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Journal J Pediatr

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Association of Bacteremia with Vaccination Status in Children Aged 2 to 36 Months.

Jennifer Dunnick, Maia Taft, Robert T Tisherman, Andrew J Nowalk, Robert W Hickey, Paria M Wilson,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine the association between bacteremia and vaccination status in children aged 2-36 months presenting to a pediatric emergency department.<h4>Study design</h4>Retrospective cohort study of children aged 2-36 months with blood cultures obtained in the pediatric emergency department between January 2013 and December 2017. The exposure of interest was immunization status, ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Associations Between Early Structural MRI, Hammersmith Infant Neurological Exam, and General Movements Assessment in Very Preterm Infants.

Karen Harpster, Stephanie Merhar, Venkata Sita Priyanka Illapani, Colleen Peyton, Beth Kline-Fath, Nehal A Parikh,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the prevalence and associations between structural MRI (sMRI) injury/abnormality at term equivalent age and absent fidgety General Movements Assessment (GMA) and abnormal Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) scores among very preterm infants at 3-4 months corrected age.<h4>Study design</h4>This prospective cohort study enrolled 392 infants born ≤32 weeks' gestation ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Multiple Emergency Department visits for a diagnosis of Kawasaki Disease: An Examination of Risk Factors and Outcomes.

Jeffrey Lo, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Annette L Baker, Sarah D de Ferranti, Kevin G Friedman, Mindy S Lo, Fatma Dedeoglu, Robert P Sundel, Jane W Newburger, Mary Beth F Son,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To determine predictors of more than one emergency department (ED) visit for a Kawasaki disease diagnosis in a quaternary care pediatric hospital and compare outcomes between patients with 1 versus > 1 visit for KD diagnosis.<h4>Study design</h4>Medical records of patients evaluated for KD between January 2006 and August 2018 at ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Encouraging parental reading for high-risk NICU infants.

Viral G Jain, Christy Kessler, Linda Lacina, Greg A Szumlas, Clare Crosh, John S Hutton, Robert Needlman, Thomas G Dewitt,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess whether a citywide structured book-sharing program (NICU Bookworms) designed to promote reading to infants while admitted in the NICU would increase parental reading behaviors (≥3-4 days/week) in the NICU and after discharge home, including high-risk parents who do not themselves enjoy reading.<h4>Study design</h4>The NICU Bookworms program comprised staff ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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General Cognitive Abilities and Psychosocial Development in Children and Adolescents Having a Co-Twin with Down Syndrome.

Gisa Aschersleben, Katarzyna Hoffmann, Wolfram Henn,

<h4>Objective</h4>To examine the general cognitive and psychosocial development in children and adolescents having a co-twin with Down syndrome.<h4>Study design</h4>A case control study with an individually matched control group was conducted. Participants included families with twins discordant for Down syndrome as well as with typically developing twins. The group of unaffected ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Mortality, Risk Factors and Disparities Associated with Esophageal Variceal Bleeding in Children's Hospitals in the United States.

Jean P Molleston, William E Bennett,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To use a large administrative database to determine the mortality, risk factors, and co-morbidities of esophageal variceal bleeding in children.<h4>Study design</h4>Retrospective cohort study using Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) data from 50 tertiary children's hospitals in the US. ICD codes from 2004 through 2019 identified children 18 years and younger ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Acute Delivery Room Resuscitation of SSRI Exposed Neonates.

Kendall A Ulbrich, Katelyn Zumpf, Jody D Ciolino, Malika Shah, Emily S Miller, Katherine L Wisner,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine whether full-term neonates with in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) require respiratory support in the delivery room, as indicated by the standardized Neonatal Resuscitation Program [NRP] algorithm, significantly more often than non-exposed neonates.<h4>Study design</h4>In this retrospective cohort study, we extracted data from medical records of ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Very Preterm, Moderate-Late Preterm and Term-Born Neonates: A Systematic Review.

