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Association of placenta previa with placental size in Japanese women: A study from a single tertiary referral center.

Hyo Kyozuka, Toki Jin, Mimori Fujimori, Mariko Matsuno, Shinji Nomura, Daisuke Suzuki, Toma Fukuda, Tsuyoshi Murata, Shun Yasuda, Akiko Yamaguchi, Yasuhisa Nomura, Keiya Fujimori,

The effect of placenta previa on age-specific placental size has not yet been elucidated. This study aimed to examine the effect of placenta previa on the Japanese standardized z-scores of placental size. This retrospective cohort study included Japanese participants from Ohta Nishinouchi Hospital with single pregnancies who gave birth during ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Guillain-Barré syndrome during pregnancy: A case series.

Mirjana Ždraljević, Vanja Radišić, Stojan Perić, Aleksandra Kačar, Dejana Jovanović, Ivana Berisavac,

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in pregnancy may be a serious disease associated with high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Herein, we present the long-term maternal and fetal outcomes of five pregnant GBS patients from our center. The mean age of pregnant GBS patients was 29.8 ± 3.1. Two patients had a severe ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Fetal cardiac alterations in the late-onset growth-restricted fetuses: A prospective case-control study.

Gurcan Turkyilmaz, Sebnem Turkyilmaz, Lutfiye Uygur,

<h4>Aim</h4>Fetal growth restriction (FGR) has significant consequences on cardiac functions. This study aims to evaluate cardiac functional parameters in late-onset (FGR) fetuses and compare those appropriate for gestational age (AGA) fetuses.<h4>Material and methods</h4>Fifty-six singleton pregnancies were involved in this prospective case-control study. Delphi consensus was used to define late-onset FGR. ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Ultrasonographic study of fetal mandibular markers during the first trimester in a Chinese population.

Hezhou Li, Zhengfeng Zhu,

To establish reference ranges for fetal mandibular markers in low-risk singleton pregnancies between 11 and 13 + 6 weeks of gestation in a Chinese population. The inferior facial angle (IFA), transverse, and anteroposterior diameters of the mandible, and mandibular length were measured at 11-13 + 6 weeks of gestation. The utility of these sonographic markers for ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Retraction.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, 47(12):4507]

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Extremely high anti-Mullerian hormone levels detected during infertility workup revealing sex cord tumor with annular tubules and underlying Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: A case report.

Ozge Senem Yucel Cicek, Sener Gezer, Ozgur Cakir, Rumeysa Hekimoglu Gurbuz,

We report an infertile, but otherwise asymptomatic woman, whose extremely high anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) level detected during infertility investigation led to the diagnosis of sex cord tumor with annular tubules (SCTAT) which is a very rare sex cord-stromal tumor (SCST) and eventually revealed a previously undiagnosed hereditary cancer syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Clinical characteristics and hematological parameters associated with disease severity in COVID-19 positive pregnant women undergoing cesarean section: A single-center experience.

Baris Arslan, Ilhan G Bicer, Tuna Sahin, Merve Vay, Okan Dilek, Emre Destegul,

<h4>Aim</h4>The study aimed to describe clinical characteristics and outcomes of pregnant women with COVID-19 undergoing cesarean section, and evaluated the association of blood values at admission with severe COVID-19 disease in this group of patients.<h4>Method</h4>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 110 patients infected with COVID-19 who underwent cesarean section ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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A modified transabdominal cervicoisthmic cerclage with the monofilament thread: Its efficacy and safety for women with extremely short cervix due to cervical conization.

Rei Sunami, So Owada, Genki Yasuda, Mayuko Kasai, Yuzo Uchida, Hironori Takahashi, Shigeki Matsubara,

<h4>Aim</h4>The study aimed to examine the usefulness of modified transabdominal cervicoisthmic cerclage (TAC) using monofilament thread for the prevention of preterm delivery in women with an extremely short cervix after deep conization.<h4>Methods</h4>We devised a monofilament thread for picking up the seromuscular layer of the site that is slightly cephalad to ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Obstetric and neonatal outcomes after SARS-CoV-2 infection in the first trimester of pregnancy: A prospective comparative study.

