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Adherence to low-carbohydrate diet in relation to gastric cancer: findings from a case-control study in Iran.

Fatemeh Toorang, Kazem Zendehdel, Bahareh Sasanfar, Maryam Hadji, Ahmad Esmaillzade,

This study examined the association between adherence to low carbohydrate diet (LCD) and risk of gastric cancer (GC). This hospital-based case-control study was conducted in Iran Cancer Institute, Tehran, Iran between 2010 and 2012. Totally, 178 patients with GC and 276 apparently healthy controls participated in this study. Cases were ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):297-303]

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Electronic cigarettes, vaping-related lung injury and lung cancer: where do we stand?

Francesco Petrella,

Electronic cigarettes have been considered a promising alternative to nicotine replacement products to help heavy tobacco smokers quit smoking. They work thanks to a heating coil causing evaporation of the liquid rapidly followed by cooling, thus creating an aerosol, a completely different mechanism from the combustion of tobacco in traditional ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):293-296]

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A case-control study on dietary calcium intake and risk of glioma.

Masoumeh Fallah Yekta, Sanaz Soltani, Mehdi Shayanfar, Sanaz Benisi-Kohansal, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Giuve Sharifi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh,

Limited evidence exists regarding the association between dietary calcium intake and risk of glioma. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between dietary calcium intake and risk of glioma in Iranian adults. In this hospital-based case-control study, we enrolled 128 newly-diagnosed cases of glioma and 256 age- ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):322-327]

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Hereditary breast cancer: translation into clinical practice of recent American Society of Clinical Oncology, American Society of Radiation Oncology, and Society of Surgical Oncology recommendations.

Giovanni Corso, Francesca Magnoni,

Scientific acquisitions concerning the risk of breast cancer in the context of hereditary breast cancer syndrome are constantly evolving: alongside the BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, further ones have been identified, also associated with malignancies in different sites. Therefore, management of these clinical conditions requires a multidisciplinary and shared approach, based ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):311-314]

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The impact of 6 years of the National Colorectal Cancer Screening Program on colorectal cancer incidence and 5-year survival.

Bojan Tepeš, Dominika Novak Mlakar, Milan Stefanovič, Borut Štabuc, Snježana Frkovič Grazio, Jožica Maučec Zakotnik,

We aimed to assess the impact of the first three rounds of the National Colorectal Cancer Screening Program (NCCSP) on CRC incidence and mortality in Slovenia. In NCCSP, we use two fecal immune tests (FITs) and if test is positive patient is referred to colonoscopy. From 2009, we invite Slovenian ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):304-310]

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Can propranolol act as a chemopreventive agent during oral carcinogenesis? An experimental animal study.

Vivian P Wagner, Tobias R Spuldaro, Felipe Nör, Eduardo J Gaio, Rogerio M Castilho, Vinicius C Carrard, Cassiano K Rösing,

The multistep process of oral carcinogenesis provides a biological rationale for the use of chemoprevention in individuals at increased risk of developing oral cancer. We aimed to determine if low doses of propranolol can prevent the development of oral cancer using a tobacco-relevant and p53-associated animal model of cancer initiation. ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):315-321]

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Equal prevalence of severe cervical dysplasia by HPV self-sampling and by midwife-collected samples for primary HPV screening: a randomised controlled trial.

Caroline Hellsten, Avalon Ernstson, Gunilla Bodelsson, Ola Forslund, Christer Borgfeldt,

<h4>Objectives</h4>HPV self-sampling is an option for cervical screening. The aim of this randomised study was to investigate the compliance, prevalence of HPV, and prevalence of severe dysplasia in a vaginal self-sampling group in comparison to cervical samples collected by midwives (control arm). The hypothesis was that there would be no ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):334-340]

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Knowledge, beliefs, and practices related to cancer screening and prevention in Lebanon: community and social media users' perspectives.

Talar Telvizian, Yasmina Al Ghadban, Jude Alawa, Deborah Mukherji, Nathalie K Zgheib, Bisher Sawaf, Rihab Nasr, Marco Bardus,

<h4>Objective</h4>Common to many countries in the Middle East, Lebanon has an increasing cancer burden; however, national screening programs are limited to breast cancer. The literature on cancer screening practices and beliefs is scarce. This cross-sectional study investigates the knowledge, beliefs, and practices related to the prevention and screening for breast, ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):341-349]

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Absence of human papillomavirus in cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx in a Brazilian population.

Ingrid da Silva Santos, Lígia Lavezo Ferreira, Saygo Tomo, Sandra Helena Penha de Oliveira, Eder Ricardo Biasoli, Daniel Galera Bernabé, Luísa Lina Villa, Glauco Issamu Miyahara,

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):350]

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Brain cancer incidence: a comparison of active-duty military and general populations.

