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Journal J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.

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The efficacy of medical treatment for adenomyosis after adenomyomectomy.

Qiuju Li, Ming Yuan, Ni Li, Qianwei Zhen, Chang Chen, Guoyun Wang,

AIMS:To compare the efficacy of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) and GnRH-a + levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) after adenomyomectomy for improved adenomyosis-associated symptoms. METHODS:Overall, 193 patients with adenomyosis included in this study were categorized into three groups: adenomyomectomy (n = 57, group 1), adenomyomectomy + GnRH-a (n = 83, group 2) and adenomyomectomy + GnRH-a + LNG-IUS (n = ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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The 72nd Annual Congress of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Effect of estradiol vaginal gel on vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women: A randomized double-blind controlled trial.

Prasong Tanmahasamut, Titima Jirasawas, Somsak Laiwejpithaya, Chatchai Areeswate, Chongdee Dangrat, Kittayaporn Silprasit,

AIM:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 25 μg of estradiol gel on postmenopausal vaginal tissue. METHODS:This randomized double-blind controlled trial included postmenopausal women with vaginal atrophy who attended our menopause clinic during July 2017-January 2018. Women were randomly assigned to the estradiol gel group or control group (K-Y® Jelly). Treatment ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Nocturnal oxygen desaturation in the late third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy for prediction of late-onset gestational hypertension.

Minako Watanabe, Hitomi Shinohara, Hideya Kodama,

AIM:This study aimed to determine whether 1-night screening of oxygen desaturation in women with uncomplicated pregnancy about 1 month before the due date is useful to predict late-onset gestational hypertension (GH) after 37 weeks of gestation. METHODS:We recruited 102 women with uncomplicated pregnancy between 34 and 36 weeks of gestation. These women then ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for gynecological cancer.

Hideaki Tsuyoshi, Daisuke Inoue, Tetsuji Kurokawa, Yoshio Yoshida,

AIM:Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a method of administering anticancer agents directly while heating the abdominal cavity. The aim of this review is to know the current position of HIPEC in ovarian cancer and uterine sarcoma and its future prospects. METHODS:This article reviews the current literature and evidence for the ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Impact of anxiety levels on difficulty of intrauterine insemination and treatment outcomes.

Ozgur Kan, Umit Gorkem, Emre Baser, Aysegul Alkilic,

AIM:The objective of this study was to determine the effect of anxiety on intrauterine insemination (IUI) results in couples with unexplained infertility. Second, the relationship between difficulty level of IUI procedure and anxiety were investigated. METHODS:A total of 100 women undergoing first IUI treatment were enrolled into this prospective cross-sectional ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Comparison of endometrial polyp recurrence in fertile women after office hysteroscopic endometrial polypectomy using two widely spread techniques.

Oronzo Ceci, Mario Franchini, Silvia Cardinale, Rossella Cannone, Giovanna Giarrè, Fabiana D Fascilla, Stefano Bettocchi, Ettore Cicinelli,

AIM:To compare the recurrence of benign endometrial polyps after office hysteroscopic polypectomy performed with a bipolar electrode (BE) or a small diameter hysteroscopic tissue removal system (HTRs). METHODS:From July 2018 to December 2019 we evaluated the charts of 114 asymptomatic fertile women who underwent office hysteroscopic polypectomy, 1 year before, for ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Increased expression of epithelial cell adhesion molecule and its possible role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition in endometriosis.

Duo Liu, Na Yang, Yanchun Liang, Ming Chen, Fan Yang, Lin Liu, Shuzhong Yao,

AIM:To study the involvement and interrelationship of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in endometriosis. METHODS:Samples from 114 patients undergoing endometrial biopsy or operation for endometriosis and 23 premenopausal women undergoing endometrial biopsy for non-endometriotic benign disease. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect expression level of EpCAM, E-cadherin ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Epidemiological studies regarding hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: A review.

Noriyuki Iwama, Mami Ishikuro, Kosuke Tanaka, Michihiro Satoh, Takahisa Murakami, Hirohito Metoki,

A hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP) is defined as hypertension emerging after 20 weeks of gestation and resolving up to 12 weeks post-partum, and occurs in about 5% of all pregnancies. Complications associated with HDP have poor prognoses, and maternal deaths attributable to HDP are predicted to exceed 70 000 per year worldwide. ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Dexamethasone combined metronidazole on mammary duct ectasia and its relationship with serum IL-10 and IL-17.

