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Journal J Paediatr Child Health

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Maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and risk of food allergy in young Japanese children.

Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Masashi Arakawa, Yoshihiro Miyake,

<h4>Aim</h4>To examine the association between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and the development of food allergy in young Japanese children up to 3 years of age.<h4>Methods</h4>The study involved 1522 mother-child pairs. Data on maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy were assessed with a validated diet history questionnaire. Food allergy was defined by ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Kingella kingae sternal osteomyelitis presenting as chest lump in a child.

Khalfan Al Abdali, Brendan McMullan, Sara Toofanian, Neevika Manoharan, Pamela Palasanthiran,

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Randomised trial of dobutamine versus placebo for low superior vena cava flow in preterm infants: Long-term neurodevelopmental outcome.

María Carmen Bravo, Paloma López-Ortego, Laura Sánchez, Jesús Díez, Fernando Cabañas, Adelina Pellicer,

<h4>Aim</h4>Although circulatory impairment during the transitional circulation associates morbidity and mortality, its treatment remains controversial. In a pilot trial on circulatory impairment defined as low superior vena cava (SVC) flow, dobutamine (Db) versus placebo (PL) showed a trend towards improved short-term outcomes. The purpose of this study was to report ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Opioid exposures in children under 5 years of age (2004-2019): A retrospective study of calls to Australia's largest poisons information centre.

Abrar Arbaeen, Nial J Wheate, Rose Cairns,

<h4>Aim</h4>To describe time trends in opioid exposures in children under 5 years, and to describe patient demographics, the medicines involved, the reasons for exposure and disposition.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective analysis of paediatric (<5 years of age) opioid exposure calls to the New South Wales Poisons Information Centre (NSWPIC, Australia's largest poison centre), 2004-2019. Joinpoint ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Severe anaemia and altered mental status in the young paediatric patient.

Carolina Vega, Rasha Kazi, Jason King, Shazia Maqbool,

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Improved care and management of paediatric neurological patients evaluated at a paediatric Rapid Access Neurology clinic: A pilot study.

Amanda M Yaworski, Jerome Y Yager, Lawrence Richer, Janette Mailo, Thilinie Rajapakse, Janani Kassiri,

<h4>Aim</h4>Referral wait times for paediatric neurological patients are increasing, leading to an increased burden on the emergency department (ED). The paediatric Rapid Access Neurology (pRAN) clinic was created for paediatric patients who are clinically stable, but require an urgent paediatric neurology consultation. The objectives were to evaluate the pathways of ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Longer term outcomes following serogroup B invasive meningococcal disease.

Lucy Deng, Belinda Barton, Jennifer Lorenzo, Harunor Rashid, Fereshteh Dastouri, Robert Booy,

<h4>Aim</h4>To characterise the physical, psychological, and quality of life burden associated with serogroup B invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in children.<h4>Methods</h4>Children aged up to 14 years at the time of serogroup B IMD, who were admitted to intensive care units of two tertiary paediatric hospitals in New South Wales, Australia between January ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Paediatric presentations to Christchurch Hospital Emergency Department during COVID-19 lockdown.

Roshit K Bothara, Aditya Raina, Brennan Carne, Tony Walls, Andrew McCombie, Michael W Ardagh, Laura R Joyce,

<h4>Aim</h4>To describe the variation in volumes and types of paediatric presentations to a tertiary emergency department in New Zealand during the national level 4 lockdown for COVID-19.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective, comparative cohort study in Christchurch Hospital Emergency Department, New Zealand.<h4>Results</h4>There was a 37% reduction in all emergency presentations during the 33-day lockdown ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Early neonatal death review from two provinces in Papua New Guinea: A retrospective analysis.

Lisa M Vallely, Rachel Smith, Moses Laman, Michaela A Riddell, Alice Mengi, Lucy Au, Cherolyn Polomon, Joshua P Vogel, William S Pomat, Andrew J Vallely, Caroline Se Homer,

<h4>Aim</h4>To determine the causes of early neonatal death and the avoidable factors associated with these deaths among women participating in a cluster-randomised crossover trial in Papua New Guinea.<h4>Methods</h4>Early neonatal deaths were identified by retrospective chart review of the Women and Newborn Trial of Antenatal Interventions and Management study participants between ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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High rates of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in a high-school class.

