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Exercise-induced Bronchodilation Equalizes Exercise Ventilatory Mechanics despite Variable Baseline Airway Function in Asthma.

Matthew J Rossman, Greg Petrics, Andrew Klansky, Kasie Craig, Charles G Irvin, Hans Christian Haverkamp,

<h4>Purpose</h4>We quantified the magnitude of exercise-induced bronchodilation in adult asthmatics under conditions of narrowed and dilated airways. We then assessed the effect of the bronchodilation on ventilatory capacity and the extent of ventilatory limitation during exercise.<h4>Methods</h4>Eleven asthmatics completed three exercise bouts on a cycle ergometer. Exercise was preceded by no ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):258-266]

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Time Trends in Physical Activity Using Wearable Devices: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Studies from 1995 to 2017.

Scott A Conger, Lindsay P Toth, Channie Cretsinger, Anders Raustorp, Josef Mitáš, Shigeru Inoue, David R Bassett,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Conflicting evidence exists on whether physical activity (PA) levels of humans have changed over the last quarter-century. The main objective of this study was to determine if there is evidence of time trends in PA, from cross-sectional studies that assessed PA at different time points using wearable devices (e.g., pedometers ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):288-298]

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Factors Associated with the Willingness to Perform a Physical Employment Standard in Probation Officers.

Hayden K Giuliani-Dewig, Zachary Y Kerr, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Jacob A Mota, Eric D Ryan,

<h4>Purpose</h4>This study examined worker characteristics and behaviors and the perceived importance of job-related tasks associated with the willingness to perform a proposed probation officer physical ability test (PROPAT).<h4>Methods</h4>North Carolina probation officers (N = 1213, 46.2% female, 39.8 ± 10.1 yr, 30.7 ± 6.6 kg·m-2) completed a survey including demographics, health ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):330-336]

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Effects of Exercise-induced Hypoalgesia and Its Neural Mechanisms.

Bao Wu, Lili Zhou, Changcheng Chen, Juan Wang, L I Hu, Xueqiang Wang,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Exercise-induced hypoalgesia is frequently documented in the literature. However, the underlying neural mechanism of this phenomenon remains unclear. Here, we explored the effects of different intensities of isometric exercise on pain perception with a randomized controlled design and investigated its neural mechanisms through tracing the dynamic changes of heat-evoked brain ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):220-231]

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Complications in Orthopaedics: Sports Medicine.

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):369]

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Resistance Training Load Effects on Muscle Hypertrophy and Strength Gain: Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis-Corrigendum.

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):370]

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Screening Hamstring Injury Risk Factors Multiple Times in a Season Does Not Improve the Identification of Future Injury Risk.

David A Opar, Joshua D Ruddy, Morgan D Williams, Nirav Maniar, Jack T Hickey, Matthew N Bourne, Tania Pizzari, Ryan G Timmins,

<h4>Purpose</h4>To determine if eccentric knee flexor strength and biceps femoris long head (BFlh) fascicle length were associated with prospective hamstring strain injury (HSI) in professional Australian Football players, and if more frequent assessments of these variables altered the association with injury risk.<h4>Methods</h4>Across two competitive seasons, 311 Australian Football players (455 ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):321-329]

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Ultrasound-guided Procedures Allow Delay of Definitive Treatment for Core Muscle Injuries.

Alexander E Poor, Alec Warren, Adam C Zoga, William C Meyers, Johannes B Roedl,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Core muscle injuries (CMI) are common in every sport. To minimize lost playing time, providers apply various nonsurgical treatments, including platelet-rich plasma, corticosteroids, ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous tenotomy, and prolotherapy. Limited data exist with regard to their effectiveness. We chose to review a cohort of consecutive professional and collegiate athletes who ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):206-210]

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Exercise/Physical Activity in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: A Consensus Statement from the American College of Sports Medicine.

