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Detection of Antimicrobial Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli Isolated from Black Howler Monkeys (Alouatta pigra) and Domestic Animals in Fragmented Rain-Forest Areas in Tabasco, Mexico.

Antonio Acini Vásquez-Aguilar, Fernanda Odett Toledo-Manuel, Arturo Barbachano-Guerrero, Dolores Hernández-Rodríguez,

The appearance and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria in natural environments and wildlife are related to agricultural and livestock activities and are a global health and conservation problem. We assessed the presence of AMR genes in Escherichia coli isolated from black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra), sheep (Ovis aries), ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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ISOLATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITIES OF NONTUBERCULOUS MYCOBACTERIA FROM WILDLIFE IN JAPAN.

Justice Opare Odoi, Kenji Ohya, Junji Moribe, Yasuhiro Takashima, Kotaro Sawai, Kyoichiro Taguchi, Hideto Fukushi, Takayuki Wada, Shiomi Yoshida, Tetsuo Asai,

Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals and are transmitted among the environment, wildlife, livestock, and humans. The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of isolation and antimicrobial susceptibility of NTM in wildlife. In total, 178 samples of feces (n=131) and tissues (n=47) were ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Thymic Hematoma Found in a Wild Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra).

Min-Kwon Lee, Hee-Chun Lee, Jae-Hyeon Cho, Il-Hwa Hong,

Thymic hematomas are uncommon in animals, and the few reported cases are all in dogs. In May 2019, we necropsied a wild Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) in Junju, Republic of Korea, and found a thymic hematoma without any signs of trauma or hemorrhage in other organs, except for a hemothorax. ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Generalized Tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium caprae in a Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) in Austria.

Romana Steinparzer, Gabriela Stanclova, Zoltán Bagó, Sandra Revilla-Fernández, Christoph Leth, Erwin Hofer, Barbara Pohl, Friedrich Schmoll,

Mycobacterium caprae subtype Lechtal was detected in a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) shot by a hunter in 2018 in the western part of Austria, where, among wildlife, tuberculosis is known to occur in red deer (Cervus elaphus). The red fox showed a generalized (disseminated) manifestation of the disease and a ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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TICKS PARASITIZING THE SPUR-THIGHED TORTOISE (TESTUDO GRAECA) POPULATION OF TUNISIA.

Chawki Najjar, Belhassen Kaabi, Hend Younsi, Marie Petretto, Philip Riordan, Elyes Zhioua,

From March to April 2017, a total of 147 free-ranging spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca) was captured in different habitat types of northern Tunisia and examined for tick infestation. A total of 134 was infested, yielding an infestation prevalence of 91.2%. From these tortoises, 1,174 ticks were collected, a subsample (10%, ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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MOLECULAR INVESTIGATION OF VECTOR-BORNE PATHOGENS IN RED FOXES (VULPES VULPES) FROM SOUTHERN FRANCE.

Hacène Medkour, Younes Laidoudi, Jean-Lou Marié, Florence Fenollar, Bernard Davoust, Oleg Mediannikov,

Because of their free-ranging nature, the probability of wild animals being exposed to vector-borne pathogens is likely higher than that of humans and pets. Recently, the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) has been suspected as being a reservoir or host of several pathogens of veterinary and public health importance. We conducted ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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American Dog Ticks (Dermacentor variabilis) as Biological Indicators of an Association between the Enteric Bacterium Moellerella wisconsensis and Striped Skunks (Mephitis mephitis) in Southwestern Manitoba, Canada.

Neil B Chilton, Shaun J Dergousoff, Veronica Brzezowska, Chantel N Trost, Diana R Dunlop,

Total genomic (g) DNA from 100 American dog ticks (Dermacentor variabilis) collected from humans, dogs, raccoons, and skunks near Minnedosa (Manitoba, Canada) in 2005 was tested for the presence of Moellerella wisconsensis (Gammaproteobacteria: Enterobacteriales) using PCR. Although two gDNA samples derived from ticks attached to two striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis) ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Helminths Parasitizing Procellosaurinus erythrocercus, a Little-known Neotropical Lizard Endemic to Brazilian Semiarid Caatinga Biome.

Antonio Carlos Santos Ferreira, Fabiano Matos Vieira, Leonardo Barros Ribeiro, Luís Cláudio Muniz Pereira, Diego César Nunes da Silva,

We report the identification of helminths in Procellosaurinus erythrocercus, a lizard endemic to Brazilian Caatinga biome. Parasites that we found, such as Parapharyngodon sp. and Oochoristica sp., have not been reported in this host, which is under threat in its area of occurrence. ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Prevalence of Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola, the Causative Agent of Snake Fungal Disease, in the Interior Plateau Ecoregion of Tennessee, USA.

