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Journal Molecules

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Beneficial Effects of Laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) and Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) Extract on Rat Health.

Marija Berendika, Sandra Domjanić Drozdek, Dyana Odeh, Nada Oršolić, Petar Dragičević, Marijana Sokolović, Ivona Elez Garofulić, Domagoj Đikić, Irena Landeka Jurčević,

Polyphenols of Laurel and Myrtle exhibit structural diversity, which affects bioavailability, metabolism, and bioactivity. The gut microbiota plays a key role in modulating the production, bioavailability and, thus the biological activities of phenolic metabolites, particularly after the intake of food containing high-molecular-weight polyphenols. The aim of this study was to ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Evaluation of Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties of Low Molecular Weight Chitosan Extracted from Hermetia illucens Relative to Crab Chitosan.

Adelya Khayrova, Sergey Lopatin, Balzhima Shagdarova, Olga Sinitsyna, Arkady Sinitsyn, Valery Varlamov,

This study shows the research on the depolymerisation of insect and crab chitosans using novel enzymes. Enzyme preparations containing recombinant chitinase Chi 418 from <i>Trichoderma harzianum</i>, chitinase Chi 403, and chitosanase Chi 402 from <i>Myceliophthora thermophila</i>, all belonging to the family GH18 of glycosyl hydrolases, were used to depolymerise a ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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The Improved Milk Quality and Enhanced Anti-Inflammatory Effect in Acetylserotonin-O-methyltransferase (ASMT) Overexpressed Goats: An Association with the Elevated Endogenous Melatonin Production.

Hao Wu, Xudai Cui, Shengyu Guan, Guangdong Li, Yujun Yao, Haixin Wu, Jinlong Zhang, Xiaosheng Zhang, Tuan Yu, Yunxiang Li, Zhengxing Lian, Lu Zhang, Guoshi Liu,

<h4>Background</h4>Transgenic animal production is an important means of livestock breeding and can be used to model pharmaceutical applications.<h4>Methods</h4>In this study, to explore the biological activity of endogenously produced melatonin, Acetylserotonin-O-methyltransferase (<i>ASMT</i>)-overexpressed melatonin-enriched dairy goats were successfully generated through the use of pBC1-ASMT expression vector construction and prokaryotic embryo microinjection.<h4>Results</h4>These transgenic ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Diversity of Volatile Compounds in Ten Varieties of Zingiberaceae.

Weiyao Peng, Ping Li, Ruimei Ling, Zhenzhen Wang, Xianhui Feng, Ju Liu, Quan Yang, Jian Yan,

Zingiberaceae plants are distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, being used in many famous medicinal materials. Meanwhile, some Zingiberaceae plants are important horticultural flowers because they are green all year round and have special aromas. To conduct an extensive investigation of the resources of Zingiberaceae plants, ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Green Synthesis of Indeno[1,2-b]quinoxalines Using β-Cyclodextrin as Catalyst.

Li-Guo Liao, Meng-Meng Song, Jun-Feng Feng, Min Tan, Fan Liu, Zhen-Jiang Qiu, Sheng Zhang, Bang-Jing Li,

An efficient, mild, and green method was developed for the synthesis of indeno[1,2-b]quinoxaline derivatives via o-phenylenediamine (OPD) and 2-indanone derivatives utilizing <i>β</i>-cyclodextrin (<i>β</i>-CD) as the supramolecular catalyst. The reaction can be carried out in water and in a solid state at room temperature. <i>β</i>-CD can also catalyze the reaction of ... Read more >>

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In Vitro Evaluation of the Cytotoxic Effect of Streptococcus pyogenes Strains, Protegrin PG-1, Cathelicidin LL-37, Nerve Growth Factor and Chemotherapy on the C6 Glioma Cell Line.

Alexandr N Chernov, Anna Tsapieva, Diana A Alaverdian, Tatiana A Filatenkova, Elvira S Galimova, Mariia Suvorova, Olga V Shamova, Alexander N Suvorov,

Brain cancer treatment, where glioblastoma represents up to 50% of all CNS malignancies, is one of the most challenging calls for neurooncologists. The major driver of this study was a search for new approaches for the treatment of glioblastoma. We tested live <i>S. pyogenes</i>, cathelicidin family peptides and NGF, assessing ... Read more >>

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Approach for the Design of Covalent Protein Kinase Inhibitors via Focused Deep Generative Modeling.

