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Community optometrist-led post-operative cataract care: how many patients re-present to the hospital ophthalmic department?

Amy O’Regan, Aisling McGlacken-Byrne, Shivona Chetty, Paul Mullaney,

<h4>Background</h4> Cataract surgery represents a significant workload for ophthalmologists in Ireland. Post-operative shared care with community optometrists can reduce the need for hospital follow-up appointments. <h4>Aims</h4> Eight years after the introduction of a shared-care pathway, we wished to quantify the proportion of patients discharged to the community for post-operative follow-up, ... Read more >>

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :1-5]

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Review of claudin proteins as potential biomarkers for necrotizing enterocolitis.

Victoria Griffiths, Niazy Al Assaf, Rizwan Khan,

<h4>Background</h4>Claudin proteins are a component of tight junctions found in cell-cell adhesion complexes. A central feature of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is intestinal permeability, with changes to claudin proteins potentially contributing to intestinal instability, inflammation, and the progression of NEC. A current area of interest is the development of a novel, ... Read more >>

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European food safety guidelines on dietary phosphate additives: implications for people with chronic kidney disease.

Fiona Byrne, Barbara Gillman, Emer O' Reilly, Oonagh Smith, Irene Cronin, Joseph Eustace,

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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Community optometrist-led post-operative cataract care: how many patients re-present to the hospital ophthalmic department?

Amy O'Regan, Aisling McGlacken-Byrne, Shivona Chetty, Paul Mullaney,

<h4>Background</h4>Cataract surgery represents a significant workload for ophthalmologists in Ireland. Post-operative shared care with community optometrists can reduce the need for hospital follow-up appointments.<h4>Aims</h4>Eight years after the introduction of a shared-care pathway, we wished to quantify the proportion of patients discharged to the community for post-operative follow-up, and the number ... Read more >>

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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Diagnostic utility of circulating plasma microRNA-101a in severity of coronary heart disease.

Huai Yu, Ying-Feng Tu, Hui-Min Liu, Mao-En Xu,

<h4>Background</h4>For evaluating the severity of coronary heart disease (CHD), coronary arteriography may not be available everywhere due to technical limitations. MicroRNA-101a (miR-101a) associated with inflammation and cholesterol homeostasis. However, whether it related to presence and stratification of CHD is still unknown.<h4>Aim</h4>We aim to evaluate the value of miR-101a in stratifying ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Impact of photodocumentation of caecal intubation on colonoscopy outcomes.

Brendan Moran, Rishabh Sehgal, Neil O'Morain, Eoin Slattery, Chris Collins,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The European and American colonoscopy guidelines recommend mandatory photodocumentation of caecal intubation to allow retrospective analysis and improve outcomes. We aim to demonstrate whether photodocumentation of caecal intubation improves colonoscopy outcomes.<h4>Methods</h4>We extracted images and procedural data from 317 consecutive colonoscopies. Images were anonymised and reviewed by four expert reviewers who ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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The hospital difficult airway team: experience and implications for patient care.

Lyn Li Lean, Benjamin Zhao Bin Chin, Li Ying Koh, Ne-Hooi Will Loh, May-Han Loh,

The difficult airway involves the complex interaction between patient factors, the clinical setting and the practitioner's skills (Apfelbaum in Anesthesiology 118(2):251-70, 2013 and Mark et al. in Anesth Analg 121(1):127-139, 2015). It can also be a result of preparedness and system failures. Our institution developed a protocol to enhance emergency ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Geocoding cryptosporidiosis cases in Ireland (2008-2017)-development of a reliable, reproducible, multiphase geocoding methodology.

Lisa Domegan, Patricia Garvey, Paul McKeown, Howard Johnson, Paul Hynds, Jean O'Dwyer, Coilín ÓhAiseadha,

<h4>Background</h4>Geocoding (the process of converting a text address into spatial data) quality may affect geospatial epidemiological study findings. No national standards for best geocoding practice exist in Ireland. Irish postcodes (Eircodes) are not routinely recorded for infectious disease notifications and > 35% of dwellings have non-unique addresses. This may result ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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The surgical admission proforma: the impact on quality and completeness of surgical admission documentation.

Enda Hannan, Abrar Ahmad, Aoife O'Brien, Sinead Ramjit, Shahbaz Mansoor, Desmond Toomey,

<h4>Background</h4>Inadequate medical documentation has been associated with a higher rate of adverse events and may have medicolegal consequences. An accurate admission note is critical as it is frequently referred to during inpatient stay, particularly when the patient is acutely unwell and during handover of care.<h4>Aim</h4>We set out to implement a ... Read more >>

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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Test-retest reliability of the functional reach test and the hand grip strength test in older adults using nursing home services.

