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Journal J Racial Ethn Health Disparities

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Pilot Trial of a Critical Consciousness-Based Intervention for Black Young Gay and Bisexual Men Living with HIV: Mobilizing Our Voices for Empowerment (MOVE).

Gary W Harper, Emily M Cherenack, Nicole Slye, Laura Jadwin-Cakmak, Michael Hudgens,

HIV in the USA disproportionately affects Black young gay and bisexual men (Y-GBM). This article presents outcomes of a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing Mobilizing our Voices for Empowerment (MOVE), a culturally and developmentally tailored critical consciousness-based intervention for Black Y-GBM living with HIV (ages 16-24), with a comparison health ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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A Medicare Claims Analysis of Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Access to Radiation Therapy Services.

Constantine A Mantz, Nikhil G Thaker, Curtiland Deville, Anne Hubbard, Praveen Pendyala, Najeeb Mohideen, Vivek Kavadi, Karen M Winkfield,

Reduced access and utilization of radiation therapy (RT) is a well-documented healthcare disparity observed among racial and ethnic minority groups in the USA and a contributor to the inferior health outcomes observed among Black, Hispanic, and Native American patient groups. What is less understood are the points during the process ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Patient-Identified Markers of Quality Care: Improving HIV Service Delivery for Older African Americans.

Brandon D Mitchell, Liz Utterback, Paul Hibbeler, Ashley R Logsdon, Patricia F Smith, Lesley M Harris, Billie Castle, Jelani Kerr, Timothy N Crawford,

Over 50% of new AIDS/HIV diagnoses are older adults and disproportionately African American people. Longstanding health inequities, driven by the enduring nature of systemic racism, pose challenges to obtaining optimal HIV services. Patient experiences and identities shape the health care experience, yet patient voices are often minimized, including their assessment ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Hospitalizations for COVID-19 Among American Indian and Alaska Native Adults (≥ 18 Years Old) - New Mexico, March-September 2020.

Joseph T Hicks, Eleanor Burnett, Almea Matanock, George Khalil, Kevin English, Brooke Doman, Tierney Murphy,

To assess the presence of racial disparity during the COVID-19 pandemic, the New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) sought to compare the case rate and risk of hospitalization between persons of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) race and persons of other races in New Mexico from March 1 through ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Child Lead Screening Behaviors and Health Outcomes Following the Flint Water Crisis.

Jerel M Ezell, Sanvi Bhardwaj, Elizabeth C Chase,

<h4>Background</h4>There is little research on lead (Pb) screening behaviors and outcomes and possible health sequelae of children in Flint, Michigan in the years following the city's 2014 water crisis, which included widespread tap water contamination with elevated levels of heavy metals and other environmental contaminants.<h4>Methods</h4>Between June and November 2019, we ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Racial Disparities in Avoidant Coping and Hypertension Among Midlife Adults.

Brian Batayeh, Rachel Shelton, Pam Factor-Litvak, Bruce G Link, Shakira F Suglia,

While associations between stress and hypertension have been documented, little research has examined the association between coping and hypertension, especially in the context of understanding racial disparities. Utilizing data from the CHDS-DISPAR study, we examine the association between avoidant coping and hypertension among adults age 50 while assessing for potential ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Prospective Predictors of Blood Pressure Among African American Men Living with HIV.

Terri-Ann Kelly, Loretta S Jemmott, Soojong Kim, Larry D Icard, John B Jemmott Iii,

Little is known about the predictors of blood pressure (BP) among African American men living with HIV. We examined whether age and body mass index (BMI) are associated with higher blood pressure (BP) and whether being married and muscular endurance are associated with lower BP among African American men living ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Comparison of Demographic and Clinical Features of Bipolar Disorder in Persons of African and European Ancestry.

Monica J Taylor-Desir, Joyce E Balls-Berry, Susan L McElroy, David J Bond, Eric J Vallender, Mark Ladner, Brandon J Coombes, Linsey Jackson, Danielle Arceo, Felicia V Caples, Colin Colby, Christi A Patten, Joanna M Biernacka, Mark A Frye,

This study quantified and compared demographic and clinical features of bipolar disorder (BD) in persons of African ancestry (AA) and European ancestry (EUR). Participants enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Bipolar Biobank from 2009 to 2015. The structured clinical interview for DSM-IV was used to confirm the diagnosis of BD, and ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Socioeconomic Stability Buffers Racial Discrimination Effect on Depression in a Marginalized Community.

