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Journal Int J Epidemiol

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Educational note: Paradoxical collider effect in the analysis of non-communicable disease epidemiological data: a reproducible illustration and web application.

Miguel Angel Luque-Fernandez, Michael Schomaker, Daniel Redondo-Sanchez, Maria Jose Sanchez Perez, Anand Vaidya, Mireille E Schnitzer,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Duration of diabetes-related complications and mortality in type 1 diabetes: a national cohort study.

Lasse Bjerg, Soffia Gudbjörnsdottir, Stefan Franzén, Bendix Carstensen, Daniel R Witte, Marit E Jørgensen, Ann-Marie Svensson,

<h4>Background</h4>People with type 1 diabetes often live for many years with different combinations of diabetes-related complications. We aimed to quantify how complication duration and total complication burden affect mortality, using data from national registers.<h4>Methods</h4>This study included 33 396 individuals with type 1 diabetes, registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register at ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Declining mortality in older people with type 2 diabetes masks rising excess risks at younger ages: a population-based study of all-cause and cause-specific mortality over 13 years.

Julian W Sacre, Jessica L Harding, Jonathan E Shaw, Dianna J Magliano,

<h4>Background</h4>Excess mortality in people with vs without type 2 diabetes (T2DM) has fallen, but it is unclear whether men/women at all ages have benefited and which causes of death have driven these trends.<h4>Methods</h4>All-cause and cause-specific mortality rates and excess mortality [by mortality rate ratios (MRRs) relative to the non-diabetic general ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Occupational exposure to respirable crystalline silica and risk of autoimmune rheumatic diseases: a nationwide cohort study.

Signe Hjuler Boudigaard, Vivi Schlünssen, Jesper Medom Vestergaard, Klaus Søndergaard, Kjell Torén, Susan Peters, Hans Kromhout, Henrik A Kolstad,

<h4>Background</h4>Exposure to respirable crystalline silica is suggested to increase the risk of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. We examined the association between respirable crystalline silica exposure and systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and small vessel vasculitis.<h4>Methods</h4>In a cohort study of the total Danish working population, we included 1 541 505 ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Cohort profile update: Manhiça health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS) of the Manhiça health research centre (CISM).

Ariel Nhacolo, Edgar Jamisse, Orvalho Augusto, Teodomiro Matsena, Aura Hunguana, Inácio Mandomando, Carlos Arnaldo, Khátia Munguambe, Eusébio Macete, Pedro Alonso, Francisco Saúte, Charfudin Sacoor,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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International comparisons of COVID-19 deaths in the presence of comorbidities require uniform mortality coding guidelines.

Bismark Singh,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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A systematic review on lagged associations in climate-health studies.

Pin Wang, Xuyi Zhang, Masahiro Hashizume, William B Goggins, Chao Luo,

<h4>Background</h4>Lagged associations in climate-health studies have already been ubiquitously acknowledged in recent years. Despite extensive time-series models having proposed accounting for lags, few studies have addressed the question of maximum-lag specification, which could induce considerable deviations of effect estimates.<h4>Methods</h4>We searched the PubMed and Scopus electronic databases for existing climate-health literature ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in over 6000 healthcare workers in Spain.

Jose F Varona, Rodrigo Madurga, Francisco Peñalver, Elena Abarca, Cristina Almirall, Marta Cruz, Enrique Ramos, Jose María Castellano Vázquez,

<h4>Background</h4>Spain has one of the highest incidences of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide, so Spanish health care workers (HCW) are at high risk of exposure. Our objective was to determine severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibody seroprevalence amongst HCW and factors associated with seropositivity.<h4>Methods</h4>A cross-sectional study evaluating 6190 ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Cohort profile update: Africa Centre Demographic Information System (ACDIS) and population-based HIV survey.

Dickman Gareta, Kathy Baisley, Thobeka Mngomezulu, Theresa Smit, Thandeka Khoza, Siyabonga Nxumalo, Jaco Dreyer, Sweetness Dube, Nomathamsanqa Majozi, Gregory Ording-Jesperson,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Protein foods from animal sources, incident cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: a substitution analysis.

