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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on sustainability determinants: A global trend.

Hafiz Syed Mohsin Abbas, Xiaodong Xu, Chunxia Sun, Atta Ullah, Samreen Gillani, Muhammad Ahsan Ali Raza,

For the last six months till today, the world had had no luck in defeating COVID-19. This study examined the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on sustainability determinants, with the time arisen from December 27, 2019, through June 30, 2020. This study considers quantitative COVID-19 dashboard data with sustainable determinants; ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, :e05912]

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Time course of collateral vessel formation after retinal vein occlusion visualized by OCTA and elucidation of factors in their formation.

Hajime Takahashi, Kazuki Nakagawa, Haruhiko Yamada, Hidetsugu Mori, Shimpei Oba, Keiko Toyama, Kanji Takahashi,

<h4>Background</h4>It is clinically recognized that collateral vessels can form after retinal vein occlusion (RVO) in some cases and these vessels can lead to spontaneous recovery of the pathological condition. In recent years, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has become a decisive clinical instrument. Unlike previous angiography tests, OCTA enables the ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05902]

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Introducing 'holistic psychology' for life qualities: A theoretical model for consideration.

Huy P Phan, Bing H Ngu, Matthew O White,

<i>Positive psychology</i> has attracted extensive interests from educators, researchers, and organizations. Many would recognize the work of Martin Seligman (e.g., Seligman, 2010) and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (e.g.,Csíkszentmihályi, 2014b). In its summarized form, positive psychology is concerned with a person's state of flourishing, his/her perceived sense of resilience and inner virtues, and ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05843]

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Cell therapy: A potential solution for the healing of bone cavities.

Sara El-Gindy, Maram Farouk Obeid, Kareim Mostafa Elbatouty, Elham Elshaboury, Ehab Hassanien,

<h4>Aim</h4>To Explore whether the use of autologous BMMNCs as a cell therapy technique will improve the healing of bone cavities in vivo.<h4>Methodology</h4>After achieving proper anesthesia, mononuclear cells were isolated from iliac crest's bone marrow aspirates (BMMNCs). Then access cavity, root canal preparation, and filling were done in third and fourth ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05885]

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Degradation of tetrachloroethylene by zero valent iron nanoparticles in the presence of a natural groundwater bacterial biofilm in a sandy porous media.

Marc Crampon, Jennifer Hellal, Christophe Mouvet, Patrick Ollivier,

Biofilms are naturally present in aquifers and can interact with zero valent iron nanoparticles (nZVI) used as remediation agents in contaminated groundwater; thereby they may alter nZVI reactivity towards targeted contaminants in porous media. Laboratory scale experiments using columns filled with sand (50 cm long and 5.2 cm in diameter) ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05854]

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Drawing alcohol craving process: A systematic review of its association with thought suppression, inhibition and impulsivity.

Laura Bernard, Laura Cyr, Agnès Bonnet-Suard, Christophe Cutarella, Vincent Bréjard,

Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is a worldwide public health problem. In recent years, there has been growing evidence supporting craving, the irrepressible desire to drink, as a major mechanism implicated in AUD. Impulsivity is identified as playing a significant role in craving in many studies. However, relationships with inhibition and ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05868]

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Effectiveness of bio-insecticides and mass trapping based on population fluctuations for controlling Tuta absoluta under greenhouse conditions in Albania.

Shpend Shahini, Ajten Bërxolli, Frans Kokojka,

<i>Tuta absoluta</i> is a major pest of tomato crops that causes high yield losses. Cultivated areas in Albania have reported high levels of infestations despite the application of control measures. The present study aims to describe population fluctuations of <i>T. absoluta</i> during tomato cultivation for three consecutive years in the winter-summer ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05753]

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Hepatotoxicity prevention in Acetaminophen-induced HepG2 cells by red betel (Piper crocatum Ruiz and Pav) extract from Indonesia via antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-necrotic.

Chrismis Novalinda Ginting, I Nyoman Ehrich Lister, Ermi Girsang, Wahyu Widowati, Dewani Tediana Yusepany, Alya Mardhotillah Azizah, Hanna Sari Widya Kusuma,

Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used analgesic, but it may cause liver injury (<i>hepatotoxicity)</i> via oxidative stress that induced by <i>N</i>-acetyl-<i>p</i>-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI) in long term usage or overdose. Multiple inflammatory mediators were also found to contribute for this effect. Many medicinal plants was known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05620]

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Impact of increasing chromium (VI) concentrations on growth, phosphorus and chromium uptake of maize plants associated to the mycorrhizal fungus Rhizophagus irregularis MUCL 41833.

Gil-Cardeza María Lourdes, Declerck Stéphane, Calonne-Salmon Maryline,

Arbuscular mycorhizal fungi (AMF) associated to plants may represent a promising phyto-remediation avenue due to the widely documented role of these fungi in alleviation of numerous abiotic (e.g. heavy metals) stresses. In the present work, it was the objective to study the dynamics of inorganic phosphorus (Pi) and chromium(VI) (Cr(VI)) ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05891]

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Allometric equations for estimating aboveground biomass of khat (Catha edulis)-stimulate grown in agroforestry of Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia.

