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Journal Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol

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Radiofrequency ablation turbinoplasty improves the sense of smell in pediatric patients: A prospective study.

Christian Calvo-Henriquez, Franklin Mariño-Sánchez, Jerome R Lechien, Byron Maldonado-Alvarado, Antonino Maniaci, Juan Maza-Solano, Gabriel Martínez-Capoccioni, J Carlos Neves, Carlos Martin-Martin,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The olfactory sense is of paramount importance for the adequate development of a child. Olfactory loss in children might have different origins. One of the most common is conductive, when nasal obstruction prevents odorants from reaching the olfactory epithelium. Rhinitis and turbinate enlargement have been proven to diminish the sense ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 150:110935]

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Pediatric thyroglossal duct cyst excision: A NSQIP-P analysis of 30-day complications.

Ayman A Mustafa, Nicole M Favre, Matthew J Kabalan, Michele M Carr,

<h4>Objective</h4>Identify and compare clinical risk factors, perioperative sequelae, and surgical complications of infants age 2 or younger to children above age 2 undergoing thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) excision.<h4>Methods</h4>Retrospective analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement-Pediatric Database (2014-2018). Study population includes pediatric patients (≤18 years) who underwent ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 150:110937]

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School-based hearing screening in Sweden - An evaluation of current practices.

Adriana Cuasquen Cadena, Nina Lindholm, Karin Stenfeldt,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Routines for school hearing screening vary between municipalities in Sweden, and no study has been carried out to investigate how this is conducted throughout the country. The aim of the present study was to determine the extent of school hearing screening, and how it is performed in all the municipalities ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 150:110938]

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Erythropoietin levels in children with obstructive sleep apnea.

Nick D Kalogritsas, Vasileios A Lachanas, Panagiotis Liakos, Emmanuel I Alexopoulos, Despoina Beka, Efthymia Petinaki, Jiannis Hajiioannou, George Simos, Charalampos E Skoulakis,

<h4>Objective</h4>High serum erythropoietin (EPO) levels have been reported in adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), however there is a lack of related literature in children with OSA. The main objective of this study was to explore the potential use of EPO as a pediatric OSA biomarker by exploring the ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110932]

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Readability analysis of Spanish language patient-reported outcome measures in pediatric otolaryngology.

Shambavi J Rao, Joseph C Nickel, Eleanor P Kiell, Noel I Navarro, Lyndsay L Madden,

<h4>Background</h4>Pediatric otolaryngology encompasses interactions with a young patient, parent and/or guardian, and the provider. As healthcare transitions toward patient-centered care, clinicians are using direct tools of measurement such as patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) as a modality of communication between the patient and healthcare provider. Therefore, literacy levels of both the ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 150:110934]

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Stenting versus stentless repair for bilateral choanal atresia: A systematic review of the literature.

Leo Gundle, Shilpa Ojha, Joseph Hendry, Harry Rosen,

<h4>Background</h4>Bilateral choanal atresia requires prompt surgical intervention. Surgeons have historically used stents in the repair process, however their efficacy has come into question in recent years. We performed a systematic review to investigate, primarily, whether stents enjoy more favourable outcomes compared to stentless repair. We also explored the use of ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110926]

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Prognostic factors in the management of pediatric subglottic stenosis.

Sarah Debs, Aasif A Kazi, Dustin Bastaich, Leroy Thacker, Rajanya S Petersson,

<h4>Objective</h4>We report outcomes of endoscopic interventions in the management of pediatric subglottic stenosis (SGS), and factors that lead to open airway reconstruction.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective cohort review of all pediatric patients with SGS, treated by a single surgeon, at a tertiary academic medical center from 2012 to 2020 was conducted. Variables recorded ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110931]

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Management of post-septal complications of acute rhinosinusitis in children: A 14-year experience in a tertiary hospital.

Manuel Martins, Sónia Pires Martins, Carla Pinto-Moura, Vitor Leal, Jorge Spratley,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Acute rhinosinusitis accounts for most of the cases of orbital infections and is the most common cause of periorbital oedema in children. Up to 10% of patients with orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis may experience vision loss and other complications such as meningitis, intracranial abscess or even death. Therefore, these ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110925]

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Clinical experience of paediatric self-expanding foam cuffed tracheostomy tubes.