Rebecca Rivera, Tracey Capers, Marquis Chandler, Elizabeth Matthews, Justyna Rzewinski, Jo Rees, Shimonah Israel, Victor Lushin,

Depression disproportionately burdens poverty-affected minority communities. Racism and racial discrimination are well-known determinants of depression among members of marginalized minority communities. Less is known about potential buffers of the discrimination effects on depression, particularly those that could serve as targets for efficient community-based policies and interventions. Our secondary analysis of ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Age and Racial Disparities in the Utilization of Anticancer, Antihypertension, and Anti-diabetes Therapies, and in Mortality in a Large Population-Based Cohort of Older Women with Breast Cancer.

Xianglin L Du, Lulu Song,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study examined the receipt of therapies for cancer, hypertension, and diabetes in association with age and racial disparities in mortality among women with breast cancer.<h4>Methods</h4>This study identified 92,829 women diagnosed with breast cancer at age ≥ 65 years in 2007-2015 with follow-up to 2016 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Clinical Characteristics and Predictors of Mortality in Obese African-Americans with COVID-19: a Single-Center Retrospective Study.

Pavani Reddy Garlapati, Suneet Kumar, Meet Patel, Bidyut Sarker, Benjamin Tiongson, Sreedhar Adapa, Sohail Abdul Salim, Mark K Adler, Vijay Reddy Gayam,

<h4>Background</h4>This study aims to add to the body of evidence linking obesity as an established risk factor for COVID-19 infection and also look at predictors of mortality for COVID-19 in the African-Americans (AA) population.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective cohort study of patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection was done in a community hospital in ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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The Relationship Between Subjective Social Status, Mental Health Disparities, and the Mediating Role of Discrimination Among Latinx Populations.

Beverly Araujo Dawson, Keri Carvalho, Adolfo Cuevas,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Subjec tive social status (SSS) has consistently been linked to health outcomes among Latinx populations, but less is known about how discrimination explains the relationship between SSS and health disparities. While SSS, an individual's perception of her socioeconomic standing, is a robust predictor of health disparities in many societies, discriminatory ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Navigating a Pandemic: A Qualitative Study of Knowledge, Sources of Information, and COVID-19-Related Precautions Taken by HBCU Students.

Jeannette Wade, Stephanie Teixeira Poit, Anna Lee, Sally Ryman, Dextiny McCain, Christopher Doss, Smriti Shrestha, Adrienne Aiken Morgan,

The coronavirus (COVID-19) has spread quickly across the nation with a disproportionate impact on Black Americans. Many college-aged students receive their COVID-19-related information through social media and television even though research suggests that social media sources are more likely to be incorrect. Some students report trusting these sources over government ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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"We Need a System that's Not Designed to Fail Māori": Experiences of Racism Related to Kidney Transplantation in Aotearoa New Zealand.

Rachael C Walker, Sally Abel, Suetonia C Palmer, Curtis Walker, Nayda Heays, David Tipene-Leach,

<h4>Background</h4>Reported experiences of racism in Aotearoa New Zealand are consistently associated with negative measures of health, self-rated health, life satisfaction, and reduced access to high-quality healthcare with subsequent poor health outcomes. In this paper, we report on perceptions and experiences of prejudice and racism by Indigenous Māori with kidney disease ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Secondary Stroke Risk Reduction in Black Adults: a Systematic Review.

Caroline Cao, Nisha Jain, Elaine Lu, Martha Sajatovic, Carolyn Harmon Still,

<h4>Objective</h4>To address the fact that Black adults (BAs) experience significantly greater stroke burden than the general population, we conducted a systematic literature review which described evidence-based interventions targeting secondary stroke risk reduction in BAs.<h4>Data source</h4>Publications were selected from PubMed, Ovid, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases. We included peer-reviewed, longitudinal, ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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The Prevalence and Predictors of Depressive, Anxiety, and Stress Symptoms Among Tepi Town Residents During the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown in Ethiopia.

Seid Ali Tareke, Mesfin Esayas Lelisho, Sali Suleman Hassen, Adem Aragaw Seid, Sebwedin Surur Jemal, Belete Mulatu Teshale, Teramaj Wongel Wotale, Binay Kumar Pandey,

<h4>Background</h4>As a result of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, many countries have imposed movement restrictions and implemented lockdowns. However, evidence from a variety of nations showed that the COVID-19 outbreak and its associated quarantine measures triggered a wide range of psychological problems, such as anxiety, depression, and stress in ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Subsidized Marketplace Purchases Reduced Racial Disparities in Private Coverage Under the Affordable Care Act.

