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Journal J Clin Neurophysiol

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Ambulatory EEG Usefulness in Epilepsy Management.

Tasneem F Hasan, William O Tatum,

<h4>Summary</h4>Long-term video-EEG monitoring has been the gold standard for diagnosis of epileptic and nonepileptic events. Medication changes, safety, and a lack of recording EEG in one's habitual environment may interfere with diagnostic representation and subsequently affect management. Some spells defy standard EEG because of ultradian and circadian times of occurrence, ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):101-111]

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The Thalamic and Intracortical Inhibitory Function of Somatosensory System Is Unchanged in Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy With Hippocampal Sclerosis.

Tuba Akıncı, Ayşegül Gündüz, Çiğdem Özkara, Meral E Kızıltan,

<h4>Purpose</h4>In mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis, there is parietal atrophy and cognitive involvement in related domains. In this context, we hypothesized that inhibitory input into somatosensory cortex and thalamus may be increased in these patients, which could improve after epilepsy surgery. Thus, we analyzed the inhibitory function of ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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High-Density EEG in Current Clinical Practice and Opportunities for the Future.

Sally M Stoyell, Janina Wilmskoetter, Mary-Ann Dobrota, Dhinakaran M Chinappen, Leonardo Bonilha, Mark Mintz, Benjamin H Brinkmann, Susan T Herman, Jurriaan M Peters, Serge Vulliemoz, Margitta Seeck, Matti S Hämäläinen, Catherine J Chu,

<h4>Summary</h4>High-density EEG (HD-EEG) recordings use a higher spatial sampling of scalp electrodes than a standard 10-20 low-density EEG montage. Although several studies have demonstrated improved localization of the epileptogenic cortex using HD-EEG, widespread implementation is impeded by cost, setup and interpretation time, and lack of specific or sufficient procedural billing ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):112-123]

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Utility of Ambulatory Surface Electroencephalography.

Stephan U Schuele, Samden D Lhatoo, William O Tatum,

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):75-76]

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Ultrasonography in Distal Ulnar Nerve Neuropathy: Findings in 33 Patients.

Vasudeva G Iyer,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Although there are many case reports on the role of ultrasonography (US) in distal ulnar nerve neuropathy (Guyon canal syndrome), there is a paucity of large series in the literature because of its rarity. During an 8-year period, 33 instances of electrodiagnostically confirmed cases underwent US imaging. These cases were ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):156-159]

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Long-term Home Video EEG for Recording Clinical Events.

Shirin Jamal Omidi, Johnson P Hampson, Samden D Lhatoo,

<h4>Summary</h4>Around 50 years after the first EEG acquisition by Hans Berger, its use in ambulatory setting was demonstrated. Ever since, ambulatory EEG has been widely available and routinely used in the United States (and to a lesser extent in Europe) for diagnosis and management of patients with epilepsy. This technology ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):92-100]

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EEG in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit: An Irish Experience.

Laura MacDarby, Martina Healy, Gerard Curley, John C McHugh,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Evidence for continuous EEG monitoring in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is increasing. However, 24/7 access to EEG is not routinely available in most centers, and clinical management is often informed by more limited EEG resources. The experience of EEG was reviewed in a tertiary PICU where 24/7 EEG ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):130-134]

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Clinical Magnetoencephalography Practice in the United States Ten Years Later: A Survey-Based Reappraisal.

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):160]

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Ambulatory EEG Monitoring, Reviewing, and Interpreting.

Donald L Schomer,

<h4>Summary</h4>This section of this volume of the Journal of Neurophysiology's review of ambulatory EEG (aEEG) is an overview of the uses of the technique, the clinicians who most often use it, and why they use it. It looks at the use of aEEG from the perspectives of the "generalist" and ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):77-86]

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Continuous EEG Findings in Autoimmune Encephalitis.

Anna-Marieta Moise, Ioannis Karakis, Aline Herlopian, Monica Dhakar, Lawrence J Hirsch, George Cotsonis, Suzette LaRoche, Christian M Cabrera Kang, Brandon Westover, Andres Rodriguez,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is a cause of new-onset seizures, including new-onset refractory status epilepticus, yet there have been few studies assessing the EEG signature of AE.<h4>Methods</h4>Multicenter retrospective review of patients diagnosed with AE who underwent continuous EEG monitoring.<h4>Results</h4>We identified 64 patients (male, 39%; white, 49%; median age, 44 years); of ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):124-129]

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Ambulatory EEG to Classify the Epilepsy Syndrome.