Yuwen Tong, Yuandong Hao, Xiangyu Gao, Yanshen Sun, Wentao Wang,

AIM:To explore the effect of dexamethasone combined with metronidazole in the treatment of mammary duct ectasia (MDE) and its relationship with changes in serum interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-17 expression. METHODS:One hundred and twenty patients with MDE were divided into two groups randomly, control and observation groups (each n = 60). ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Prognostic factors and surgical treatment in vulvar carcinoma: Single center experience.

Basilio Pecorino, Giuseppe Scibilia, Martina Ferrara, Andrea Benedetto Di Stefano, Maria Gabriella D'Agate, Laura Giambanco, Paolo Scollo,

AIM:Vulvar carcinoma represents 3-5% of all female genital cancers; the main surgical treatment is radical vulvectomy and inguinal lymphadenectomy. The aim of this study is to analyze prognostic factors in the patients underwent to primary surgery for vulvar carcinoma. METHODS:One hundred and eighteen cases of vulvar carcinoma underwent surgery between ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Anti-Müllerian hormone and antral follicle count differ in their ability to predict cumulative treatment outcomes of the first complete ovarian stimulation cycle in patients from POSEIDON groups 3 and 4.

Luxin Liu, Canquan Zhou,

AIM:To explore the ability of anti-Müllerian hormone and antral follicle count to predict cumulative live birth and clinical pregnancy in the first complete ovarian stimulation cycle among patients from POSEIDON (Patient-Oriented Strategies Encompassing IndividualizeD Oocyte Number) groups 3-4. METHODS:A single-center retrospective study was conducted on 260 patients in POSEIDON groups ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Robotic single-site surgery in benign gynecologic diseases: Experiences and learning curve based on 626 robotic cases at a single institute.

Hae K Yoo, Ahyoung Cho, Eun H Cho, Soo J Kim, Ji E Shim, Sa R Lee, Kyungah Jeong, Hye-Sung Moon,

AIM:The purpose of this study was to report on 626 cases of successful robotic single-site (RSS) surgeries to address various types of gynecologic disease and to evaluate the outcomes and learning curve inherent to RSS surgery in the gynecology field. METHODS:A total of 626 cases of RSS surgeries were performed ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Feasibility and safety of urgently initiated maternal telemedicine in response to the spread of COVID-19: A 1-month report.

Kinuko Nakagawa, Takeshi Umazume, Michinori Mayama, Kentaro Chiba, Yoshihiro Saito, Satoshi Kawaguchi, Mamoru Morikawa, Masanori Yoshino, Hidemichi Watari,

AIM:In Hokkaido, Japan, the number of people suffering from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly increased, and by the end of February 2020, there were already 70 confirmed cases of the disease. We investigated the safety of urgently initiated maternal telemedicine in preventing the spread of the coronavirus infection. METHODS:This ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Long-term evaluation of renal function and neurogenic bladder following radical hysterectomy in patients with uterine cervical cancer.

Hiroaki Komatsu, Tetsuro Oishi, Daiken Osaku, Akiko Kudoh, Ruri Shimogai, Jun Chikumi, Shinya Sato, Tasuku Harada,

OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to determine whether radical hysterectomy (RH) affects renal function. METHODS:Renal function was followed up in 83 patients with stage IB1-IIB cervical cancer who underwent RH during 2006-2015. Serum creatinine (sCre) levels were measured preoperatively and every year postoperatively. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using sCre ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Is large loop excision of the transformation zone depth a risk factor for affected endocervical margins?

Rosario Lara-Peñaranda, Pilar María Rodríguez-López, Javier Plitt-Stevens, Paloma Gómez-Leal, Manuel Remezal-Solano, Juan Pedro Martínez-Cendán,

OBJECTIVE:The aim of the study was to determine if the depth of large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) is a risk factor for presenting affected endocervical margins. METHODS:A cross-sectional retrospective study was performed on 353 patients that underwent LLETZ after presenting cervical biopsies with CIN grade 2 and ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Prognostic significance of co-existent adenomyosis on outcomes and tumor characteristics of endometrial cancer: A meta-analysis.

