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Journal J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry

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An experimental investigation of intolerance of uncertainty and its impact on sub-clinical psychopathology.

En-Ting Geok, Karen Yih Chee Lee, Oliver Sündermann,

Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is a transdiagnostic construct that is implicated in psychological difficulties, including Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and eating disorders (ED). However, most studies exploring IU have been correlational in nature. This study examined (1) whether a linguistic manipulation of the ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101718]

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The independent roles of attentional engagement with, and disengagement from, negative information in intrusive re-experiencing of negative events.

Laura Dondzilo, Ben Grafton, Jessica Zaffino, Colin MacLeod,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Intrusive re-experiencing of negative events represents a key vulnerability factor for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Thus, delineating attentional mechanisms that might contribute to key facets of intrusive re-experiencing would be highly advantageous. The present study sought to evaluate the novel hypothesis that biased attentional engagement and disengagement differentially contribute ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101722]

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The association between mnemonic discrimination ability and differential fear learning.

Per Davidson, Peter Jönsson, Mikael Johansson,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>It is important to be able to learn which stimuli in our surroundings predict aversive outcomes. To maintain emotional well-being, it is similarly important to be able to learn which stimuli predict safety. The ability to discriminate between stimuli that predict danger and safety has been suggested to ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101715]

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The effects of computerised metacognitive cognitive bias modification training on the development of adaptive metacognitive beliefs and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms.

Danielle Hett, Melanie K T Takarangi, Heather D Flowe,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Maladaptive metacognitive beliefs are associated with the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms following trauma, however it remains unclear whether training people to adopt healthy metacognitive beliefs helps to protect against the development of PTSD symptoms. We developed and tested a new cognitive bias modification training protocol ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101716]

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Sleep quality and emotion recognition in individuals with and without internalizing psychopathologies.

Fini Chang, Heide Klumpp,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Separate lines of research indicate sleep quality may impact recognition of facial expressions in anxious or depressed individuals. This study examined facial emotion recognition ability in the context of self-perceived sleep quality and anxiety and depression symptom levels in individuals with and without internalizing psychopathologies.<h4>Methods</h4>Seventy anxious and/or depressed ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101719]

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A mixed methods examination of emotional expression and its impact on emotion regulation effectiveness in borderline personality disorder.

Sonya Varma, Jenna Traynor, Skye Fitzpatrick,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Emotional expression (i.e., identifying and labeling emotion using specific words), is theorized to reduce negative emotion and facilitate emotion regulation. However, it remains unclear how individuals with borderline personality disorder express emotion, and whether this influences their emotion regulation. This study examined whether: 1) emotional expression in borderline ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101712]

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Excessive reassurance seeking versus compulsive checking in OCD: Comparing implicit motivators and mechanisms.

Sophie M Champion, Jessica R Grisham,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Excessive reassurance seeking (ERS) in OCD increases following scenarios with high threat and personal responsibility, but the mechanism via which ERS addresses these concerns is unclear. We investigated whether reassurance following OCD-related threats facilitated temporary threat re-appraisal and/or transferred responsibility to others. We also examined the 'checking by ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101720]

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Hasty decision-making in individuals at higher risk of developing an eating disorder.

Ryan P Balzan, Madeline Gilder, Tenille Nancarrow, Teri Mavrangelos, Tracey D Wade,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>The Jumping to Conclusions (JTC) bias is the tendency to make hasty decisions based on limited evidence and may contribute to the formation of over-valued beliefs about the importance of weight, shape and eating. Previous research investigating the JTC bias in clinical eating disorder samples, as assessed by ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101717]

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Desired attachment and breakup distress relate to automatic approach of the ex-partner.

Maarten C Eisma, Dan Tõnus, Peter J de Jong,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Romantic relationship breakups can lead to severe emotional disturbances including major depression. Anxious attachment and desired attachment with the ex-partner are hypothesized to elicit repetitive thought about the breakup and the former partner and attempts to reunite with (i.e. approach) the ex-partner, which fuel breakup distress. Since prior ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101713]

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Association between spatial working memory and Re-experiencing symptoms in PTSD.

