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Journal JMIR Res Protoc

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Dietary Intake Nutritional Status and Lifestyle of Adolescent Vegetarian and Nonvegetarian Girls in New Zealand (The SuNDiAL Project): Protocol for a Clustered, Cross-Sectional Survey.

Meredith Peddie, Chaya Ranasinghe, Tessa Scott, Anne-Louise Heath, Caroline Horwath, Rosalind Gibson, Rachel Brown, Lisa Houghton, Jillian Haszard,

BACKGROUND:Anecdotally, vegetarian eating patterns seem to be increasing in parallel with growing concerns about environmental sustainability. While this pattern of eating is widely believed to be associated with benefits for the planet and individual health, it may increase the risk of inadequate intakes and nutrient deficiency if not planned carefully. ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e17310]

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An Ecologically Valid, Longitudinal, and Unbiased Assessment of Treatment Efficacy in Alzheimer Disease (the EVALUATE-AD Trial): Proof-of-Concept Study.

Neil William Douglas Thomas, Zachary Beattie, Jennifer Marcoe, Kirsten Wright, Nicole Sharma, Nora Mattek, Hiroko Dodge, Katherine Wild, Jeffrey Kaye,

BACKGROUND:The current clinical trial assessment methodology relies on a combination of self-report measures, cognitive and physical function tests, and biomarkers. This methodology is limited by recall bias and recency effects in self-reporting and by assessments that are brief, episodic, and clinic based. Continuous monitoring of ecologically valid measures of cognition ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e17603]

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Investigating the Efficacy and Cost-Effectiveness of Technology-Delivered Personalized Feedback on Dietary Patterns in Young Australian Adults in the Advice, Ideas, and Motivation for My Eating (Aim4Me) Study: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Rebecca L Haslam, Kristine Pezdirc, Helen Truby, John Attia, Melinda Hutchesson, Tracy Burrows, Robin Callister, Leanne Hides, Billie Bonevski, Deborah A Kerr, David Lubans, Sharon Kirkpatrick, Megan Rollo, Tracy McCaffrey, Clare E Collins,

BACKGROUND:Web-based health interventions may be easier to access and time efficient relative to face-to-face interventions and therefore may be the most appropriate mode to engage young adults. OBJECTIVE:This study aims to investigate the impact of 3 different levels of personalized web-based dietary feedback and support on changes in diet quality. ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e15999]

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Physical activity with tailored mHealth support for individuals with intellectual disabilities: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Henriette Michalsen, Silje Camilla Wangberg, Gunnar Hartvigsen, Letizia Jaccheri, Miroslav Muzny, André Henriksen, Monica Isabel Olsen, Gyrd Thrane, Reidun Birgitta Jahnsen, Gunn Pettersen, Cathrine Arntzen, Audny Anke,

BACKGROUND:Individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) have lower levels of physical activity (PA) and greater barriers for participation in fitness activities, compared with members of the general population. As increased PA has positive effects on cardiovascular and psychosocial health, it is exceedingly important to identify effective interventions for use in everyday ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, :]

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Reported Outcomes in Published Systematic Reviews of Interdisciplinary Pain Treatment: Protocol for a Systematic Overview.

Elena Dragioti, Huan-Ji Dong, Britt Larsson, Björn Gerdle,

BACKGROUND:Interdisciplinary pain treatment (IPT) is a complex intervention; its outcomes are very diverse, as are the methodologies for handling those outcomes. This diversity may hamper evidence-based decision making. Presently, there is no gold standard recommendation of how to select reported outcomes in published systematic reviews and meta-analyses to explicitly demonstrate ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e17795]

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A Web-Based, Positive Emotion Skills Intervention for Enhancing Posttreatment Psychological Well-Being in Young Adult Cancer Survivors (EMPOWER): Protocol for a Single-Arm Feasibility Trial.