Victor W Zhong, Norrina B Allen, Philip Greenland, Mercedes R Carnethon, Hongyan Ning, John T Wilkins, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Linda Van Horn,

<h4>Background</h4>Protein-rich foods are major parts of the human diet and are highly heterogeneous in nutrient composition and health effects. Designing healthy diets for disease prevention requires careful consideration of substituting unhealthier protein foods with healthier protein foods.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a pooled analysis of six prospective cohort studies of 29 682 US participants. ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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The combined impact of smoking, obesity and alcohol on life-expectancy trends in Europe.

Fanny Janssen, Sergi Trias-Llimós, Anton E Kunst,

<h4>Background</h4>Smoking, obesity and alcohol abuse greatly affect mortality and exhibit a distinct time dynamic, with their prevalence and associated mortality rates increasing and (eventually) declining over time. Their combined impact on secular trends in life expectancy is unknown but is relevant for understanding these trends. We therefore estimate the combined ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Healthy ageing for all? Comparisons of socioeconomic inequalities in health expectancies over two decades in the Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies I and II.

Holly Q Bennett, Andrew Kingston, Gemma Spiers, Louise Robinson, Lynne Corner, Clare Bambra, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Jagger,

<h4>Background</h4>Despite increasing life expectancy (LE), cross-sectional data show widening inequalities in disability-free LE (DFLE) by socioeconomic status (SES) in many countries. We use longitudinal data to better understand trends in DFLE and years independent (IndLE) by SES, and how underlying transitions contribute.<h4>Methods</h4>The Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies (CFAS I and ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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A comprehensive evaluation of methods for Mendelian randomization using realistic simulations and an analysis of 38 biomarkers for risk of type 2 diabetes.

Guanghao Qi, Nilanjan Chatterjee,

<h4>Background</h4>Previous studies have often evaluated methods for Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis based on simulations that do not adequately reflect the data-generating mechanisms in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and there are often discrepancies in the performance of MR methods in simulations and real data sets.<h4>Methods</h4>We use a simulation framework that generates ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Cohort profile: The Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases study (SEED).

Shivani Majithia, Yih-Chung Tham, Miao-Li Chee, Simon Nusinovici, Cong Ling Teo, Miao-Ling Chee, Sahil Thakur, Zhi Da Soh, Neelam Kumari, Ecosse Lamoureaux, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien-Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Associations of parental birth characteristics with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk in their offspring: a population-based multigenerational cohort study in Denmark.

Jingyuan Xiao, Yu Gao, Yongfu Yu, Gunnar Toft, Yawei Zhang, Jiajun Luo, Yuntian Xia, Katarzyna Chawarska, Jørn Olsen, Jiong Li, Zeyan Liew,

<h4>Background</h4>Fetal exposure risk factors are associated with increased autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk. New hypotheses regarding multigenerational risk for ASD have been proposed, but epidemiological evidence is largely lacking. We evaluated whether parental birth characteristics, including preterm birth and low birthweight, were associated with ASD risk in offspring.<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted a ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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War across the life course: examining the impact of exposure to conflict on a comprehensive inventory of health measures in an aging Vietnamese population.

Zachary Zimmer, Kathryn Fraser, Kim Korinek, Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel, Yvette Marie Young, Tran Khanh Toan,

<h4>Background</h4>The majority of evidence indicates that exposure to war and other traumatic events continue to have negative impacts on health across the life course. However, existing research on health effects of war exposure primarily concentrates on short-term impacts among veterans in high-income countries sent elsewhere to battle. Yet, most wars ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Cohort profile: The Hong Kong Cardiovascular Risk Factor Prevalence Study (CRISPS) and the follow-up studies.

David Tak Wai Lui, Chi Ho Lee, Yu Cho Woo, Carol Ho Yi Fong, Annette Wai Kwan Tso, Bernard Man Yung Cheung, Tai Hing Lam, Edward Janus, Karen Siu Ling Lam,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2021, :]

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Low HbA1c levels and all-cause or cardiovascular mortality among people without diabetes: the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2015.