Jill A Kanaley, Sheri R Colberg, Matthew H Corcoran, Steven K Malin, Nancy R Rodriguez, Carlos J Crespo, John P Kirwan, Juleen R Zierath,

<h4>Abstract</h4>This consensus statement is an update of the 2010 American College of Sports Medicine position stand on exercise and type 2 diabetes. Since then, a substantial amount of research on select topics in exercise in individuals of various ages with type 2 diabetes has been published while diabetes prevalence has ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):353-368]

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Acute Physical and Mental Activity Influence on Concussion Recovery.

Thomas A Buckley, Barry A Munkasy, Kelsey M Evans, Brandy Clouse,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Physical activity (PA) and mental activity (MA) postconcussion has received renewed attention to improve concussion management; however, most protocols start after several days and do not assess the acute window. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess PA and MA in the first 48 h postconcussion on the ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):307-312]

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The Effect of Exercise Training on Lean Body Mass in Breast Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Steve F Fraser, Jason R Gardner, Jack Dalla Via, Robin M Daly,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Reduced lean body mass (LBM) is common during and after treatment for breast cancer, and it is associated with increased treatment-induced toxicity, shorter time to tumor progression, and decreased survival. Exercise training is a potential intervention for maintaining or increasing LBM. We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis to ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):211-219]

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Early Detection of Prolonged Decreases in Maximal Voluntary Contraction Force after Eccentric Exercise of the Knee Extensors.

Cassio V Ruas, Christopher Latella, Janet L Taylor, G Gregory Haff, Kazunori Nosaka,

<h4>Purpose</h4>We examined whether the magnitude of muscle damage indicated by changes in maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) strength 1 to 3 d after unaccustomed eccentric exercise (ECC) was correlated with changes in central and peripheral neuromuscular parameters immediately post-ECC.<h4>Methods</h4>Twenty participants (19-36 yr) performed six sets of eight eccentric contractions of ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):267-279]

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A Narrative Analysis of the Progression in the Top 100 Marathon, Half-Marathon, and 10-km Road Race Times from 2001 to 2019.

Curtis S Goss, Joel T Greenshields, Tyler J Noble, Robert F Chapman,

<h4>Purpose</h4>This study aimed to characterize and describe finishing time trends of the fastest 100 performers in the men's and women's marathon, half-marathon, and road 10-km each year from 2001 to 2019 and assess the underlying basis for recent performance improvements.<h4>Methods</h4>The top 100 performers for each sex, event, and year were ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):345-352]

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Sport Participation and Academic Performance in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Katherine B Owen, Bridget C Foley, Katrina Wilhite, Bridget Booker, Chris Lonsdale, Lindsey J Reece,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Physical activity can improve academic performance; however, much less is known about the specific association between sport participation and academic performance, and this evidence has not been synthesized. Our aim was to systematically review and combine via meta-analyses evidence of the association between sport participation and academic performance in children ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):299-306]

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Polygenic Score for Physical Activity Is Associated with Multiple Common Diseases.

Elina Sillanpää, Teemu Palviainen, Samuli Ripatti, Urho M Kujala, Jaakko Kaprio,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Genetic pleiotropy, in which the same genes affect two or more traits, may partially explain the frequently observed associations between high physical activity (PA) and later reduced morbidity or mortality. This study investigated associations between PA polygenic risk scores (PRS) and cardiometabolic diseases among the Finnish population.<h4>Methods</h4>PRS for device-measured overall ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):280-287]

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Foot and Ankle Instability: A Clinical Guide to Diagnosis and Surgical Management.

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):369]

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Dynamic Control of Upper Limb Stretch Reflex in Wrestlers.

Sho Ito, Kento Nakagawa, Tsuyoshi Nakajima, Misaki Iteya, Larry Crawshaw, Kazuyuki Kanosue,

<h4>Purpose</h4>The objective of this study was to clarify the characteristics of the upper limb stretch reflex in wrestlers.<h4>Methods</h4>Ten wrestlers and 11 control subjects participated in the study. The experiment was divided into two sessions. In the extension perturbation session, participants either relaxed or flexed the elbow when they felt a ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):313-320]

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Evidence that Neuromuscular Fatigue Is not a Dogma in Patients with Parkinson's Disease.