John M Salsman, Laurie E McLouth, Michael Cohn, Janet A Tooze, Mia Sorkin, Judith T Moskowitz,

BACKGROUND:Adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (AYAs) experience clinically significant distress and have limited access to supportive care services. Interventions to enhance psychological well-being have improved positive affect and reduced depression in clinical and healthy populations but have not been routinely tested in AYAs. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this protocol is ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e17078]

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Daily Self-Monitoring of Symptoms and Skills Learning in Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder Through a Mobile Phone App: Protocol for a Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial.

Stig Helweg-Jørgensen, Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Alan E Fruzzetti, Christian Møller Dahl, Susanne S Pedersen,

BACKGROUND:Patient self-monitoring via mobile phones during psychotherapy can enhance and provide an overview of psychotherapeutic progress by graphically displaying current and previous symptom scores, providing feedback to the patient, delivering psychoeducative material, and providing timely data to the therapist or treatment team. OBJECTIVE:This study will aim to assess the effects ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e17737]

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Use of Simulation Modeling to Inform Decision Making for Health Care Systems and Policy in Colorectal Cancer Screening: Protocol for a Systematic Review.

Heather Smith, Peyman Varshoei, Robin Boushey, Craig Kuziemsky,

BACKGROUND:Simulation modeling has frequently been used to assess interventions in complex aspects of health care, such as colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, where clinical trials are not feasible. Simulation models provide estimates of outcomes, unintended consequences, and costs of an intervention; thus offering an invaluable decision aid for policy makers and ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e16103]

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Development of a Digital Content-Free Speech Analysis Tool for the Measurement of Mental Health and Follow-Up for Mental Disorders: Protocol for a Case-Control Study.

Peter Tonn, Yoav Degani, Shani Hershko, Amit Klein, Lea Seule, Nina Schulze,

BACKGROUND:The prevalence of mental disorders worldwide is very high. The guideline-oriented care of patients depends on early diagnosis and regular and valid evaluation of their treatment to be able to quickly intervene should the patient's mental health deteriorate. To ensure effective treatment, the level of experience of the physician or ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e13852]

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The NASSS-CAT Tools for Understanding, Guiding, Monitoring, and Researching Technology Implementation Projects in Health and Social Care: Protocol for an Evaluation Study in Real-World Settings.

Trisha Greenhalgh, Harvey Maylor, Sara Shaw, Joseph Wherton, Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Victoria Betton, Natalie Nelissen, Andreas Gremyr, Alexander Rushforth, Mona Koshkouei, John Taylor,

BACKGROUND:Projects to implement health care and social care innovations involving technologies are typically ambitious and complex. Many projects fail. Greenhalgh et al's nonadoption, abandonment, scale-up, spread, and sustainability (NASSS) framework was developed to analyze the varied outcomes of such projects. OBJECTIVE:We sought to extend the NASSS framework to produce practical ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e16861]

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Patient-Reported Outcome Measures in Cystic Fibrosis: Protocol for a Systematic Review.

Irushi Ratnayake, Susannah Ahern, Rasa Ruseckaite,

BACKGROUND:Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) can struggle with burdensome symptoms and treatment regimens that negatively affect every aspect of their life. As physiological parameters can fail to capture these complications, the assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has gained prominence. HRQOL can be measured using standardized patient questionnaires called ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e15467]

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Effectiveness of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Exercise in the Management of Major Depressive Disorder: Protocol for a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Mojtaba Yekrang Safakar, Marianne Hrabok, Liana Urichuk, Michal Juhas, Reham Shalaby, Devashree Parmar, Pierre Chue, Mark Snaterse, Judith Mason, Donna Tchida, Jill Kelland, Pamela Coulson, Daniella Sosdjan, Jason Brown, Katherine Hay, Deanna Lesage, Lacey Paulsen, Amy Delday, Sherianna Duiker, Shireen Surood, Adam Abba-Aji, Vincent Israel Opoku Agyapong,

BACKGROUND:Despite evidence in scientific literature indicating the effectiveness of both cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and physical exercise in the management of major depressive disorder (MDD), few studies have directly compared them. OBJECTIVE:This study aims to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of group CBT, physical exercise, and only wait-listing to receive ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e14309]

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Impact of Built Environments on Body Weight (the Moving to Health Study): Protocol for a Retrospective Longitudinal Observational Study.