Atsushi Yoshimori, Filip Miljković, Jürgen Bajorath,

Deep machine learning is expanding the conceptual framework and capacity of computational compound design, enabling new applications through generative modeling. We have explored the systematic design of covalent protein kinase inhibitors by learning from kinome-relevant chemical space, followed by focusing on an exemplary kinase of interest. Covalent inhibitors experience a ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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An Electrically and Thermally Erasable Liquid Crystal Film Containing NIR Absorbent Carbon Nanotube.

Zongcheng Miao, Dong Wang,

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) coated by a poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) layer were doped in bistable cholesteric liquid crystal (ChLC) film to provide electric, thermal, or optical erasability controllable films. The CNT/PVP formed a compatible NIR-absorbing film that can generate heat to switch ChLC film from a planar texture to a focal conic ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Family Tree for Aqueous Organic Redox Couples for Redox Flow Battery Electrolytes: A Conceptual Review.

Peter Fischer, Petr Mazúr, Joanna Krakowiak,

Redox flow batteries (RFBs) are an increasingly attractive option for renewable energy storage, thus providing flexibility for the supply of electrical energy. In recent years, research in this type of battery storage has been shifted from metal-ion based electrolytes to soluble organic redox-active compounds. Aqueous-based organic electrolytes are considered as ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Exploring the Immune-Boosting Functions of Vitamins and Minerals as Nutritional Food Bioactive Compounds: A Comprehensive Review.

Saikat Mitra, Shyamjit Paul, Sumon Roy, Hriday Sutradhar, Talha Bin Emran, Firzan Nainu, Mayeen Uddin Khandaker, Mohammed Almalki, Polrat Wilairatana, Mohammad S Mubarak,

Food components have long been recognized to play a fundamental role in the growth and development of the human body, conferring protective functionalities against foreign matter that can be severe public health problems. Micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals are essential to the human body, and individuals must meet their ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Biological Potentials and Phytochemical Constituents of Raw and Roasted Nigella arvensis and Nigella sativa.

Hussah Abdullah Alshwyeh, Sahar Khamees Aldosary, Muna Abdulsalam Ilowefah, Raheem Shahzad, Adeeb Shehzad, Saqib Bilal, In-Jung Lee, Jannah Ahmed Al Mater, Fatima Najf Al-Shakhoari, Waad Abdulrahman Alqahtani, Nurkhalida Kamal, Ahmed Mediani,

<i>Nigella</i> species are widely used to cure various ailments. Their health benefits, particularly from the seed oils, could be attributed to the presence of a variety of bioactive components. Roasting is a critical process that has historically been used to facilitate oil extraction and enhance flavor; it may also alter ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Structures of Dimer-of-Dimers Type Defect Cubane Tetranuclear Copper(II) Complexes with Novel Dinucleating Ligands.

Ryusei Hoshikawa, Ryoji Mitsuhashi, Eiji Asato, Jianqiang Liu, Hiroshi Sakiyama,

Only a limited number of multinucleating ligands can stably maintain multinuclear metal structures in aqueous solutions. In this study, a water-soluble dinucleating ligand, 2,6-bis{[<i>N</i>-(carboxylatomethyl)-<i>N</i>-methyl-amino]methyl}-4-methylphenolate ((<i>sym</i>-cmp)<sup>3-</sup>), was prepared and its copper(II) complexes were structurally characterized. Using the single-crystal X-ray diffraction method, their dimer-of-dimers type defect cubane tetranuclear copper(II) structures were characterized ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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A Surfactant Enables Efficient Membrane Spanning by Non-Aggregating DNA-Based Ion Channels.

