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Journal Int J Gynaecol Obstet

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FIGO good practice recommendations on progestogens for prevention of preterm delivery.

Andrew Shennan, Natalie Suff, Joe Leigh Simpson, Bo Jacobsson, Ben W Mol, William A Grobman, ,

Women at high risk of preterm birth (either a previous spontaneous preterm birth and/or sonographic short cervix) with a singleton gestation should be offered daily vaginal progesterone or weekly 17-OHPC treatment to prevent preterm birth. Benefit is most significant in those with prior history of preterm birth and a short ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):16-18]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on the use of pessary for reducing the frequency and improving outcomes of preterm birth.

William A Grobman, Jane Norman, Bo Jacobsson, ,

A pessary is a device made of synthetic material that is placed in the vagina and has been used for prevention of preterm birth. It has been suggested that a potential mechanism of the pessary is alteration of the cervico-uterine angle to a more posterior position, which reduces cervical compression ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):23-25]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on delayed umbilical cord clamping.

Ana Bianchi, Bo Jacobsson, Ben W Mol, ,

Delayed cord clamping in the first minute in preterm infants born before 34 weeks of gestation improves neonatal hematologic measures and may reduce mortality without increasing any other morbidity. In term-born babies, it also seems to improve both the short- and long-term outcomes and shows favorable scores in fine motor and ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):34-36]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on modifiable causes of iatrogenic preterm birth.

Catalina M Valencia, Ben W Mol, Bo Jacobsson, ,

Iatrogenic preterm birth is a planned delivery that occurs before 37 weeks of gestation due to maternal and/or fetal causes. However, in some cases, such deliveries also occur with no apparent medical indication. The increasing numbers of iatrogenic preterm deliveries worldwide have led researchers to identify modifiable causes that allow the ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):8-12]

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FIGO good practice recommendations for reducing preterm birth and improving child outcomes.

Bo Jacobsson, Joe Leigh Simpson, ,

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):1-4]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on cervical cerclage for prevention of preterm birth.

Andrew Shennan, Lisa Story, Bo Jacobsson, William A Grobman, ,

Cervical cerclage is an intervention which when given to the right women can prevent preterm birth and second-trimester fetal losses. A history-indicated cerclage should be offered to women who have had three or more preterm deliveries and/or mid-trimester losses. An ultrasound-indicated cerclage should be offered to women with a cervical ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):19-22]

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FIGO staging for carcinoma of the vulva: 2021 revision.

Alexander B Olawaiye, Joseph Cotler, Mauricio A Cuello, Neerja Bhatla, Aikou Okamoto, Sarikapan Wilailak, Chittaranjan N Purandare, Gerhard Lindeque, Jonathan S Berek, Sean Kehoe,

To revise the FIGO staging for carcinoma of the vulva using a new approach that involves analyses of prospectively collected data. The FIGO Committee for Gynecologic Oncology reviewed the recent literature to gain an insight into the impact of the 2009 vulvar cancer staging revision. The Committee resolved to revise ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):43-47]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on the use of prenatal corticosteroids to improve outcomes and minimize harm in babies born preterm.

Jane Norman, Andrew Shennan, Bo Jacobsson, Sarah J Stock, ,

For women with a singleton or a multiple pregnancy in situations where active neonatal care is appropriate, and for whom preterm birth is anticipated between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation, one course of prenatal corticosteroids should ideally be offered 18 to 72 h before preterm birth is expected to improve outcomes ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):26-30]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on the importance of registry data for monitoring rates and health systems performance in prevention and management of preterm birth.

J Frederik Frøen, Ana Bianchi, Ann-Beth Moller, Bo Jacobsson, ,

FIGO calls for strengthening of health information systems for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health services, co-designed with users, to ensure the timely accessibility of actionable high-quality data for all stakeholders engaged in preventing and managing preterm birth consequences. FIGO calls for strengthening of investments and capacity for implementing digital ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):5-7]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on reduction of preterm birth in pregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technologies.

Ben W Mol, Bo Jacobsson, William A Grobman, Kelle Moley, ,

FIGO (the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) supports assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to achieve pregnancy and supports their availability in all nations. However, the increased frequency of preterm birth must be taken into account. Therefore, before in vitro fertilization (IVF) is started, other approaches, including expectant management, should be ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):13-15]

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Tubo-ovarian Abscess: A proposed new scoring system to guide clinical management.