Soraia Ferreira, Armando Raimundo, José Marmeleira,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study aimed to determine the absolute and relative test-retest reliability of the functional reach test (FRT) and the handgrip strength test (HGST) in older adults using nursing homes.<h4>Methods</h4>Participants (≥ 65 years old), living in nursing homes or using their day care services, were distributed into a group without cognitive ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Most notable 100 articles of COVID-19: an Altmetric study based on bibliometric analysis.

Betul Borku Uysal, Mehmet Sami Islamoglu, Suna Koc, Mehmet Karadag, Mehmet Dokur,

<h4>Objective</h4>The purpose of this study is to guide researchers in the COVID-19 pandemic by evaluating the 100 most cited articles of COVID-19 in terms of bibliometric analysis, Altmetric scores, and dimension badges.<h4>Methods</h4>"COVID-19" was entered as the search term in Thomson Reuter's Web of Science database. The 100 most cited articles ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) in the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease: experience of first 100 cases performed under conscious sedation with flexible bronchoscope.

Anne M O'Mahony, Louise Burke, Alberto Cavazza, Michael M Maher, Marcus P Kennedy, Michael T Henry,

<h4>Background</h4>Diagnosing the aetiology of interstitial lung disease (ILD) may require histology via a surgical lung biopsy (SLB). SLB is associated with significant complications. Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) can provide large, adequate biopsies with fewer complications offering a potential alternative to SLB.<h4>Aims</h4>This study evaluated the safety, diagnostic yield and impact of ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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The impact of the World Military Games on the COVID-19 pandemic.

Amy Elise Winter,

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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An investigation of risk factors of in-hospital death due to COVID-19: a case-control study in Rasht, Iran.

Arsalan Salari, Marjan Mahdavi-Roshan, Zeinab Ghorbani, Seyede Sahere Mortazavi, Mona Naghshbandi, Farsima Faraghnia, Morteza Rahbar Taramsari, Zahra Ahmadnia,

<h4>Background</h4>Identifying the non-survived patients' characteristics compared to survived subjects and introducing the critical risk factors of COVID-19 mortality would help enhance patients' prognosis and treatment.<h4>Methods</h4>In the current case-control study, medical records of 103 non-survived COVID-19 patients (cases) and 147 sex-matched survivors (controls) who admitted to Razi University Hospital in Rasht, ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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French survey on a cohort of emergency general surgery modifications induced by lockdown of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.

Clement Julien, Pauline Duconseil, Diane Mege, Damien Massalou, Todor Ivanov, Raffaele Brustia, Ghislain Pauleau, Stéphane V Berdah, Thierry Bège, ,

<h4>Purpose</h4>The brutal COVID-19 pandemic has majorly impacted populations and health systems, and surgeons have observed dramatic changes in their daily clinical activities. A survey of French digestive surgeons was conducted to assess these changes.<h4>Methods</h4>An electronic survey was sent to French digestive and general surgeons in the Societe Francaise de Chirurgie ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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The correlation of non-motor symptoms and sleep on balance in Parkinson's disease patients with normal cognition and mild cognitive impairment.

Mevhibe Saricaoglu, Nesrin Helvaci Yilmaz, Fahriye Feriha Ozer, Lutfu Hanoglu,

<h4>Background</h4>Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by non-motor symptoms (NMS) as well as by motor symptoms. Together with the impairment of cognitive functions, NMS and sleep also affect motor symptoms negatively. The aim of our study is to examine the correlation of NMS and sleep on balance in PD patients with ... Read more >>

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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An audit of the cervical screening programme in the National Drug Treatment Centre (NDTC).

Maeve Haran, John R Kelly, Liam Kennedy, Kieran Hennigan, Huma Farid, Cristina Herteu, Anna Kreisel, Shamus Salehin, Marie O' Sullivan, Shay Keating, Jo-Hanna Ivers, Mike Scully,

<h4>Background</h4>Women diagnosed with substance use disorders (SUDs) have higher rates of major medical conditions compared to women without SUDs. Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women aged 20-39 years worldwide and women with SUDs have an increased risk of cervical cancer compared to women without ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Maternal morbidity in placenta accreta spectrum following introduction of a multi-disciplinary service compared to standard care: an Irish perspective.

