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Journal Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm

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COVID-19 in MS: Initial observations from the Pacific Northwest.

James D Bowen, Justine Brink, Ted R Brown, Elisabeth B Lucassen, Kyle Smoot, Annette Wundes, Pavle Repovic,

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(5):]

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Brain amyloid in virally suppressed HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder.

Gemma C Howdle, Yann Quidé, Mustafa S Kassem, Kate Johnson, Caroline D Rae, Bruce J Brew, Lucette A Cysique,

OBJECTIVE:To determine whether virally suppressed HIV neuropathogenesis, a chronic neuroinflammatory state, promotes abnormal brain amyloid deposition. METHODS:A total of 10 men with virally suppressed HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND), aged 46-68 years, underwent 11C-labeled Pittsburgh compound B PET. Data from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL), including 39 cognitively normal ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Safety of potential breast milk exposure to IFN-β or glatiramer acetate: One-year infant outcomes.

Andrea Ines Ciplea, Annette Langer-Gould, Anna Stahl, Sandra Thiel, Annette Queisser-Wahrendorf, Ralf Gold, Kerstin Hellwig,

OBJECTIVE:To determine whether potential breast milk exposure to interferon-beta (IFN-β) or glatiramer acetate (GA) is safe for the infant. METHODS:We identified 74 infants born to 69 women with MS who breastfed under IFN-β (n = 39), GA (n = 34), or both (n = 1). Women had been enrolled into ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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COVID-19-related acute necrotizing encephalopathy with brain stem involvement in a patient with aplastic anemia.

Luke Dixon, James Varley, Anastassia Gontsarova, Dermot Mallon, Francesca Tona, David Muir, Asad Luqmani, Ieuan Harri Jenkins, Richard Nicholas, Brynmor Jones, Alex Everitt,

OBJECTIVE:To describe a novel case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-associated acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) in a patient with aplastic anemia where there was early brain stem-predominant involvement. METHODS:Evaluation of cause, clinical symptoms, and treatment response. RESULTS:A 59-year-old woman with a background of transfusion-dependent aplastic anemia presented with seizures and reduced ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(5):]

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COVID-19-White matter and globus pallidum lesions: Demyelination or small-vessel vasculitis?

Gilles Brun, Jean-François Hak, Stéphanie Coze, Elsa Kaphan, Julien Carvelli, Nadine Girard, Jan-Patrick Stellmann,

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Oligodendrocyte ARNT2 expression is altered in models of MS.

Pierre Becquart, Jake Johnston, Carles Vilariño-Güell, Jacqueline A Quandt,

OBJECTIVE:We examined expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator 2 (ARNT2), a basic-loop-helix transcription factor implicated in neuronal development and axonal health, in oligodendrocyte (OL) cultures and over the course of chronic experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the murine model of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS:We assessed OL ARNT2 expression in EAE ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Serum neurofilament light chain and optical coherence tomography measures in MS: A longitudinal study.

Eleonora Tavazzi, Dejan Jakimovski, Jens Kuhle, Jesper Hagemeier, Osman Ozel, Murali Ramanathan, Christian Barro, Niels Bergsland, Davorka Tomic, Harald Kropshofer, David Leppert, Zuzanna Michalak, Norah Lincoff, Michael G Dwyer, Ralph H B Benedict, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Robert Zivadinov,

OBJECTIVE:To study the association between serum neurofilament light chain (sNfL) and multiple optical coherence tomography (OCT) measures in patients with MS and healthy controls (HCs). METHODS:In this prospective study, 110 patients with MS were recruited, together with 52 age- and sex-matched HCs. Clinical evaluation and spectral domain OCT and sNfL ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Sequential interleukin 2 and pembrolizumab use in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.

Christoph Mahler, Michael Andrews, Sian M Henson, Sharmilee Gnanapavan,

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Neurosarcoidosis: Longitudinal experience in a single-center, academic healthcare system.

Jennifer Lord, M Mateo Paz Soldan, Jonathan Galli, Karen L Salzman, Jacob Kresser, Rae Bacharach, L Dana DeWitt, Julia Klein, John Rose, John Greenlee, Stacey L Clardy,

OBJECTIVE:To characterize patients with neurosarcoidosis within the University of Utah healthcare system, including demographics, clinical characteristics, treatment, and long-term outcomes. METHODS:We describe the clinical features and outcomes of patients with neurosarcoidosis within the University of Utah healthcare system (a large referral center for 10% of the continental United States by ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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COVID-19 and MS disease-modifying therapies.