Gabriella Yongue, Josephine Mollier, Sheba Reshmi, Linda Ibeto, Claire Ross, Francis Ayim, Sharmistha Guha,

<h4>Objective</h4>To create a risk scoring system comprised of clinical and radiological characteristics that can predict the likelihood of antibiotic treatment failure of tubo-ovarian abscesses. The score should guide clinicians in identifying patients to whom early intervention should be offered instead of a prolonged trial of antibiotics.<h4>Methods</h4>A multicenter retrospective cohort study ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Efficacy of the depot gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist protocol on in vitro fertilization outcomes in young poor ovarian responders from POSEIDON group 3.

Wenshu Li, Wei Zhang, Huishan Zhao, Yongli Chu, Xuemei Liu,

<h4>Objective</h4>Whether the depot gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist protocol could improve in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes for young poor responders from POSEIDON group 3?<h4>Methods</h4>This retrospective cohort study was carried out from June 2017 to June 2020. 451 patients were assigned to three groups depending on the ovarian stimulation protocols. The outcome ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Prognostic value of the TCGA molecular classification in uterine carcinosarcoma.

Antonio Travaglino, Antonio Raffone, Diego Raimondo, Damiano Arciuolo, Giuseppe Angelico, Michele Valente, Giulia Scaglione, Nicoletta D'alessandris, Paolo Casadio, Frediano Inzani, Antonio Mollo, Angela Santoro, Renato Seracchioli, Gian Franco Zannoni,

The TCGA molecular groups of endometrial carcinoma are "POLE-mutated" (POLEmut), "microsatellite-instable/mismatch repair-deficient" (MSI/MMRd), "TP53-mutated/p53-abnormal" (TP53mut/p53abn) and "no specific molecular profile" (NSMP). Prognostic assessment of the TCGA groups in uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS). Systematic review from January 2000 to January 2021. Studies assessing the TCGA groups in UCS. Progression-free survival (PFS) and ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Vaccination of pregnant women against COVID-19 in India and Indonesia: Moving beyond the opt-in to the opt-out option.

Yamini Sarwal, Tanvi Sarwal, Rakesh Sarwal,

Amid rising concerns voiced by health professionals,gender experts,researchers,and the press on allowing vaccination for pregnant women against COVID-19, and 167 days after the start of the campaign, the government of India on July 02, 2021, provided approval for the vaccination of pregnant women against COVID-19. ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Treatment for vaginal agenesis: A prospective and comparative study between vaginal dilation and surgical neovaginoplasty.

Vanessa Rodrigues Apfel, Claudia Cristina Takano, Gisele Vissoci Marquini, Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin de Jarmy di Bella, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori,

<h4>Objective</h4>The purpose of this study was to compare, in terms of anatomical, functional and sexual aspects, two types of treatment for women with vaginal agenesis: progressive dilation or surgical neovaginoplasty.<h4>Methods</h4>The present study included 20 women with vaginal agenesis. Nine were underwent dilation treatment using the Frank method and 11 surgical ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Observations and report of incidents on how birthing persons are treated during childbirth in two public facilities of Argentina.

Malena Correa, Karen Klein, Paula Vasquez, Caitlin R Williams, Luz Gibbons, Gabriela Cormick, María Belizan,

This study sought to estimate the frequency and types of mistreatment during childbirth and explore health professionals´ opinions on barriers/facilitators to providing respectful childbirth care. This prospective mixed-methods investigation consisted of direct observations of childbirth (N=250), at-home surveys with birthing individuals (N=45), and qualitative in-depth health staff interviews (N=6); conducted ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Pelvic inflammatory disease is associated with ovarian cancer development in women with endometriosis: A cohort study in Taiwan.

Hui-Wen Lo, Shih-Feng Weng, Hung-Sheng Chen, Eing-Mei Tsai,

Endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease are considered to be risk factors for ovarian cancer, as dysbiosis likely contributes to ovarian cancer development via chronic inflammation and immune response alteration. Therefore, we hypothesized that pelvic inflammatory disease predisposes to ovarian cancer development in women with endometriosis. We selected patients who were diagnosed ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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A meta-synthesis of qualitative studies on stress urinary incontinence in women for the development of a Core Outcome Set: A systematic review.

