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Journal J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad

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Ascertainment Of Rehospitalization In Patients With Heart Failure.

Wanich Suksatan,

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):583-584]

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Outcome Of Open Interlocking Nailing In Closed Fracture Shaft Of Femur.

Muhammad Adeel, Shoaib Zardad, Shandana Mustafa Jadoon, Muhammad Younas, Usman Shah,

<h4>Background</h4>Various treatment modalities have been used in treating femoral shaft fractures, i.e., open intramedullary nailing, plating and external fixators but these does not always produce stable fixation and there is increased risk of infection, closed locked intramedullary nailing technique has being the gold standard and is a routine procedure but ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):546-550]

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Frequency Of TP53 Gene Mutation In Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia.

Hira Qadir, Nadia Nasir, Nida Qadir, Salman Naseem Adil, Hammad Tanzeem, Areesha Qadir,

<h4>Background</h4>Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), an indolent but malignant lymphoproliferative disorder, is characterized by unregulated and uninhibited growth of mature monoclonal lymphocytes, with deletion of 17p containing TP53 gene being the most important prognostic factor. TP53 mutations, reported in 10% of CLL cases, seem to have a direct correlation to a ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):523-526]

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Reverse Breech Extraction Vs Head Pushing For Delivery Of Deeply Impacted Fetal Head In Emergency Caesarean Section.

Naila Tahir, Ghana Shahid, Muhammad Adil, Sadia Fatima,

<h4>Background</h4>Obstructed labour is considered a negligible component of maternal mortality in developed countries but it is a major mortality burden in developing countries. This study was done to compare maternal outcome associated with reverse breech extraction and vaginal head pushing method for the deeply impacted foetal head in emergency caesarean ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):497-501]

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Cost difference of enhanced recovery after surgery pathway vs. Conventional care In Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

Muhammad Shaheer Akhtar, Nadim Khan, Abdul Qayyum, Said Zaman Khan,

<h4>Background</h4>Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a perioperative bundle aimed to reduce surgical stress. Significant reductions in length of hospital stay and associated costs have been reported in multiple studies in all surgical specialties. Purpose of the study was to compare the effect of Enhanced recovery protocols vs. conventional care ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):470-475]

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Laparoscopic Orchiopexy For Management Of Bilateral Non-Palpable Testes

Nadeem Iqbal, Aisha Hasan, Sumera Saghir, Sidra Iqbal, Usama Bin Saif, Alia Mohsin Choudhry, Ali Mohsin Choudhry, Behzad Saeed Gill, Ijaz Hussain, Daud Iqbal, Faheemullah Khan, Saeed Akhter,

<h4>Background</h4>Despite numerous clinical studies regarding the management of unilateral impalpable testes by laparoscopy, there is a paucity of such studies regarding the management of bilateral 'non-palpable' testes. We shared the outcome of the laparoscopic management of bilateral 'non-palpable' testes in terms of successful orchiopexy and complications in children.<h4>Methods</h4>A total of ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):445-449]

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Optic Disc Melanocytoma; A Rare Entity.

Jamaluddin Mughal, Anum Javed, Owais Arshad, Javeria Nasir, Mohammad Hanif Chatni, Mohammad Usman,

A young male presented with complaints of disturbance of vision and floaters for the past five years with best corrected visual acuity of 6/6 in both eyes. Ophthalmic examination of the anterior segment was normal in both eyes. There was a relative afferent papillary defect in the right eye. Fundoscopic ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):580-582]

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Spontaneous Perforation Of Meckel's Diverticulum Presenting With Generalized Peritonitis.

Faizan Ullah, Zeeshan Raza, Faizan Nehal,

Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the GIT with a low incidence of 2% and the complication rate is even lower with perforation being the rarest. We report an intriguing case of a 15-year-old male, who presented with one-week history of high-grade fever and diarrhoea followed by ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):570-571]

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Impact Of Feeding Practice On Diversity Pattern Of The Gut Microbiome In Infants.

Mehwish Durrani, Rubina Nazli, Sadia Fatima, Muhammad Abubakr,

<h4>Background</h4>The microbiome which is developed at the time of infancy remains predominant and influences the health in childhood and then throughout life through moderating different gut metabolic activities This study was designed to look for the impact of feeding practices on the diversity of gut microbiota in infants in a ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):551-557]

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Role Of Alteration Of Ck5\6 Profile In Dysplastic Progression Of Oral Mucosa In Tobacco Users.