Megan Dibble, Jin Zhe Ang, Liam Mariga, Eleanor J Molloy, Arun L W Bokde,

<h4>Objective</h4>To examine white matter abnormalities, measured by Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), in very preterm (<32 weeks) and moderate-late preterm neonates (32-37 weeks) at term-equivalent age, compared with healthy full-term controls (≥37 weeks).<h4>Study design</h4>A search of Medline (Pubmed) was conducted to identify studies with diffusion data collected on very preterm, moderate-late ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Antenatal Risk Factors Associated with Spontaneous Intestinal Perforation in Preterm Infants Receiving Post-natal Indomethacin.

Tamara I Arnautovic, Jami L Longo, Elizabeth J Trail-Burns, Richard Tucker, Martin Keszler, Abbot R Laptook,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine if antenatal variables affect the risk of spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) among preterm infants when prophylactic indomethacin is used.<h4>Study design</h4>Retrospective case-control study of infants <29 weeks gestational age (GA) between January 2010 and June 2018 at one hospital. SIP was defined as acute abdominal distension and pneumoperitoneum without ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Tele-Clinic Visits in Pediatric Patients with Marfan Syndrome using Parentally-Acquired Echo.

Angela Chen, Rajesh Punn, R Thomas Collins, Jonathan H Chen, Katie Jo Stauffer, Rena Wang, Samantha Alexander, Kirstie MacMillen Lechich, Daniel Jerome Murphy, Sukyung Chung, Elif Seda Selamet Tierney,

<h4>Objective</h4>To test feasibility of tele-clinic visits using parentally-acquired vital signs and focused echocardiographic (echo) images in patients with Marfan syndrome.<h4>Study design</h4>We included patients with MFS 5-19 years old followed in our clinic. We excluded patients with MFS and history of prior aortic root (AoR) surgery, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia, or AoR≥4.5 cm. ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Towards a Rational Approach to Patent Ductus Arteriosus Trials: Selecting the Population of Interest.

Afif El-Khuffash, Danielle R Rios, Patrick J McNamara,

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Isolated forehead swelling.

Daniela Nistico', Luisa Cortellazzo Wiel, Irene Berti, Lorenzo Calligaris, Marco Rabusin, Alessia Saccari, Egidio Barbi, Valentina Kiren,

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Considerations for future research on celiac disease in children with functional constipation Key Words: self-report; diagnosis.

Samar Al-Shamaa, Alexander Tan,

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Response to the Letter to the Editor on Celiac Disease in Children with Functional Constipation. A School Based Multicity Study.

Amanda C Fifi, Carlos Velasco-Benitez, Miguel Saps,

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Magnetic resonance biomarkers in very preterm infants: relationships to perinatal factors.

T Michael O'Shea, Deanne K Thompson, Lex W Doyle,

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Detection of Tachyarrhythmias in a Large Cohort of Infants using Direct-to-Consumer Heart Rate Monitoring.

Scott Anjewierden, Jeffrey Humpherys, Martin J LaPage, S Yukiko Asaki, Peter F Aziz,

<h4>Objective</h4>Current estimates of the incidence of tachyarrhythmias in infants rely on clinical documentation and may not reflect the true rate in the general population. Our aim was to describe the epidemiology of tachyarrhythmia detected in a large cohort of infants using direct-to-consumer heart rate monitoring.<h4>Study design</h4>Data was collected from Owlet ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Using Clinical History Factors to Identify Bacterial Infections in Young Febrile Infants.

Jeffrey P Yaeger, Jeremiah Jones, Ashkan Ertefaie, Mary T Caserta, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Kevin Fiscella,

<h4>Objective</h4>To develop a novel predictive model using primarily clinical history factors and compare performance to the widely-used Rochester Low Risk (RLR) model.<h4>Study design</h4>In this cross-sectional study, we identified infants brought to one pediatric emergency department from January 2014-December 2016. We included infants aged 0-90 days, with temperature >38°C, and documented ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Predicting Adverse Outcomes for Shiga Toxin-Producing E. coli Infections in Emergency Departments.