Min An, Hua Duan, Ying Zhang,

OBJECTIVE:Published data on the impact of co-existent adenomyosis on the prognosis of patients with endometrial cancer remains elusive, with studies reporting conflicting results. We conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic significance of co-existent adenomyosis on clinical outcomes and tumor characteristics of endometrial cancer patients. METHODS:A comprehensive literature review of ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Nomogram to predict postpartum hemorrhage in cesarean delivery for women with scarred uterus: A retrospective cohort study in China.

Bingnan Chen, Liyang Zhang, Di Wang, Jiapo Li, Yue Hou, Tian Yang, Na Li, Chong Qiao,

AIM:To develop nomograms predicting the risk of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in cesarean delivery for singleton pregnant women with a scarred uterus in the north of China. METHODS:A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Totally 3722 singleton pregnant women with a scarred uterus who underwent a cesarean delivery in a large teaching ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Primary low grade myxoid liposarcoma of the ovary: A case report and review of literature.

Fatma Öz Atalay, Sevda Akyol, Önder Bozdogan,

A 20-year-old female patient presented with the complaint of pelvic pain. Radiological studies showed a cystic mass in the left ovary. Histological examination revealed a myxoid tumor with a chicken wire-like, thin vascularization. The diagnosis of the lesion, morphologically resembling myxoid liposarcoma was supported by demonstration of rearrangement of the ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Semen supports growth of Candida albicans: A putative risk factor for recurrence of vulvovaginal infections?

Joana Rolo, Patrícia Caixeirinho, Patrícia Gomes-Ruivo, Carlos Gaspar, Isaac Fernandes, Rita Palmeira-de-Oliveira, José Martinez-de-Oliveira, Ana Palmeira-de-Oliveira,

AIM:Vulvovaginal candidosis (VVC) is the second most common vaginal infection (20-25%), and about 90% of all VVC cases are caused by Candida albicans. Unprotected sexual intercourse has been implicated as one of the risk factors that lead to an outbreak of VVC. To further investigate the relevance of this particular ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Meta-analysis of angiotensin-converting enzyme insersion/delection polymorphism and pre-eclampsia susceptibility.

Yun Liu, Ping Li,

AIM:In recent years, there were many studies on angiotensin-converting enzyme insersion/delection (ACE I/D) polymorphism and pre-eclampsia susceptibility, but the conclusion was still inconclusive. Our study is to explore the relationship between the ACE I/D polymorphism and the risk of pre-eclampsia. METHODS:The literature on the relationship between ACE I/D gene polymorphism ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Can variability of serum electrophoretic fractions during pregnancy provide knowledge about maternal and fetal health.

Agnieszka Strawa, Ewa Skarżyńska, Hanna Zborowska, Artur Jakimiuk, Barbara Lisowska-Myjak,

AIM:Characteristics of variability of concentrations total protein and its electrophoretic fractions in serum of healthy pregnant women between successive trimesters and post-partum for initial classification of proteins involved in specific metabolic processes associated with pregnancy. METHODS:Total serum protein concentrations were measured by biuret method and serum protein fractions were electrophoretically ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Letter to "Complete rupture of unscarred uterus with delayed symptoms: Case report and possible mechanism": Masked uterine rupture.

Shigeki Matsubara,

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Spontaneous unscarred uterine rupture and surgical repair at 11 weeks of gestation in a twin pregnancy.

Toshifumi Takahashi, Kuniaki Ota, Masatoshi Jimbo, Hideki Mizunuma,

A uterine rupture may result in a massive hemoperitoneum, which can be fatal to both the fetus and mother. Most uterine ruptures during pregnancy occur within a scarred uterus, rarely occurring in an unscarred uterus. Here, we report a very rare case of spontaneous rupture in an unscarred uterus at ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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Immunohistochemical expression of estrogen receptor α, Bcl-2 and NF-κB P65 in the polyps of patients with and without endometriosis.

Rufang Jiang, Yihua Yang, Qiuyan Huang, Yufu Jin, Yu Feng, Xinyue Huang, Aiping Qin, Bo Liu,

AIM:To compare the expression of estrogen receptor α (ERα), Bcl-2 and NF-κB P65 in endometrial polyps from patients with and without endometriosis. METHODS:Immunohistochemistry was used to characterize the expression of ERα, Bcl-2 and NF-κB P65 in proliferative phase endometrial polyps from patients with and without endometriosis. H-Scores indicating the staining ... Read more >>

J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2020, :]

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