Desalegn Getnet, Mesele Negash,

<i>Khat</i> plant (<i>Catha edulis</i> Forsk) is an evergreen perennial cash crop cultivated in east Africa, southwest Arabia, and Madagascar. The plant is known for its production of stimulant fresh leaves, and expanding as expense of other land uses for its short-term financial returns. We, therefore, developed allometric equations for estimating ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05839]

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Modeling the effects of farming management practices on soil organic carbon stock under two tillage practices in a semi-arid region, Morocco.

Ibtissame Lembaid, Rachid Moussadek, Rachid Mrabet, Ahmed Douaik, Ahmed Bouhaouss,

Farming management practices are of paramount importance for soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration in carbon (C) cycling at different scales. However, due to a lack of proper methodologies, estimating the impacts of different soil management practices on overall SOC stock remains inadequately quantified. In this paper, a process-based model, Denitrification-Decomposition ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05889]

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Markers for genetic change.

Giovanni Forcina, Miguel Camacho-Sanchez, Fred Y Y Tuh, Sacramento Moreno, Jennifer A Leonard,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Wildlife conservation has focused primarily on species for the last decades. Recently, popular perception and laws have begun to recognize the central importance of genetic diversity in the conservation of biodiversity. How to incorporate genetic diversity in ongoing monitoring and management of wildlife is still an open question.<h4>Methods</h4>We ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05583]

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Methanol, ethyl acetate and n-hexane extracts of Tragia involucrata L. leaves exhibit anxiolytic, sedative and analgesic activity in Swiss albino mice.

Md Shofiqul Islam, Samiron Sana, Md Ehsanul Haque, S M Mushiur Rahman, Abdus Samad, Abdullah Al Noman, Rahat Alam, Sohel Rana, Rima Islam Meem, Debashish Mondol, Md Shariful Islam, Md Torikul Islam, Kishor Mazumder,

<h4>Introduction</h4><i>Tragia involucrata</i> L. have been utilized as traditional medicine in Indian subcontinent for the treatment of numerous illnesses such as inflammation, pain and skin infection. In this current study we sought to assess the anxiolytic, sedative and analgesic activity of <i>Tragia involucrata</i> L. leaves extract.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>We first performed a ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05814]

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Agricultural value of Black Soldier Fly larvae frass as organic fertilizer on ryegrass.

Regina Menino, Fernando Felizes, Maria Amélia Castelo-Branco, Paula Fareleira, Olga Moreira, Rui Nunes, Daniel Murta,

<i>Hermetia illucens</i> L., known as Black Soldier Fly (BSF) appear as an opportunity to reuse vegetable by-products, as it is easy to reproduce and can be reared in agricultural side streams, allowing the production of both, animal feed (the larvae, after recycling of the vegetal debris) and soil organic fertilizer ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05855]

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Field demonstration of irradiated sodium alginate as tea production booster.

Mohammad Afzal Hossain, Jahid M M Islam, Md Mozammel Hoque, Shamsun Nahar, Mubarak A Khan,

Sodium alginate oligomers were tested for tea plant growth promoter and anti-fungal agent in this experiment. Sodium alginate solutions were irradiated by Co-60 gamma radiation with different radiation doses to produce the oligomers. Irradiated solutions were then diluted into 150, 300 and 500 ppm prior to foliar application. Solutions were ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05881]

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Application of immersion pre-treatments and drying temperatures to improve the comprehensive quality of pineapple (Ananas comosus) slices

Wahidu Zzaman, Rahul Biswas, Mohammad Afzal Hossain,

Drying of pineapple slices combined with different pre-treatments was done to reduce various adverse changes by adding satisfactory value. Process optimization was done by dipping the pineapple slices in four different solutions (1% trehalose, 2% NaCl, 10% sucrose, and 10% fructose) before drying. The effects of different pre-treatments and drying ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):]

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Allometric equations for estimating aboveground biomass of khat (Catha edulis)-stimulate grown in agroforestry of Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia

Desalegn Getnet, Mesele Negash,

Khat plant (Catha edulis Forsk) is an evergreen perennial cash crop cultivated in east Africa, southwest Arabia, and Madagascar. The plant is known for its production of stimulant fresh leaves, and expanding as expense of other land uses for its short-term financial returns. We, therefore, developed allometric equations for estimating ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):]

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Application of immersion pre-treatments and drying temperatures to improve the comprehensive quality of pineapple (Ananas comosus) slices.

