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Guillain–Barré Syndrome as a Parainfectious manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infection: A Case Series

Meysam Abolmaali, Matineh Heidari, Marjan Zeinali, Parichehr Moghaddam, Mona Ramezani Ghamsari, Mahin Jamshidi Makiani, Zahra Mirzaasgari,

Highlights • We described GBS symptoms in three infected patients with COVID-19.• The severity and fast progression of GBS linked to COVID-19 seems considerable in mentioned cases.• Acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN) type of GBS was diagnosed according to electrodiagnostic findings in all three cases.• GBS is suggested ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, :]

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Preliminary study of analgesic effect of bumetanide on neuropathic pain in patients with spinal cord injury.

Leila Zarepour, Zeinab Gharaylou, Mahmoudreza Hadjighassem, Lida Shafaghi, Hossein Majedi, Ebrahim Behzad, Saereh Hosseindoost, Fatemeh Ramezani, Farinaz Nasirinezhad,

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE:The current study evaluated the analgesic effects of bumetanide as an adjunctive treatment in managing neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury. The peripheral expression level of Na-K-Cl-cotransporter-1 (NKCC1) and K-Cl-cotransporter-2 (KCC2) genes in polymorphonuclear lymphocytes (PMLs) assessed as a possible biomarker indicating central underlying mechanisms. METHODS:This open-label, single-arm, pilot trial ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:477-484]

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Preferential microglial activation associated with pathological alpha synuclein transmission.

Young Eun Kim, Thuy Thi Lai, Yun Joong Kim, Beomseok Jeon,

Self-proliferation of the pathological form of α-synuclein was identified as one of the main pathophysiological presentations of Parkinson's disease (PD) a decade ago. Although inflammation has also been suggested to contribute to PD pathogenesis, it is unclear whether this is associated with the pathological spread of α-synuclein aggregation. Herein, we ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:469-476]

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Coflex interspinous process dynamic stabilization for lumbar spinal stenosis: Long-term follow-up.

Ming-Rui Du, Fei-Long Wei, Kai-Long Zhu, Ruo-Min Song, Yu Huan, Bo Jia, Jin-Tao Gu, Lu-Xiang Pan, Hai-Ying Zhou, Ji-Xian Qian, Cheng-Pei Zhou,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the long-term efficacy of Coflex dynamic stabilization device in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS:The clinical and imaging data of 73 patients undergoing Coflex dynamic stabilization surgery from July 2008 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had a minimum of 8 years of follow-up. Clinical data ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:462-468]

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Changes of MRI in inter-spinal distraction fusion for lumbar degenerative disease: A retrospective analysis covering 3 years.

Ruideng Wang, Xiang Ji, Lijia Liu, Hao Chen, Pu Jia, Li Bao, Fei Feng, Hai Tang,

OBJECTIVE:To assess the preoperative and postoperative changes in MRI image and the short-term efficacy of the ISDF with BacFuse covering 3 years. METHODS:32 patients who underwent ISDF were involved in this retrospective study. The symptoms assessment including VAS, ODI, and SF-12 were evaluated preoperative and postoperative at 1 year and 3 years. The ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:455-461]

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Observation on the changes of clinical symptoms, blood and brain copper deposition in Wilson disease patients treated with dimercaptosuccinic acid for 2 years.

Xiang-Xue Zhou, Xiao-Yong Pu, Xia Xiao, Ding-Bang Chen, Chao Wu, Xun-Hua Li, Xiu-Ling Liang,

OBJECTIVE:To compare the clinical symptoms, brain copper deposition changes of Meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) and penicillamine therapy in patients with Wilson disease (WD) within 2 years. METHODS:68 drug-naive patients with WD were enrolled. 10 WD patients treated with zinc gluconate alone were used as the control group. Neurological symptoms were scored using ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:448-454]

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MRI predictors of revision surgery after primary lumbar discectomy.

Muhammad Fahmi Abdul Jalil, Ashraf Dower, Samuel Tawfik, Michael Brooks, Mark Andrew Davies, Ali Ghahreman,

The prognostic significance of preoperative MRI findings in patients undergoing discectomy is incompletely understood. Identifying the radiological predictors of revision surgery on pre-operative MRI can guide management decisions and potentially prevent multiple surgeries. We included 181 patients who underwent primary lumbar discectomy between 2010 and 2014. All patients were contacted ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:442-446]

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Awake craniotomy in the COVID-19 era - technical tips and feasibility

Adam Razak, Geoff Sloan, Joseph Sebastian, Sheeba Ehsan, Konstantina Karabatsou,

Highlights • Awake craniotomy in the COVID-19 era feasibility and safety.• Techniques for awake craniotomy in the COVID-19 era.• Use of COVID-19 personal protective equipment in awake craniotomy.• Minimising the risk to patient and staff members performing awake craniotomy in the COVID-19 era. There has been a growing anxiety in ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 82:49-51]

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Cervical meningioma with resultant bifid appearing spinal cord.

