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Journal J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad

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Paraganglioma Of Oral Cavity - A Rare Occurence.

Manas Bajpai,

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):283]

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Congenital Hypofibrinogenemia; An Unexpected Culprit Of Blindness In An Infant.

Aamer Ubaid, Farishta Waheed, Saadia Waheed, Madeeha Shafqat,

Congenital hypofibrinogenemia is a rare haematological disorder in which the production of functional fibrinogen is impaired because of the inherited mutation. Hypofibrinogenemia affects the coagulation cascade leading to bleeding diathesis and one of its manifestations can be recurrent Vitreous haemorrhages, sometimes leading to irreversible loss of vision. Therefore, Hypofibrinogenemia must ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):268-270]

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Major Depressive Disorder: An Alarming Stigma Of Pregnant Women.

Muhammad Junaid Khan, Muhammad Asim Hamza, Iram Sarwar, Muhammad Adnan Rashid,

BACKGROUND:Major depressive disorder is the most common psychiatric disease affecting women. Pregnancy significantly increases its prevalence, especially in developing countries. Antenatal major depression is an alarming condition for the mother and the growing foetus. This study aimed to find the frequency of antenatal depression and its relation with obstetric predictors. ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):244-249]

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Inquiring Voluntary Turnover For Female Nurses In Pakistan Through Focused Ethnography.

Muhammad Yasir, Abdul Majid, Asad Javed, Zubair Alam Khan, Saqib Malik, Farhat Naz, Ehsan Ul Islam,

BACKGROUND:Pakistan is a country with very low nurses to population rate. This problem becomes more prominent due to voluntary turnover; especially among female nurses. This problem could be attributed to several social and demographic factors. Purpose:This study sought to identify the factors affecting voluntary turnover of female nurses in Pakistan. ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):208-216]

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Association Of Tumour Necrosis Factor-Alpha -308 G/A Promoter Polymorphism With Susceptibility And Disease Profile Of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Sadia Khurshid, Alam Zeb, Saira Bano, Uzma Rasheed, Shazia Zammurrad, Muhammad Sufyan Khan, Tayyaba Khursheed, Wajahat Aziz,

BACKGROUND:Single nucleotide polymorphism underlying the auto-immune process governing the pathologic manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis has been the focus of study for quite a while. TNF-alpha -308 G/A promoter polymorphism have been reported to be responsible for a number of manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS:This case-control study was conducted at the ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):184-188]

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Androgen Receptor Expression In Endometrial Carcinoma And Its Correlation With Estrogen Receptor And Progesterone Receptor And Clinicopathological Findings.

Maryam Nisar, Sajid Mushtaq, Usman Hassan, Noreen Akhtar, Muhammad Azma,

BACKGROUND:The objective of the study is to analyze the expression of androgen, estrogen and progesterone receptor in different types of endometrial carcinomas and to correlate the androgen receptor expression with estrogen and progesterone receptor and the clinicopathological parameters like lymphovascular invasion, grade of the tumour, size of tumour and extent ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):160-164]

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Filicide In Depressive Psychosis: Case Report Of An Emotionally Unstable Woman Slaughtering Her Two Children.

Usama Bin Zubair, Rizwan Taj, Syed Azhar Ali, Asma Kayani, Asima Mehboob Khan,

Filicide is the murder of a child by the parent. It is associated with various psychiatric and nonpsychiatric conditions. We herein present a case report of a filicide by an emotionally unstable mother suffering from depressive psychosis. A thirty years old woman previously treated for depression with psychotic features, having ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):271-273]

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Three Years Analysis Of Poisoning Cases Of Forensic Medicine Toxicological Laboratory, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar.

Salma Shazia, Abdul Haq Wazir, Haroon Ur Rashid, Zahid Hussain Khalil,

BACKGROUND:Poison is defined as any substance which harms, endangers or even kills a person irrespective of the quality or quantity. Pakistan is a developing country and farming is the major occupation of the majority of the population. Due to the easy availability and increased use of pesticides, the accidental and ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):250-254]

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Association Of Critical Thinking And Curriculum For College Students; A Challenge For Developing Countries To Achieve Sdg Four.