Wahidu Zzaman, Rahul Biswas, Mohammad Afzal Hossain,

Drying of pineapple slices combined with different pre-treatments was done to reduce various adverse changes by adding satisfactory value. Process optimization was done by dipping the pineapple slices in four different solutions (1% trehalose, 2% NaCl, 10% sucrose, and 10% fructose) before drying. The effects of different pre-treatments and drying ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05882]

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Visualizing the superfamily of metallo-β-lactamases through sequence similarity network neighborhood connectivity analysis

Javier M. González,

Protein sequence similarity networks (SSNs) constitute a convenient approach to analyze large polypeptide sequence datasets, and have been successfully applied to study a number of protein families over the past decade. SSN analysis is herein combined with traditional cladistic and phenetic phylogenetic analysis (respectively based on multiple sequence alignments and ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):]

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Agricultural value of Black Soldier Fly larvae frass as organic fertilizer on ryegrass

Regina Menino, Fernando Felizes, Maria Amélia Castelo-Branco, Paula Fareleira, Olga Moreira, Rui Nunes, Daniel Murta,

Hermetia illucens L., known as Black Soldier Fly (BSF) appear as an opportunity to reuse vegetable by-products, as it is easy to reproduce and can be reared in agricultural side streams, allowing the production of both, animal feed (the larvae, after recycling of the vegetal debris) and soil organic fertilizer ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):]

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Determinants of Bacille Calmette-Guérin scarification in Danish children

Trine Mølbæk Jensen, Signe Kjeldgaard Jensen, Nina Marie Birk, Andreas Rieckmann, Thomas Hoffmann, Christine Stabell Benn, Dorthe Lisbeth Jeppesen, Ole Pryds, Thomas Nørrelykke Nissen,

<h4>Background</h4> Studies in low-income countries have shown that among Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccinated children, those who develop a BCG-scar have significantly better survival than those who do not develop a scar. In a Danish multicenter randomized clinical trial we assessed determinants for developing a BCG-scar and for BCG scar size ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):]

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Methanol, ethyl acetate and n-hexane extracts of Tragia involucrata L. leaves exhibit anxiolytic, sedative and analgesic activity in Swiss albino mice

Md. Shofiqul Islam, Samiron Sana, Md. Ehsanul Haque, S.M. Mushiur Rahman, Abdus Samad, Abdullah Al Noman, Rahat Alam, Sohel Rana, Rima Islam Meem, Debashish Mondol, Md. Shariful Islam, Md. Torikul Islam, Kishor Mazumder,

<h4>Introduction</h4> Tragia involucrata L. have been utilized as traditional medicine in Indian subcontinent for the treatment of numerous illnesses such as inflammation, pain and skin infection. In this current study we sought to assess the anxiolytic, sedative and analgesic activity of Tragia involucrata L. leaves extract. <h4>Materials and methods</h4> We ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):]

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High fructose-enriched diet synergistically exacerbates endocrine but not metabolic changes in letrozole-induced polycystic ovarian syndrome in Wistar rats.

Christopher O Akintayo, Anjola D Johnson, Olabimpe C Badejogbin, Kehinde S Olaniyi, Adesola A Oniyide, Isaac O Ajadi, Abdulfatai O Ojewale, Olorunsola I Adeyomoye, Adedeji B Kayode,

<h4>Background</h4>Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a multifactorial endocrine-metabolic disorder that highly contributes to the prevalence of infertility globally. The increased consumption of refined carbohydrate, particularly fructose has been associated with pandemic metabolic disorders, including in women of reproductive age. However, the effects of high fructose consumption (FRD) on endocrine and ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05890]

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Molecular epidemiology of anaplasmosis in small ruminants along a human-livestock-wildlife interface in Uganda.

Keneth Iceland Kasozi, Susan Christina Welburn, Gaber El-Saber Batiha, Najat Marraiki, David Paul Nalumenya, Monica Namayanja, Kevin Matama, Kelly Katenta Zalwango, Wycliff Matovu, Gerald Zirintunda, Justine Ekou, Stellamaris Kembabazi, Claire Mack Mugasa, Annah Kitibwa, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Simon Peter Musinguzi, Michael Mahero, Ibrahim Ssengendo, Anne Nanteza, Enock Matovu, Ewan Thomas MacLeod,

<h4>Background</h4>Information as regards the epidemiology of the <i>Anaplasmataceae</i> in small ruminants in several low- and middle-income countries is scarce.<h4>Methods</h4>In this study a total of 712 DNA samples collected from small ruminants were analyzed for <i>Anaplasmataceae</i> and <i>Anaplasma ovis</i> using the <i>16S rRNA</i> and <i>MSP4</i> genes respectively. Infection risk was assessed ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05688]

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Current scenario of and future perspective for scientific research in Nepal.

Krishna Prasad Acharya, Sarita Phuyal, Rakesh Chand, Krishna Kaphle,

Scientific research can act as the 'bedrock for development' which can provide a solid foundation for the overall socioeconomic transformation in a country through invention and innovation. The inclusion of seven groups of Nepalese monuments in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)'s world heritage sites provides evidence ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2021, 7(1):e05751]

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