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Corticosteroid Use and Periodontal Disease: A Systematic Review.

Rebeca Brasil-Oliveira, Álvaro A Cruz, Viviane Almeida Sarmento, Adelmir Souza-Machado, Liliane Lins-Kusterer,

Periodontitis affects the teeth supporting structures, such as periodontal tissues. We aimed to evaluate the association between periodontal disease and corticosteroid use. We searched in MEDLINE, Web of Sciences, SCOPUS, LILACS, and Cochrane databases, using the descriptors "Periodontal diseases" AND ("adrenal cortex hormones" OR "adrenal cortex hormones" OR ("adrenal" AND ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Prevalence of Dental Fear and Anxiety among Russian Children of Different Ages: The Cross-Sectional Study.

Maria Sarapultseva, Maria Yarushina, Igor Kritsky, Roman Ibragimov, Alexey Sarapultsev,

OBJECTIVE: Children's dental fear may lead to an avoidance of seeking dental care or disruptive behavior during treatment. The study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence and scores of dental fear and anxiety (DFA) among Russian children of different ages with an experience of dental treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Micro-osteoperforations and Its Effect on the Rate of Tooth Movement: A Systematic Review.

Khalifa S Al-Khalifa, Hosam A Baeshen,

Prolonged orthodontic treatments have inconvenienced patients and clinicians alike. Surgically assisted techniques for accelerating orthodontic tooth movement have shown promising results in the literature over the years. The minimally invasive nature of micro-osteoperforations (MOPs), however, for enhanced orthodontic tooth movement has recently gained momentum, with many clinical trials conducted on ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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The Importance of the Occlusal Plane in Predicting Better Facial Soft Tissue in Class II Malocclusion in Ethnic Javanese.

I Gusti Aju Wahju Ardani, Floretta Charlene Dinata, Ari Triwardhani,

OBJECTIVES: Class II malocclusion is largely due to a retrognathic mandible. Mandibular rotation is closely related to changes in the occlusal plane during growth. The problems in the occlusal plane could cause disadvantages in the soft tissue profile in Class II malocclusion, presenting treatment challenges for an orthodontist. This study aimed ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Polymerization Shrinkage and Degree of Conversion of New Zirconia-Reinforced Rice Husk Nanohybrid Composite.

Galvin Sim Siang Lin, Noor Huda Ismail, Kiran Prabhakar Singbal, Noraida Mamat Mohd Yusuff,

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the polymerization shrinkage and degree of conversion of new zirconia-reinforced rice husk nanohybrid composite with commercialized microhybrid and nanofilled composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 180 samples were used for polymerization shrinkage (buoyancy and optical methods) and degree of conversion tests in which they were divided into ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Distribution of Cytokeratin 17 in the Parenchymal Elements of Rat's Submandibular Glands Subjected to Fractionated Radiotherapy.

Sherif S Hassan, Mahmoud A Attia, Alaa M Attia, Reda A Nofal, Adel Fathi,

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to study the intensity of cytokeratin 17 (CK17) in the parenchymal elements of rat's submandibular salivary glands subjected to fractionated radiotherapy regimen that used for treatment of head and neck malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty male albino rats were divided into two equal groups (normal ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Cytokines and Chemokines in Periodontitis.

Doaa Elsayed Ramadan, Ninuk Hariyani, Retno Indrawati, Rini Devijanti Ridwan, Indeswati Diyatri,

Periodontitis is a common inflammatory periodontal disease affecting a wide range of population all over the world. The causing bacteria releases chemicals which activate the innate immune system to release proinflammatory cytokines contributing to more progression. This activates the acquired immune system leading to more progression of periodontitis. As the ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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A Multicenter Study of Tongue Lesions from Thailand.

Kittipong Dhanuthai, Sompid Kintarak, Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Nutchapon Chamusri,

OBJECTIVE:Tongue lesions constitute a considerable proportion of the oral lesions. Previous studies on tongue lesions were based on clinical studies. There has been a scarcity of the studies which are based on histopathological examination. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, demographic, and pathologic features of tongue lesions from Thailand. ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Quantification and Pathogenicity of Candida albicans in Denture-Wearing and Nondenture-Wearing Elderly.