Shawn D Snyder, William B Sutton, Donald M Walker,

The fungal pathogen Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola, the causative agent of snake fungal disease, has been implicated in declines of North American snake populations since 2006 and the geographic range of this pathogen is still not fully known. In Tennessee, O. ophiodiicola has been detected since 2012, but large portions of the ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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A RETROSPECTIVE SUMMARY OF CERVID MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY IN ONTARIO AND NUNAVUT REGIONS OF CANADA (1991-2017).

Samantha E Allen, Nadine A Vogt, Brian Stevens, Mark G Ruder, Claire M Jardine, Nicole M Nemeth,

Free-ranging cervids in Canada face diverse threats such as climate change, human population expansion, and the northward spread of vector-borne pathogens. However, we currently have a limited understanding of the impacts of these health challenges in Ontario cervids. Our objective was to identify and characterize causes of morbidity and mortality ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Two Wild Bell's Turtles (Myuchelys bellii).

Jane Hall, Hannah Bender, Kate Parrish, David Taylor, Philip Spark, Louise Streeting, Karrie Rose,

Squamous cell carcinomas in Testudines are rarely reported. Most cases in the literature describe these tumors in captive animals. We report spontaneously arising squamous cell carcinomas affecting the plastron of two wild Bell's turtles (Myuchelys bellii) from the Macdonald River in New South Wales, Australia. ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Tissue Residue Levels of The Tranquilizer Combination of Butorphanol, Azaperone, and Medetomidine, and the Antagonists, Naltrexone, Atipamezole, and Tolazoline, in Black Bears (Ursus Americanus) Postimmobilization.

Lisa L Wolfe, Travis Mays, Mark C Fisher, Michael W Miller,

The tranquilizer combination of butorphanol, azaperone, and medetomidine (BAM) has shown good efficacy for immobilization of wildlife, including black bears (Ursus americanus). BAM is antagonized with a combination of naltrexone and atipamezole. We immobilized 19 adult captive wild caught black bears and, except for three bears that were euthanized immediately, ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Serosurvey for Pseudorabies (Aujeszky's Disease) in Free-range Wild Boars (Sus scrofa) of Brazil.

Louise Bach Kmetiuk, Eliana Monteforte Cassaro Villalobos, Maria do Carmo Custódio de Souza, Hunold Lara, Fernanda Pistori Machado, Leandro Cavalcante Lipinski, Andrea Pires Dos Santos, Alexander Welker Biondo, Ivan Roque de Barros Filho,

Free-ranging wild boars (Sus scrofa) from two different Brazilian biomes were sampled. Only one of 36 (0.03%) animals tested from central-western Brazil were positive for antibodies against pseudorabies virus (PRV) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Peccaries and other wildlife species can be exposed to PRV in these areas. In addition, wild ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Herpesvirus Infection in Lumholtz's Tree-kangaroo (Dendrolagus lumholtzi).

Amy L Shima, Paola Vaz, Linda Johnson, Joanne Devlin, Lee F Skerratt,

Herpesvirus infections associated with a range of clinical findings are widespread in free-ranging and captive Australian marsupials. We report on herpesviruses identified by virus neutralization and PCR in free-ranging and captive Lumholtz's tree-kangaroos (Dendrolagus lumholtzi). Herpesvirus has not been confirmed previously by DNA testing in tree kangaroos. Virus neutralization testing ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Serosurvey of Coyotes (Canis latrans), Foxes (Vulpes vulpes, Urocyon cinereoargenteus), and Raccoons (Procyon lotor) for Exposure to Influenza A Viruses in the USA.

Marit A Bakken, Sean W Nashold, Jeffrey S Hall,

We tested coyote (Canis latrans), fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus, Vulpes vulpes), and raccoon (Procyon lotor) sera for influenza A virus exposure. We found 2/139 samples (1 coyote, 1 raccoon) had IAV antibodies and hemagglutination inhibition assays revealed the antibodies to the 2009/2010 H1N1 human pandemic virus or to the 2007 human ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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LEPTOSPIRA, PARVOVIRUS, AND TOXOPLASMA IN THE NORTH AMERICAN RIVER OTTER (LONTRA CANADENSIS) IN NORTH CAROLINA, USA.

Charles W Sanders, Colleen Olfenbuttel, Krishna Pacifici, George R Hess, Robert S Livingston, Christopher S DePerno,

The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) is the largest mustelid in North Carolina, USA, and was once extirpated from the central and western portions of the state. Over time and after a successful reintroduction project, otters are now abundant and occur throughout North Carolina. However, there is a concern ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Salmonella in Raptors and Aquatic Wild Birds in Chile.

