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A critical-cultural-relational approach to rupture resolution: A case illustration with a cross-racial dyad.

Doris F Chang, Jordan J Dunn, Maryam Omidi,

Ruptures are common in any therapeutic relationship and their successful resolution is associated with positive outcomes. However, therapist and client differences with regard to power, privilege, identity, and culture increase social and cultural distance, contributing to alliance ruptures and complicating the repair process. Informed by critical race theories, cultural psychological ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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A practice-based evidence investigation of God representations in spiritually integrated psychotherapies.

Joseph M Currier, Ryon C McDermott, Laura T Stevens, Steven L Isaak, Edward B Davis, William-Glenn L Hollingsworth, Glenn D Archer, Tres Stefurak,

OBJECTIVE:This practice-based evidence study examined trajectories of God representations and psychological distress among Christians participating in spiritually integrated psychotherapies (SIPs). METHODS:In total, 17 clinicians practicing SIPs in a mid-sized city on the US Gulf Coast implemented session-to-session assessments of these outcomes with 158 clients over a 4-month period and also ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Negative affect interference and fear of happiness are independently associated with depressive symptoms.

D Gage Jordan, Amanda C Collins, Matthew G Dunaway, Jenna Kilgore, E Samuel Winer,

OBJECTIVES:Reward devaluation theory (RDT) posits that some depressed individuals avoid positivity due to its previous association with negative outcomes. Behavioral indicators of avoidance of reward support RDT, but self-report indicators have yet to be examined discriminantly. Two candidate self-report measures were examined in relation to depression: negative affect interference (NAI), ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Psychological, educational, and alternative interventions for reducing fear of childbirth in pregnant women: A systematic review.

Ángel Aguilera-Martín, Mario Gálvez-Lara, Marisol Blanco-Ruiz, Francisco García-Torres,

OBJECTIVE:This review aims to identify non-medical interventions that may reduce the fear of childbirth, directly or indirectly (through its factors). METHODS:This review followed the PRISMA guidance and a rigorous protocol that was registered in PROSPERO. Searches were done in ProQuest, the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and Google Scholar. All ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Is positive mental health and the absence of mental illness the same? Factors associated with flourishing and the absence of depressive symptoms in postpartum women.

Fabiana Monteiro, Ana Fonseca, Marco Pereira, Maria C Canavarro,

OBJECTIVE:Exploring a wide range of factors associated with flourishing and with the absence of depressive symptoms among postpartum women. METHODS:A sample of 661 postpartum women completed a set of questionnaires assessing sociodemographic and infant-related data, flourishing, psychological flexibility, self-compassion, resilience, and maternal confidence. RESULTS:Younger infant age, higher levels of maternal confidence, ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Changes in clients and therapists experiences of therapeutic distance during psychodynamic therapy.

Sharon Egozi, Orya Tishby, Hadas Wiseman,

Attachment theory provides a framework for examining closeness-distance experiences in the development of the therapeutic relationship. OBJECTIVE:To examine changes in clients' and therapists' experiences of therapeutic distance along with psychodynamic therapy. HYPOTHESES:Clients' and therapists' comfort with closeness and distance will increase, and the client's autonomy and engagement will increase with ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Psychometric evaluation of the perceived context of reception scale among Hispanic and Somali adolescents.

Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Eunice Areba, Jennifer B Unger, Chris J Rogers, Seth J Schwartz,

OBJECTIVES:This study validates the psychometric properties and correlates of the perceived context of reception (PCOR) scale, a measure of immigrant youth's perceptions of the openness or hostility of their receiving communities, among Hispanic and Somali adolescents. METHODS:Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) was conducted to assess the properties of PCOR among a ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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The association of metacognition with emotion recognition and perspective taking in a Russian sample with psychosis.

Paul H Lysaker, Nikita Chernov, Tatyana Moiseeva, Marta Sozinova, Nadezhda Dmitryeva, Vitaliy Alyoshin, Marina Kukla, Courtney Wiesepape, Olga Karpenko, Georgiy Kostyuk,

OBJECTIVE:Schizophrenia may reflect an interactive network of disturbances in cognition. In this study we have examined the relationship between two forms of cognition: metacognition and social cognition among a sample with schizophrenia (n = 41), early episode psychosis (n = 37), and major depression (n = 30) gathered in Moscow, Russia. METHODS:Metacognition was assessed with the ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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The social context of nonsuicidal self-injury: Links to severity, suicide risk, and social factors.