Karina A González Otárula, Pedro Balaguera, Stephan Schuele,

<h4>Summary</h4>Recording of interictal epileptiform discharges to classify the epilepsy syndrome is one of the most common indications for ambulatory EEG. Ambulatory EEG has superior sampling compared with standard EEG recordings and advantages in terms of cost-effectiveness and convenience compared with a prolonged inpatient EEG study. Ambulatory EEG allows for EEG ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):87-91]

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New-Onset Seizures in Three COVID-19 Patients: A Case Series.

Farhan Mithani, Meryim Poursheykhi, Brandy Ma, Robert G Smith, Steven H Hsu, Deepa Gotur,

<h4>Summary</h4>Neurological manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 most commonly present in severe cases and range from mild complications, such as headache and dizziness, to severe complications, such as encephalopathy and acute cerebrovascular disease. Seizures, however, are an underreported neurological manifestation of this disease. We present three critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):e5-e10]

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EEG Correlates of Delirium in Children and Young Adults With CD19-Directed CAR T Cell Treatment-Related Neurotoxicity.

Juliane Gust, Colleen E Annesley, Rebecca A Gardner, Xiuhua Bozarth,

<h4>Introduction</h4>EEG patterns in chimeric antigen receptor T cell treatment-associated neurotoxicity (immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome) have not yet been systematically studied. We tested the hypothesis that EEG background abnormalities in immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome correlate with clinical signs of neurotoxicity. In addition, we describe ictal and interictal EEG patterns ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):135-142]

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Seizures in Patients With Metastatic Brain Tumors: Prevalence, Clinical Characteristics, and Features on EEG.

Shaun Ajinkya, Jonah Fox, Peter Houston, Adam Greenblatt, Alain Lekoubou, Scott Lindhorst, David Cachia, Adriana Olar, Ekrem Kutluay,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Metastases to the brain (MB) occur in up to 30% of adults with cancer; of these, 15% to 35% may have seizures. We investigated clinical and pathologic associations with seizure and EEG findings in patients with MB, given the sparse literature in this area.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective chart review of ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):143-148]

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Sleep Spindle Features and Neurobehavioral Performance in Healthy School-Aged Children.

Saramia Sulkamo, Kati Hagström, Eero Huupponen, Sirkku Isokangas, Anna-Maria Lapinlampi, Anniina Alakuijala, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Sari-Leena Himanen,

<h4>Purpose</h4>In adults, central fast-frequency sleep spindles are involved in learning and memory functions. The density of local spindles is higher than global spindles, emphasizing the importance of local plastic neural processes. In children, findings on the association of spindles with cognition are more variable. Hence, we aim to study whether ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(2):149-155]

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Sharps Injuries Related to Subdermal Needles in the Orbicularis Oris During Intraoperative Neurophysiologic Monitoring.

Aditya Joshi, Youbirt Aissa, Scheherazade Le, S Charles Cho, Leslie Lee, Jaime R Lopez,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Little is known about the incidence and nature of sharps injuries caused by subdermal intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IONM) needle electrodes. In their institution, the authors observed a series of sharps injuries attributed to placement of needles in the orbicularis oris (OO).<h4>Methods</h4>One large academic institution's sharps injury monitoring database was queried ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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Melatonin Versus Chloral Hydrate for Sleep Electroencephalography Recording in Children: A Comparative Study Using Bispectral Index Monitoring Scores and Electroencephalographic Sleep Stages.

Sanem Yilmaz, Erdem Simsek, Hande Gazeteci Tekin, Gul Aktan, Sarenur Gokben, Hasan Tekgul,

<h4>Purpose</h4>To compare the effects of chloral hydrate and melatonin on sleep EEG recordings in children by using standard EEG sleep stages and the bispectral index scores (BIS).<h4>Methods</h4>A total of 86 children were randomly assigned to two groups: (1) melatonin group (n = 43) and (2) chloral hydrate group (n = ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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COVID-19 Continuous-EEG Case Series: A Descriptive Study.