Rodolfo Tardone, Dácil Rivera, Fernando Dueñas, Nicole Sallaberry-Pincheira, Christopher Hamilton-West, Aiko D Adell, Andrea I Moreno-Switt,

Salmonella enterica is one of the main causes of gastrointestinal disease worldwide. Wild birds are capable of harboring a variety of Salmonella serovars, which could have an important role in the epidemiology of salmonellosis in humans and production animals. We tested 519 fecal samples from raptors and aquatic birds from ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Detection of the Amphibian Pathogens Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) and Ranavirus in West Texas, USA, Using Environmental DNA.

Matthew A Barnes, Audrey D Brown, Mikaela N Daum, Karla A de la Garza, Jackson Driskill, Kylie Garrett, Madeleine S Goldstein, Alaia Luk, Joel I Maguire, Robert Moke, Emily M Ostermaier, Yorick M Sanders, Theodore Sandhu, Aryiah Stith, Varshini V Suresh,

Environmental DNA (eDNA) methods provide novel options for the detection of pathogens. The amphibian pathogens Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and Ranavirus have been relatively understudied in Texas, USA, so we applied eDNA assays for the surveillance of these pathogens in the upper Brazos River basin near the Texas panhandle. We collected ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Erratum.

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, 56(2):503]

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PREVALENCE AND SEVERITY OF SKUNK CRANIAL WORM (SKRJABINGYLUS CHITWOODORUM) DAMAGE INCREASE WITH PRECIPITATION IN SPOTTED SKUNKS (SPILOGALE SPP.).

Summer D Higdon, Matthew E Gompper,

Eastern and western spotted skunks (Spilogale putorius and Spilogale gracilis) serve as definitive hosts for skunk cranial worm (Skrjabingylus chitwoodorum), a metastrongylid nematode that spends its adult stage inhabiting the frontal sinuses of the host cranium. Skunk cranial worm can cause severe damage to the skull of spotted skunks, and ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Detection of Trichomonas gallinae in Wild Birds Admitted to a Rehabilitation Center, Florida, USA.

Maria C Spriggs, Kathryn E Purple, Richard W Gerhold,

We screened raptors (n=186), vultures (n=2), and columbids (n=2) presenting to a Tampa, Florida, USA rehabilitation center from June 2016 to April 2017 for Trichomonas gallinae. One juvenile Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii) was culture- and PCR-positive and sequencing identified as Genotype E1. A subset of culture-negative (10%, n=19) samples were ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Detection of Brucella ceti in Two Indo-Pacific Finless Porpoises (Neophocaena phocaenoides) Stranded in Hong Kong.

Nathalie F Mauroo, Rosana W S Poon, Philip S L Beh, Patrick C Y Woo,

Brucella ceti has been detected in several species of free-ranging odontocetes, in several geographic areas but it has not been reported in Indo-Pacific finless porpoises (Neophocaena phocaenoides) nor in any odontocetes in waters in the South China Sea. Sampling of odontocetes stranded in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Hepatozoon Infecting Bats in the Southeastern Brazilian Rainforest.

Elizabeth C F Santos, Nicole O Moura-Martiniano, Roberto V Vilela, Camila S Lucio, Ademar F Silva, Stefan V Oliveira, Gilberto S Gazeta,

Tick-borne protozoans of the genus Hepatozoon are obligate hemoparasites that can infect domestic and wild terrestrial vertebrates. Main hepatozoonosis affects canids and involves mainly Hepatozoon canis and Hepatozoon americanum. However, molecular studies revealed the capacity of H. canis to infect a wide range of wild mammals. In July 2018, we ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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PREVALENCE OF CHLAMYDIACEAE AND TETRACYCLINE RESISTANCE GENES IN WILD BOARS OF CENTRAL EUROPE.

Amira Wahdan, Lea Rohner, Hanna Marti, Luca Nicola Bacciarini, Chiara Menegatti, Antonietta Di Francesco, Nicole Borel,

Our aim was to investigate the occurrence and distribution of Chlamydia suis and other Chlamydiaceae in the wild boar (Sus scrofa) population of Switzerland and Northern Italy and the detection of tetracycline resistance genes by PCR. We collected a total of 471 conjunctival swabs (n=292), rectal swabs (n=147), and lung ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2020, :]

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Isolation of Leptospira interrogans from a Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) in the Mediterranean Sea.

Ivana Piredda, Bruna Palmas, Malgorzata Noworol, Sebastiana Tola, Carla Longheu, Cristina Bertasio, Erika Scaltriti, Daniele Denurra, Marcella Cherchi, Mathieu Picardeau, Maria B Boniotti, Maria N Ponti,

The pathogenic Leptospira species are very widespread in nature, persisting in the renal tubules of many domestic and wild animal reservoirs. We report the isolation of Leptospira interrogans serovar Pomona in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) stranded along the coast of Sardinia, Italy, in 2016. ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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