Abel S Mathew, Salahadin Lotfi, Kenneth P Bennett, Sadie E Larsen, Caron Dean, Christine L Larson, Han-Joo Lee,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Few studies have evaluated the link between working memory (WM) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Further, it is unknown whether this relationship is accounted for by other relevant variables including negative affect, emotional dysregulation, or general non-WM-related cognitive control deficits, which are associated with PTSD. The purpose of ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101714]

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The remediating effect of Attention Bias Modification on aggression in young offenders with antisocial tendency: A randomized controlled trial.

Ziyi Zhao, Xianglian Yu, Zhihong Ren, Lin Zhang, Xu Li,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>An attention bias toward hostile stimuli is associated with an increased risk of aggressive behavior. Thus, reducing hostile attention bias may help to reduce aggression in young offenders. We evaluated the remediating effects of Attention Bias Modification (ABM) on hostile attention bias and aggressive behavior in Chinese male ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101711]

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Do patients' mood and gender affect the way we deliver CBT? An experimental, vignette-based study of the relevance of patient and clinician characteristics.

Maria Elena Hernandez Hernandez, Glenn Waller,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Clinicians often fail to deliver the best psychological treatments available, especially if they perceive their patients as fragile or vulnerable. This fragility might be interpreted by clinicians through their internalised gender stereotypes (e.g. female patients are less resilient to a demanding treatment) or according to their patients' emotional ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101700]

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Unprepared: Thinking of a trigger warning does not prompt preparation for trauma-related content.

Victoria M E Bridgland, Jorja F Barnard, Melanie K T Takarangi,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Trigger warnings have been described as helpful-enabling people to "emotionally prepare" for upcoming trauma-related material via "coping strategies." However, no research has asked people what they think they would do when they come across a warning-an essential first step in providing evidence that trigger warnings are helpful.<h4>Methods</h4>Here, participants ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101708]

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A randomised multiple baseline case series of a novel imagery rescripting protocol for intrusive trauma memories in people with psychosis.

Rachel Clarke, Rebecca Kelly, Amy Hardy,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>There has been limited investigation of therapies targeting trauma-related psychological mechanisms hypothesised to play a role in post-traumatic and psychosis symptoms. Imagery rescripting (ImRs) is a therapeutic technique which involves transforming images, such as episodic memories, to modify associated distressing beliefs. This study is the first ImRs study ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 75:101699]

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People with schizophrenia use less information to interpret ambiguous social situations.

Alvaro Cavieres, Vanessa Acuña, Carolina Wachtendorff, Rocío Maldonado,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>The tendency of people with schizophrenia to gather insufficient information before making decisions or jumping to conclusions has been repeatedly reported. However, criticism has also been expressed regarding the ecological validity of this finding. Here we present the results obtained by a group of people with schizophrenia and ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2022, 74:101690]

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Emotion regulation in context: A naturalistic study of emotion regulation in response to everyday happy and sad memories during dysphoria.

Adriana Del Palacio-Gonzalez, Mia Skytte O'Toole,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Effective emotion regulation is an important marker of mental health. However, only a sparse number of studies have examined emotion regulation within the context of different emotion type and intensity levels among individuals with elevated depressive symptoms.<h4>Method</h4>We investigated emotion regulation in response to happiness and sadness experienced in ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2022, 74:101698]

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Eye movement pattern of attention bias to emotional stimuli in women with high premenstrual symptoms.

Lirong Chen, Lulu Hou, Renlai Zhou,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) refers to a group of symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle. Women with PMS have cognitive mode of rumination, which leads to their attention bias to emotional stimuli. This study investigated the biases for emotional information in women with high premenstrual symptoms (HPMS) compared with ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2022, 74:101689]

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Lifetime adversity interacts with peritraumatic data-driven processing to predict intrusive memories.