Lonnie R Snowden, Neal Wallace, Genevieve Graaf,

The Affordable Care Act's Marketplaces, by allowing subsidized purchase of insurance coverage by persons with incomes from the poverty line to middle income, and through active outreach and enrollment assistance efforts, are well situated to reduce large African American-white private coverage disparities. Using data from the National Health Interview Survey ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Cancer Screening Differences Among Muslims and Non-Muslims: Insights from the Chicago Multiethnic Prevention and Surveillance Study.

Amry M Majeed, Zeeshan A Khan, Briseis Aschebrook-Kilfoy, Muhammad G Kibriya, Habibul Ahsan, Aasim I Padela,

<h4>Background</h4>While cancer screening disparities along socioeconomic and racial/ethnic lines are well studied, differences based on religious affiliation are under-researched. Though diverse in terms of race/ethnicity, Muslim Americans appear to share values and beliefs that similarly inform their health and healthcare seeking behaviors. Cancer screening disparities among Muslim Americans are also ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Telehealth Interventions to Improve Diabetes Management Among Black and Hispanic Patients: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Andrew Anderson, Samantha S O'Connell, Christina Thomas, Rishab Chimmanamada,

<h4>Background</h4>Previous systematic reviews have found that telehealth is an effective strategy for implementing interventions to improve glycemic control and other clinical outcomes for diabetes patients. However, these reviews have not meaningfully focused on Black and Hispanic patients-partly because of the lack of adequate representation of people from racial and ethnic minority groups in ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Sexual Behavior Patterns of Black Young Adults in Georgia: Results from a Latent Class Analysis.

Chinekwu Obidoa, Onah P Thompson, Makhin Thitsa, Ebonye Smith, Harold Katner,

The state of Georgia ranks first in the rate of new diagnosis of HIV/AIDS, yet studies focused on understanding the drivers of this epidemic in the most at-risk groups outside the Atlanta Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) remain sparse. Among the many consequences of this is the inability to effectively design ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Asian American Self-Reported Discrimination in Healthcare and Having a Usual Source of Care.

Thomas K Le, Leah Cha, Gilbert Gee, Lorraine T Dean, Hee-Soon Juon, Winston Tseng,

<h4>Background</h4>Self-reported racial or ethnic discrimination in a healthcare setting has been linked to worse health outcomes and not having a usual source of care, but has been rarely examined among Asian ethnic subgroups.<h4>Objective</h4>We examined the association between Asian ethnic subgroup and self-reported discrimination in a healthcare setting, and whether both ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Emergency Department Utilization, Hospital Admissions, and Office-Based Physician Visits Among Under-Resourced African American and Latino Older Adults.

Sharon Cobb, Mohsen Bazargan, Shervin Assari, Lisa Barkley, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi,

<h4>Objectives</h4>This study uses a theoretical model to explore (a) emergency department (ED) utilization, (b) hospital admissions, and (c) office-based physician visits among sample of under-resourced African American and Latino older adults.<h4>Methods</h4>Nine hundred five African American and Latino older adults from an under-resourced urban community of South Los Angeles participated in this ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Racial Differences in Trends and Prognosis of Guideline-Directed Medical Therapy for Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Surveillance Study.

Lena Mathews, Ning Ding, Yingying Sang, Laura R Loehr, Jung-Im Shin, Naresh M Punjabi, Alain G Bertoni, Deidra C Crews, Wayne D Rosamond, Josef Coresh, Chiadi E Ndumele, Kunihiro Matsushita, Patricia P Chang,

<h4>Background</h4>Racial disparities in guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) have not been fully documented in a community setting.<h4>Methods</h4>In the ARIC Surveillance Study (2005-2014), we examined racial differences in GDMT at discharge, its temporal trends, and the prognostic impact among individuals with hospitalized HFrEF, using ... Read more >>

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Do Patient Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors Influence Surgical Treatment Rates After ACL Injury?

Edward J Testa, Jacob M Modest, Peter Brodeur, Nicholas J Lemme, Joseph A Gil, Aristides I Cruz,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries may be managed nonoperatively in certain patients and injury patterns; however, complete ACL ruptures are commonly reconstructed to restore anterior and lateral rotatory stability of the knee. While ACL reconstruction is well-studied, the literature is sparse with regard to which socioeconomic patient factors are associated ... Read more >>

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities (Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities)
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Structural Racism as an Environmental Justice Issue: A Multilevel Analysis of the State Racism Index and Environmental Health Risk from Air Toxics.

Camila H Alvarez,

Communities of color and poor neighborhoods are disproportionately exposed to more air pollution-a pattern known as environmental injustices. Environmental injustices increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes among residents in affected communities. The structural mechanisms distributing environmental injustices in the USA are understudied. Bridging the literatures on the social determinants of ... Read more >>

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