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Developing knowledge-based planning for gynaecological and rectal cancers: a clinical validation of RapidPlan™.

Meegan Shepherd, Regina Bromley, Mark Stevens, Marita Morgia, Andrew Kneebone, George Hruby, John Atyeo, Thomas Eade,

INTRODUCTION:To create and clinically validate knowledge-based planning (KBP) models for gynaecologic (GYN) and rectal cancer patients. Assessment of ecologic generalisability and predictive validity of conventional planning versus single calculation KBP was reviewed against practical metrics of planning time (PT) and radiation oncologist plan preference. METHOD:Study cohorts were 34 and 42 ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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The physical and psychological sexual well-being of women with pelvic malignancy: how can we understand and improve our practice?

Lucinda Morris, Hannah Tharmalingam,

How can we better understand and improve our practice around the physical and psychological well-being of women treated with radiation therapy for pelvic malignancy? In this issue, Summerfield et al report the results of a nationwide survey capturing practices around the management of radiation therapy-induced vaginal adhesions and stenosis (RTVAS) ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Finding ways to support radiographers as teachers.

Andrea Thompson, Darci Taylor,

INTRODUCTION:Teaching and supervision of medical imaging students are part of the role of many radiographers, yet they are frequently unsupported in the development of their role as a teacher. This study explores radiographers' experiences and level of confidence in teaching and establishes the areas of support they require to be ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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New Zealand radiation therapists' perceptions of peer group supervision as a tool to reduce burnout symptoms in the clinical setting.

Gay Dungey, Hazel Neser, Dalice Sim,

INTRODUCTION:Research indicates that radiation therapists (RTs) are at risk of burnout and that there is a lack of evidence on effective coping strategies for managing work-related stressors within this workforce. Peer group supervision (PGS) is a useful tool in assisting staff to manage stress in the clinical setting, improve reflective ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Mammographic compression practices of force- and pressure-standardisation protocol: A scoping review.

Elizabeth Serwan, Donna Matthews, Josephine Davies, Minh Chau,

INTRODUCTION:As an efficient, effective and moderately inexpensive modality, mammography has been implemented as a cancer screening tool and in diagnostic management. However, appropriate breast compression is necessary for optimal outcomes. Current key measures of compression force are subjective and variable, giving rise to the concept of a 'personalised' pressure-standardisation protocol. ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Management of radiation therapy-induced vaginal adhesions and stenosis: A New Zealand survey of current practice.

Janeane Summerfield, Aidan Leong,

Vaginal dilation is often indicated as an intervention for the management of radiation therapy-induced vaginal adhesions and stenosis (RTVAS). However, limited research exists underpinning this intervention and diversity in patient recommendations internationally are reported. In the absence of New Zealand (NZ) national guidelines regarding the management of RTVAS, a survey ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Iodinated contrast media and their effect on thyroid function - Routines and practices among diagnostic imaging departments in Norway.

Albertina Rusandu, Bjørnar Heggdal Sjøvold, Edvin Hofstad, Randi Johansen Reidunsdatter,

INTRODUCTION:In order to minimise adverse effects or patient injuries related to the effect of iodinated contrast media (ICM) on the thyroid, international guidelines and research recommend developing routines for identification and management of patients at risk of developing a thyroid dysfunction. This study aimed to investigate thyroid-related ICM administration practices ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Evaluation of an integrated 3D-printed phantom for coronary CT angiography using iterative reconstruction algorithm.

Kamarul A Abdullah, Mark F McEntee, Warren Reed, Peter L Kench,

INTRODUCTION:3D-printed imaging phantoms are now increasingly available and used for computed tomography (CT) dose optimisation study and image quality analysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the integrated 3D-printed cardiac insert phantom when evaluating iterative reconstruction (IR) algorithm in coronary CT angiography (CCTA) protocols. METHODS:The 3D-printed cardiac insert ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Evaluating the principles of radiation protection in diagnostic radiologic examinations: collimation, exposure factors and use of protective equipment for the patients and their companions.

Zahra Farzanegan, Marziyeh Tahmasbi, Mohsen Cheki, Fatameh Yousefvand, Mohammad Rajabi,

INTRODUCTION:Producing appropriate diagnostic images along with patient radiation protection is the goal of radiography. Due to the advancements of radiography, concerns about observing the principles of radiation protection exist. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the observance of the principles of radiation protection in radiographic examinations with emphasis on field ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Merged image reconstruction for anomalous systemic arterial supply to a normal lung.

Bin Hu, Yunping Lan, Qiang Li, Xiaozun Yang, Bo Tian, Haomiao Qing, Peng Zhou, Ting Wang, Xiaojun Yang,

We present a rare case of anomalous systemic arterial supply to normal basal segments of the left lower lobe. Plain computed tomography (CT) showed an occupancy lesion in the left lower lobe. Contrast CT and merged three-dimensional (3D) image reconstruction showed that the anomalous systemic artery originated from the descending ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Optimisation in daily practice - it's more than just radiation dose.