Ahtesham Ellahi, Hina Sharif,

BACKGROUND:Present challenge for sustainable development goal four is quality of education for all. Critical thinking is the most important skill that an educational institute gives to students and it should be learning outcome at all levels of education. This study aimed to identify critical thinking and its association with curriculum ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):221-227]

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Is Proximal Gastric Cancer A Different Entity From Distal Gastric Cancer? Anatomical Site Distribution Of Signet Ring Cell Carcinoma And Its Association With Helicobacter Pylori Infection.

Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Najiha Bilal Farooqi, Noman Shahzad,

BACKGROUND:Despite many known variables affecting the outcome, little is known about the impact of histology on the location of tumour and outcomes. The objective of our study was to describe pattern of gastric cancer at single centre and association with H. Pylori and Signet ring cell variant with site of ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):194-197]

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Systolic Strain Rate In Left Ventricular Dysfunction Caused By Rheumatic Chronic Severe Mitral Regurgitation.

Muhammad Khaleel Iqbal, Muhammad Furrakh Maqbool, Shahzad Tawwab, Muhammad Saleem Awan, Tahir Naveed, Usman Mahmood Butt,

BACKGROUND:In rheumatic severe mitral regurgitation, earlier detection of left ventricular dysfunction is very necessary in order to refer the patients for surgery at appropriate time. This study tried to find a correlation between conventional parameters of left ventricular dysfunction with systolic strain rate. METHODS:A descriptive correlational study conducted from September ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):169-173]

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Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma - Rare Presentation Of Childhood Chronic Respiratory Symptoms In 10 Years Old Girl.

Syed Sajid Hussain Shah, Bibi Aalia,

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the rarest presentation in children arising from bronchial glands with low potential for malignancy as most of children have history of recurrent chest infections. We present the case of ten years old girl presenting with history of recurrent respiratory infections in past admitted for fever, cough and ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):274-276]

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Direct Stenting Versus Balloon Pre-Dilatation In Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Khurram Shahzad, Nadeem Hayat Mallick, Shahid Amin, Sajjad Ahmad, Hazrat Ullah,

BACKGROUND:Stents are now deployed in almost 95% of all percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Recent advances in balloon and stent technology has improved the technique of direct stent (DS) strategy, i.e., stent delivery without pre-dilatation instead of conventional stenting (CS), i.e., stent implantation after balloon pre-dilatation with multiple advantages. METHODS:This randomized ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):259-262]

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Forensic Identification Through Tooth Discoloration And Alignment.

Nighat Seema, Iftikhar Ahmad, Omair Jadoon, Fatima Shireen, Muhammad Zeeshan Haroon, Raheel Hassan, Akbar Khan,

BACKGROUND:Due to poor oral hygiene and use of tobacco, dental discolorations are present in some people and may indicate presence of toxic substances in food or body, while some have anatomical faulty alignment of teeth. The objective of the study was to know the frequency of these discolorations and faulty ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):238-243]

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Comparison Of Positivity Of Tuberculin Skin Test With Diagnostic Bcg In Children Suffering From Tuberculosis.

Tariq Alam, Zaheer Abbas, Saima Gillani, Syed Hassan Mustafa, Syed Maisam Ali, Mehreen Khan,

BACKGROUND:Tuberculosis is major public health problem in Pakistan and it is often unrecognized cause of morbidity and mortality in children living in endemic areas. Children with age less than 5 years, and especially those who are immune compromised, are at higher risk of developing tuberculosis following exposure. Tuberculosis in children ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):204-207]

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Mitral Annular Calcification In Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease On Dialysis Therapy.

Abeera Mansur, Sidra Saleem, Haris Naveed, Afshan Ittefaq, Asad Mahmood, Shahbaz Sarwar,

BACKGROUND:Mitral Annular Calcification (MAC) is a degenerative process involving the mitral valve and is a marker of advanced cardiovascular disease. Prevalence in the general population is upto 10% and increases in advanced age, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease (CKD), end stage renal disease (upto 40%) and mitral valve prolapse.The aims ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):179-183]

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Distal Revascularization And Interval Ligation Procedure For The Treatment Of Dialysis Access Induced Steal Syndrome.