Saman Zafar, Seyhmus Aydemir, Steve Karceski, Joseph W Doria, Candace Schaefer, Rohit Swarnkar, Pegah Afra,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) refers to coronavirus disease secondary to SARS-CoV2 infection mainly affecting the human respiratory system. The SARS-CoV2 has been reported to have neurotropic and neuroinvasive features and neurological sequalae with wide range of reported neurological manifestations, including cerebrovascular disease, skeletal muscle injury, meningitis, encephalitis, and demyelination, ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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Clinical and Polysomnographic Characteristics of Nonobese and Obese Chinese Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Huili Zou, Qingge Jia, Weiyi Yang, Zhuo Zhang, Jianting Miao,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Obesity is a risk factor associated with the onset and exacerbation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the majority of OSA patients in Asian populations are nonobese. To date, there have been insufficient large-scale studies of the differences in the clinical and polysomnographic features of obese and nonobese OSA patients ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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Macroperiodic Oscillations Are Associated With Seizures Following Acquired Brain Injury in Young Children.

Réjean M Guerriero, Michael J Morrissey, Maren Loe, Joseph Reznikov, Michael M Binkley, Alex Ganniger, Jennifer L Griffith, Sina Khanmohammadi, Robert Rudock, Kristin P Guilliams, ShiNung Ching, Stuart R Tomko,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Seizures occur in 10% to 40% of critically ill children. We describe a phenomenon seen on color density spectral array but not raw EEG associated with seizures and acquired brain injury in pediatric patients.<h4>Methods</h4>We reviewed EEGs of 541 children admitted to an intensive care unit between October 2015 and August ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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Perioperative Stroke Detected Using Novel SSEP Analysis.

Michael E Kelly, Lissa Peeling, Jonathan Norton,

<h4>Summary</h4>Using a previously described technique that measures the "velocity" of the upswing of the median nerve SSEP, we identified an ischemic event during a carotid surgery that did not meet traditional alarm criteria. Mechanical thrombectomy successfully removed a thrombus, and the patient experienced a good recovery. Analysis of the SSEP ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Impact of Preoperative Seizures in Neonates With Congenital Heart Disease.

Marie P Pittet, Davide Marini, Linh Ly, Stephanie H Au-Young, Vann Chau, Mike Seed, Steven P Miller, Cecil D Hahn,

<h4>Purpose</h4>The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, risk factors, and impact of electrographic seizures in neonates with complex congenital heart disease before cardiac surgery.<h4>Methods</h4>A cohort of 31 neonates with congenital heart disease monitored preoperatively with continuous video-EEG (cEEG) was first reviewed for electrographic seizure burden and EEG ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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Correlation of Pattern Reversal and Flash Visual Evoked Potential Latencies With Optical Coherence Tomography Measures in Patients With Optic Neuropathy and Patients With Multiple Sclerosis Without Optic Neuropathy.

Hussein Moussa, Raja A Sawaya, Rudy Deeb, Nabil El Ayoubi,

<h4>Purpose</h4>The object of the study is to relate the pattern reversal visual evoked potential (PRVEP) and flash VEP (f-VEP) latencies with retinal neurons and their fibers.<h4>Methods</h4>We studied 104 eyes. Forty-two eyes from patients with optic neuritis (ON), 28 eyes from patients with multiple sclerosis without involvement of the optic nerves ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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Reduced Occipital Cortex Excitability in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

Bülent Cengiz, Halit Fidancı, Hande Baltacı, Ece Türksoy, Reha Kuruoğlu,

<h4>Purpose</h4>In addition to motor cortex involvement, sensory abnormalities have been demonstrated in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), including structural and metabolic alterations in the occipital cortex. The aim of this study was to examine occipital excitability changes in ALS.<h4>Methods</h4>Twenty-one patients with ALS and 16 healthy subjects were enrolled into the study. ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, :]

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American Clinical Neurophysiology Society's Standardized Critical Care EEG Terminology: 2021 Version.

Lawrence J Hirsch, Michael W K Fong, Markus Leitinger, Suzette M LaRoche, Sandor Beniczky, Nicholas S Abend, Jong Woo Lee, Courtney J Wusthoff, Cecil D Hahn, M Brandon Westover, Elizabeth E Gerard, Susan T Herman, Hiba Arif Haider, Gamaleldin Osman, Andres Rodriguez-Ruiz, Carolina B Maciel, Emily J Gilmore, Andres Fernandez, Eric S Rosenthal, Jan Claassen, Aatif M Husain, Ji Yeoun Yoo, Elson L So, Peter W Kaplan, Marc R Nuwer, Michel van Putten, Raoul Sutter, Frank W Drislane, Eugen Trinka, Nicolas Gaspard,

J Clin Neurophysiol (Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society)
[2021, 38(1):1-29]

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