Maria Patricia Rada, Stephanie Jones, Cornelia Betschart, Gabriele Falconi, Jorge Milhem Haddad, Stergios K Doumouchtsis, ,

<h4>Objective</h4>Given the high variation of perceptions of women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), qualitative meta-synthesis in this field appears warranted. We aimed to synthesize evidence on women's experiences of SUI by analysing qualitative data.<h4>Methods</h4>A literature search of Medline, Embase, Scopus, PsycInfo and CINAHL databases was performed by a CHORUS Working ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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The clinical importance of polyp size measurement through two-dimensional saline infusion sonohysterography prior to hysteroscopic resection in predicting pre-malignant and malignant endometrial lesions.

Serkan Akış, Gürkan Kıran, Ahmet Göçmen,

<h4>Objective</h4>The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical importance of endometrial polyp size calculated in saline infusion sonohysterography (SIS) before performing a hysteroscopic resection in predicting premalignant/malignant lesions.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective observational study analysis was conducted of 365 patients, who underwent SIS, in a reference hospital. The longest plane of ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Fetal pulmonary artery Doppler evaluation in pregnant women after recovery from COVID-19.

Ezgi Turgut, Sule Goncu Ayhan, Deniz Oluklu, Eda Ozden Tokalioglu, Ozlem Moraloglu Tekin, Dilek Sahin,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate fetal lung development using pulmonary artery Doppler in pregnant women who had recovered from COVID-19.<h4>Methods</h4>The prospective case-control study included 41 pregnant women who had recovered from COVID-19 and 43 healthy pregnant women (control group). All the women in the study group had been diagnosed with COVID-19 and had ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Recurrent mucinous neoplasm arising in cesarean scar: A case report and review of literature.

Fatma Gundogdu, Nazlı Orhan, Nejat Ozgul, Alp Usubutun,

Ovarian mucinous tumors are one of the common epithelial tumors in the ovary and their recurrence is extremely rare. A 37-year-old female patient, who has been operated on five times during 7 years due to recurrent mucinous neoplasms, recently a mass extending to the umbilicus was detected during the routine ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Adnexal masses: Diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of the simple rules from the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group.

Ailing Xu, Fang Nie, Ting Liu, Tiantian Dong, Lan Bu, Dan Yang,

<h4>Objective</h4>to evaluate the role of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) of the Simple Rules (SR) from the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant adnexal tumors.<h4>Methods</h4>A total of 180 patients with suspected malignant adnexal masses admitted to Lanzhou University Second Hospital were included, all of whom ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Outcomes of cesarean delivery in obstetric patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Allison Lankford, Jeffrey Berger, Ivy Benjenk, Amanda Jackson, Homa Ahmadzia, Michael Mazzeffi,

The impact of SARS-CoV-2's infection on cesarean delivery (CD) outcomes is not well described in the current literature. The present study's objective was to explore outcomes in SARS-CoV-2 infected CD patients using a statewide administrative database in Maryland, USA. ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Disconnected perspectives: Patient and care provider's experiences of substance-use in pregnancy.

Sheona M Mitchell-Foster, Carolyn E Emon, Maria Brouwer, Lucille Duncan Elder, Jessie King, Hadiksm Gaax,

<h4>Objective</h4>Generations of colonialism, abuse, racism and systemic trauma have contributed to Indigenous women in Canada bearing the greatest burden of substance-use in pregnancy. Stigma associated with substance-use in pregnancy translates into multiple barriers to women engaging in care. Care providers have key interactions that can act as a bridge or ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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Cervical dysplasia among migrant women with female genital mutilation/cutting type III: A cross sectional study.

Albertina Frick, Alicia Azuaga, Jasmine Abdulcadir,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the rate of cervical dysplasia in a population of migrant women with FGM/C type III who attended a specialized clinic for FGM/C.<h4>Methods</h4>Descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study reviewing electronic medical records of all infibulated women who attended a specialized clinic for women and girls with FGM/C at Geneva University Hospitals ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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