Stephen J Mooney, Jennifer F Bobb, Philip M Hurvitz, Jane Anau, Mary Kay Theis, Adam Drewnowski, Anju Aggarwal, Shilpi Gupta, Dori E Rosenberg, Andrea J Cook, Xiao Shi, Paula Lozano, Anne Vernez Moudon, David Arterburn,

BACKGROUND:Studies assessing the impact of built environments on body weight are often limited by modest power to detect residential effects that are small for individuals but may nonetheless comprise large attributable risks. OBJECTIVE:We used data extracted from electronic health records to construct a large retrospective cohort of patients. This cohort ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e16787]

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Assessing the Real-Time Mental Health Challenges of COVID-19 in Individuals With Serious Mental Illnesses: Protocol for a Quantitative Study.

Raeanne Cristine Moore, Colin Andrew Depp, Philip D Harvey, Amy E Pinkham,

BACKGROUND:The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused significant stress and mental health problems among the general public. However, persons at greatest risk for poor mental health outcomes, such as people with serious mental illness, have been largely overlooked. OBJECTIVE:This paper presents the protocol for a study that aims ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e19203]

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Near-Infrared Based Cerebrovascular Reactivity as a Means of Monitoring Cerebral Autoregulation and Predicting Outcome in Moderate/Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Study Protocol and Planned Analyses.

Alwyn Gomez, Josh Dian, Logan Froese, Frederick Adam Zeiler,

BACKGROUND:Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adults is emerging as an important prognostic factor, with strong independent association with 6-month outcomes. To date, it is unknown if impaired cerebrovascular reactivity during the acute phase is associated with ongoing impaired continuously measured cerebrovascular reactivity at in the long-term, ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, :]

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Evaluation and Dissemination of a Checklist to Improve Implementation of Work Environment Initiatives in the Eldercare Sector: Protocol for a Prospective Observational Study.

Charlotte Diana Nørregaard Rasmussen, Helene Højberg, Anne Konring Larsen, Pernille Kold Munch, Richard Osborne, Lydia Kwak, Irene Jensen, Laura Linnan, Marie Birk Jørgensen,

BACKGROUND:To measure sustainable improvements in the work environment, a flexible and highly responsive tool is needed that will give important focus to the implementation process. A digital checklist was developed in collaboration with key stakeholders to document the implementation of changes in eldercare sector workplaces. OBJECTIVE:This paper describes the study ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e16039]

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Improving Hand Hygiene Compliance in Nursing Homes: Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (HANDSOME Study).

Gwen R Teesing, Vicki Erasmus, Mariska Petrignani, Marion P G Koopmans, Miranda de Graaf, Margreet C Vos, Corné H W Klaassen, Annette Verduijn-Leenman, Jos M G A Schols, Jan Hendrik Richardus, Helene A C M Voeten,

BACKGROUND:Hand hygiene compliance is considered the most (cost-)effective measure for preventing health care-associated infections. While hand hygiene interventions have frequently been implemented and assessed in hospitals, there is limited knowledge about hand hygiene compliance in other health care settings and which interventions and implementation methods are effective. OBJECTIVE:This study aims ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e17419]

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Triangle of Healthy Caregiving for Veterans With Spinal Cord Injury: Proposal for a Mixed Methods Study.

Carol McMara Gibson-Gill, Joyce Williams, Denise Fyffe,

BACKGROUND:Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating injury that results in chronic paralysis, impaired functioning, and drastically altered quality of life (QOL). The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) estimates that approximately 450 newly injured veterans and active-duty members receive rehabilitation at VA's Spinal Cord Injury/Disorders Centers annually. VA virtual health ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e14051]

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Person and Family Centeredness in Ethiopian Cancer Care: Proposal for a Project for Improving Communication, Ethics, Decision Making, and Health.