Joseph R Berger, Rachel Brandstadter, Amit Bar-Or,

OBJECTIVE:To address concerns regarding the effect of MS disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) on the expression of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS:Review of the current state of knowledge regarding the viral etiology of COVID-19, mechanisms of injury by SARS-CoV-2 infection, and the effect of individual DMTs on the risk of infection and COVID-19 ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Serum neurofilament light chain is a useful biomarker in pediatric multiple sclerosis.

Marie-Christine Reinert, Pascal Benkert, Jens Wuerfel, Zuzanna Michalak, Esther Ruberte, Christian Barro, Peter Huppke, Wiebke Stark, Harald Kropshofer, Davorka Tomic, David Leppert, Jens Kuhle, Wolfgang Brück, Jutta Gärtner,

OBJECTIVE:To investigate serum neurofilament light chain (sNfL) as a potential biomarker for disease activity and treatment response in pediatric patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS:In this retrospective cohort study, sNfL levels were measured in a pediatric MS cohort (n = 55, follow-up 12-105 months) and in a non-neurologic pediatric control ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor-associated myositis.

Akinori Uruha, Stefan Kliesch, Simone Schmid, Carsten Dittmayer, Hans-Hilmar Goebel, Alexander Dressel, Werner Stenzel, Robert Handreka,

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Analysis of soluble interleukin-2 receptor as CSF biomarker for neurosarcoidosis.

Carolin Otto, Oliver Wengert, Nadine Unterwalder, Christian Meisel, Klemens Ruprecht,

OBJECTIVE:To systematically analyze soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) in CSF as a diagnostic and disease activity biomarker in patients with sarcoidosis involving the CNS (neurosarcoidosis). METHODS:sIL-2R was determined by chemiluminescent immunoassays in CSF/serum samples from patients with neurosarcoidosis (n = 23), MS (n = 19), neurotuberculosis (n = 8), viral (n ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Single-cell RNA-seq analysis of human CSF microglia and myeloid cells in neuroinflammation.

Ekaterina Esaulova, Claudia Cantoni, Irina Shchukina, Konstantin Zaitsev, Robert C Bucelli, Gregory F Wu, Maxim N Artyomov, Anne H Cross, Brian T Edelson,

OBJECTIVE:To identify and characterize myeloid cell populations within the CSF of patients with MS and anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) disorder by high-resolution single-cell gene expression analysis. METHODS:Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) was used to profile individual cells of CSF and blood from 2 subjects with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and one with ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Monoclonal antibody treatment during pregnancy and/or lactation in women with MS or neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder.

Andrea Ines Ciplea, Annette Langer-Gould, Annick de Vries, Tiny Schaap, Sandra Thiel, Marius Ringelstein, Ralf Gold, Kerstin Hellwig,

OBJECTIVE:To assess possible adverse effects on breastfed infants of mothers receiving monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) during pregnancy and/or lactation. METHODS:We identified 23 patients from the German Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy Registry (DMSKW) who received MAbs (17 natalizumab and 6 anti-CD20) during lactation. Thirteen were already exposed to natalizumab during the third ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Clinical and imaging features of children with autoimmune encephalitis and MOG antibodies.

Andreas Wegener-Panzer, Robert Cleaveland, Eva-Maria Wendel, Matthias Baumann, Annikki Bertolini, Martin Häusler, Ellen Knierim, Edith Reiter-Fink, Markus Breu, Özcan Sönmez, Adela Della Marina, Renate Peters, Christian Lechner, Martin Piepkorn, Claudia Roll, Romana Höftberger, Frank Leypoldt, Markus Reindl, Kevin Rostásy,

OBJECTIVE:To describe the presentations, radiologic features, and outcomes of children with autoimmune encephalitis associated with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG abs). METHODS:Identification of children fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for possible autoimmune encephalitis (AE) and testing positive for serum MOG abs. Chart review and comprehensive analysis of serum MOG abs using ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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COVID-19 infection in a patient with multiple sclerosis treated with fingolimod.

Mahdi Barzegar, Omid Mirmosayyeb, Nasim Nehzat, Reza Sarrafi, Farzin Khorvash, Amir-Hadi Maghzi, Vahid Shaygannejad,

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Single-cycle rituximab-induced immunologic changes in children: Enhanced in neuroimmunologic disease?

