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POSTMORTEM DETECTION OF BLUETONGUE AND EPIZOOTIC HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE VIRUSES IN THE BONE MARROW OF WHITE-TAILED DEER (ODOCOILEUS VIRGINIANUS).

Michael E Becker, Sean Healy, Will Forbes, Jonathan Roberts, James LaCour, Lane D Foil,

We determined the temporal aspects of detecting bluetongue virus (BTV) and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) in postmortem bone marrow samples of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) using molecular and in vitro cell culture techniques. Bone marrow samples from carcasses were collected and assayed on the day of death and at ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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SURVEILLANCE FOR CHLAMYDIA SPP. WITH MULTILOCUS SEQUENCE TYPING ANALYSIS IN WILD AND CAPTIVE BIRDS IN VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

Jemima Amery-Gale, Alistair R Legione, Marc S Marenda, Jane Owens, Paul A Eden, Barbara M Konsak-Ilievski, Pam L Whiteley, Elizabeth C Dobson, Elizabeth A Browne, Ron F Slocombe, Joanne M Devlin,

Chlamydia psittaci typically infects birds and can cause outbreaks of avian chlamydiosis, but it also has the potential to cause zoonotic disease (psittacosis) in humans. To better understand the epidemiology of C. psittaci in Victoria, Australia, we conducted opportunistic sampling of more than 400 wild and captive birds presented to ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Hematology and Serum Biochemistry Values of Healthy Free-ranging Panamanian White-faced Capuchins (Cebus imitator) in Costa Rica.

Sofía Bernal-Valle, Mauricio Jiménez-Soto, Ana Meneses-Guevara,

We describe the hematology and serum biochemistry values for 26 free-ranging Panamanian white-faced capuchins (Cebus imitator) in Costa Rica. Howell-Jolly bodies and microfilariae were observed in some animals. This baseline information is a tool for health assessment and species conservation. ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CHLAMYDIA-INDUCED REPRODUCTIVE DISEASE IN MALE KOALAS (PHASCOLARCTOS CINEREUS) FROM SOUTHEAST QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA AS ASSESSED FROM PENILE URETHRAL SWABS AND SEMEN.

Lyndal S Hulse, Kenneth Beagley, William Ellis, Sean Fitzgibbon, Amber Gillett, Ben Barth, Amy Robbins, Michael Pyne, Rebecca Larkin, Stephen D Johnston,

'Declining population sizes of koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) in SE Queensland (QLD), Australia can partially be attributed to chlamydiosis, with the majority of epidemiological studies focusing on the prevalence of infection and associated pathology in female koalas, with lesser attention given to males. We aimed to explore the epidemiology of Chlamydia ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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EAR MITES, OTODECTES CYNOTIS, ON WILD FOXES (PSEUDALOPEX SPP.) IN CHILE.

Cristóbal Briceño, Daniel González-Acuña, Jaime E Jiménez, María Loreto Bornscheuer, Stephan M Funk, Leslie A Knapp,

We found the ear mite parasite (Otodectes cynotis; Acari: Psoroptidae) in two distant insular endangered fox populations in Chile. We identified Otodectes cynotis in both the Darwin's fox (Pseudalopex fulvipes) from Chiloé and the Fuegian culpeo (Pseudalopex culpaeus lycoides) in Tierra del Fuego. These populations are approximately 2,000 km apart. ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE IN EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED MULE DEER (ODOCOILEUS HEMIONUS).

Jack Rhyan, Matthew McCollum, Thomas Gidlewski, Moshe Shalev, Gordon Ward, Brenda Donahue, Jonathan Arzt, Carolina Stenfeldt, Fawzi Mohamed, Pauline Nol, Ming Deng, Samia Metwally, Mo Salman,

The only known outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in wildlife in the US occurred in mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) in California in 1924-25. There is little recorded information on the pathogenesis and epidemiology of the disease in deer in that outbreak. In this experimental study, we compared the susceptibility of ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Optimizing a Noninvasive Oral Sampling Technique for Semicaptive Neotropical Primates in Peru.

Darby McDermott, A Patricia Mendoza, Tierra Smiley-Evans, Milagros Zavaleta, Akram A Da'Dara, Jorge O Alarcón, Raul Bello, Marieke Rosenbaum,

Disease surveillance in Neotropical primates (NP) is limited by the difficulties associated with anesthetizing NP for sample collection in remote settings. Our objective was to optimize a noninvasive method of oral sampling from semicaptive NP in Peru. We offered 40 NP at Taricaya Rescue Centre in Madre de Dios, Peru ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Antibodies to Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV) in Farmed and Wild Florida White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus).

Allison Cauvin, Emily T N Dinh, Jeremy P Orange, Rebecca M Shuman, Jason K Blackburn, Samantha M Wisely,

The transmission of multiple serotypes of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) between farmed and free-ranging wildlife is of interest to livestock industries and natural resource agencies. We compared the seroprevalence of EHDV-1, -2, and -6 in wild and farmed white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) herds in Florida. We compared serological prevalence, ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Rabies Outbreak in Captive Big Brown Bats (Eptesicus fuscus) Used in a White-nose Syndrome Vaccine Trial.