Nataliya Berbyuk Lindström, Aynalem Abraha Woldemariam, Abebe Bekele, Christian Munthe, Rune Andersson, Bethlehem Girma Kebede, Barbro Linderholm, Wondemagegnhu Tigeneh,

BACKGROUND:Cancer is a major burden in Ethiopia. The Oncology Department of Tikur Anbessa (Black Lion) Specialized Hospital in Addis Ababa is the sole specialist unit for cancer care in the country. With only a handful of oncologists, a lack of resources, and a huge patient load, the work is challenging, ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e16493]

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A Smartphone App-Based Mindfulness Intervention for Cancer Survivors: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Utkarsh B Subnis, Norman As Farb, Katherine-Ann Laura Piedalue, Michael Speca, Sasha Lupichuk, Patricia A Tang, Peter Faris, Mark Thoburn, Bechara J Saab, Linda E Carlson,

BACKGROUND:Cancer patients transitioning to survivorship after completing cancer treatments need psychosocial interventions to manage stressors such as anxiety, depression, and fear of cancer recurrence. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are effective for treating these symptoms; however, cancer survivors are often unable to participate in face-to-face interventions because of difficulties such as work ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e15178]

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Social Media Interventions for Risky Drinking Among Adolescents and Emerging Adults: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Erin E Bonar, Diane M Schneeberger, Carrie Bourque, Jose A Bauermeister, Sean D Young, Frederic C Blow, Rebecca M Cunningham, Amy Sb Bohnert, Marc A Zimmerman, Maureen A Walton,

BACKGROUND:Despite intervention efforts to date, the prevalence of risky drinking among adolescents and emerging adults remains high, increasing the risk for health consequences and the development of alcohol use disorders. Peer influences are particularly salient among this age group, including via social media. Thus, the development of efficacious early interventions ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e16688]

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Road to Hierarchical Diabetes Management at Primary Care (ROADMAP) Study in China: Protocol for the Statistical Analysis of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.

Xian Li, Nadila Duolikun, Fengzhuo Cheng, Laurent Billot, Weiping Jia, Puhong Zhang,

BACKGROUND:As the management of type 2 diabetes remains suboptimal in primary care, the Road to Hierarchical Diabetes Management at Primary Care (ROADMAP) study was designed and conducted in diverse primary care settings to test the effectiveness of a three-tiered diabetes management model of care in China. OBJECTIVE:This paper aims to ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(4):e18333]

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Development of an intervention to support reproductive health of women after seeking medical abortion in Cambodia: Research protocol.

Elisa Oreglia, Sokhey Ly, Camille Tijamo, Amra Ou, Caroline Free, Chris Smith,

BACKGROUND:In Cambodia, abortion has been legally available on request during the first trimester of pregnancy since 1997, but while there has been an increase in the percentage of women having induced abortion and medical abortion (MA), there has also been a decrease in the percentage of women who say they ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, :]

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Reducing Antibiotic Prescriptions for Urinary Tract Infection in Nursing Homes Using a Complex Tailored Intervention Targeting Nursing Home Staff: Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.

Sif Helene Arnold, Jette Nygaard Jensen, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard, Volkert Siersma, Lars Bjerrum, Anne Holm,

BACKGROUND:Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common reason for antibiotic prescription in nursing homes. Overprescription causes antibiotic-related harms in those who are treated and others residing within the nursing home. The diagnostic process in nursing homes is complicated with both challenging issues related to the elderly population and the ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(5):e17710]

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The effects of foot reflexology on chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in digestive or lung cancer patients: protocol for randomized controlled trial.

Audrey Murat-Ringot, Pierre-Jean Souquet, Marion Chauvenet, Charlotte Rentler, Fabien Subtil, Anne-Marie Schott, Marie Preau, Vincent Piriou,

BACKGROUND:Side effects of chemotherapy are feared by patients, specifically chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. To relieve them, it is recommended to prescribe antiemetic drugs. However, some patients report that they are not sufficiently effective. Moreover, patients with chronic disease, including cancer, are increasingly interested in alternative and complementary medicines and express ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, :]

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