Angela Deyà-Martínez, Yadira Gordón, Cristina Molina-Anguita, Alexandru Vlagea, Monica Piquer, Manel Juan, Ana Esteve-Solé, Jordi Antón, Álvaro Madrid, Ana García-García, Ana M Plaza, Thaís Armangue, Laia Alsina,

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the immunologic impact of a single cycle of rituximab (RTX) in children and adolescents with immune-mediated disorders, we evaluated B cells and immunoglobulin levels of 20 patients with neuroimmunologic, nephrologic, dermatologic, and rheumatologic disorders treated under recommended guidelines. METHODS:Retrospective study of immunologic changes in children (aged ≤18 years) ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Guillain-Barré syndrome related to COVID-19 infection.

Paola Alberti, Simone Beretta, Marco Piatti, Aristotelis Karantzoulis, Maria Luisa Piatti, Patrizia Santoro, Martina Viganò, Ginevra Giovannelli, Fiammetta Pirro, Danilo Antonio Montisano, Ildebrando Appollonio, Carlo Ferrarese,

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Dimethyl fumarate suppresses granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor-producing Th1 cells in CNS neuroinflammation.

Farinaz Safavi, Rodolfo Thome, Zichen Li, Guang-Xian Zhang, Abdolmohamad Rostami,

OBJECTIVE:To study the immunomodulatory effect of dimethyl fumarate (DF) on granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) production in CD4+ T cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). METHODS:We collected splenocytes and CD4+ T cells from C57BL/6 wild-type and interferon (IFN)-γ-deficient mice. For human PBMCs, venous ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Risk of MS relapse after yellow fever vaccination: A self-controlled case series.

Angela Huttner, Gilles Eperon, Agustina M Lascano, Serge Roth, Jean-Marc Schwob, Claire-Anne Siegrist, Patrice H Lalive,

OBJECTIVE:To determine whether live-attenuated yellow fever vaccine (YFV) was associated with MS relapse, we evaluated the clinical courses of 23 patients in the year before and the year after immunization at the university hospital of Geneva, Switzerland. METHODS:This self-controlled retrospective cohort included adult patients with MS receiving YFV between 2014 ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Rituximab, MS, and pregnancy.

Jessica B Smith, Kerstin Hellwig, Katharina Fink, Deirdre J Lyell, Fredrik Piehl, Annette Langer-Gould,

OBJECTIVE:To describe the safety and efficacy of rituximab (RTX) in MS and pregnancy, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 74 pregnancies among 55 women treated with RTX for MS and their offspring. METHODS:We used prospectively collected information from the electronic health record at Kaiser Permanente Southern California between 2012 ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Is APOE ε4 associated with cognitive performance in early MS?

Sinah Engel, Christiane Graetz, Anke Salmen, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Gerrit Toenges, Björn Ambrosius, Antonios Bayas, Achim Berthele, Christoph Heesen, Luisa Klotz, Tania Kümpfel, Ralf A Linker, Sven G Meuth, Friedemann Paul, Martin Stangel, Björn Tackenberg, Florian Then Bergh, Hayrettin Tumani, Frank Weber, Brigitte Wildemann, Uwe K Zettl, Gisela Antony, Stefan Bittner, Sergiu Groppa, Bernhard Hemmer, Heinz Wiendl, Ralf Gold, Frauke Zipp, Christina M Lill, Felix Luessi, ,

OBJECTIVE:To assess the impact of APOE polymorphisms on cognitive performance in patients newly diagnosed with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) or relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). METHODS:This multicenter cohort study included 552 untreated patients recently diagnosed with CIS or RRMS according to the 2005 revised McDonald criteria. The single nucleotide polymorphisms rs429358 (ε4) ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Clinical and MRI phenotypes of sarcoidosis-associated myelopathy.

Olwen C Murphy, Andrea Salazar-Camelo, Jorge A Jimenez, Paula Barreras, Maria I Reyes, Maria A Garcia, David R Moller, Edward S Chen, Carlos A Pardo,

OBJECTIVE:To determine the characteristic clinical and spinal MRI phenotypes of sarcoidosis-associated myelopathy (SAM), we analyzed a large cohort of patients with this disorder. METHODS:Patients diagnosed with SAM at a single center between 2000 and 2018 who met the established criteria for definite and probable neurosarcoidosis were included in a retrospective ... Read more >>

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Neurologic syndromes related to anti-GAD65: Clinical and serologic response to treatment.

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm (Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation)
[2020, 7(4):]

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