Rachel C Abbott, Lenore Saindon, Elizabeth A Falendysz, Lauren Greenberg, Lillian Orciari, Panayampalli Subbian Satheshkumar, Tonie E Rocke,

An outbreak of rabies occurred in a captive colony of wild-caught big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). Five of 27 bats exhibited signs of rabies virus infection 22-51 d after capture or 18-22 d after contact with the index case. Rabid bats showed weight loss, aggression, increased vocalization, hypersalivation, and refusal ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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CLIMATIC SUITABILITY OF SAN JOAQUIN KIT FOX (VULPES MACROTIS MUTICA) DENS FOR SARCOPTIC MANGE (SARCOPTES SCABIEI) TRANSMISSION.

Ariel Irene Loredo, Jamie Leann Rudd, Janet Elizabeth Foley, Deana Louise Clifford, Brian Leslie Cypher,

More than 460 cases of sarcoptic mange (Sarcoptes scabiei) in endangered San Joaquin kit foxes (SJKF, Vulpes macrotis mutica) have been reported in Bakersfield, California. Because SJKF are a den-obligate species, their dens have been proposed as a route of transmission. We determined whether SJKF den temperatures and humidities could ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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ESOPHAGEAL MEASUREMENT OF CORE BODY TEMPERATURE IN THE FLORIDA MANATEE (TRICHECHUS MANATUS LATIROSTRIS).

Molly E Martony, Ramiro Isaza, Claire D Erlacher-Reid, Jon Peterson, Nicole I Stacy,

Cold-stress syndrome (CSS) is one of the leading natural threats to free-ranging Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Cold water exposure below the species' acceptable physiologic range is a frequent occurrence for manatees during cold weather months causing CSS-induced systemic illness and significant annual mortality. Although CSS is a commonly presented ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Occurrence of Rat Lungworm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis) in Invasive Coqui Frogs (Eleutherodactylus coqui) and Other Hosts in Hawaii.

Chris N Niebuhr, Susan I Jarvi, Lisa Kaluna, Bruce L Torres Fischer, Ashley R Deane, Israel L Leinbach, Shane R Siers,

The rat lungworm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis) has emerged as an important human and animal health concern in Hawaii. Although the life cycle of the parasite requires both rat and gastropod hosts, other animals acting as paratenic hosts, such as frogs and centipedes, have been identified as sources of infection. We investigated ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Transmission and Predictors of Burden of Lungworms of the Striped Dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) in the Western Mediterranean.

Rachel Pool, Nilani Chandradeva, Georgios Gkafas, Juan Antonio Raga, Mercedes Fernández, Francisco Javier Aznar,

Pseudaliid lungworms infect the lungs and sinuses of cetaceans. Information on the life cycle and epidemiology of pseudaliids is very scarce and mostly concerns species that infect coastal or inshore cetaceans. Available evidence indicates that some pseudaliids are vertically transmitted to the host, whereas others are acquired via infected prey. ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Seasonal Changes in Fecal Glucocorticoid Metabolite Concentrations in Bison (Bison bison) Living with or without Wolves (Canis lupus).

Lara C Metrione, David Hunter, Linda M Penfold,

The threat of predation can cause increased adrenal secretion of glucocorticoids that, if sustained, can result in chronic stress that might predispose animals to disease, reduced growth, or poor fertility. Fecal glucocorticoid metabolite (FGM) concentrations were measured between September 2011 and July 2012 in two Montana bison (Bison bison) herds, ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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THE GLOBAL BURDEN OF (HOW WE MANAGE) ANIMAL DISEASE: LEARNING LESSONS FROM SOUTHERN AFRICA.

Steven A Osofsky,

It is long past the time when we should be recognizing that the potential impacts of animal health interventions focused on livestock may in fact be far from environmentally benign. "First do no harm" must apply to animal health policy-making as much as these wise words apply to clinical practice. ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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SEROLOGICAL SURVEY FOR SELECT INFECTIOUS AGENTS IN WILD MAGELLANIC PENGUINS (SPHENISCUS MAGELLANICUS) IN ARGENTINA, 1994-2008.

Marcela Uhart, Ralph Eric Thijl Vanstreels, Luciana Gallo, Robert A Cook, William B Karesh,

Despite being the most numerous penguin species in South America, exposure of the Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) to pathogens has not yet been thoroughly assessed. We collected serum from 1,058 Magellanic Penguins at 10 breeding colonies along the entire latitudinal range of this species in Argentina. The work spanned 10 ... Read more >>

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[2019, :]

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SPONTANEOUS PRIMARY RIGHT TIBIOTARSAL OSTEOSARCOMA WITH PULMONARY METASTASIS IN A FREE-RANGING CORY'S SHEARWATER (CALONECTRIS DIOMEDEA).

