Gokcal, Kristin M Schwab, , Joshua N Goldstein, Jonathan Rosand, Anand Viswanathan, Steven M Greenberg, M Edip Gurol,

OBJECTIVE:We postulated that Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy (CAA) is associated with white matter atrophy (WMA) and that WMA can be related to cognitive changes in CAA. METHODS:White matter volume expressed as percent of intracranial volume (pWMV) of prospectively enrolled non-demented patients diagnosed with probable CAA was compared to age-matched healthy controls ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Evaluation of inflammatory lesions over 2 years in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.

Julia R Dahlqvist, Nanna S Poulsen, Sofie T Østergaard, Freja Fornander, Josefine de Stricker Borch, Else R Danielsen, Carsten Thomsen, John Vissing,

OBJECTIVE:We followed patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) with sequential examinations over 2 years to investigate whether inflammatory lesions always precede fat replacement, if inflammation can be resolved without muscle degeneration, and if inflammatory lesions in muscle are always followed by fat replacement. METHODS:In this longitudinal study of 10 sequential ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Real-life gait assessment in degenerative cerebellar ataxia: Towards ecologically valid biomarkers.

Winfried Ilg, Jens Seemann, Martin Giese, Andreas Traschütz, Ludger Schöls, Dagmar Timmann, Matthis Synofzik,

OBJECTIVES:With disease-modifying drugs on the horizon for degenerative ataxias, ecologically valid motor biomarkers are highly warranted. In this observational study, we aimed to unravel and validate markers of ataxic gait in real life by using wearable sensors. METHODS:We assessed gait characteristics of 43 patients with degenerative cerebellar disease (SARA:9.4±3.9) compared ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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When development is at stake: Fear the disease, not the vaccine.

Charuta Joshi, Liu Lin Thio,

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Neurocognitive benchmarks following transplant for emerging cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy.

Elizabeth I Pierpont, David R Nascene, Ryan Shanley, Daniel L Kenney-Jung, Richard S Ziegler, Weston P Miller, Ashish O Gupta, Troy C Lund, Paul J Orchard, Julie B Eisengart,

OBJECTIVE:To quantify benchmark treatment outcomes that may be enabled by newborn screening surveillance for X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD), we report neurocognitive, neuropsychiatric, and MRI change for boys who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) at initial stages of demyelination, prior to neurocognitive signs of disease. METHODS:Retrospective chart review identified 36 patients ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Accuracy of identifying incident stroke cases from linked health care data in UK Biobank.

Kristiina Rannikmäe, Kenneth Ngoh, Kathryn Bush, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Fergus Doubal, Robin Flaig, David E Henshall, Aidan Hutchison, John Nolan, Scott Osborne, Neshika Samarasekera, Christian Schnier, Will Whiteley, Tim Wilkinson, Kirsty Wilson, Rebecca Woodfield, Qiuli Zhang, Naomi Allen, Cathie L M Sudlow,

OBJECTIVE:In UK Biobank (UKB), a large population-based prospective study, cases of many diseases are ascertained through linkage to routinely collected, coded national health datasets. We assessed the accuracy of these for identifying incident strokes. METHODS:In a regional UKB subpopulation (n = 17,249), we identified all participants with ≥1 code signifying ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Author response: Understanding and addressing gender equity for women in neurology.

Julie K Silver,

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, 95(1):50-51]

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27-year time trends in dementia incidence in Europe and the US: the Alzheimer Cohorts Consortium.

Frank J Wolters, Lori B Chibnik, Reem Waziry, Roy Anderson, Claudine Berr, Alexa Beiser, Joshua C Bis, Deborah Blacker, Daniel Bos, Carol Brayne, Jean-François Dartigues, Sirwan Kl Darweesh, Kendra L Davis-Plourde, Frank de Wolf, Stephanie Debette, Carole Dufouil, Myriam Fornage, Jaap Goudsmit, Leslie Grasset, Vilmundur Gudnason, Christoforos Hadjichrysanthou, Catherine Helmer, M Arfan Ikram, M Kamran Ikram, Erik Joas, Silke Kern, Lewis H Kuller, Lenore Launer, Oscar Lopez, Fiona E Matthews, Kevin McRae-McKee, Osorio Meirelles, Thomas H Mosley, Matthew P Pase, Bruce M Psaty, Claudia L Satizabal, Sudha Seshadri, Ingmar Skoog, Blossom Cm Stephan, Hanna Wetterberg, Mei Mei Wong, Anna Zettergren, Albert Hofman,

OBJECTIVE:To determine changes in the incidence of dementia between 1988 and 2015. METHODS:This analysis was performed in aggregated data from individuals >65 years in seven population-based cohort studies in the United States and Europe from the Alzheimer Cohort Consortium. First, we calculated age- and sex-specific incidence rates for all-cause dementia, ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Associative memory and in vivo brain pathology in asymptomatic presenilin-1 E280A carriers.

Edmarie Guzmán-Vélez, Jairo Martínez, Kate Papp, Ana Baena, Clara Vila-Castelar, Arabiye Artola, Aaron P Schultz, Yamile Bocanegra, Justin Sanchez, Dorene Rentz, Pierre N Tariot, Eric M Reiman, Reisa Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Francisco Lopera, Yakeel T Quiroz,

OBJECTIVE:To determine whether performance on the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FSCRT) is associated with PET in vivo markers of brain pathology, and whether it can distinguish those who will develop dementia later in life due to autosomal-dominant AD from age-matched controls. METHODS:Twenty-four cognitively-unimpaired Presenilin-1 E280A carriers (mean age: ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Developmental outcomes following vaccine-proximate febrile seizures in children.

Lucy Deng, Nicholas Wood, Kristine Macartney, Michael Gold, Nigel Crawford, Jim Buttery, Peter Richmond, Belinda Barton,

OBJECTIVE:To compare the developmental and behavioral outcomes of children experiencing an initial vaccine-proximate (VP) febrile seizure (FS) to those having a non-VP-FS (NVP-FS) and controls who have not had a seizure. METHODS:In this prospective multicenter cohort study, children with their first FS before 30 months of age between May 2013 ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Clinical characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes of POEMS syndrome: A longitudinal cohort study.

Stephen Keddie, David Foldes, Francisca Caimari, Stephanie E Baldeweg, Joshua Bomsztyk, Oliver J Ziff, Janev Fehmi, Aviva Cerner, Zane Jaunmuktane, Sebastian Brandner, Kwee Yong, Hadi Manji, Aisling Carr, Simon Rinaldi, Mary M Reilly, Shirley D'Sa, Michael P Lunn,

OBJECTIVE:POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin lesions) is a paraneoplastic disorder resulting in severe neurologic disability. Understanding the clinical, laboratory, neurophysiologic, and histopathologic features as well as treatment responses of POEMS will assist in more accurate and timely diagnosis, risk stratification, and effective management. METHODS:This was a ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Teaching Video NeuroImages: Disorder of sweat, tonic pupil and areflexia: Ross syndrome.

Igor de Assis Franco, Rodrigo Andrade da Silva, Rafael Pereira Pinto, Ane Maria Dos Anjos Florinda, Elerson da Silva Peixoto, José Luiz Pedroso, Orlando G Barsottini,

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Reader response: Understanding and addressing gender equity for women in neurology.

Elizabeth W Loder,

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, 95(1):52]

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What's happening in Neurology®.

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, 95(1):27]

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