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Journal Innov Aging

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Care Challenges Due to COVID-19 and Mental Health Among Caregivers of U.S. Adults With a Chronic or Disabling Condition.

Amanda N Leggett, Alicia Carmichael, Natalie Leonard, Jeannette Jackson, Matthias Kirch, Erica Solway, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Dianne Singer, Preeti N Malani, Richard Gonzalez,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses new challenges for caregivers of adults with chronic or disabling conditions. This study uses nationally representative data to examine the prevalence of pandemic care challenges and supports and their associations with caregiver mental health and interpersonal well-being.<h4>Research design and methods</h4>Participants include ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(3):igab031]

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Call for Emergency Action to Limit Global Temperature Increases, Restore Biodiversity, and Protect Health: Wealthy nations must do much more, much faster.

Lukoye Atwoli, Abdullah H Baqui, Thomas Benfield, Raffaella Bosurgi, Fiona Godlee, Stephen Hancocks, Richard Horton, Laurie Laybourn-Langton, Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Ian Norman, Kirsten Patrick, Nigel Praities, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Eric J Rubin, Peush Sahni, Richard Smith, Nick Talley, Sue Turale, Damián Vázquez,

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(3):igab029]

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Age-Related Differences of Rumination on the Loneliness-Depression Relationship: Evidence from a Population-Representative Cohort

Horace Tong, Wai Kai Hou, Li Liang, Tsz Wai Li, Huinan Liu, Tatia M C Lee,

Abstract <h4>Background and Objective</h4> This study examined the association of loneliness with depressive symptoms across various age groups. Loneliness is a significant risk factor for precipitating depressive symptoms. Rumination, a mechanism that underpins depression, can become intense when a person feels lonely. In addition, age is a major factor associated ... Read more >>

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Age Differences in Multimodal Quantitative Sensory Testing and Associations With Brain Volume.

Alisa J Johnson, Abigail T Wilson, Chavier Laffitte Nodarse, Soamy Montesino-Goicolea, Pedro A Valdes-Hernandez, Jessie Somerville, Julio A Peraza, Roger B Fillingim, Joel Bialosky, Yenisel Cruz-Almeida,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Somatosensory function is critical for successful aging. Prior studies have shown declines in somatosensory function with age; however, this may be affected by testing site, modality, and biobehavioral factors. While somatosensory function declines are associated with peripheral nervous system degradation, little is known regarding correlates with the central ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(3):igab033]

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A Prospective Study on Child Abuse and Elder Mistreatment: Assessing Direct Effects and Associations With Depression and Substance Use Problems During Adolescence and Middle Adulthood.

Todd I Herrenkohl, Karen A Roberto, Lisa Fedina, Sunghyun Hong, Jasmine Love,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>We examined the prospective association between 2 measures of child abuse, one based on official child welfare records and the other based on parent self-reports, and the perpetration of elder mistreatment by an adult child. We also examined measures of adolescent and adult depression and substance use problems ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(3):igab028]

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Narrative Group Intervention to Rediscover Life Wisdom Among Hong Kong Chinese Older Adults: A Single-Blind Randomized Waitlist-Controlled Trial.

Esther Oi Wah Chow, Sai-Fu Fung,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>We developed a new group practice using strength- and meaning-based narrative therapy (NT) for older Chinese living in Hong Kong (HK), to enhance their life wisdom. This paper reports on the intervention and its short- and longer-term effectiveness.<h4>Research design and methods</h4>A randomized waitlist-controlled trial was conducted. A total ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(3):igab027]

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Cognitive Dispersion Predicts Grip Strength Trajectories in Men but not Women in a Sample of the Oldest Old Without Dementia.

Tamlyn Watermeyer, Fernando Massa, Jantje Goerdten, Lucy Stirland, Boo Johansson, Graciela Muniz-Terrera,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Grip strength is a reliable marker of biological vitality and it typically demonstrates an expected decline in older adults. According to the common-cause hypothesis, there is also a significant association between cognitive and physical function in older adults. Some specific cognitive functions have been shown to be associated ... Read more >>

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[2021, 5(3):igab025]

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Longitudinal Comparison of Stability and Sensitivity in Quality of Life Scores Among Nursing Home Residents With and Without Diagnoses of Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias.