Boy M Bachtiar, Turmidzi Fath, Retno Widowati, Endang W Bachtiar,

OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the microbial loads and pathogenicity traits of oral Candida albicans in denture-wearing (DW; n = 15) and nondenture-wearing (NDW; n = 15) elderly persons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The fungal counts of the saliva, tongue dorsa, and prosthesis-fitting surfaces of the ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Higher Prevalence of Periodontitis and Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth in Patients with Psoriasis.

Fabiana Cervo de Barros, Janaina Nunes Sampaio, Carlos Marcelo da Silva Figueredo, Sueli Carneiro, Ricardo Guimarães Fischer,

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence and severity of periodontitis and decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index in patients with psoriasis. As a secondary aim, verify if periodontitis was a risk indicator for psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 69 patients diagnosed with psoriasis (48.7 ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Epidemiological Features and Clinical Repercussions of Supernumerary Teeth in a Multicenter Study: A Review of 518 Patients with Hyperdontia in Spanish Population.

Jorge Cortés-Bretón Brinkmann, Natalia Martínez-Rodríguez, María Martín-Ares, Javier Sanz-Alonso, Juan Santos Marino, Maria Jesús Suárez García, Cristina Barona Dorado, Jose María Martínez-González,

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of supernumerary teeth (ST) in a sector of the population of Madrid, as well as possible complications associated with the presence of these teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study investigated patients (n = 28,114) who sought dental care at the Oral ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Effect of Orthodontic Treatment on Tooth Autotransplantation: Systematic Review of Controlled Clinical Trials.

Rogério Lacerda-Santos, Rhaíssa Ferreira Canutto, José Lucas Dos Santos Araújo, Fabiola Galbiatti de Carvalho, Eliseu Aldrighi Münchow, Taís de Souza Barbosa, Matheus Melo Pithon, Emanuel Braga Rego, Leniana Santos Neves,

This systematic review was focused on evaluating tooth autotransplantation, considering its impacts on the teeth, bone, soft tissues, and aesthetics in orthodontic patients. A bibliographic search was conducted without limitations on year of publication or language in the databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Medline Complete, Cochrane, Clinical Trials, ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Metastatic Biphasic Primitive Tumor in the Mandible of a Child.

Tiago Novaes Pinheiro, Milena Gomes Melo Leite, Fábio Arruda Bindá, André Luiz Tannus Dutra, Naelka Sarmento, Lioney Nobre Cabral, Alberto Consolaro, Carlos Eduardo Bacchi,

Pediatric mandibular tumors present an aggressive biological behavior and difficult diagnosis. A wide range of odontogenic and nonodontogenic tumors comprise the spectrum of these lesions. We report a case of a 1-year-old male child patient showing facial asymmetry symptomatic of an expansive lesion extending throughout the body and ramus of ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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COVID-19 Pandemic and Role of Human Saliva as a Testing Biofluid in Point-of-Care Technology.

Hiba Hamid, Zohaib Khurshid, Necdet Adanir, Muhammad S Zafar, Sana Zohaib,

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has termed as a controllable pandemic, and the entire world has come to a standstill trying to mitigate the disease with health systems. Health care providers, around the globe, are fighting day and night. Currently, rapid testing is taking place with the help of ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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The Macrophage Responses during Diabetic Oral Ulcer Healing by Liquid Coconut Shell Smoke: An Immunohistochemical Analysis.

Meircurius Dwi Condro Surboyo, Fatma Yasmin Mahdani, Diah Savitri Ernawati, Andari Sarasati, Fianza Rezkita,

OBJECTIVES: Liquid coconut shell smoke (LC-SS) is used in natural food preservation for a long history. The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of LC-SS in macrophage responses during diabetic oral ulcer healing as medication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral ulcers were induced in the labial lower mucosa of the ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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3D Analysis of Facial Morphology of a Colombian Population Compared to Adult Caucasians.

Sonia Bravo-Hammett, Ludovica Nucci, Teti Christou, Juan Fernando Aristizabal, Chung How Kau,

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study involves describing the facial morphology of a Colombian population with three-dimensional (3D) imaging, and comparing their facial morphology with the Caucasian to create a database for this ethnicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study, which included 135 subjects selected from the Valle University in Cali, Colombia, and ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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The Impact of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy on Serum C-Reactive Protein Levels, Osteoprotegerin Expression, and Osteoclast Numbers in Induced-Periodontitis Diabetic Rats.