Danilo Buonsenso, Benedetta Graglia,

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Paediatric Guillain-Barré Syndrome presenting with Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome.

Shreerupa Basu, Lorenza Harrowell, Nitesh Singhal,

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Muddle in the middle: A rare case of a hepatopulmonary fusion and lung sequestration in a neonate with a right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Sarah van Oudtshoorn, Njeri Gikenye, Colin Kikiros, Parshotam Gera,

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Improving the care of term babies at risk of hypoglycaemia: A microsystem approach.

Sunitha Vimalesvaran, Vasilis Kokotsis, Fauzia Akhtar, Claudia Chetcuti-Ganado,

<h4>Aim</h4>Neonatal hypoglycaemia is a common problem, often requiring admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Our aim was to reduce term admissions to NICU for hypoglycaemia by 50% over 4 years.<h4>Methods</h4>Inborn term babies from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2018 were included. Using quality-improvement methodology, we designed interventions based ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Investigating paediatric hypoglycaemia: Dynamic studies at a tertiary paediatric hospital.

Lara E Graves, Kelly Stewart, Geoffrey R Ambler, Kaustuv Bhattacharya, Shubha Srinivasan,

<h4>Aim</h4>Paediatric hypoglycaemia often requires specific investigations to determine aetiology. Samples from the time of hypoglycaemia may not be available and a diagnostic fasting test may be required. Additionally, fasting studies can determine safe fasting intervals and prolonged oral glucose challenges can assess hypoglycaemia due to abnormal post-prandial glucose handling. This ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Trends in rates and inequalities in paediatric admissions for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions in Victoria, Australia (2003 to 2013).

Sharon Goldfeld, Kate Paton, Shaoke Lei, Prescilla Perera, Harriet Hiscock,

<h4>Aim</h4>To examine 10-year trends and inequalities in paediatric admission rates for acute and chronic Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSCs) in Victoria, Australia.<h4>Methods</h4>Secondary data analysis of the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset of children aged 0-17 years and 11 months admitted with a principal diagnosis of acute ACSCs: gastroenteritis/dehydration, dental conditions and urinary tract ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Caesarean delivery is associated with an absolute increase in the prevalence of overweight in the offspring: The SENDO project.

Laura Moreno-Galarraga, Andrea Romanos Nanclares, Lorena García-Blanco, Cristina Esteve Cornejo, Borja Domingo Cardenal, Miguel A Martínez-González, Nerea Martín-Calvo,

<h4>Aim</h4>The association between caesarean delivery and the risk of overweight/obesity in the offspring has been previously reported using conventional measures of association (relative risks or odds ratios). We aimed at refining the existing evidence by calculating the marginal effect of the exposure and estimating the unmeasured residual confounding.<h4>Methods</h4>In the 'SEguimiento ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the well-being of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities and their parents.

Anne Masi, Antonio Mendoza Diaz, Lucy Tully, Syeda Ishra Azim, Susan Woolfenden, Daryl Efron, Valsamma Eapen,

<h4>Aims</h4>To examine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on child mental health and socio-emotional and physical well-being (including sleep, diet, exercise, use of electronic media; care giver perceptions of symptoms of child neurodevelopmental disability [NDD] and comorbidities), and care giver mental health and well-being, social support and service use.<h4>Methods</h4>An online cross-sectional ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Cost of preterm birth to Australian mothers: Assessing the financial impact of a birth outcome with an increasing prevalence.

Haylee Fox, Emily Callander,

<h4>Aim</h4>To examine the differences in return to work time after childbirth; the differences in income; and the differences in out of pocket health-care costs between mothers who had a preterm birth and mothers who delivered a full term baby in Australia.<h4>Methods</h4>Using administrative data, the length of time and 'risk' of ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Mental health presentations to the paediatric emergency department: A retrospective study.