Julina A Rattel, Stephan F Miedl, Laila K Franke, Thomas Ehring, Frank H Wilhelm,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Although most trauma survivors experience some intrusive recollections of the traumatic event, only few subsequently develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A well-established proximal risk-factor predictive of post-trauma psychopathology is peritraumatic cognitive processing. Another, more distal risk-factor is pre-trauma lifetime adversity. The present experimental analogue study tested the hypothesis ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2022, 74:101688]

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Health anxiety and attentional control interact to predict uncertainty-related attentional biases.

Travis A Rogers, Thomas A Daniel, Joseph R Bardeen,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Current theories of health anxiety and a growing body of empirical literature suggest that those high in health anxiety symptoms might find uncertainty itself threatening and demonstrate attentional biases for uncertainty-related information (ABU). Moreover, a dual processes model of attention would suggest that individual differences in attentional control ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 74:101697]

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Correlation between laboratory-based vicarious threat learning and emotional disorder symptom dimensions.

Alexander L Williams, Christopher C Conway,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Vicarious threat conditioning abnormalities are theorized to confer vulnerability to a wide range of emotional problems. We tested two different conceptual models of this non-specificity. First, hypersensitivity to socially conditioned danger cues might predict standing on a general internalizing dimension that represents commonalities among various forms of anxiety ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 74:101696]

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Smiling won't necessarily make you feel better: Response-focused emotion regulation strategies have little impact on cognitive, behavioural, physiological, and subjective outcomes.

Nancy Bahl, Allison J Ouimet,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Response-focused emotion regulation (RF-ER) strategies may alter people's evoked emotions, influencing intrapersonal outcomes. Researchers have found that participants engaging in expressive suppression (ES; a RF-ER strategy) experience increased sympathetic nervous system arousal, affect, and lowered memory accuracy. It is unclear, however, whether all RF-ER strategies exert maladaptive effects. ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 74:101695]

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High trait anxiety enhances optimal integration of auditory and visual threat cues.

Naomi Heffer, Molly Gradidge, Anke Karl, Chris Ashwin, Karin Petrini,

<h4>Background</h4>Emotion perception is essential to human interaction and relies on effective integration of emotional cues across sensory modalities. Despite initial evidence for anxiety-related biases in multisensory processing of emotional information, there is no research to date that directly addresses whether the mechanism of multisensory integration is altered by anxiety. Here, ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 74:101693]

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Recall, response bias and recognition are differentially impacted by social anxiety irrespective of feedback modality.

Bronwyn O'Brien, Leanne Kane, Stephanie A Houle, Florence Aquilina, Andrea R Ashbaugh,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>This study replicates and extends Houle-Johnson et al.'s (2019) findings to better understand the role of feedback modality, ambiguity and social anxiety in the recognition and recall of self-relevant feedback.<h4>Methods</h4>Participants gave a speech and were provided with positive, negative, and ambiguous feedback via written text, (n = 33) or recorded ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 74:101694]

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Impact of abstract vs. concrete processing on state rumination: An exploration of the role of cognitive flexibility.

Ayşe Altan-Atalay, Burcu Kaya-Kızılöz, Yasemin Sohtorik İlkmen, Eylül Kozol,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Abstract and concrete modes of rumination may be associated with different mental health outcomes; whereby concrete rumination strategies increase the individual's tendency to seek solutions to problems and thus leading to significant improvements in the mood state as well as reductions in the intensity of ruminative thoughts. However, ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 74:101691]

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Relaxation training with and without Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics for Tourette's disorder: A multiple baseline across participants consecutive case series.

Alan L Peterson, Tabatha H Blount, Robert Villarreal, Jeslina J Raj, Joseph F McGuire,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Behavioral therapies such as the Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT) are recommended as the first-line treatment for Tourette's Disorder. This treatment approach is comprised of three central components: habit reversal training, functional assessment/intervention, and relaxation training. Despite its combined efficacy, the contribution of each therapeutic component in ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2021, 74:101692]

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