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Journal J Clin Exp Neuropsychol

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The downsized hand in personal neglect.

Pietro Caggiano, Laura Veronelli, Laura Mora, Lisa S Arduino, Massimo Corbo, Gianna Cocchini,

Introduction: Personal neglect (PN) refers to a form of hemi-inattention toward the contralesional body space and it usually occurs following a right brain lesion. Recent studies suggest that PN indicates a disorder of body representation. Specifically, patients with PN show difficulties in identifying differences between left and right hands and ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, :1-13]

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Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised: normative data and clinical utility of learning indices in Parkinson's disease.

Filip Havlík, Josef Mana, Petr Dušek, Robert Jech, Evžen Růžička, Miloslav Kopeček, Hana Georgi, Ondrej Bezdicek,

Introduction: The Brief Visual Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) is a frequently used visuospatial declarative memory test, but normative data in the Czech population are lacking. Moreover, the BVMT-R includes promising learning indexes that can be used to detect learning deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its clinical usefulness has not yet ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, :1-12]

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Visuo-verbal distinction revisited: new insights from a study on temporal lobe epilepsy patients in the debate over the lateralization of material-specific and process-specific aspects of memory.

Gian Daniele Zannino, Renata Murolo, Liliana Grammaldo, Marco De Risi, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Vincenzo Esposito, Carlo Caltagirone, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo,

Introduction: The automatic interaction between a cue and a memory trace can give rise to the vivid recollection of a purely sensory past experience. But are humans able to reach back intentionally to purely sensory experiences in the absence of any exogenous or endogenous cue? In the present study, we ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, :1-14]

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Configural processing of emotional bodies and faces in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Patrizia Thoma, Denise Soria Bauser, Marc-Andreas Edel, Georg Juckel, Boris Suchan,

Introduction: Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) is associated with interpersonal problems and difficulties in inferring other peoples' emotions. Previous research has focused on face processing, mostly in children. Our study investigated configural processing of emotional bodies and faces in adults with ADHD in comparison with healthy controls, analyzing P100, N170 and ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, :1-21]

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Complicated versus uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injuries: A comparison of psychological, cognitive, and post-concussion symptom outcomes.

Justin E Karr, Grant L Iverson, Michael W Williams, Sheng-Jean Huang, Chi-Cheng Yang,

INTRODUCTION:A complicated mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is defined as mild by all clinical severity indicators but is complicated due to a traumatic intracranial abnormality visible on neuroimaging. Researchers have reported mixed findings regarding whether neuropsychological and functional outcomes following complicated MTBI are worse than, or similar to, outcomes following ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, :1-10]

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Decision making in substance use disorder patients: Reliability, convergent validity and sensitivity to change of a new behavioral measure.

C Díaz Batanero, M Sanchez-Garcia, Fermín Fernández-Calderón, O M Lozano,

OBJECTIVE:The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and the Delay Discounting Test (DDT) are two of the most widely used decision-making tests within the field of addiction research. The IGT creates a context of uncertainty where immediate rewards or long-term benefits are chosen, whilst the DDT measures the change in value of ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, :1-12]

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How does the number of targets affect visual search performance in visuospatial neglect?

Antonia F Ten Brink, Joris Elshout, Tanja C W Nijboer, Stefan Van der Stigchel,

INTRODUCTION:Impairments in visual search are a common symptom in visuospatial neglect (VSN). The severity of the lateralized attention bias in visual search tasks can vary depending on the number of distractors: the more distractors, the more targets are missed. However, little is known about how the number of targets affect ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, :1-18]

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Reversal learning in young and middle-age neurotypicals: Individual difference reaction time considerations.

David C Osmon, Kaitlynne N Leclaire, Ira Driscoll, Chandler J Zolliecoffer,

Reversal learning is frequently used to assess components of executive function that contribute to understanding age-related cognitive differences. Reaction time (RT) is less characterized in the reversal learning literature, perhaps due to the daunting task of analyzing the entire RT distribution, but has been deemed a generally sensitive measure of ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(9):902-913]

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Neuropsychological features of delusions in hospitalized older adults with neurocognitive disorders.