Julie A Bytnar, Jie Lin, Yvonne L Eaglehouse, Lindsey Enewold, Craig D Shriver, Kangmin Zhu,

<h4>Background</h4>In the USA, brain cancer disproportionately affects young adults. The US military has a younger age structure than the general population and may have differential exposures related to brain cancer. This study aimed to compare the incidence rates of brain cancer in the active-duty military and general populations to provide ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(4):328-333]

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Case-control study about magnitude of exposure to wood smoke and risk of developing lung cancer.

Renata Báez-Saldaña, Alejandro Canseco-Raymundo, Belizario Ixcot-Mejía, Iván Juárez-Verdugo, Araceli Escobar-Rojas, Uriel Rumbo-Nava, Patricia Castillo-González, Santiago León-Dueñas, Oscar Arrieta,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Exposure to biomass combustion products, particularly firewood, has been considered as a potential carcinogen for developing lung cancer. In this regard, current evidence is widely heterogeneous; besides, in most studies, wood smoke exposure is not appropriately quantified, which further complicates the analysis of wood smoke as a potential carcinogen. The ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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Race/ethnicity and advanced stage of renal cell carcinoma in adults: results from surveillance, epidemiology, and end results program 2007-2015.

Alyssa C Dobyns, Nino A Coutelle, Corey Y Suthumphong, Pura E Rodriguez, Grettel Castro, Marcia H Varella,

Non-Hispanic Blacks were shown to have an earlier stage of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at diagnosis compared to non-Hispanic Whites. It is less clear whether disparities in RCC staging occurs for other minority races/ethnicities. We aimed to assess the association between racial/ethnic minorities and stage at diagnosis of RCC, and ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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Incidence trends in lung and bladder cancers in the Nordic Countries before and after the smoking epidemic.

Kari Hemminki, Asta Försti, Akseli Hemminki, Börje Ljungberg, Otto Hemminki,

Cigarette smoking epidemic, which started before the World War II, completely changed the cancer landscape. Reliable incidence data spanning the stepwise spreading epidemic are rare, but the Nordic cancer registries are unique sources in being able to catch the pre-epidemic situation in the female population where smoking became more prevalent ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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Hydrogen bonding capacity in DNA attracts protons and prompts the formation of mutagenic and carcinogenic HCl.

Xiaoqian Ma, Yuan Wang, Qiuyun Liu,

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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Do the 2013 United States Preventive Services Task Force guidelines for lung cancer screening fail high-risk African American smokers? An institutional retrospective observational cohort study.

Aswani Thurlapati, Carol S Velez-Martinez, Samina Hirani, Jade Abad, Runhua Shi, Kavitha Beedupalli, Richard P Mansour,

<h4>Background</h4>Lung cancer cause nearly 1.76 million deaths worldwide in 2018. In 2011, the National-Lung-Cancer-Screening-Trial showed 20% relative risk reduction with LDCT and subsequently led to the current USPSTF screening guidelines. However, the predominant focus on elderly, Caucasian questions its generalizability to communities with young, African Americans such as our institution. ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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ADCY2 rs10059539 C>T polymorphism confers a decreased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in Chinese Han women.

Xu Chao, Feng Miao, Xuesong Feng, Hailong Shi, Yuewen Wang, Jieqiong Wu, Luyan Zhao, Wei Zhang, Chao Jiang,

<h4>Objective</h4>Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) poses a serious threat to human health. ADCY2 gene polymorphisms may be related to HCC susceptibility. Therefore, we investigated whether ADCY2 gene polymorphisms are correlated to the risk of HCC in a Chinese Han population.<h4>Methods</h4>In a case-control study, we examined the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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Educational level and colorectal cancer risk: the mediating roles of lifestyle and dietary factors.

Lei Li, Yu-Jing Fang, Alinuer Abulimiti, Chu-Yi Huang, Kai-Yan Liu, Yu-Ming Chen, Cai-Xia Zhang,

<h4>Objective</h4>The association between the educational level and colorectal cancer risk was controversial in developed countries and evidence was limited in Chinese population. This study aimed to investigate the association between the educational level and colorectal cancer risk in Guangdong Province, China.<h4>Methods</h4>From July 2010 to April 2019, 2502 newly diagnosed colorectal ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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It was hard enough: the spectre of COVID-19 on the management of sarcoma patients.

Andrea Marrari, Nicolò Gennaro, Umberto Cariboni, Vittorio Lorenzo Quagliuolo, Federico D'Orazio, Ferdinando Cananzi, Armando Santoro, Alexia Francesca Bertuzzi,

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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CDH1 germline mutations in families with hereditary lobular breast cancer.