Arícia Duarte-Benvenuto, Priscilla Carla Dos Santos Costa, Hassan Jerdy, Eulógio Carlos Queiroz de Carvalho, José Luiz Catão-Dias, Josué Díaz-Delgado,

We report the pathologic features of a primary right tibiotarsal productive osteoblastic osteosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis, a unique finding in a Cory's shearwater (Calonectris diomedea). ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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GENOMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF CANINE CIRCOVIRUS DETECTED IN RED FOXES (VULPES VULPES) FROM ITALY USING A NEW REAL-TIME PCR ASSAY.

Stefano De Arcangeli, Andrea Balboni, Elisa Kaehler, Lorenza Urbani, Ranieri Verin, Mara Battilani,

Data on canine circovirus circulation among red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) are limited. We report the detection of canine circovirus in a red fox from Italy. The virus was closely related to strains from dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) rather than those from foxes, suggesting a possible transmission between the two species. ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA IN A FREE-RANGING EURASIAN BROWN BEAR (URSUS ARCTOS ARCTOS) FROM NORTHERN SPAIN.

Ana Balseiro, Luis José Royo, Elena Gayo, Juan Francisco García Marín,

A hepatic cholangiocarcinoma with metastases in the gallbladder, left elbow joint, adrenal glands, and lungs was observed in a female 21-yr-old free-ranging Eurasian brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos) found in the Principality of Asturias (northern Spain). Gross and histopathologic findings are described. ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Seroprevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Free-ranging African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Kruger National Park, South Africa.

Tanya J Kerr, Candice R de Waal, Peter E Buss, Jennifer Hofmeyr, Konstantin P Lyashchenko, Michele A Miller,

Tuberculosis (TB) is a pathogenic disease that affects a range of wildlife species, including African elephants (Loxodonta africana). The recent discovery of fatal disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a bull elephant in the Kruger National Park (KNP), which is a bovine TB endemic area, emphasizes the importance ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Multicentric Molecular and Pathologic Study On Canine Adenovirus Type 1 in Red Foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Three European Countries.

Ranieri Verin, Mario Forzan, Christoph Schulze, Guido Rocchigiani, Andrea Balboni, Alessandro Poli, Maurizio Mazzei,

Canine adenovirus type 1 (CAdV-1) is the agent of infectious canine hepatitis, a severe frequently fatal disease affecting primarily dogs (Canis lupus familiaris). The virus has been detected in many wild carnivore species. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and genetic and histopathologic features of CAdV-1 in wild red ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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Novel Salmonella Variant Associated with Mortality in Two Great Spotted Woodpeckers (Dendrocopos major).

Vicky Wilkinson, Julia Rodriguez-Ramos Fernandez, Alejandro Núñez, Shaheed K Macgregor, Shinto K John, Timothy J Dallman, Andrew A Cunningham, Elizabeth M de Pinna, Becki Lawson,

Two adult Great Spotted Woodpeckers (Dendrocopos major) from separate sites in Great Britain were examined postmortem in 2013 and 2016. A Salmonella sp. was isolated from multiple tissues in both birds. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry confirmed disseminated salmonellosis. Whole-genome sequencing and biochemical analyses putatively identified both isolates as a novel variant ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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PATHOLOGY OF LEATHERBACK SEA TURTLE (DERMOCHELYS CORIACEA) EMBRYOS AND HATCHLINGS FROM NESTS IN ST. KITTS, WEST INDIES (2015-16).

Kristine Hill, Kimberly M Stewart, Sreekumari Rajeev, Anne Conan, Michelle M Dennis,

Sustained hatchling production is a priority for leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) conservation. Yet the species is challenged by notoriously low hatch success, much lower than other species of sea turtles, and the result of a high rate of embryo mortality for which the causes are not understood. The aim ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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CAUSES OF DEATH AND DETECTION OF ANTIBODIES AGAINST JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS IN MISAKI FERAL HORSES (EQUUS CABALLUS) IN SOUTHERN JAPAN, 2015-17.

M H Niazmand, T Hirai, S Ito, W A Habibi, J Noori, R Hasheme, R Yamaguchi,

We performed postmortem examinations on seven Misaki feral horses (Equus caballus) and evaluated Misaki feral horses, Japanese wild boars (Sus scrofa leucomystax), domestic pigs (Sus scrofa), and wild Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata fuscata) from 2015 to 2017 in Cape Toi, Kushima, Miyazaki Prefecture, southern Japan, for antibodies against Japanese encephalitis ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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PREVALENCE OF ANTICOAGULANT RODENTICIDES IN FECES OF WILD RED FOXES (VULPES VULPES) IN NORWAY.

Kristin Opdal Seljetun, Elin Eliassen, Knut Madslien, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Vigdis Vindenes, Elisabeth Leere Øiestad, Lars Moe,

High occurrence of anticoagulant rodenticides (ARs) in wildlife is a rising concern, with numerous reports of secondary exposure through predation. Because of widespread distribution of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), they may act as sentinels for small mammal-hunting predators in rural, suburban, and urban areas. No AR surveillance in wild ... Read more >>

J. Wildl. Dis. (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2019, :]

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