Sarwat Batool, Amin Fahim, Aneela Qureshi, Humaira Jabeen, Syed Naqeeb Ali, Mohammad Yousuf Khoso,

<h4>Background</h4>To determine staining expression of CK5\6 in healthy oral mucosa and various grades of oral dysplasia and to find out possible association of CK5\6 expression in dysplastic transformation of clinically normal oral mucosa to various grades of oral dysplasia.<h4>Methods</h4>This cross-sectional descriptive study was done at Al-Tibri Medical College and Hospital ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):527-530]

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Importance Of Clinical Risk Index For Babies Score For Predicting Mortality Among Neonates.

Shahzad Najeeb, Ejaz Ejaz, Muhammad Ali Raza, Shabana Sarwar, Saima Gillani, Rifayat Ullah Afridi, Husnain Ali, Imran Mahmood Khan,

<h4>Background</h4>High mortality among premature and very low birth weight (VLBW) babies necessitates the need to formulate and use scoring systems like CRIB score to predict the mortality in this vulnerable group. Objective of the study was to determine the strength of Clinical Risk Index For Babies (CRIB) score in detecting ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):502-506]

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Correlation Of Serum Ferritin With Haemoglobin A2 Level In Beta Thalassemia Traits.

Mehreen Hameed, Fazle Raziq, Awal Mir,

<h4>Background</h4>Haemoglobin-A2 is considered as a paramount diagnostic parameter for the detection of beta-thalassemia trait which may vary with the fluctuation of body iron stores. The current study aims to evaluate the correlation of serum ferritin as a parameter of body iron stores with haemoglobin-A2 level in beta-thalassemia traits.<h4>Methods</h4>This cross-sectional study ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):476-480]

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Vitrectomy With Epiretinal Membrane Peeling Alone Verses Combined With Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling For Idiopathic Epiretinal Membrane.

Asadullah Jatoi, Fahad Feroz Shaikh, Aziz Ur Rehman,

<h4>Background</h4>The objective of this study was to determine and compare the structural and functional outcome in eyes who underwent Pars Plana Vitrectomy (PPV) with Epiretinal Membrane (ERM) peeling alone verses combined Epiretinal membrane with Internal Limiting Membrane (ILM) peeling for Idiopathic Epiretinal Membrane along with the rate of recurrence.<h4>Methods</h4>It was ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):450-453]

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Considerations For Surgical Approaches To Derotational Humeral Osteotomy In Both Obstetric And Adult Traumatic Brachial Plexus Injuries.

Flavio C├ęsar Ivalde, Jose Marazita-Valverde, Danilo Bataglia,

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):427-428]

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Neurological Complications Of Hand, Foot And Mouth Disease In Children: A Review.

Jahan Shah, Liu Sijun, Zhao Hui, Falak Zeb, Ijaz Ul Haq, Amin Ullah,

<h4>Background</h4>Hand-Foot-and-Mouth disease (HFMD) is a viral illness commonly seen in young children, characterized by fever, vomiting, ulcerative lesions in oral mucosa, and vesicles on hands and feet. The early symptoms resolve but sometimes, it leads to more harsh neurological complications and even death. Therefore, the objective of this review was ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):562-569]

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Frequency Of Depression Among Patients With Chronic Liver Disease.

Adil Naseer Khan, Mohammad Arshad Abbassi, Asad Gandapur, Aftab Alam, Muhammad Zeeshan Haroon, Jawad Hussain,

<h4>Background</h4>Psychiatric co-morbidity is a frequent finding in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). Patients with CLD may have anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances and behavioural disorders as well as cognitive defects. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the frequency of major depression in patients diagnosed with chronic liver disease.<h4>Methods</h4>This descriptive ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):535-539]

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Morbidity And Mortality Among Patients Sustaining Chest Injury Due To Blunt Force - The Difference Between Young And Elderly.

Ambreen Abid, Tanveer Ahmad, Pratikshya Thapaliya, Surrendar Dawani, Nazish Sikander, Misauq Mazcuri,

<h4>Background</h4>Blunt Chest trauma (BCT) is caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs), falls, assaults, or occupational injuries. Age has been hypothesized to be a predictor of complications and adverse outcomes in the elderly. This study aimed to compare morbidity and mortality in young and elderly patients with BCT.<h4>Methods</h4>This prospective two-arm study ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):512-516]

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Frequency Of Panton Valentine Leucocidin Gene In Staphylococcus Aureus From Skin And Soft Tissue Infections.