Kosuke Inoue, Roch Nianogo, Donatello Telesca, Atsushi Goto, Vahe Khachadourian, Yusuke Tsugawa, Takehiro Sugiyama, Elizabeth Rose Mayeda, Beate Ritz,

<h4>Objective</h4>It is unclear whether relatively low glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels are beneficial or harmful for the long-term health outcomes among people without diabetes. We aimed to investigate the association between low HbA1c levels and mortality among the US general population.<h4>Methods</h4>This study includes a nationally representative sample of 39 453 US adults ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2020, :]

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Cohort Profile: The St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study (SJLIFE) for paediatric cancer survivors.

Carrie R Howell, Kari L Bjornard, Kirsten K Ness, Nicole Alberts, Gregory T Armstrong, Nickhill Bhakta, Tara Brinkman, Eric Caron, Wassim Chemaitilly, Daniel M Green, Tim Folse, I-Chan Huang, John L Jefferies, Sue Kaste, Kevin R Krull, Jennifer Q Lanctot, Daniel A Mulrooney, Geoffrey Neale, Kim E Nichols, Noah D Sabin, Kyla Shelton, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Zhaoming Wang, Carmen Wilson, Yutaka Yasui, Alia Zaidi, Jinghui Zhang, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Matthew J Ehrhardt,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2020, :]

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Genetically determined risk of keratinocyte carcinoma and risk of other cancers.

Jean Claude Dusingize, Catherine M Olsen, Jiyuan An, Nirmala Pandeya, Upekha E Liyanage, Matthew H Law, Rachel E Neale, Jue-Sheng Ong, Stuart MacGregor, David C Whiteman,

<h4>Background</h4>Epidemiological studies have consistently documented an increased risk of developing primary non-cutaneous malignancies among people with a history of keratinocyte carcinoma (KC). However, the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. We conducted two separate analyses to test whether genetically predicted KC is related to the risk of developing cancers at ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2020, :]

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Corrigendum to: Risk factors for positive and negative COVID-19 tests: a cautious and in-depth analysis of UK Biobank data.

Mahdi Nalini, Masoud Khoshnia, Farin Kamangar, Maryam Sharafkhah, Hossein Poustchi, Akram Pourshams, Gholamreza Roshandel, Samad Gharavi, Mahdi Zahedi, Alireza Norouzi, Masoud Sotoudeh, Arash Nikmanesh, Paul Brennan, Paolo Boffetta, Sanford M Dawsey, Christian C Abnet, Reza Malekzadeh, Arash Etemadi,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2020, :]

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Cohort Profile Update: The Harmonised Cognitive Assessment Protocol Sub-study of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA-HCAP).

Dorina Cadar, Jessica Abell, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Brayne, G David Batty, David J Llewellyn, Andrew Steptoe,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2020, :]

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Data resource profile: Xiamen registry of pregnant women and offspring (REPRESENT): a population-based, long-term follow-up database linking four major healthcare data platforms.

Jing Tan, Yiquan Xiong, Yana Qi, Chunrong Liu, Shiyao Huang, Guanhua Yao, Wei Sun, Yongyue Qian, Lishan Ye, Qiushi Xu, Hui Liu, Andy H Lee, Lehana Thabane, Xin Sun,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2020, :]

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Cohort Profile: Centro de Integração de Dados e Conhecimentos para Saúde (CIDACS) Birth Cohort.

Enny S Paixao, Luciana L Cardim, Ila Rocha Falcao, Naiá Ortelan, Natanael de Jesus Silva, Aline Dos Santos Rocha, Samila Sena, Daniela Almeida, Dandara Oliveira Ramos, Flávia Jôse Oliveira Alves, Nívea Bispo, Sanni Ali, Rosemeire Fiaccone, Moreno Rodrigues, Liam Smeeth, Elizabeth B Brickley, Liliana Cabral, Carlos Teles, Maria Conceição N Costa, Maria Yury Ichihara, Mauricio L Barreto, Rita de Cássia Ribeiro Silva, Maria Gloria Teixeira,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2020, :]

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Cohort Profile: The Rural Chinese Cohort Study.

Ming Zhang, Yang Zhao, Liang Sun, Yuanlin Xi, Weidong Zhang, Jie Lu, Fulan Hu, Xuezhong Shi, Dongsheng Hu,

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2020, :]

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