Dian Mulawarmanti, Kristanti Parisihni, Widyastuti Widyastuti,

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the impact of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, osteoclast numbers, and osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression in periodontitis-induced diabetic rats MATERIALS AND METHODS:  This study constituted an in vivo laboratory-based experiment incorporating a posttest only control group design. Thirty male Wistar rats ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Assessing Oral Health Status, Practices, and Access to Care among War-Affected Refugees Living in San Antonio, Texas.

Rami Saadeh, David Cappelli, Irene Bober-Moken, Annaliese Cothron, Magda de la Torre,

OBJECTIVES: Refugees encounter several health disparities including oral health problems.This study evaluated the self-reported oral health status, practices, and access to care of adult refugees living in San Antonio, Texas, United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult refugees (n = 207) who accessed services from two centers in San Antonio, completed this survey. ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Evaluation of Osteocalcin Levels in Saliva of Periodontitis Patients and Their Correlation with the Disease Severity: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Hamda Shazam, Fouzia Shaikh, Zaheer Hussain, M Mansoor Majeed, Saba Khan, Zohaib Khurshid,

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate osteocalcin levels in saliva of healthy and periodontitis patients and correlate these levels with periodontitis severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a hospital setup. A total of 95 individuals participated in the study with 46 subjects in group I (healthy individuals) ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Undergraduate Students' Acceptance of a Reciprocating One-File System for Endodontic Treatment.

Benjamin Mahmoodi, Adriano Azaripour, Kawe Sagheb, Keyvan Sagheb, Brita Willershausen, Jens Weusmann,

OBJECTIVES:Reciprocating endodontic one-file systems are a comparatively new method for root canal shaping. Even though the mechanical properties are comparable to modern rotating mechanical systems, data about subjective assessment and application quality are scarce. This study evaluates the reciprocating one-file system in undergraduate education. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A total of 42 ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Platelet-Rich Fibrin in Coverage of Gingival Recession: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Miguel Augusto Riquelme Rodas, Bruna Luísa de Paula, Victor Fabrizio Cabrera Pazmiño, Flávia Ferraz Dos Santos Lot Vieira, Joel Ferreira Santiago Junior, Elcia Maria Varize Silveira,

This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to evaluate the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membranes versus subepithelial connective tissue grafts (SCTGs) in the coverage of Miller class I and II gingival recessions. After the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, the quality of seven articles (Cohen's Kappa = 0.9) was ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, 14(2):315-326]

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Resin Gingival Barrier as a Polymerizable Try-In Paste for Dynamic Try-In of Crowns and Veneers.

Ahmed Abyad, Ziad Jarrah, Amin Hallak, Hala Ragab, Essam Osman,

Try-in sessions are often performed to check the fit and shape of restorations; however, try-in pastes do not exhibit enough viscosity to keep the restoration in place especially in the case of veneers that keep falling off during try-in. The use of polymerizable soft resins similar to those used as ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, 14(2):327-330]

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Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Musa acuminata Stem.

Maharani Laillyza Apriasari, Selviana Rizky Pramitha, Dewi Puspitasari, Diah Savitri Ernawati,

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the anti-inflammatory effect of Musa acuminata through the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and nuclear factor kappa β (NF-κB) after 3 days of application of Musa acuminata stem extract (MASE) gel on oral mucosal wound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experimental study with post-test only ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, 14(2):294-298]

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Biomarker for Asymptomatic Apical Periodontitis in Gingival Crevicular Fluid: aMMP-8.

Teodora Karteva, Neshka Manchorova-Veleva,

OBJECTIVES: Asymptomatic apical periodontitis (AAP) is one of the most widespread chronic inflammatory diseases in the field of dental medicine. Active matrix metalloproteinase (aMMP-8) previously demonstrated diagnostic potential as a biomarker for AAP in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). The aim of this study was to determine the levels and diagnostic accuracy ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, 14(2):239-244]

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An Unusual Granular Ulcer Secondary Oral Tuberculosis of Vestibule Mandibular Mucosa.

Rocío Valenzuela-Narváez, Daniel A Valenzuela, Daniel R Valenzuela, Aguilar Bailón, Heriberto Machco, Carla Mena, María Córdova, Cris Mejía, Ana Estrada,

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In the oral cavity, clinical manifestations are considered atypical lesions. The aim of this study was to report an unusual granular ulcer secondary oral TB that does not heal, chronic, had irregular appearance with deep depression of 2 cm ... Read more >>

Eur J Dent (European journal of dentistry)
[2020, 14(2):331-334]

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