Antonia Girardi, Francesca Magnoni, Elisa Vicini, Andriana Kouloura, Carlo La Vecchia, Paolo Veronesi, Giovanni Corso,

Pathogenic CDH1 germline mutations are associated with lobular breast cancer in the so-called hereditary lobular breast cancer (HLBC) syndrome, without apparent correlation with the classic hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC). Recent international guidelines recommend CDH1 screening also in absence of diffuse gastric cancer (DGC) history. Genomic characteristics underlying gastric and ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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Obesity and incident gastrointestinal cancers: overall body size or central obesity measures, which factor matters?

Nahid Hashemi Madani, Arash Etemadi, Mahdi Nalini, Hossein Poustchi, Alireza Khajavi, Elahe Mirzazade, Hosna Mirfakhraei, Akram Pourshams, Masoud Khoshnia, Abdolsamad Gharavi, Shahin Merat, Moahammad E Khamseh, Reza Malekzadeh,

BMI does not reflect the location or amount of body fat. We aimed to investigate the role of general and central obesity measures in the prediction of incident gastrointestinal cancers. In this analysis of the Golestan Cohort Study, we included 47 586 cancer-free individuals followed for 12.3 years (IQR: 10.5-13.2). ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(3):267-274]

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A randomized, double-blind, dose-ranging, pilot trial of piperine with resveratrol on the effects on serum levels of resveratrol.

Howard H Bailey, Jeremy J Johnson, Taja Lozar, Cameron O Scarlett, Barbara W Wollmer, KyungMann Kim, Thomas Havinghurst, Nihal Ahmad,

Resveratrol (3,4,5-trihydroxystilbene) is a naturally occurring phytoalexin with purported health-promoting effects, but with limited oral bioavailability. Our prior murine modeling research observed enhanced resveratrol bioavailability with piperine co-administration. In this study, single-dose pharmacokinetics of resveratrol with or without piperine and the associated toxicities were studied on a cohort of healthy ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(3):285-290]

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Barriers and facilitators towards colonoscopy: a qualitative systematic review.

Kia Teng Lim, Cheng Han Ng, Glenn Moses Decruz, Tian Zhi Lim, Kamala Devi, Ker-Kan Tan, Choon Seng Chong,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Colonoscopy is integral in the early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC), be it for screening, diagnostic or therapeutic intentions. Despite the presence of multiple screening modalities, colonoscopy remains integral in providing a definitive CRC diagnosis. However, uptake rates remain low worldwide with minimal understanding towards stakeholders' perspectives. This systematic review ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(3):232-238]

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Coffee consumption and colorectal cancer risk: a multicentre case-control study from Italy and Spain.

Valentina Rosato, Valentina Guercio, Cristina Bosetti, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Cristina M Villanueva, Jerry Polesel, Federica Toffoluti, Victor Moreno, Vicente Martin, Nuria Aragonés, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Marcela Guevara, Pilar Amiano, Dolores Salas, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Juan Alguacil, María Dolores Chirlaque López, Tania Fernandez-Villa, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Ines Gomez-Acebo, Jose J Jiménez-Moleón, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Antonio José Molina, Gemma Castaño Vinyals, Marina Pollan, Manolis Kogevinas, Carlo La Vecchia, Alessandra Tavani,

<h4>Background</h4>Coffee contains many bioactive substances that can play a role on colorectal cancer. Epidemiological evidence of coffee intake and colorectal cancer is, however, inconsistent.<h4>Aim</h4>To provide further information on the risk of colorectal cancer in relation to coffee consumption.<h4>Methods</h4>Data derive from two companion case-control studies conducted in Italy and Spain within ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(3):204-210]

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Incidence rates of oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers among men: a comparison of active-duty military and general populations.

Julie A Bytnar, Craig D Shriver, Kangmin Zhu,

<h4>Objectives</h4>This study compared oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer incidence rates and trends among men in the active-duty military and the general population of the USA.<h4>Methods</h4>Data were from the Department of Defenses' Automated Central Tumor Registry (ACTUR) and the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER-9) registries. Age-adjusted oral ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, :]

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Association of weight change in young adulthood with subsequent risk of hepatocellular carcinoma: a national cohort study.

Kyuwoong Kim, Seulggie Choi, Gyeongsil Lee, Joung Sik Son, Kyae Hyung Kim, Sang Min Park,

Risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in young adults might be clinically overlooked for future HCC risk. Thus, we examined the association between weight change and future risk of developing HCC in young adults. We collected a nationwide and population-based cohort data of more than 2.2 million men and women aged ... Read more >>

Eur J Cancer Prev (European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP))
[2021, 30(3):211-219]

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