A Carter, A Hall, V Thorpe, L Cochrane, J Cooke,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Use of self-expanding foam-filled tracheostomy tube cuffs (Bivona® FOME cuf®) in paediatrics has become a recent practice within our institution for patients with intractable aspiration. The current literature, clinical indications and subsequent management is lacking. We present our experience with a cohort of children with a foam-cuffed tracheostomy tube managed ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110933]

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Indications and clinical outcome in pediatric tracheostomy: Lessons learned.

L L Veder, K F M Joosten, M D Zondag, B Pullens,

<h4>Objective</h4>Indications for tracheostomy have changed over the last decades and clinical outcome varies depending on the indication for tracheostomy. By gaining more insight in the characteristics and outcome of the tracheostomized pediatric population, clinical care can be improved and a better individual prognosis can be given. Therefore, we studied the ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110927]

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Tonsillectomy and hematologic malignancy: Should routine pediatric tonsillectomy specimens be sent to pathology?

Kaitlyn Tholen, Olivia Kalmanson, Christian R Francom, Jeremy D Prager,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Routine pediatric tonsillectomy ± adenoidectomy (T ± A) is one of the most common procedures for children worldwide, accounting for approximately 2000 procedures per year at our institution. To determine the utility of pathologic analysis of routine, nonsuspicious pediatric tonsil specimens, we investigated the incidence of hematologic and lymphoid malignancy diagnosed at the time ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110924]

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Evaluation of the factors affecting the necessity for revision surgery in choanal atresia.

Levent Aydemir, Comert Sen, Hakan Kara, Saim Pamuk, Mustafa Caner Kesimli, Senol Comoglu, Meryem Nesil Keles Turel,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study aims to compare the effects of different surgical techniques for congenital choanal atresia (CCA), and particular emphasis is given to the analysis of the factors affecting the surgical outcome. The necessity for revision surgery and surgical outcomes were retrospectively investigated in patients undergoing revision surgery according to a ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110929]

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Psychosocial status of patients with unilateral and bilateral microtia before auricular reconstruction surgery.

Yue Fan, Weijiao Liu, Xinmiao Fan, Xiaomin Niu, Xiaowei Chen,

<h4>Objective</h4>Microtia can profoundly influence health-related quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial status of children and adolescents with unilateral and bilateral microtia before reconstruction surgery.<h4>Methods</h4>Eighty-six patients with microtia from Peking Union Medical College Hospital (54 with unilateral microtia and 32 with bilateral microtia) responded ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110928]

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WRISTOX2 is a reliable tool to diagnose obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome.

Surendran Thavagnanam, Shih Ying H'ng, Anna Marie Nathan, Kah Peng Eg, Karuthan Chinna, Siti Hajar Bte Turbirin, Jessie Anne de Bruyne,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Overnight pulse oximetry is an alternative to polysomnography (PSG) in diagnosing obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, but its sensitivity is reported to be low.<h4>Aims</h4>To determine the (a) diagnostic accuracy, interobserver reliability and reliable oxygen desaturation index of 4% (ODI<sub>4</sub>) score at diagnosing obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome in children and (b) correlation ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110930]

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Impact of the novel coronavirus on surgical practices at a tertiary pediatric hospital: A 3 year cross-sectional study.

Ashley M Lloyd, Hengameh K Behzadpour, Habib G Zalzal, Ishwarya S Mamidi, Hannah R Crowder, Claire M Lawlor, Diego Preciado, Brian K Reilly,

<h4>Objective</h4>The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) forced unprecedented changes in pediatric otolaryngology workflow in the early pandemic, particularly due to the postponement of elective procedures. In turn, this has impacted timely treatment of patients and ability to train residents and fellows. The objective is to characterize how surgical practices in pediatric otolaryngology ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110923]

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The important role of RPS14, RPL5 and MDM2 in TP53-associated ribosome stress in mycophenolic acid-induced microtia.

Yangyang Lin, Corstiaan C Breugem, Saskia M Maas, Bernadette S de Bakker, Gaofeng Li,

<h4>Objective</h4>Mycophenolate embryopathy (ME) is a congenital malformation induced by mycophenolic acid (MA). Microtia is the most common ME phenotype. This study aimed to identify the key genes in the pathological process of microtia caused by mycophenolate mofetil (MM) through bioinformatics methods, to explore the potential pathogenesis, and to provide a ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110916]

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Neonatal respiratory distress due to a third or fourth branchial pouch sinus: A systematic review.

M Matthijs Fockens, Carlijn E L Hoekstra,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Third and fourth branchial pouch sinuses can be rare causes of respiratory distress in neonates. An overview of this distinct clinical entity is missing in literature. To aid clinicians in recognizing and adequately treating this unique entity, we conducted a systematic review to discuss patient characteristics, diagnostic considerations and treatment ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110922]

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Socio-demographic profile and its influences on rehabilitation in children undergoing revision cochlear implantation - MERF experience.