Diana Morzy, Michael Schaich, Ulrich F Keyser,

DNA nanotechnology makes use of hydrophobically modified constructs to create synthetic membrane protein mimics. However, nucleic acid structures exhibit poor insertion efficiency, leading to a low activity of membrane-spanning DNA protein mimics. It is suggested that non-ionic surfactants improve insertion efficiency, partly by disrupting hydrophobicity-mediated clusters. Here, we employed confocal ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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The Nutritional and Antioxidant Potential of Artisanal and Industrial Apple Vinegars and Their Ability to Inhibit Key Enzymes Related to Type 2 Diabetes In Vitro.

Driss Ousaaid, Hassan Laaroussi, Hamza Mechchate, Meryem Bakour, Asmae El Ghouizi, Ramzi A Mothana, Omar Noman, Imane Es-Safi, Badiaa Lyoussi, Ilham El Arabi,

The main objective of the current study was to determine the physicochemical properties, antioxidant activities, and α-glucosidase and α-amylase inhibition of apple vinegar produced by artisanal and industrial methods. Apple vinegar samples were analyzed to identify their electrical conductivity, pH, titratable acidity, total dry matter, Brix, density, mineral elements, polyphenols, ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Upgrading the Nutritional Value of PKC Using a Bacillus subtilis Derived Monocomponent β-Mannanase.

Luis-Miguel Gomez-Osorio, Janni Ulnits Nielsen, Helle Jakobe Martens, Reinhard Wimmer,

Palm kernel cake (PKC) is an abundant side stream that can only be added to non-ruminant feed in small concentrations due to its content of antinutritional factors, mainly galactomannan, which cannot be digested by non-ruminants. β-mannanases can be added to partially hydrolyze galactomannan to form mannose oligosaccharides, which are known ... Read more >>

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Musa sp. Leaves Extract Ameliorates the Hepato-Renal Toxicities Induced by Cadmium in Mice.

Karim Samy El-Said, Shaimaa Hussein, Barakat M Alrashdi, Heba A Mahmoud, Mahrous A Ibrahim, Mohamed Elbakry, Hala El-Tantawy, Doaa Ibrahim Kabil, Sabry A El-Naggar,

Heavy metals intoxication causes several health problems that necessitate finding new protective and therapeutic approaches. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of <i>Musa</i> sp. leaves extract (MLE) on hepato-renal toxicities induced by cadmium (Cd) in male mice. The phytochemical screening, metal chelating activity (MCA), and the median lethal dose ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Discovery of Potential Antiviral Compounds against Hendra Virus by Targeting Its Receptor-Binding Protein (G) Using Computational Approaches.

Faisal Ahmad, Aqel Albutti, Muhammad Hamza Tariq, Ghufranud Din, Muhammad Tahir Ul Qamar, Sajjad Ahmad,

Hendra virus (HeV) belongs to the paramyxoviridae family of viruses which is associated with the respiratory distress, neurological illness, and potential fatality of the affected individuals. So far, no competitive approved therapeutic substance is available for HeV. For that reason, the current research work was conducted to propose some novel ... Read more >>

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Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (BRSV) Infection Detected in Exhaled Breath Condensate of Dairy Calves by Near-Infrared Aquaphotomics.

Mariana Santos-Rivera, Amelia R Woolums, Merrilee Thoresen, Florencia Meyer, Carrie K Vance,

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is a major contributor to respiratory disease in cattle worldwide. Traditionally, BRSV infection is detected based on non-specific clinical signs, followed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the results of which can take days to obtain. Near-infrared aquaphotomics evaluation based on biochemical information from biofluids ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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A Ferrofluid with Surface Modified Nanoparticles for Magnetic Hyperthermia and High ROS Production.

Oscar Cervantes, Zaira Del Rocio Lopez, Norberto Casillas, Peter Knauth, Nayeli Checa, Francisco Apolinar Cholico, Rodolfo Hernandez-Gutiérrez, Luis Hector Quintero, Jose Avila Paz, Mario Eduardo Cano,

A ferrofluid with 1,2-Benzenediol-coated iron oxide nanoparticles was synthesized and physicochemically analyzed. This colloidal system was prepared following the typical co-precipitation method, and superparamagnetic nanoparticles of 13.5 nm average diameter, 34 emu/g of magnetic saturation, and 285 K of blocking temperature were obtained. Additionally, the zeta potential showed a suitable ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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The Physicochemical, Microbiological, and Structural Changes in Beef Are Dependent on the Ultrasound System, Time, and One-Side Exposition.