Sarah A Cain, Andrew H Kaye,

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:401-402]

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The nervous system—A new territory being explored of SARS-CoV-2

Meng Zhang, Lingyan Zhou, Jing Wang, Kun Wang, Yuan Wang, Xudong Pan, Aijun Ma,

Highlights • Neurological properties of SARS-CoV-2.• Mechanism of COVID-19.• Neurological manifestations of SARS-CoV-2(CNS and PNS).• The significance of the neuroinvasion.• Comparison with other viral respiratory infections. In December 2019, COVID-19 outbroke in Wuhan, then sweeping the mainland of China and the whole world rapidly. On March 4, Beijing Ditan Hospital ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 82:87-92]

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Larger muscle mass of the upper limb correlates with lower amplitudes of deltoid MEPs following transcranial stimulation.

Sadayuki Ito, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Hiroaki Nakashima, Masaaki Machino, Shunsuke Kanbara, Taro Inoue, Hidetoshi Yamaguchi, Naoki Segi, Hiroyuki Koshimizu, Shiro Imagama,

To perform spinal surgery safely, it is important to understand the risk factors, including factors that negatively influence intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM). Transcranial motor evoked potentials (TcMEPs) are important in IONM. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether muscle mass affects the waveforms of TcMEPs to understand the risk factors influencing TcMEPs. ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:426-430]

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Endonasal endoscopic resection of suprasellar craniopharyngioma: A retrospective single-center case series.

Alexandre Simonin, Omar Bangash, David Henley, Arul Bala,

INTRODUCTION:Endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) has recently been proposed as an option for resection of primary and recurrent suprasellar craniopharyngioma. However, surgical outcome has not yet been fully evaluated, especially in regards to recurrent cases. METHODS:We analysed our institution (Sir Charles Gairdner University Hospital, Perth, Australia) case-series retrospectively. There were 16 ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:436-441]

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The effect of VNS on the rehabilitation of stroke: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies.

Wei-Jiang, Chi Zhang, Jian-Xiong Wang, Fu-Hua Sun, Yu-Jie Xie, Xia Ou, Shi-Bin Yang,

INTRODUCTION:The efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for the rehabilitation of stroke remains controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of VNS on the rehabilitation of stroke. METHODS:We search PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases through March 2020 for randomized controlled ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:421-425]

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Orbital compartment syndrome following bicoronal flap and craniotomy for a basifrontal meningioma.

Valerie Juniat, Santosh Poonnoose, Dinesh Selva,

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:434-435]

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Meningo-orbital band detachment: A key step for the extradural exposure of the cavernous sinus and anterior clinoid process.

Amparo Saenz, Juan F Villalonga, Domenico Solari, Matías Baldoncini, Beatriz Mantese, Ramiro Lopez-Elizalde, Alvaro Campero,

The meningo-orbital band (MOB) is the most superficial dural band that tethers the fronto-temporal dura to the periorbita. It is usually encountered when performing a pterional or fronto-temporo-sphenoidal approach, and it disrupts surgical access to deeper regions. Our objective was to perform a detailed anatomy study and a stepwise method ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:367-377]

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Characterizing the fusion order and level-specific rates of arthrodesis in 3-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: A radiographic study.

Noah M Nichols, Alysha Jamieson, Minghao Wang, Dean Chou, Praveen V Mummaneni, Lee A Tan,

Pseudarthrosis is a well-recognized complication following multi-level ACDF. We aim to characterize the fusion order and level-specific rates of arthrodesis across four time points following 3-level ACDF. Patients who underwent 3-level ACDF by three UCSF spine surgeons from August 2012 to December 2019 were identified. Fusion status at each level ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:328-333]

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Characteristics and functional outcomes of pediatric stroke survivors at a rehabilitation unit in Saudi Arabia.

Sami Ullah, Saeed Bin Ayaz, Ahmad Zaheer Qureshi, Sherif Samir Tantawy, Maria Fe Flandez,

There is a lack of data regarding functional outcomes of comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation (IPR) in children with stroke in Saudi Arabia. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of IPR on functional outcomes of pediatric stroke survivors. This retrospective cohort study included pediatric stroke survivors (n = 18) admitted ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:403-408]

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Sports & exercise related traumatic brain injury in the Republic of Ireland - The neurosurgical perspective.

