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Journal Neural Regen Res

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Knocking down TRPM2 expression reduces cell injury and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in PC12 cells subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation.

Tao Pan, Qiu-Jiao Zhu, Li-Xiao Xu, Xin Ding, Jian-Qin Li, Bin Sun, Jun Hua, Xing Feng,

Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is an important ion channel that represents a potential target for treating injury caused by cerebral ischemia. However, it is unclear whether reducing TRPM2 expression can help repair cerebral injury, and if so what the mechanism underlying this process involves. This study investigated the ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2154-2161]

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Intraoperative single administration of neutrophil peptide 1 accelerates the early functional recovery of peripheral nerves after crush injury.

Yu-Song Yuan, Su-Ping Niu, Fei Yu, Ya-Jun Zhang, Na Han, Hao Lu, Xiao-Feng Yin, Hai-Lin Xu, Yu-Hui Kou,

Neutrophil peptide 1 belongs to a family of peptides involved in innate immunity. Continuous intramuscular injection of neutrophil peptide 1 can promote the regeneration of peripheral nerves, but clinical application in this manner is not convenient. To this end, the effects of a single intraoperative administration of neutrophil peptide 1 ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2108-2115]

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Aquatic exercise program-modulated oxidative stress markers in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Caroline Dani, Isabel Teixeira Proença, Jessica Marinho, Pâmela Peccin, Ivy Reichert Vital da Silva, Simone Nique, Vera Striebel, Daniela Pochmann, Viviane Rostirola Elsner,

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease. Oxidative stress, i.e., the imbalance between the generation of reactive oxygen species and the antioxidant defense capacity of the body, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of this disease. Physical exercise can regulate oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to analyze ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2067-2072]

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Using single cell transcriptomics to study the complexity of human retina.

Daniel Urrutia-Cabrera, Raymond Ching-Bong Wong,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2045-2046]

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Regulation of β2-adrenoceptors in brain glia: implications for neuroinflammatory and degenerative disorders.

Karen M Ryan, Andrew Harkin,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2035-2036]

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Reliable cell purification and determination of cell purity: crucial aspects of olfactory ensheathing cell transplantation for spinal cord repair.

Ronak Reshamwala, Megha Shah, Lucy Belt, Jenny A K Ekberg, James A St John,

Transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells, the glia of the primary olfactory nervous system, has been trialed for spinal cord injury repair with promising but variable outcomes in animals and humans. Olfactory ensheathing cells can be harvested either from the lamina propria beneath the neuroepithelium in the nasal cavity, or from ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2016-2026]

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Could non-invasive brain-stimulation prevent neuronal degeneration upon ion channel re-distribution and ion accumulation after demyelination?

Friederike Pfeiffer, Alia Benali,

Fast and efficient transmission of electrical signals in the nervous system is mediated through myelinated nerve fibers. In neuronal diseases such as multiple sclerosis, the conduction properties of axons are disturbed by the removal of the myelin sheath, leaving nerve cells at a higher risk of degenerating. In some cases, ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):1977-1980]

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Neuroprotective mechanisms of ε-viniferin in a rotenone-induced cell model of Parkinson's disease: significance of SIRT3-mediated FOXO3 deacetylation.

Shuo Zhang, Yan Ma, Juan Feng,

Trans-(-)-ε-viniferin (ε-viniferin) has antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. It also has neuroprotective effects in Huntington's disease by activating the SIRT3/LKB1/AMPK signaling pathway; however, it remains unknown whether ε-viniferin also has a neuroprotective role in Parkinson's disease. A Parkinson's disease cell model was induced by exposing SH-SY5Y cells to 3.0 μM rotenone ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2143-2153]

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Human equivalent dose of oral 4-aminopyridine differentiates nerve crush injury from transection injury and improves post-injury function in mice.

Chia George Hsu, M A Hassan Talukder, Li Yue, Loel C Turpin, Mark Noble, John C Elfar,

4-Aminopyridine (4-AP), an FDA-approved drug for the symptomatic treatment of multiple sclerosis, is used to improve neuromuscular function in patients with diverse demyelinating disorders. We recently demonstrated that local, transdermal or injectable forms of 4-AP improve myelination, nerve conduction velocity, muscle atrophy, and motor function after traumatic peripheral nerve injury ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2098-2107]

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Injury of the dentatorubrothalamic tract in patients with post-traumatic tremor following mild traumatic brain injury: a case-control study.

Sung Ho Jang, Han Do Lee,

Post-traumatic movement disorder is one of the sequelae of traumatic brain injury. The dentatorubrothalamic tract (DRTT) is reported to be involved in the control of movement. Therefore, injury of the DRTT can be accompanied by abnormal movements, including ataxia, tremor, or dystonia. We investigated DRTT injuries in 27 patients who ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2063-2066]

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Dermic-derived fibroblasts for the study of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Javier Riancho, Sara Arozamena, Adolfo López de Munaín,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2043-2044]

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Synaptic receptors for low pH in extracellular space: metabotropic receptors are an underestimated factor in stroke.

Sergei V Fedorovich, Tatsiana G Dubouskaya, Tatsiana V Waseem,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2033-2034]

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Neuroprotection mediated by natural products and their chemical derivatives.