Caitlin M O'Loughlin, Brenna Gomer, Brooke A Ammerman,

OBJECTIVES:Though nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is generally considered to be a private act, 21%-52% of individuals who engage in NSSI do so around others. Those who engage in NSSI alone often demonstrate severe behavior. However, little is known about the distinction between those who only sometimes versus always engage in NSSI ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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Clinical psychology PhD students' admission experiences: Implications for recruiting racial/ethnic minority and LGBTQ students.

Loretta Hsueh, Alexandra Werntz, Steven Hobaica, Sarah A Owens, Mark A Lumley, Jason J Washburn,

AIM:The purpose of this study was to explore differences in the clinical psychology PhD program admissions experience (i.e., interviewing and decision-making) by race/ethnicity and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) identity. METHODS:Participants were 803 students (24% racial/ethnic minority; 19% LGBTQ) enrolled in US clinical psychology PhD programs. Two-group comparisons ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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The role of insecure attachment and cognitive biases in the social functioning of schizophrenia spectrum patients.

Joanna Kielan-Cebo, Martyna Krężołek, Renata Pionke, Łukasz Gawęda,

OBJECTIVE:The study investigates the relationship between cognitive biases and attachment styles and social functioning. METHOD:Fifty-three patients (28 females, age M = 41.73, SD = 11.71) with the diagnosis of schizophrenia participated in the study. We measured attachment styles, cognitive biases, and social functioning using self-report questionnaires. Relationships among variables were investigated with correlational and ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Relational dialogue in emotion-focused therapy.

Robert Elliott, James Macdonald,

OBJECTIVES:In emotion-focused therapy (EFT) relational processes between the therapist and client are not normally an explicit focus unless the therapist and client encounter difficulties that interfere with therapeutic work. When this does happen, however, relational dialogue (including meta-communication) becomes necessary. We present the principles and stages of the EFT task ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Randomized controlled trial of a brief online self-compassion intervention for mothers of infants: Effects on mental health outcomes.

Georgina R Lennard, Amy E Mitchell, Koa Whittingham,

OBJECTIVE:To test the effectiveness of a brief self-compassion intervention in improving mental health outcomes for mothers of infants. METHOD:A randomized controlled trial study design was used. A community sample of mothers of infants (<2 years) completed measures of self-compassion, fears of compassion, psychological flexibility, depression, anxiety, stress, symptoms of posttraumatic ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Exploring the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness in youth aged 7-17 years.

Alexander Jones, Jonathan Silas, Jennifer Todd, Anita Stewart, Michael Acree, Mark Coulson, Wolf E Mehling,

OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to adapt the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) questionnaire for younger respondents. METHOD:The language of the MAIA was revised and children aged 7-10 years (n = 212) and adolescents aged 11-17 years (n = 217) completed the questionnaire. RESULTS:The original eight-factor model was tested for fit using confirmatory factor analysis. The model ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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Self-esteem and binge eating: Do patients with binge eating disorder endorse more negatively worded items of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale?

Gianluca Lo Coco, Laura Salerno, Sonia Ingoglia, Giorgio A Tasca,

OBJECTIVE:Self-esteem is a core aspect of eating disorder symptomatology. This study aims to examine whether method effects associated with negatively worded items of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) may interact the negative self-evaluations experienced by patients with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED). We also examined whether negatively worded items ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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Mental distress among U.S. adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Jean M Twenge, Thomas E Joiner,

OBJECTIVE:This study aims to document the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. METHOD:We compared a nationally representative online sample of 2,032 U.S. adults in late April 2020 to 19,330 U.S. adult internet users who participated in the 2018 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) using the Kessler-6 scale of ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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Borderline personality disorder and childhood trauma: Exploring the buffering role of self-compassion and self-esteem.