Luis M Carrillo-Lopez, Bianka Y Cruz-Garibaldi, Mariana Huerta-Jimenez, Ivan A Garcia-Galicia, Alma D Alarcon-Rojo,

The effect of high-intensity ultrasound (HIU) system (bath, 37 kHz and 90 W/cm<sup>2</sup>; or probe, 24 kHz and 400 W) and application time (25 or 50 min, one-side exposition) on the properties of bovine <i>Longissimus lumborum</i> after 7 d of storage at 4 °C was studied. The bath system significantly ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Targeted Synthesis of 3,3'-, 3,4'- and 3,6'-Phenylpropanoid Sucrose Esters.

Wong Pooi Wen Kathy, Li Lin Ong, Surabhi Devaraj, Duc Thinh Khong, Zaher M A Judeh,

In this study, we report on an orthogonal strategy for the precise synthesis of 3,3'-, 3,4'-, and 3,6'-phenylpropanoid sucrose esters (PSEs). The strategy relies on carefully selected protecting groups and deprotecting agents, taking into consideration the reactivity of the four free hydroxyl groups of the key starting material: di-isopropylidene sucrose ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Spatiotemporal Distribution and Analysis of Organophosphate Flame Retardants in the Environmental Systems: A Review.

Sinozuko Hope Bika, Abiodun Olagoke Adeniji, Anthony Ifeanyi Okoh, Omobola Oluranti Okoh,

In recent times, there has been a cumulative apprehension regarding organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) owing to their high manufacturing and usage after brominated flame retardants were strictly regulated and banned from being distributed and used in many countries. OPFRs are known as the main organic pollutants in the terrestrial and ... Read more >>

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Chemical Composition and Insecticidal Activities of Essential Oils against the Pulse Beetle.

C S Jayaram, Nandita Chauhan, Shudh Kirti Dolma, S G Eswara Reddy,

Pulse beetles, <i>Callosobruchus chinensis</i> and <i>Callosobruchus maculatus</i>, are essential pests of cowpea, gram, soybean and pulses. Application of synthetic insecticides against the pulse beetle has led to insect resistance; insecticide residues on grains affect human health and the environment. Essential oils (EOs) are the best alternatives to synthetics due to ... Read more >>

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Nucleotide Analogues Bearing a C2' or C3'-Stereogenic All-Carbon Quaternary Center as SARS-CoV-2 RdRp Inhibitors.

Amarender Manchoju, Renaud Zelli, Gang Wang, Carla Eymard, Adrian Oo, Mona Nemer, Michel Prévost, Baek Kim, Yvan Guindon,

The design of novel nucleoside triphosphate (NTP) analogues bearing an all-carbon quaternary center at C2' or C3' is described. The construction of this all-carbon stereogenic center involves the use of an intramoleculer photoredox-catalyzed reaction. The nucleoside analogues (NA) hydroxyl functional group at C2' was generated by diastereoselective epoxidation. In addition, ... Read more >>

Molecules (Molecules (Basel, Switzerland))
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Separation of Rare-Earth Elements from Nitrate Solutions by Solvent Extraction Using Mixtures of Methyltri-n-octylammonium Nitrate and Tri-n-butyl Phosphate.

Sergei I Stepanov, Nguyen Thi Yen Hoa, Ekaterina V Boyarintseva, Alexander V Boyarintsev, Galina V Kostikova, Aslan Yu Tsivadze,

The article presents data on the solvent extraction separation of rare-earth elements (REEs), such as La(III), Ce(III), Pr(III), and Nd(III), using synergic mixtures of methyltrioctylammonium nitrate (TOMANO<sub>3</sub>) with tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) from weakly acidic nitrate solutions. Specifically, experimental results on separation of REEs, for the pair Ce(III)/Pr(III) for quaternary mixtures ... Read more >>

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