Helena C Bartels, Karen M Mulligan, Simon Craven, Ailin C Rogers, Shane Higgins, Donal J O'Brien, Ruaidhri McVey, Peter McParland, Jennifer M Walsh, Stephen Carroll, Siobhan Corcoran, Mike Robson, Rhona Mahony, Paul Downey, David Brophy, Gabrielle Colleran, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Donal J Brennan,

<h4>Aim</h4>The purpose of this study is to compare maternal outcomes in patients with placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) when managed as part of a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) compared to standard care.<h4>Methods</h4>Patients in the standard care group were retrospectively identified from pathology records, with patients in the MDT group prospectively collected on ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Letter to the editor: Citations from predatory journals must be discouraged and how to identify predatory journals and publishers.

Farooq Azam Rathore, Fareeha Farooq,

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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Virtual oncology clinics during the COVID-19 pandemic.

David O'Reilly, Hailey Carroll, Mairi Lucas, Jane Sui, Maha Al Sendi, David McMahon, Waseem Darwish, Ronan McLaughlin, Mohammed Raza Khan, Hazel O Sullivan, Sonya Chew, Colum Dennehy, Catherine M Kelly, John McCaffrey, Megan Greally, Desmond Carney, Michaela J Higgins,

<h4>Background</h4>The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in radical changes in the delivery of healthcare worldwide. Our oncology service (at an Irish national cancer centre) rapidly transitioned to the use of telemedicine or virtual clinics (VC) to minimise potential risk of exposure to COVID-19 amongst an immunosuppressed, high-risk population. Our study aimed ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Does instillation of lidocaine gel following flexible cystoscopy decrease the severity of post procedure symptoms? A randomised controlled trial assessing the efficacy of lidocaine gel post flexible cystoscopy.

K G Keane, E J Redmond, C McIntyre, E O'Connor, A Madden, C O'Connell, S M Inder, L G Smyth, A Z Thomas, R J Flynn, R P Manecksha,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess whether instillation of lidocaine gel both before and after flexible cystoscopy is more effective at reducing post procedural symptoms than instillation of lidocaine gel pre flexible cystoscopy alone. We hypothesise that inadequate urethral dwell time and dilution of lidocaine gel by the irrigation fluid during flexible cystoscopy limits ... Read more >>

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[2021, :]

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Progressive survival improvement of incident dialysis patients in a tertiary center, Ireland.

Elhussein A E Elhassan, Sinead Stoneman, Patrick O'Kelly, Veronica Francis, Mark Denton, Colm Magee, Declan G de Freitas, Conall M O'Seaghdha, John Donohoe, Peter J Conlon,

<h4>Background</h4>The survival of incident dialysis patients' end-stage kidney disease in some European and American has been reported to improve in modern era compared to earlier periods. However, in Ireland, this has not been well documented.<h4>Aim</h4>To investigate the survival outcomes of incident end-stage kidney failure dialysis patients in a tertiary center ... Read more >>

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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A randomized trial to compare procalcitonin and C-reactive protein in assessing severity of sepsis and in guiding antibacterial therapy in Egyptian critically ill patients.

Walid A Ali, Naglaa S Bazan, Ahmed A Elberry, Raghda R S Hussein,

<h4>Background</h4>Procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are the main used biomarkers for sepsis and in guiding antibiotic therapy, although PCT high cost limits its use in developing countries.<h4>Objective</h4>Comparing between PCT and CRP in assessing severity of sepsis and in guiding antibacterial therapy in critically ill patients.<h4>Methods</h4>In a prospective randomized study, ... Read more >>

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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Procalcitonin accurately predicts mortality but not bacterial infection in COVID-19 patients admitted to intensive care unit.

Charlotte Vanhomwegen, Ioannis Veliziotis, Stefano Malinverni, Deborah Konopnicki, Philippe Dechamps, Marc Claus, Alain Roman, Fréderic Cotton, Nicolas Dauby,

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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Perioperative dexamethasone administration reduces 'on-demand' opioid requirements in bilateral total hip arthroplasty.

David Keohane, Gerard A Sheridan, James Harty,

<h4>Background</h4>Bilateral joint arthroplasty is currently not common, but its usage is expected to increase in the future. This may result in larger amounts of opioids being consumed by patients due to anticipated increased pain and prolonged recovery from this procedure.<h4>Aim</h4>We describe the impact of perioperative steroid administration in a cohort ... Read more >>

Ir J Med Sci (Irish journal of medical science)
[2021, :]

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