Sina Pohl, Carolin Steuwe, Verena Mainz, Martin Driessen, Thomas Beblo,

OBJECTIVES:The aim of the present study was to investigate whether patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show lower self-compassion and self-esteem than healthy controls and whether patients' self-compassion and self-esteem moderate the association between childhood trauma and the severity of their BPD symptoms. METHOD:Self-reported self-compassion, self-esteem, and the current severity ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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The role of negative cognitions in co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder and depression: Examination of interpersonal and noninterpersonal trauma survivors.

Rimsha Majeed, Alexandra J Lipinski, Bre'Anna L Free, Rivian K Lewin, J Gayle Beck,

OBJECTIVE:To examine negative cognitions underlying both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression following trauma. METHOD:A mixed-gender motor vehicle accident (N = 297, Mage  = 43.49 years) sample and a female intimate partner violence (N = 242, Mage  = 36.95 years) sample was cross-sectionally studied at research clinics of two universities. RESULTS:When diagnostic groups (PTSD+/-, depression+/-) were studied, no ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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Assessing aberrant salience in young community help-seekers with early psychosis: The approved Italian version of the Aberrant Salience Inventory.

Lorenzo Pelizza, Silvia Azzali, Sara Garlassi, Ilaria Scazza, Federica Paterlini, Luigi R Chiri, Michele Poletti, Simona Pupo, David C Cicero, Antonio Preti, Andrea Raballo,

OBJECTIVES:Aberrant salience (AS) has a crucial role in the onset of psychosis. The Aberrant Salience Inventory (ASI) is the only self-report instrument specifically developed for the assessment of AS. Aim of this study was to examine the reliability and the validity of the approved Italian version of the ASI in ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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The effect of mindful attention training for pain modulation capacity: Exploring the mindfulness-pain link.

Noga Tsur, Ruth Defrin, Chiara S Haller, Katherine Bercovitz, Ellen J Langer,

OBJECTIVE:Mindfulness has been shown to be beneficial for chronic pain. The underlying mechanisms of the mindfulness-pain link, however, are yet to be established. Particularly, the effects of mindfulness on pain modulation, which is shown to be dysfunctional among chronic pain patients, barely has been tested. This study investigated whether a ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Radically Open Dialectical Behavior Therapy (RO DBT) in the treatment of perfectionism: A case study.

J Nicole Little, R Trent Codd,

We present the case of an adult male ("Jake") with chronic Anorexia Nervosa, buttressed by dysfunctional levels of perfectionism and aggravated by long-standing mood and anxiety disturbance, successfully treated with Radically Open Dialectical Behavior Therapy (RO DBT). RO DBT is an evidence-based, transdiagnostic psychotherapy designed to address perfectionistic overcontrolled coping ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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Is context a crucial factor in distinguishing between intrusions and obsessions in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder?

Sara Llorens-Aguilar, Gemma García-Soriano, Sandra Arnáez, Frederick Aardema, Kieron O'Connor,

OBJECTIVE:Some cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) posit that intrusions exist on a continuum with obsessions; others consider that they may be unrelated phenomena that differ in the context where they occur. We aimed to examine and compare, at two different moments, the context of the occurrence of intrusions and ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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Concluding commentary: Treating perfectionism transdiagnostically with an eye on the future.

Ioana R Podina,

The current piece of work is a commentary section for the special issue regarding the treatment of perfectionism. It discusses analytically the similarities and the differences between the six clinical case formulations included in the special issue to emphasize that there are different routes to beneficial outcomes. All the psychotherapeutic ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, :]

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Memory reconsolidation in psychotherapy for severe perfectionism within borderline personality.

Alexandre Vaz, Bruce Ecker,

OBJECTIVE(S):For a case of severe perfectionism, comorbid with complex trauma symptomatology including suicidality, self-harming, and other markers of borderline personality, we demonstrate the use of the empirically confirmed process identified in memory reconsolidation (MR) research for the unlearning and nullification, or "erasure," of emotional and behavioral responses driven by learned ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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"You are already all you need to be": A case illustration of compassion-focused therapy for shame and perfectionism.

Marcela Matos, Stanley R Steindl,

This paper presents the case of a 28-year-old woman diagnosed with major depressive disorder, with strong features of perfectionism, shame, and self-criticism, treated via 12 sessions of compassion-focused therapy (CFT). CFT is an integrative therapeutic approach that draws upon evolutionary psychology, attachment theory, and applied psychological processes from neuroscience, clinical ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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