Brian C Castelluccio, Paul F Malloy, Nicole C R McLaughlin,

Individuals with neurocognitive disorders (NCD) frequently experience psychotic symptoms, such as delusions. Delusions can contribute to other behavior problems, create dangers for patients and caregivers, and contribute to inpatient hospitalization of individuals with NCD. The current study aimed to identify cognitive symptoms associated with the presence of delusions and to ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(9):941-951]

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Practice effect associated with the serial administration of the switch task and its implications in the assessment of sports-related concussion.

Veronik Sicard, Alexe Simard, Robert Davis Moore, Dave Ellemberg,

In the context of return to play assessment following a sports concussion, athletes may have to complete a cognitive task several times within days. The current longitudinal study aimed to examine the practice effect associated with the serial administration of the switch task. We hypothesized that the practice effect would ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(9):965-973]

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A time-efficient screening tool for activities of daily living functions in Parkinson's disease dementia.

Patricia Sulzer, Luise Liebig, Ilona Csoti, Elmar Graessel, Isabel Wurster, Daniela Berg, Inga Liepelt-Scarfone,

INSTRUCTION:In Parkinson's disease (PD), activities of daily living (ADL) impairments are crucial for diagnosis of dementia (PDD). Performance-based tests are promising tools to discriminate between different levels of cognitive impairment in PD; however, the value of those tests for diagnosis of PDD is only sparsely investigated. Therefore, we evaluated the ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(8):867-879]

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Prospective memory and spontaneous compensatory mnemonic strategy use in the laboratory and daily life in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.

Anastasia Matchanova, Michelle A Babicz, Briana Johnson, Shayne Loft, Erin E Morgan, Steven Paul Woods,

INTRODUCTION:Older adults with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) are at high risk for deficits in the resource-demanding, strategic aspects of prospective memory (PM) that can adversely affect health outcomes. This study examined the frequency and correlates of spontaneous compensatory strategy use during a laboratory-based PM task and its associations with the ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(9):952-964]

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Visual search strategies in children: A reflection of working memory processes?

Alma Guilbert, Suzanne Perguilhem, Hélène Guiraud-Vinatea,

Visual search is not only less accurate but also less organized in children than in adults. However, visual search strategies in children have not been extensively studied and they are not evaluated in clinical practice. Working memory could play a critical role for the execution and the maintaining of a ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, :1-7]

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Encoding of facial expressions in individuals with adult-onset myotonic dystrophy type 1.

Claire Johnson, Kathleen E Langbehn, Jeffrey D Long, David Moser, Stephen Cross, Laurie Gutmann, Peggy C Nopoulos, Ellen van der Plas,

Introduction: Emotional issues are often reported among individuals with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and some studies have suggested that deficits in ability to quickly encode emotions may contribute to these problems. However, poor performance on emotion encoding tasks could also be explained by a more general cognitive deficit (Full ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(9):932-940]

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Sex differences in cortisol and memory following acute social stress in amnestic mild cognitive impairment.

Kelly J Murphy, Travis E Hodges, Paul A S Sheppard, Angela K Troyer, Elizabeth Hampson, Liisa A M Galea,

OBJECTIVE:Older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) develop Alzheimer's type dementia approximately 10 times faster annually than the normal population. Adrenal hormones are associated with aging and cognition. We investigated the relationship between acute stress, cortisol, and memory function in aMCI with an exploratory analysis of sex. METHOD:Salivary cortisol ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(9):881-901]

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The picture of the past: Pictures to cue autobiographical memory in Alzheimer's disease.

Mohamad El Haj, Dimitrios Kapogiannis, Pascal Antoine,

INTRODUCTION:This study investigated the effect of pictorial cues on autobiographical memory in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We assessed autobiographical memory of patients with AD and cognitively normal older adults in two conditions. METHODS:In one condition, the participants were provided with verbal instructions to retrieve three autobiographical memories. In the second condition, ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(9):914-923]

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Similar activation patterns in the prefrontal cortex for Chinese and Japanese verbal fluency tests with syllable cues as revealed by near-infrared spectroscopy.

Mingqiao Song, Masashi Suda, Yoshiyuki Aoyama, Yuichi Takei, Toshimasa Sato, Masato Fukuda, Masahiko Mikuni,

The verbal fluency test (VFT) is utilized in neuropsychology to evaluate the cognitive function of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in the human brain. We present a novel Chinese VFT similar to the established Japanese VFT; both tests prompt a syllable to the subject. However, it was uncertain whether the Chinese ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(9):924-931]

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Is HIV disease associated with a discrepancy between premorbid verbal IQ and neurocognitive functions?