Asma Akram, Mateen Izhar, Chetan Lal, Hirra Ghaffar, Saira Zafar, Asim Saifullah, Adnan Yaseen,

<h4>Background</h4>Staphylococcus aureus harbouring Panton Valentine Leucocidin gene are emerging and spreading worldwide. PVL gene was first identified by Noel Panton and Francis Valentine in 1932 who explained its ability to lyse leucocytes and its main relationship with skin and soft tissue infections. In Pakistan only limited data is available on ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):487-491]

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In-Vitro Assessment Of The Therapeutic Potential Of Polymyxins And Tigecycline Against Multidrugresistant Acinetobacter Isolates From Infected Wounds.

Mohsin Khurshid, Abid Rashid, Muhammad Husnain, Muhammad Hidayat Rasool, Umair Waqas, Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Naeem, Muhammad Sohail,

<h4>Background</h4>The incidence of multidrug-resistant (MDR), extreme drug resistant (XDR), and pan drug-resistant (PDR) Acinetobacter are increasing throughout the world. The therapeutic management and control of Acinetobacter are difficult due to the emergence of drug resistance and its enduring capacity to survive in the environment. The present study was designed to ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):459-464]

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Comparison Of Recurrence Rate Between "EN BLOC" Resection Of Bladder Tumour And Conventional Technique For Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer.

Muhibullah Bangash, Muhammad Hammad Ather, Nasir Khan, Shoaib Mohammad, Zeeshan Uddin,

<h4>Background</h4>Conventional transurethral resection of urinary bladder tumour (TURBT) using a wire loop diathermy violates the basic principle of oncological surgery, i.e. dissection through normal tissue. However, in the en bloc technique, the tumour is removed as a single specimen. We compared the quality of specimen and recurrence rate at three ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):435-440]

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Learning Based On Principles Of Cognitivism.

Muhammad Junaid Khan, Brekhna Jamil, Ahsan Sethi,

Sometimes, knowledge or information becomes difficult to understand and/or memorize. Cognitive load theory aids a learner to gain information effectively. It provides a scientific roadmap to the design of learning materials. Through a complex set of mental processes, information is acquiring, process, retain, and comprehend information. Applying mental effort for ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):585-587]

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Is It Tuberculosis Or Crohn's Disease?

Iqtadar Seerat, Memona Rafiq,

Tuberculosis is very prevalent in countries like Pakistan. It can be a diagnostic challenge when it has extra pulmonary organ involvement. Variation in clinical signs and symptoms, lack of access to a specialist and limited financial resources often result in delayed diagnosis. This leads to an increase in overall morbidity ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):572-574]

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Synergistic Effect Of Oral Allopurinol And Intralesional Sodium Stibogluconate In The Treatment Of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis.

Haroon Ur Rashid, Ihsan Ullah, Humera Adeeb, Mubarak Zeb, Amir Mohammad, Naumana Rehman,

<h4>Background</h4>Leishmaniasis is an endemic disease and a major public health problem throughout the world. Its geographic distribution has been extended over the past few years in Pakistan. The available treatment options of Leishmaniasis are limited and mostly parenteral, and hence a nontoxic oral alternative therapy is urgently needed to overcome ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):558-561]

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Comparison Of Serum Testosterone Levels Among Students Studying In Religious Institutions And Non-Religious Institutions.

Naheed Khattak, Syed Hamid Habib, Sadaf Durrani, Ubaid Ur Rahman, Noreen Zeeshan, Seema Seema,

<h4>Background</h4>Testosterone levels are shown to be affected by the social environment where individuals spend most of the duration of their daily activities. It has been reported that religion may play a role in reducing harm and contributing to the resilience of young people. Objective of the study was to compare ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):531-534]

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Quality Of Sleep And Its Associated Factors Among Diabetics And Non Diabetics.

Rizwana Kitchlew, Miqdad Haider, Sidra Batool, Faizan Farooq, Muhammad Shamim Ul Husnain,

<h4>Background</h4>Diabetes mellitus is the metabolic state which has shown a persistent global rise in numbers. It is therefore necessary to closely assess all aspects of this state. Sleep quality and diabetic control have a relation where both can affect each other. Therefore, we aim to study the quality of sleep ... Read more >>

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC)
[2020, 32(4):507-511]

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