Fei Fei, Ning Su, Xia Li, Zhou Fei,

Neuronal injuries can lead to various diseases such as neurodegenerative diseases, stroke, trauma, ischemia and, more specifically, glaucoma and optic neuritis. The cellular mechanisms that regulate neuronal death include calcium influx and calcium overload, excitatory amino acid release, oxidative stress, inflammation and microglial activation. Much attention has been paid to ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2008-2015]

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The role of the TrkB-T1 receptor in the neurotrophin-4/5 antagonism of brain-derived neurotrophic factor on corticostriatal synaptic transmission.

Elizabeth Hernandez-Echeagaray,

This manuscript reviews the function and fundamental characteristics of the neurotrophins and their receptors to introduce the reader to the differential effects exhibited by the neurotrophins; brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin 4/5 when acted together after sequential presentation. The neurotrophin 4/5 exhibits an inhibitory action on the modulatory effect of ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):1973-1976]

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Amyloid-beta peptide neurotoxicity in human neuronal cells is associated with modulation of insulin-like growth factor transport, lysosomal machinery and extracellular matrix receptor interactions.

Liting Deng, Paul A Haynes, Yunqi Wu, Ardeshir Amirkhani, Karthik Shantharam Kamath, Jemma X Wu, Kanishka Pushpitha, Veer Gupta, Stuart Graham, Vivek K Gupta, Mehdi Mirzaei,

Extracellular deposits of the amyloid-beta peptide (Aβ) are known as the main pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. In Alzheimer's disease, neurons are injured and die throughout the brain, a process in which Aβ neurotoxicity is considered to play an important role. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying Aβ toxicity that lead ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2131-2142]

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Research hotspots and effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in stroke rehabilitation.

Ai-Hua Xu, Yong-Xin Sun,

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, as a relatively new type of rehabilitation treatment, is a painless and non-invasive method for altering brain excitability. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation has been widely used in the neurorehabilitation of stroke patients. Here, we used CiteSpace software to visually analyze 315 studies concerning repetitive transcranial magnetic ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2089-2097]

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Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor promotes the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells in hypoxic environments.

Chao-Qun Lin, Lu-Kui Chen,

Previous research found that cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor (CDNF) has a protective effect on brain dopaminergic neurons, and CDNF is regarded as a promising therapeutic agent for neurodegenerative diseases. However, the effects of CDNF on the proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs), which are very sensitive to ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2057-2062]

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How can proton pump inhibitors damage central and peripheral nervous systems?

Tigran Makunts, Ruben Abagyan,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2041-2042]

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Tunneling nanotubes and actin cytoskeleton dynamics in glaucoma.

Kate E Keller,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2031-2032]

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Should mast cells be considered therapeutic targets in multiple sclerosis?

Karen Henriette Pinke, Sofia Fernanda Gonçalves Zorzella-Pezavento, Vanessa Soares Lara, Alexandrina Sartori,

Mast cells are immune cells of the myeloid lineage that are found throughout the body, including the central nervous system. They perform many functions associated with innate and specific immunity, angiogenesis, and vascular homeostasis. Moreover, they have been implicated in a series of pathologies (e.g., hypersensitivity reactions, tumors, and inflammatory ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):1995-2007]

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Muscovite nanoparticles mitigate neuropathic pain by modulating the inflammatory response and neuroglial activation in the spinal cord.

Ju-Young Oh, Tae-Yeon Hwang, Jae-Hwan Jang, Ji-Yeun Park, Yeonhee Ryu, HyeJung Lee, Hi-Joon Park,

Despite numerous efforts to overcome neuropathic pain, various pharmacological drugs often fail to meet the needs and have many side effects. Muscovite is an aluminosilicate mineral that has been reported to have an anti-inflammatory effect, but the efficacy of muscovite for neuropathic pain has not been investigated. Here, we assessed ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2162-2168]

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MicroRNA regulatory pattern in spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Zhi-Gang Liu, Yin Li, Jian-Hang Jiao, Hao Long, Zhuo-Yuan Xin, Xiao-Yu Yang,

After spinal cord injury, dysregulated miRNAs appear and can participate in inflammatory responses, as well as the inhibition of apoptosis and axon regeneration through multiple pathways. However, the functions of miRNAs in spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury progression remain unclear. miRCURY LNATM Arrays were used to analyze miRNA expression profiles of ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2123-2130]

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Effects of mild intrauterine hypoperfusion in the second trimester on memory and learning function in rat offspring.

Shao-Wei Yin, Yuan Wang, Yi-Lin Meng, Cai-Xia Liu,

Mild intrauterine hypoperfusion (MIUH) is a serious pathological event that affects the growth and development of fetuses and offspring. MIUH can lead to growth restriction, low birth weight, neurodevelopmental disorders, and other adverse clinical outcomes. To study the effects of MIUH on learning and memory function in offspring, a model ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2082-2088]

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Corrigendum: Target inhibition of caspase-8 alleviates brain damage after subarachnoid hemorrhage.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/1673-5374.272613]. ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2056]

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Perspectives on mild cognitive impairment as a precursor of Alzheimer's disease.

Rosamaria Fiorini, Simona Luzzi, Arianna Vignini,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(11):2039-2040]

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