Xuanzi Qin, Zachary G Baker, Stephanie Jarosek, Mark Woodhouse, Haitao Chu, Teresa McCarthy, Tetyana P Shippee,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Prevalence of nursing home residents with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) has increased along with a growing consensus that person-centered ADRD care in nursing homes should maximize quality of life (QoL). However, concerns about whether residents with ADRD can make appropriate QoL judgments persist. This study assesses ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(3):igab024]

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Understanding Elderspeak: An Evolutionary Concept Analysis.

Clarissa A Shaw, Jean K Gordon,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Elderspeak is an inappropriate simplified speech register that sounds like baby talk and is used with older adults, especially in health care settings. Understanding the concept of elderspeak is challenging due to varying views about which communicative components constitute elderspeak and whether elderspeak is beneficial or harmful for ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(3):igab023]

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Testing the Feasibility of Virtual Reality With Older Adults With Cognitive Impairments and Their Family Members Who Live at a Distance.

Tamara Afifi, Nancy L Collins, Kyle Rand, Ken Fujiwara, Allison Mazur, Chris Otmar, Norah E Dunbar, Kathryn Harrison, Rebecca Logsdon,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>This study tests the feasibility of using virtual reality (VR) with older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild-to-moderate dementia with a family member who lives at a distance.<h4>Research design and methods</h4>21 residents in a senior living community and a family member (who participated in the VR ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab014]

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Factors Associated With Hearing Aid Use Among Medicare Beneficiaries.

Lama Assi, Nicholas S Reed, Carrie L Nieman, Amber Willink,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>In the United States, up to two-thirds of older adults have hearing loss. Untreated hearing loss can have significant health outcomes, yet less than 20% of adults with hearing loss use hearing aids. In this study, we examined potential factors associated with hearing aid use, including detailed measures ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(3):igab021]

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Patient-Caregiver Treatment Preference Discordance and Its Association With Caregiving Burden and Esteem.

Semra Ozdemir, Sean Ng, Chetna Malhotra, Irene Teo, Eric A Finkelstein, ,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Many patient-caregiver dyads report conflicting treatment decisions regarding preferences for life extension treatments and symptom management. It is possible that this discordance will lead to negative psychological outcomes including lowered caregiving esteem and increased caregiver burden. However, the relationships between treatment discordance among dyads and caregiver psychological outcomes ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(3):igab020]

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Sex-Specific Difference in Dynamic Balance Following Total Hip Replacement.

Robin M Queen, Daniel Schmitt,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgical procedure in older adults (65 years or older). THA has high patient satisfaction, but little is known about balance and mobility limitations after surgery and if outcomes are sex-specific. This study was aimed to evaluate post-THA asymmetry during unilateral standing ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab019]

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Development and Validation of a Novel Indicator of Visual Disability in the National Health and Aging Trends Study.

Lindsey B De Lott, Ajay Kolli, Yunshu Zhou, Mengyao Hu, Joshua R Ehrlich,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>The National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) is an ongoing, nationally representative panel study of older adults that collects data on health and disability, including measures on self-reported visual disability (SRVD). Prior studies assessing the association of SRVD with other measures of healthy aging have classified participants ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab018]

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Investigating Older Adults' Willingness to Invest Time to Acquire Technology Skills Using a Discounting Approach.

Joseph Sharit, Jerad H Moxley, Sara J Czaja,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Delay discounting is a common behavioral phenomenon that can influence decision making. A person with a higher discounting rate (DR) will have a stronger preference for smaller, more immediate rewards over larger, delayed rewards than will a person with a lower DR. This study used a novel approach ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab017]

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Quality of Education and Late-Life Cognitive Function in a Population-Based Sample From Puerto Rico.