Jennifer L Thompson, Michelle A Babicz, Anastasia Matchanova, Steven Paul Woods,

Introduction: There is debate about the optimal approach to diagnose neurocognitive impairment in people with HIV disease. The current "gold-standard" uses normative data to determine whether performance is below that of demographically comparable peers. This study investigated the utility of a discrepancy analysis approach, which compares normative neurocognitive performance directly ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(8):857-866]

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Insight into memory and functional abilities in individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment.

Lisa A Chudoba, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe,

OBJECTIVE:Accurate insight into one's abilities facilitates engagement in rehabilitation and implementation of compensatory strategies. In this study, self-awareness, self-monitoring, and a new self-updating construct of insight were examined in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). METHOD:Individuals with aMCI and healthy older adults (HOAs) completed a list-learning task in a laboratory setting, ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(8):822-833]

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Chronic versus recent expressive suppression burdens are differentially associated with cognitive performance among older adults.

Yana Suchy, Stacey Brothers, Christine M Mullen, Madison A Niermeyer,

Introduction: Expressive suppression (ES; suppression of affective behavior) has been shown to have a deleterious impact on subsequently administered tests of executive functions (EF), threatening validity, and reliability of EF assessment. Past research has shown that recent ES (i.e., across 24 hours prior to testing) and chronic ES (i.e., across 2 weeks ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(8):834-848]

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Strategy or symptom: Semantic clustering and risk of Alzheimer's disease-related impairment.

Jamie Ford, Bang Zheng, Barbara Hurtado, Celeste A de Jager, Chi Udeh-Momoh, Lefkos Middleton, Geraint Price,

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, impacting global cognitive performance, including episodic memory. Semantic clustering is a learning strategy involving grouping words of similar meaning and can improve episodic memory performance, e.g., list learning. As the APOE ε4 allele is the most validated genetic risk factor ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(8):849-856]

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Comparison of season-long diffusivity measures in a cohort of non-concussed contact and non-contact athletes.

Zachary C Merz, Laura A Flashman, James C Ford, Brenna C McDonald, Thomas W McAllister,

INTRODUCTION:Concern surrounding short- and long-term consequences of participation in contact sports has become a significant public health topic. Previous literature utilizing diffusion tensor imaging in sports-related concussion has exhibited notable variety of analysis methods and analyzed regions of interest, and largely focuses on acute effects of concussion. The current study ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(8):811-821]

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Dichotic listening while walking: A dual-task paradigm examining gait asymmetries in healthy older and younger adults.

Marta Maria Gorecka, Olena Vasylenko, Claudia Rodríguez-Aranda,

Dual-task studies have employed various cognitive tasks to evaluate the relationship between gait and cognition. Most of these tests are not specific to a single cognitive ability or sensory modality and have limited ecological validity. In this study, we employed a dual-task paradigm using Dichotic Listening (DL) as concomitant cognitive ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(8):794-810]

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Impaired recollection-based episodic memory as a cognitive endophenotype in schizophrenia.

Priyadarshee Abhishek, S Haque Nizamie, Masroor Jahan, Devvarta Kumar, Nishant Goyal, Hariom Pachori, Mohammad Zia Ul Haq Katshu,

INTRODUCTION:Patients with schizophrenia show impaired recollection but largely preserved familiarity-based episodic memory. This study was done to clarify the endophenotypic nature of recollection and familiarity-based episodic memory in schizophrenia and the role of emotional valence of memoranda and degree of recall confidence in it. METHOD:Twenty-five patients with schizophrenia, one unaffected ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(8):759-770]

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Digital neuropsychological assessment: Feasibility and applicability in patients with acquired brain injury.

Lauriane A Spreij, Isabel K Gosselt, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Tanja C W Nijboer,

INTRODUCTION:Digital neuropsychological assessment (d-NPA) has several advantages over paper-and-pencil tests in neuropsychological assessment, such as a more standardized stimulus presentation and response acquisition. We investigated (1) the feasibility and user-experience of a d-NPA in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI) and healthy controls; (2) the applicability of conventional paper-and-pencil norms ... Read more >>

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol (Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology)
[2020, 42(8):781-793]

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