Rashid Usman, Muhammad Jamil, Aleena Ahmed Khan, Afnan Talat,

Background:We aim to share our experience of the efficacy of Distal Revascularization and Interval Ligation (DRIL) in alleviating ischemic symptoms of dialysis access induced steal syndrome (DAISS) while preserving the original access. Methods:In this multicentre study, all consecutive patients with DAISS undergoing DRIL over a period of 3 years were ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):155-159]

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Fahr's Disease In A Patient Presenting With Status Epilepticus.

Shah Khalid, Shahbaz Ali Khan, Abdul Hameed Khan, Gul Muhammad, Ahsan Aurnagzeb Khan,

Fahr's disease is a rare disease in which there is symmetrical bilateral intracranial calcification. We are presenting a 50-year-old female patient who presented with status epilepticus. She had history of generalized tonic clonic fits for the last fifteen years. Her CT scan revealed widespread bilateral and symmetrical intracranial calcification in ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):280-282]

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Parotid Gland Venolymphatic Malformation Presentation As Macroglossia.

Nafeesa Batool Kazmi, Kumail Sajjad, Fouzia Waqar, Saqib U Khan, Abdul Ghafar,

Venolymphatic malformations (VLM) are the rare congenital disorders but the parotid gland VLMs are the rarest. Most of the parotid lesions present with unilateral swellings. Aetiology is unknown. Interestingly, this case came in OPD with the macroglossia and only complaint was cosmetic problem. Diagnosis was confirmed on the basis of ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):266-267]

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Luteinizing Hormone To Follicle Stimulating Hormone Ratio In Patients With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Madiha Khattak, Nuzhat Sultana, Robina Usman, Umama Khattak, Umema Zafar, Henna Salman,

BACKGROUND:Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most commonly occurring endocrinopathy in females of reproductive age group. It is characterized by a wide range of signs and symptoms resulting from hormonal derangements leading to reduced fertility. METHODS:This was a crosssectional (comparative) study. We took 40 cases of polycystic ovary syndrome and 40 ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):255-258]

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How Case Based Learning Promotes Deep Learning In Preclinical Years Of Medical Students?

Ambreen Gul, Rehan Ahmed Khan, Rahila Yasmeen, Noor-Ul-Huda Ahsan,

BACKGROUND:The study was conducted at Army Medical College, Rawalpindi to explore the factors in Case Based Learning (CBL) session responsible for promoting deep learning approach in medical students. METHODS:A mix method research methodology with explanatory sequential design was adopted. In the quantitative part, the data was collected through a survey ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):228-233]

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Efficacy Of Preoperative Misoprostol In Reducing Hemorrhage During Abdominal Myomectomy.

Qudsia Qazi Khan, Nazia Liaqat, Tanveer Shafqat, Shandana Bawar,

BACKGROUND:Uterine myomas are most common non-cancerous tumours in reproductive period. The fertility preserving surgery, i.e., myomectomy as compared to hysterectomy, is associated with massive blood loss due to dissection of huge fibroids making it technically difficult procedure. Misoprostol (a uterotonic) is an effective option amongst different interventions used to reduce ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):198-203]

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Characteristics Of Preterm With Sight Threatening Retinopathy Of Prematurity.

Muhammad Hanif, Shabina Ariff, Aisha Ansar, Khabir Ahmed, Ali Shabbir Hussain,

BACKGROUND:Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a preventable and treatable vasoproliferative disorder of the retina which develops mostly in preterm babies. It is a leading cause of childhood blindness and more common in under developed countries. Prevalence of the severe ROP is 7.7% in Pakistan. We reviewed the characteristics of preterm ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):174-178]

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Rising Suicide Rates In Pakistan: Is It About Time To Break The Silence?

Abdul Wahab Yousafzai, Shakila Yousafzai, Sheraz Ahmad Khan,

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):153-154]

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Secondary Plasma Cell Leukaemia.

Muhammad Idris, Jamila Farid, Nasreen Javed,

Plasma cell leukaemia is a clinical condition in which plasma cells circulating in the peripheral blood constitute >20% of white blood cells (WBC) and there is evidence of plasma cell monoclonality. It is important to be diagnosed early for better treatment outcome. Although it is a rare disease, cases have ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(2):277-279]

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