Daniela F Say, Anna Carison, Ashley Hill, Harriet Hiscock, Franz E Babl, Sinead M O'Donnell,

<h4>Aim</h4>To describe a cohort of patients aged 7-17 years presenting with mental health (MH) problems to an Australian tertiary paediatric emergency department (ED), in order to identify: (i) predictors of admission; and (ii) prolonged length of stay (LOS); (iii) reasons for ED presentation based on diagnosis and (iv) differences between major ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Systematic review with meta-analysis: Probiotics for treating acute diarrhoea in children with dehydration.

Hai-Lin Wu, Xue Zhan,

<h4>Aim</h4>This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of probiotics in treating children with acute diarrhoea and dehydration.<h4>Methods</h4>Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant studies and statistical analysis was performed.<h4>Results</h4>A total of 17 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving 2861 participants met the inclusion criteria. Compared with placebo, ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Overview of nontuberculous mycobacterial disease in children.

Timothy J Ford, Robyn A Silcock, Steven M Holland,

Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms in our surrounding environment. Four distinct clinical syndromes associated with NTM infection have been described: skin and soft tissue disease, lymphadenitis, disseminated disease and pulmonary disease. In children, lymphadenitis is the most common NTM clinical entity, particularly affecting those aged 1-5 years who have no ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Antenatal counselling of congenital surgical anomalies: A decade of experience in a local tertiary centre.

Adrian Chi Heng Fung, Anita Sik Yau Kan, Patrick Hy Chung, Noel Wing Man Shek, Ivy Hau Yee Chan, Kenneth Kak Yuen Wong,

<h4>Aim</h4>This study reviewed the experience of a tertiary paediatric surgery and obstetric centre on prenatal counselling of congenital surgical anomalies and to explore the role of paediatric surgeons on perinatal outcomes of antenatally detected anomalies.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective analysis of all antenatal consultations and subsequent medical records after birth were performed between ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2021, :]

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Report of one case of malignancy among 17 autonomous thyroid nodules in children and adolescents.

Pedro W Rosario, Theara de Castro Nicolau,

<h4>Aim</h4>This study aimed to report a case of malignancy in a series of 17 autonomous thyroid nodules in children/adolescents.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with thyroid nodules between 2003 and 2018 who had the following characteristics: (i) low serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH); (ii) nodule(s) > 1 cm on ultrasonography; (iii) homogenous ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2020, :]

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High flow in children with respiratory failure: A randomised controlled pilot trial - A paediatric acute respiratory intervention study.

Donna Franklin, Deborah Shellshear, Franz E Babl, Rikki Hendrickson, Amanda Williams, Kristen Gibbons, Kate McEnery, Melanie Kennedy, Trang Mt Pham, Jason Acworth, David Levitt, Ed Oakley, Andreas Schibler, ,

<h4>Aims</h4>High-flow is increasingly used in children with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure (AHRF), despite limited evidence. The primary feasibility endpoint for this pilot-study was the proportion of treatment failure, secondary outcomes being intensive care unit (ICU) admissions and proportion of patients requiring escalation of care. We measured duration of hospital stay, ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2020, :]

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Revealing the clinical phenotype of atypical neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 disease: Insights from the largest cohort in the world.

Charles M Lourenço, Andre Pessoa, Carmen C Mendes, Carolina Rivera-Nieto, Diane Vergara, Mónica Troncoso, Emily Gardner, Francisca Mallorens, Lina Tavera, Luis A Lizcano, Nora Atanacio, Norberto Guelbert, Norma Specola, Nury Mancilla, Carolina F M de Souza, Sara E Mole,

<h4>Aim</h4>Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2) disease is an autosomal recessive inherited neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficient tripeptidyl peptidase 1 (TPP1) enzyme, leading to progressive deterioration of neurological functions commonly occurring in children aged 2-4 years and culminating in early death. Atypical cases associated with earlier or later symptom ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2020, :]

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