Cheyanne Barba, Alberto Garcia, Olivio J Clay, Virginia G Wadley, Ross Andel, Ana Luisa Dávila, Michael Crowe,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>We examined quality of education, literacy, and years of education in relation to late-life cognitive function and decline in older Puerto Ricans.<h4>Research design and methods</h4>Our sample consisted of 3,385 community-dwelling adults aged 60 years and older from the Puerto Rican Elderly: Health Conditions study. Quality of education was ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab016]

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Network-Exposure Severity and Self-Protective Behaviors: The Case of COVID-19.

Howard Litwin, Michal Levinsky,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>To clarify whether awareness of the extent and severity of exposure to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the social networks of older adults is related to the engagement by the latter in self-protective behaviors. The inquiry is guided by the Health Belief Model and by concepts from ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab015]

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Erratum to: HARMONY Study: Pimavanserin Significantly Prolongs Time to Relapse of Dementia-Related Psychosis.

Pierre Tariot, Erin P Foff, Jeffrey L Cummings, Maria-Eugenia Soto-Martin, Bradley McEvoy, Srdjan Stankovic,

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igaa057.530.]. ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab011]

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Corrigendum to: Attitudes Toward Older Adults: A Cross-Cultural Approach Across Residential Towns in Singapore.

Dylan Lien, Clara G H Chan, W Quin Yow,

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igaa057.3409.]. ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab008]

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Effectiveness of Companion Robot Care for Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Li-Chin Lu, Shao-Huan Lan, Yen-Ping Hsieh, Long-Yau Lin, Shou-Jen Lan, Jong-Chen Chen,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Dementia and central nervous system degeneration are common problems in aging societies with regard to the number of people affected and total medical expenses. Socially assistive robotic technology has gradually matured; currently, most scholars believe it can be used as companions in long-term care facilities and to work ... Read more >>

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[2021, 5(2):igab013]

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Erratum to: AAA Research Methodology I: Overcoming Linguistic and Cultural Barriers in Aging Research Among Asians: Presenter Discussion.

MacKenzie Hughes, Clara Coblenz, Emily Smith, Shevaun Neupert, Ann Pearman,

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igaa057.3519.]. ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab007]

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Erratum to: Recruitment of Hard-to-Reach Older Adults in Technology-Based Mental Health Services Studies: Lessons Learned.

Patrick Ho Lam Lai, Xiaoling Xiang, Yihang Sun, Joseph Himle,

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igaa057.1328.]. ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab006]

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Booms and Busts in Housing Market and Health Outcomes for Older Americans.

Dahai Yue, Ninez A Ponce,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>The US housing market has experienced considerable fluctuations over the last decades. This study aimed to investigate the impacts of housing price dynamics on physical health, mental health, and health-related behaviors for older American outright owners, mortgaged owners, and renters.<h4>Research design and methods</h4>We drew longitudinal data from the ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab012]

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Understanding Attrition and Bolstering Retention in a Longitudinal Panel of Older Adults: ORANJ BOWL.

Allison R Heid, Francine P Cartwright, Maureen Wilson-Genderson, Rachel Pruchno,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Attrition from longitudinal studies can affect the generalizability of findings especially when studying developmental constructs such as successful aging.<h4>Research design and methods</h4>Using data from a 12-year (6-wave) panel of 5,688 older people (aged 50-74 at baseline), we compared people retained in the panel with people lost to follow-up ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab010]

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Measurement Invariance of Social Media Use in Younger and Older Adults and Links to Socioemotional Health.

Neika Sharifian, A Zarina Kraal, Afsara B Zaheed, Ketlyne Sol, Emily P Morris, Laura B Zahodne,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>Social media use has been linked to socioemotional health; however, less is known regarding whether these associations are moderated by age. Additionally, as the use of social media in older adult populations is rapidly increasing, there is a greater need for the investigation of psychometric properties of social ... Read more >>

Innov Aging (Innovation in aging)
[2021, 5(2):igab009]

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