Chu Yang Lin, Jianling Xie, Stephen B Freedman, Ryan McKee, David Schnadower, Phillip I Tarr, Yaron Finkelstein, Neil M Desai, Roni D Lane, Kelly R Bergmann, Ron L Kaplan, Selena Hariharan, Andrea T Cruz, Daniel M Cohen, Andrew Dixon, Sriram Ramgopal, Elizabeth C Powell, Jennifer Kilgar, Kenneth A Michelson, Martin Bitzan, Kenneth Yen, Garth D Meckler, Amy C Plint, Fran Balamuth, Stuart Bradin, Serge Gouin, April J Kam, James Meltzer, Tracy E Hunley, Usha Avva, Robert Porter, Daniel M Fein, Jeffrey P Louie, Gillian A M Tarr, ,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the performance of a hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) severity score among children with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections and HUS by stratifying them according to their risk of adverse events. The score has not been previously evaluated in a North American acute care setting.<h4>Study design</h4>We reviewed medical ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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SHORT-TERM AND LONG-TERM EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES OF INFANTS BORN MODERATELY AND LATE PRETERM.

Carrie Townley Flores, Amy Gerstein, Ciaran S Phibbs, Lee M Sanders,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the relationship of moderate and late preterm birth (32-36 6/7 weeks) to long-term educational outcomes.<h4>Study design</h4>We hypothesized that moderate and late preterm birth would be associated with adverse outcomes in elementary school. To test this, we linked vital statistics-patient discharge data from the Office of Statewide Health Planning ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Umbilical Cord Milking versus Delayed Cord Clamping and Associations with In-Hospital Outcomes among Extremely Premature Infants.

Neha Kumbhat, Barry Eggleston, Alexis S Davis, Sara B DeMauro, Krisa P Van Meurs, Elizabeth E Foglia, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Michele C Walsh, Kristi L Watterberg, Myra H Wyckoff, Abhik Das, Sara C Handley, ,

<h4>Objective</h4>To compare in-hospital outcomes after umbilical cord milking versus delayed cord clamping among infants <29 weeks' gestation.<h4>Study design</h4>Multicenter retrospective study of infants born <29 weeks' gestation from 2016 to 2018 without congenital anomalies who received active treatment at delivery and were exposed to UCM or DCC. The primary outcome was ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Association of Continuous Opioids and/or Midazolam during Early Mechanical Ventilation with Survival and Sensorimotor Outcomes at Age 2 Years in Premature Infants: Results from the French Prospective National EPIPAGE 2 Cohort.

Marie-Amélie de Tristan, Laetitia Martin-Marchand, Jean-Michel Roué, Kanwaljeet J S Anand, Véronique Pierrat, Pierre Tourneux, Pierre Kuhn, Christophe Milesi, Valérie Benhammou, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Ricardo Carbajal, Xavier Durrmeyer,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the association of early continuous infusions of opioids and/or midazolam with survival and sensorimotor outcomes at age 2 years in ventilated very premature infants.<h4>Study design</h4>This national observational study included premature infants born before 32 weeks of gestation intubated within 1 hour after birth and still intubated at 24 ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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50 Years Ago in TheJournalofPediatrics: Herpes Simplex Encephalitis: No Longer a Brain-Teaser.

Vishal Sondhi, Piyush Gupta,

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, 228:81]

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Ondansetron prescription for vomiting associated with 72-hour ED return reduction.

James M Gray, Marissa A Hendrickson,

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, 228:310-313]

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50 Years Ago in TheJournalofPediatrics: Parasitism in Children with Malignancy.

Pinky Meena, Piyush Gupta, Maharshi Trivedi,

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, 228:234]

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50 Years Ago in TheJournalofPediatrics: The Status of Measles and Rubella Immunization in the United States.

Scott D Krugman,

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2021, 228:154]

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