Stefano Cosma, Andrea Roberto Carosso, Jessica Cusato, Fulvio Borella, Luca Bertero, Marialuisa Bovetti, Federica Bevilacqua, Giulio Mengozzi, Raffaela Mazzone, Valeria Ghisetti, Giovanni Di Perri, Chiara Benedetto,

<h4>Objective(s)</h4>This prospective observational cohort study aimed to evaluate whether women with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection during the first trimester of pregnancy are at higher risk of adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes compared to negative patients.<h4>Study design</h4>Seromolecular testing for SARS-CoV-2 was performed at 12, 16, 21 weeks, and ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Long-term follow up in two cases of pelvic reconstruction using a combined VRAM flap-sacrocolpopexy for severe perineal hernia after abdominoperineal resection.

Shotaro Yamamoto, Akihiro Hamuro, Hisashi Nagahara, Hisashi Motomura, Masayasu Koyama, Daisuke Tachibana,

Perineal hernia is an infrequent complication of abdominoperineal resection (APR) and, currently, there is no consensus as to the optimal operative technique. Surgical repair can be achieved by either cerclage or the use of mesh or autologous tissue, and it has been reported that the recurrence rate after repair using ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Letter to "Clinical effects and safety of ferric carboxymaltose in pregnancy: An Indian real-life experience".

Sanjay A Gupte, Gayatri Venkataraman, Aarti S Shah,

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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A case of laparoscopically treated broad ligament ectopic pregnancy followed by spontaneous gestation.

Shinnosuke Iwai, Yuta Kasahara, Hiroshi Kishi, Takuma Sato, Atsuko Kusuhara, Aikou Okamoto,

We present a case of spontaneous pregnancy after laparoscopic surgery for a broad ligament pregnancy. A 34-year-old nulliparous woman presented with 6 weeks of amenorrhea. Due to the presence of an empty uterus with a 10 mm right adnexal mass on transvaginal ultrasonography and elevated serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), ectopic pregnancy ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Factors associated with postpartum resumption of sexual intercourse among women in China: A retrospective multicenter study.

Xiaorong Fan, Fang Zhou, Yuyan Li, Wei Xia, Yan Che, ,

<h4>Objective</h4>To examine the prevalence and factors associated with early resumption of sexual intercourse among postnatal women in China.<h4>Method</h4>We conducted a retrospective multicenter study of 15 834 postpartum women from 60 hospitals in 15 different locations across China. Data were obtained from questionnaires administered to the participants. All dates were analyzed using ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Incidence of chest X-ray abnormalities early in the third trimester of twin pregnancy and its relationship with the subsequent development of preeclampsia.

Kazunobu Yagi, Haruna Kawaguchi, Ryo Yamamoto, Shusaku Hayashi, Keisuke Ishii,

<h4>Aim</h4>To clarify the incidence of abnormal findings on chest X-ray (CXR) early in the third trimester of twin pregnancy and its relationship with the development of preeclampsia and preeclampsia-related diseases.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a retrospective cohort study conducted among women with twin pregnancies who underwent chest radiography for preoperative screening early in ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Sedentary behaviors and gestational diabetes mellitus: A systematic review.

Qianqian Li, Yuan Zhu, Jingyuan Wang, Yan Zhang, Yueshuai Pan, Ruting Gu, Xiaojing Guo, Lili Wei,

<h4>Aim</h4>Sedentary behaviors are activities that expend less energy than 1.5 metabolic equivalents, such as watching TV, sitting. We aim to systematically review the evidence to determine the association of sedentary behavior (SB) with the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, and the associations of SB with health outcomes in pregnant women ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Fertility preservation of polypoid endometriosis: Case series and literature review.

Sayuri Miyoshi, Ken Yamaguchi, Yoshitsugu Chigusa, Masumi Sunada, Koji Yamanoi, Akihito Horie, Junzo Hamanishi, Eiji Kondoh, Masaki Mandai,

Polypoid endometriosis (PE) is a rare distinctive variant of endometriosis with morphological features resembling malignant tumors. Although a surgical procedure is usually performed for the treatment and diagnosis of PE, fertility preservation is usually desired in cases of reproductive age. However, there have been no reports of fertility-preserving treatments resulting ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Is there an association between the vaginal microbiome and first trimester miscarriage? A prospective observational study.

Monica Shahid, Julie A Quinlivan, Michael Peek, Natalia Castaño-Rodríguez, George L Mendz,

<h4>Aim</h4>To examine whether there are differences in the vaginal microbiome of women who miscarry compared to those who have normal pregnancy outcomes.<h4>Methods</h4>Prospective observational study conducted at the Canberra Hospital, Australia, with 24 participant women in the first trimester of pregnancy. The vaginal microbiomes of the 24 women were characterized using ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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A comparison of high-risk human papillomavirus DNA detection between urine and cervical sample testing in women with abnormal Pap smears.