Elizabeth A Krupinski,

On this editorial, the importance of optimisation of diagnostic imaging and radiation therapy in terms of diagnostic and therapeutic tests and treatments, education and service provision are discussed. ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, 67(1):2-4]

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Artificial intelligence and convolution neural networks assessing mammographic images: a narrative literature review.

Dennis Jay Wong, Ziba Gandomkar, Wan-Jing Wu, Guijing Zhang, Wushuang Gao, Xiaoying He, Yunuo Wang, Warren Reed,

Studies have shown that the use of artificial intelligence can reduce errors in medical image assessment. The diagnosis of breast cancer is an essential task; however, diagnosis can include 'detection' and 'interpretation' errors. Studies to reduce these errors have shown the feasibility of using convolution neural networks (CNNs). This narrative ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Continuing Professional Development.

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, 67(1):94-96]

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An investigation into the effect of changing the computed tomography slice reconstruction interval on the spatial replication accuracy of three-dimensional printed anatomical models constructed by fused deposition modelling.

Ben Searle, Deborah Starkey,

INTRODUCTION:Three-dimensional (3D) printed models can be constructed utilising computed tomography (CT) data. This project aimed to determine the effect of changing the slice reconstruction interval (SRI) on the spatial replication accuracy of 3D-printed anatomical models constructed by fused deposition modelling (FDM). METHODS:Three bovine vertebrae and an imaging phantom were imaged ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, 67(1):43-53]

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Updated Australian diagnostic reference levels for adult CT.

Kam L Lee, Toby Beveridge, Masoumeh Sanagou, Peter Thomas,

INTRODUCTION:In 2018, ARPANSA published updated national DRLs for adult CT, which were first published in 2012, and augmented the national DRL categories. This paper presents the updated national DRLs and describes the process by which they were produced. METHODS:Examine patient survey data submitted to the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, 67(1):5-15]

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Communicating traumatic pathology to ensure shared understanding: is there a recipe for the perfect preliminary image evaluation?

Emma Cooper, Michael J Neep, Patrick Eastgate,

Medical imaging and emergency departments work collaboratively to interpret trauma radiographs. In addition to accurate radiographic interpretation, clear communication is crucial to ensure appropriate and timely management of musculoskeletal injuries. This two-step 'how to guide' provides the reviewer with a recipe for effectively evaluating trauma radiographs for traumatic pathology and ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Parotid sparing in RapidPlan Oropharynx models: To split or not to split.

James O'Toole, Kenny Wu, Regina Bromley, Mark Stevens, Thomas Eade, Kirsten van Gysen, John Atyeo,

INTRODUCTION:Differences in knowledge and experience, patient anatomy and tumour location and manipulation of inverse planning objectives and priorities will lead to a variability in the quality of radiation planning. The aim of this study was to investigate whether parotid glands should be treated as separate or combined structures when using ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, 67(1):80-86]

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A Case study of the radiation therapy treatment of a transitional cell carcinoma of the distal urethra.

Amy Donovan, Rachael Beldham-Collins, Sandra Turner,

Urethral carcinoma is a rare urological cancer, accounting for only 1% of malignancies in Australia. The most common histology is transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). The majority of these cancers are treated with surgery. The main purpose of this case study is to describe a novel radiation treatment technique for treatment ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Multifocal invasive mucinous carcinoma of the breast.

Melissa J Ferguson,

Mucinous carcinoma accounts for approximately 2% of all breast cancer and is a rare subtype of infiltrating ductal carcinoma. It often presents as a lobulated, well-circumscribed mass on mammography, sonography, and magnetic resonance imaging and can therefore be mistaken for a benign lesion. This case report discusses a rare case ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Optimising patient care in medical radiation services through health economics: an introduction.

Scott Jones, Amy Brown, Vanessa Barclay, Oona Reardon,

The role of health economics in optimising patient care in medical radiation clinical settings is of increasing importance in ensuring efficient and effective service delivery. This commentary introduces health economics to medical radiation professionals by outlining the main analysis types utilised, highlighted by examples in the literature. The purpose is ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, 67(1):87-93]

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Current practice in mammographic imaging of the augmented breast in Australia.

Jacquelyn R O'Keefe, Jenny Maree Wilkinson, Kelly Maree Spuur,

AIM:This study seeks to document the imaging series used in contemporary Australian practice for imaging the augmented breast, with a secondary focus on differences in practice and opinion between BreastScreen Australia and diagnostic imaging services. METHODS:A SurveyMonkey link was distributed through the Australian Society of Medical Imaging and Radiation Therapy ... Read more >>

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2020, :]

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Corrigendum.

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2019, 66(4):300]

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Patients with HPV-associated oropharyngeal head and neck cancer have higher rates of weight loss and increased supportive needs.

Teresa E Brown,

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2019, 66(4):226-228]

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Erratum.

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2019, 66(4):301]

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Continuing Professional Development.

J Med Radiat Sci (Journal of medical radiation sciences)
[2019, 66(4):298-299]

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