Ruchima Dham, Sandhya Dharmarajan, Rahul Kurkure, Raghu Nandhan Sampath Kumar, Mohan Kameswaran,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Revision cochlear implant surgery (RIS) is an unusual and unfortunate event, but not an uncommon occurrence in today's time, with more and more children being implanted. It is accepted that a pediatric cochlear implant recipient may require one or two revision procedures during their lifetime. The indication of RIS can ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110919]

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What is the relationship between the size of the adenoids and nasal obstruction? A systematic review.

Christian Calvo-Henriquez, Ana María Branco, Jerome R Lechien, Alberto Maria-Saibene, Maria Victoria DeMarchi, Beatriz Valencia-Blanco, Borja Boronat-Catalá, Jesús Rangel-Chávez, Carlos Martin-Martin,

<h4>Objective</h4>adenoidectomy is one of the most common surgical procedure in pediatric otolaryngology practice. Clinical guidelines (such as the Spanish or American) suggest adenoidectomy when the enlargement of the adenoids is associated with nasal obstruction. Nasal endoscopy and cephalograms are adequate methods to estimate the size of the adenoids. However, they ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110895]

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Endoscopic inlay cartilage and perichondrium myringoplasty for repairing large perforations in teenagers.

Zhengcai Lou, Kangfeng Jin, Junzhi Sun,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study compared the long-term graft success rates and hearing outcomes of overlay-underlay and underly cartilage myringoplasty for repairing large perforations in Teenagers.<h4>Study design</h4>prospective, randomized study.<h4>Setting</h4>Tertiary referral center.<h4>Methods</h4>Pediatric patients older than 12 years with chronic perforations were randomly divided into two groups:intervention group (n = 39) and control group (n = 41). The graft ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110915]

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Vestibular testing in children - The suppression head impulse (SHIMP) test.

J Nguyen, J Berger, I Curthoys, V Held, L Zaubitzer, R Hülse, N Rotter, A Schell,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The incidence of vestibular disorders and vertigo during childhood is increasing and pediatric clinicians have become more sensitive to children's balance disorders; thus, there is a need for appropriate detection test procedures for peripheral vestibular hypofunction. In order to ensure a reliable diagnosis and minimize misdiagnosis, a standardized clinical procedure ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110921]

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Early preclinical evaluation of a novel, computer aided designed, 3D printed, bioresorbable posterior cricoid scaffold.

Ross Michaels, Harsha Ramaraju, Sara J Crotts, Scott J Hollister, David A Zopf,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The posterior cricoid split with rib graft is a procedure that elegantly corrects pediatric posterior glottic stenosis and subglottic stenosis. Currently, the procedure requires harvesting of rib cartilage which leaves room for optimization. With use of three dimensional printing technology, our objective was to design a device that would negate ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 150:110892]

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta and hearing loss in the paediatric population.

Judith K Joseph, Shivesh H Maharaj,

<h4>Background</h4>Osteogenesis Imperfecta is a genetic disorder affecting the synthesis of collagen in the body. It is also known as 'Brittle Bone Disease'. It is heterogenous in its clinical presentation. The commonest presentation is a history of frequent fractures, joint deformities and blue sclera. Secondary deformities of the extremities, spine, skull ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 150:110914]

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Socioeconomic factors associated with readmission following pediatric tonsillectomy.

Ashley M Lloyd, Hengameh K Behzadpour, Ian Schonman, Md Sohel Rana, Alexandra G Espinel,

<h4>Objectives</h4>We aim to analyze factors associated with readmission after tonsillectomy to understand socioeconomic factors associated with readmission.<h4>Methods</h4>Single institution retrospective study of pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy over an 8 year study period, comparing patients who required readmission for bleeding concerns or pain/dehydration to those who did not require readmission.<h4>Results</h4>Of the 14,152 ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 151:110917]

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(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) prevents aminoglycosides-induced ototoxicity via anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic pathways.

Yulong Zong, Fang Chen, Shanshan Li, Hui Zhang,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Aminoglycoside-induced cochlear ototoxicity causes inner ear hair cells (HCs) loss and leads to hearing impairment in patients, but no treatment completely eliminates the ototoxic effect. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) as a protective agent against aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicity.<h4>Methods</h4>Zebrafish were exposed to EGCG for 24 h and then ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2021, 150:110920]

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