Awassada Punyashthira, Navin Horthongkham, Atthapon Jaishuen, Nida Jareemit, Vuthinun Achariyapota,

<h4>Aims</h4>To compare the clinical performance of high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) DNA detection between urine and cervical samples collected from the same patient for the detection of CIN2+ lesions (high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions or cervical cancer lesions). The secondary objectives were to evaluate agreement among hrHPV genotypes and to compare patient ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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The novel use of lauromacrogol: A respective study of ultrasound-guided sclerosant injection for cesarean scar pregnancy.

Linling Zhu, Jiansong Gao, Xinyun Yang, Liang Qian, Yanjing Wang, Hongyun Zhang, Beibei Chen, Dingheng Li,

<h4>Aim</h4>To introduce the novel use of lauromacrogol for cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP), and to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of curettage combined with ultrasound-guided sclerosant injection (USI) and curettage following uterine artery embolization (UAE) in the treatment of CSP.<h4>Methods</h4>CSP patients undergoing curettage combined with USI (n = 72) from December 2014 ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Protective effect of small peptides from Periplaneta americana on cyclophosphamide-induced premature ovarian failure.

Qin Wang, Huaxin Si, Rong Fu, Caihua Kong, Kena Liu, Shiyan Sui,

<h4>Aim</h4>To investigate the protective effect of small peptides from Periplaneta americana (SPPA) on cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced premature ovarian failure (POF) in mice. Silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) /tumor-associated protein 53 (p53) signaling pathway plays an important role in delaying POF. Hematopoietic progenitor cell antigen (CD34) reflects ovarian ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Comparison of brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation, uterine artery Doppler, and umbilical artery Doppler measurements in obese and normal pregnant women.

Serif Aksin, Cengiz Andan, Seyhmus Tunc, Mehmet Rifat Goklu,

<h4>Objective</h4>In this study, we aimed to compare vascular function at trimesters 1, 2, and 3 between obese and normal pregnant women through brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), uterine artery Doppler, and umbilical artery Doppler measurements.<h4>Methods</h4>Pregnant women between the ages of 18 and 40 who presented to our clinic were included. ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Association between fetal vascular malperfusion and gestational diabetes.

Tomoko Goto, Yuichiro Sato, Yuki Kodama, Kayo Tomimori, Hiroshi Sameshima, Murasaki Aman, Kazunari Maekawa, Atsushi Yamashita, Yujiro Asada,

<h4>Aim</h4>Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major complication in pregnancy. Placental lesions with DM remain unclear and controversial. Recently, the terms of placental pathological findings, such as maternal and fetal vascular malperfusions (MVM and FVM, respectively) were introduced by the Amsterdam Placental Workshop Group Consensus Statement (APWGCS). FVM cases were classified ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Inflammatory lesions in placental pathology.

Yuichiro Sato,

Placental inflammatory lesions are important findings that lead fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, and can be divided into two broad subcategories, acute inflammation caused by microorganisms and chronic inflammation caused by host immune responses. Recently, a diagnostic framework for these lesions has been established, and uniform diagnostic criteria have ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Levonorgestrel intrauterine system for the treatment of intermenstrual spotting in patients with previous cesarean delivery scar defect.

Yu-Che Ou, Ying-Yi Chen, Kuo-Chung Lan, Ching-Chang Tsai, Li-Ching Chu, Ling-Yun Cheng,

<h4>Aim</h4>To evaluate the efficacy of levonorgestrel 52 mg intrauterine system for intermenstrual bleeding in patients with previous cesarean delivery scar defects (PCDSs).<h4>Methods</h4>The medical records of 28 consecutive patients with previous cesarean delivery scar defect and intermenstrual bleeding who had undergone conservative treatment with levonorgestrel 52 mg intrauterine system were reviewed. The efficacy ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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Reduced pregnancy and live birth rates after in vitro fertilization in women with cesarean section scar diverticulum: A retrospective cohort study.

Ling Huang, Sunxing Huang, Yuan Yuan, Yubin Li, Minghui Chen, Canquan Zhou,

<h4>Aim</h4>The primary aim of the study was to investigate the effect of cesarean scar diverticulum on the reproductive outcome of embryo transfer. The secondary aim was to assess the impact of endometrial cavity fluid on the reproductive outcome of embryo transfer among patients with a cesarean scar diverticulum.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a ... Read more >>

J Obstet Gynaecol Res (The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research)
[2021, :]

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