Philip J O'Halloran, Michael Amoo, David Johnson, Paula Corr, Deirdre Nolan, Michael Farrell, John Caird,

BACKGROUND:While the concerns regarding the long-term cognitive effects of repeated sports related head injury have become a major source of debate, it is not uncommon for these patients to require neurosurgical interventions in the acute setting. The aim of this study was to provide a unique insight into the acute ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:416-420]

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Persistent hiccups and Horner's syndrome in a case of primary CNS lymphoma with diffuse cerebral, hypothalamic and lateral brainstem involvement - An exercise in clinical neuroanatomy.

Boaz Kim, Lisa Banh, Peter McNeill, Adam Macfarlane, Penny McKelvie, Christopher Thien, Tiew Fong Han,

We present a case of a 42-year-old male presenting with persistent hiccups and a Horner's syndrome, among other symptoms and signs of hypothalamic and brainstem dysfunction. He had a biopsy-proven diffuse infiltrative large primary CNS B-cell lymphoma involving the left fronto-temporal hemisphere, diencephalon and brainstem. The aim of this case ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:397-400]

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Radiographic and clinical outcomes of silicate-substituted calcium phosphate (SiCaP) bone grafts in spinal fusion: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ethan Cottrill, Christine Premananthan, Zach Pennington, Jeff Ehresman, Nicholas Theodore, Daniel M Sciubba, Timothy Witham,

Pseudarthrosis continues to affect a nontrivial proportion of spine fusion patients. Given its ties to poorer patient outcomes and high reoperation rates, there remains great interest in interventions aimed at reducing the rates of nonunion. Recently, silicate-substituted calcium phosphate (SiCaP) bone grafts have been suggested to improve fusion rates, yet ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:353-366]

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Comparison of the keyhole trans-middle temporal gyrus approach and transsylvian approach for selective amygdalohippocampectomy: A single-center experience.

Hiroshi Uda, Takehiro Uda, Yuta Tanoue, Saya Koh, Toshiyuki Kawashima, Kosuke Nakajo, Kenji Ohata, Takeo Goto,

Several approach routes exist for selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH); however, previous reports regarding a comparison of these routes are limited. Here, we compared trans-middle temporal gyrus (T2) SAH and transsylvian (TS) SAH in terms of seizure outcome, visual-field defect, memory function, and operation time in our institution. This retrospective study examined ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:390-396]

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A Review of the use of Transcranial Doppler Waveform Morphology for Acute Stroke Assessment.

Amber Y Dorn, Samuel G Thorpe, Nicolas Canac, Kian Jalaleddini, Robert B Hamilton,

Acute ischemic stroke is a source of long-term disability in the United States, of which a large portion of cases are a result of large vessel occlusion (LVO). LVO strokes have high rates of morbidity and mortality due to difficulty of treatments in achieving recanalization. Recently, however, results of randomized ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:346-352]

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A pediatric case of anaplastic astrocytoma with a gliomatosis cerebri; the growth pattern and changes in serum VEGF-121 levels after bevacizumab treatment.

Hiroshi Ninomiya, Michio Ozeki, Yoriko Matsuzawa, Akifumi Nozawa, Shiho Yasue, Kazuo Kubota, Saori Endo, Takahiko Asano, Kohtaro Taguchi, Naoyuki Ohe, Masayuki Matsuo, Toru Iwama, Hidenori Ohnishi,

Gliomatosis cerebri (GC) is a rare diffusely infiltrating glial neoplasm that carries a poor prognosis. Because tumors are undetectable in most patients at early-stage of the onset, a useful diagnostic method is expected. We compared serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-121 levels in patients with GC or glioblastoma and controls. ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:431-433]

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Clinical outcomes of fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery in treating perioptic meningiomas and schwannomas: A single-institutional experience.

Hsiao-Yun Chen, Chi-Cheng Chuang, Hsien-Chih Chen, Kuo-Chen Wei, Cheng-Nen Chang, Zhuo-Hao Liu, Cheng-Chi Lee, Chun-Chieh Wang, Ping-Ching Pai, Peng-Wei Hsu,

Application of radiosurgery to the newly diagnosed or post-operative residual perioptic lesions has been proved to improve tumor control. However, risk of vision injury induced by radiosurgery may increase substantially if the radiation dose is too high or tumor is close to the optic apparatus. The purpose of this study ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:409-415]

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Transcutaneous magnetic spinal cord stimulation for freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease.

Janaína Reis Menezes, Rafael Bernhart Carra, Glaucia Aline Nunes, Juliana da Silva Simões, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Kleber Paiva Duarte, Daniel Ciampi de Andrade, Egberto Reis Barbosa, Marco Antônio Marcolin, Rubens Gisbert Cury,

Dopaminergic drugs partially alleviate gait problems in Parkinson's disease, but the effects are not sustained in the long-term. Particularly, the freezing of gait directly impacts patients' quality of life. Experimental epidural spinal cord stimulation (SCS) studies have suggested positive effects on locomotion among PD patients, but the effects of non-invasive ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 81:306-309]

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