Camilla Martignon, Fabio Giuseppe Laginestra, Gaia Giuriato, Anna Pedrinolla, Chiara Barbi, Ilaria Antonella DI Vico, Michele Tinazzi, Federico Schena, Massimo Venturelli,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Given the increased level of fatigue frequently reported by patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), this study investigated the interaction between central and peripheral components of neuromuscular fatigue (NF) in this population compared with healthy peers.<h4>Methods</h4>Changes in maximal voluntary activation (ΔVA, central fatigue) and potentiated twitch force (ΔQtw,pot, peripheral fatigue) pre-post ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):247-257]

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Predicting Upper Quadrant Musculoskeletal Injuries in the Military: A Cohort Study.

Kristyn E Campbell, Eric C Parent, Daniel J Crumback, Jacqueline S Hebert,

<h4>Purpose</h4>This study aimed to identify characteristics and movement-based tests that predict upper quadrant musculoskeletal injury (UQI) in military personnel over a 12-month follow-up.<h4>Methods</h4>A prospective observational cohort study of military members (n = 494; 91.9% male) was conducted. Baseline predictors associated with UQI were gathered through surveys and movement-based tests. Survey ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):337-344]

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Myokine Expression and Tumor-Suppressive Effect of Serum after 12 wk of Exercise in Prostate Cancer Patients on ADT.

Jin-Soo Kim, Rebekah L Wilson, Dennis R Taaffe, Daniel A Galvão, Elin Gray, Robert U Newton,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Although several mechanisms have been proposed for the tumor-suppressive effect of exercise, little attention has been given to myokines, even though skeletal muscle is heavily recruited during exercise resulting in myokine surges. We measured resting serum myokine levels before and after an exercise-based intervention and the effect of this serum ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(2):197-205]

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Long-Term Adaptations in the Squat, Bench Press and Deadlift: Assessing Strength Gain in Powerlifting Athletes.

Christopher Latella, Patrick J Owen, Timothy Davies, Jemima Spathis, Alistair Mallard, Daniel van den Hoek,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Understanding strength changes with resistance training is important in human performance. It also enables better understanding into the expected magnitude of strength increase and factors that influence this change over time.<h4>Methods</h4>Squat (SQ), bench press (BP) and deadlift (DL) scores were collated from 407 powerlifting (PL) meets (n = 1896 unique ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, :]

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Moderate and Higher Protein Intakes Promote Superior Body Recomposition in Older Women Performing Resistance Training.

Alex S Ribeiro, Luiz C Pereira, Brad J Schoenfeld, João Pedro Nunes, Witalo Kassiano, Hellen C G Nabuco, Paulo Sugihara Junior, Rodrigo R Fernandes, Melissa Antunes, Andreo F Aguiar, Edilson S Cyrino,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Resistance training combined with appropriate dietary intake can promote a concomitant increase in skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and reduction in fat mass, a condition termed body recomposition. This study's primary purpose was to explore the effects of protein ingestion on body recomposition following 24 weeks of resistance training (RT) in ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, :]

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High-Intensity Interval Training in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Two-Center, Three-Armed Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ida A Kiel, Sofie Lionett, Evelyn B Parr, Helen Jones, Maria A H Røset, Øyvind Salvesen, John A Hawley, Eszter Vanky, Trine Moholdt,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Exercise training is recommended to improve cardiometabolic health and fertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), yet there are few randomized controlled trials on the effects of different exercise protocols on clinical reproductive outcomes. Our aim was to determine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIT) on menstrual frequency, ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, :]

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Fasciectomy for Recurrent Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome of the Anterior Leg-Corrigendum.

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(1):193]

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EIC Jones editorial.

Andrew M Jones,

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2022, 54(1):2]

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