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Journal Emerg Microbes Infect

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Lack of cross-neutralization by SARS patient sera towards SARS-CoV-2.

Danielle E Anderson, Chee Wah Tan, Wan Ni Chia, Barnaby E Young, Martin Linster, JennyG H Low, Yee-Joo Tan, Mark I-C Chen, Gavin J D Smith, Yee Sin Leo, David C Lye, Lin-Fa Wang,

Despite initial findings indicating that SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 are genetically related belonging to the same virus species and that the two viruses used the same entry receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), our data demonstrated that there is no detectable cross-neutralization by SARS patient sera against SARS-CoV-2. We also found that ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):900-902]

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Transcriptomic characteristics of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and peripheral blood mononuclear cells in COVID-19 patients.

Yong Xiong, Yuan Liu, Liu Cao, Dehe Wang, Ming Guo, Ao Jiang, Dong Guo, Wenjia Hu, Jiayi Yang, Zhidong Tang, Honglong Wu, Yongquan Lin, Meiyuan Zhang, Qi Zhang, Mang Shi, Yingle Liu, Yu Zhou, Ke Lan, Yu Chen,

Circulating in China and 158 other countries and areas, the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has caused devastating mortality and posed a great threat to public health. However, efforts to identify effectively supportive therapeutic drugs and treatments has been hampered by our limited understanding of host immune response for this fatal disease. ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):761-770]

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The different clinical characteristics of corona virus disease cases between children and their families in China - the character of children with COVID-19.

Liang Su, Xiang Ma, Huafeng Yu, Zhaohua Zhang, Pengfei Bian, Yuling Han, Jing Sun, Yanqin Liu, Chun Yang, Jin Geng, Zhongfa Zhang, Zhongtao Gai,

This study aims to analyze the different clinical characteristics between children and their families infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Clinical data from nine children and their 14 families were collected, including general status, clinical, laboratory test, and imaging characteristics. All the children were detected positive result after ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):707-713]

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Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors improve the clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients with hypertension.

Juan Meng, Guohui Xiao, Juanjuan Zhang, Xing He, Min Ou, Jing Bi, Rongqing Yang, Wencheng Di, Zhaoqin Wang, Zigang Li, Hong Gao, Lei Liu, Guoliang Zhang,

The dysfunction of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been observed in coronavirus infection disease (COVID-19) patients, but whether RAS inhibitors, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs), are associated with clinical outcomes remains unknown. COVID-19 patients with hypertension were enrolled to evaluate the ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):757-760]

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Hypothesis for potential pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 infection-a review of immune changes in patients with viral pneumonia.

Ling Lin, Lianfeng Lu, Wei Cao, Taisheng Li,

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) with droplets and contact as the main means of transmission. Since the first case appeared in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, the outbreak has gradually spread nationwide. Up to now, according to official ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):727-732]

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Social distancing: how religion, culture and burial ceremony undermine the effort to curb COVID-19 in South Africa.

Ishmael Festus Jaja, Madubuike Umunna Anyanwu, Chinwe-Juliana Iwu Jaja,

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):1077-1079]

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Mammalian pathogenicity and transmissibility of low pathogenic avian influenza H7N1 and H7N3 viruses isolated from North America in 2018.

Jessica A Belser, Xiangjie Sun, Nicole Brock, Joanna A Pulit-Penaloza, Joyce Jones, Natosha Zanders, C Todd Davis, Terrence M Tumpey, Taronna R Maines,

ABSTRACTLow pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H7 subtype viruses are infrequently, but persistently, associated with outbreaks in poultry in North America. These LPAI outbreaks provide opportunities for the virus to develop enhanced virulence and transmissibility in mammals and have previously resulted in both occasional acquisition of a highly pathogenic avian influenza ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):1037-1045]

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Genetic characterization of the first detected human case of low pathogenic avian influenza A/H9N2 in sub-Saharan Africa, Senegal.

Mamadou Malado Jallow, Amary Fall, Mamadou Aliou Barry, Boly Diop, Sara Sy, Déborah Goudiaby, Malick Fall, Vincent Enouf, Mbayame Ndiaye Niang, Ndongo Dia,

The H9N2 influenza virus has become one of the dominant subtypes of influenza virus circulating in poultry, wild birds, and can occasionally cross the mammalian species barrier. Here, we report the first human A/H9N2 in Sub-Saharan Africa. The patient was a child of 16 months' old living in the South-West ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):1092-1095]

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Households as hotspots of Lassa fever? Assessing the spatial distribution of Lassa virus-infected rodents in rural villages of Guinea.

Joachim Mariën, Giovanni Lo Iacono, Toni Rieger, Nfaly Magassouba, Stephan Günther, Elisabeth Fichet-Calvet,

The Natal multimammate mouse (Mastomys natalensis) is the reservoir host of Lassa virus (LASV), an arenavirus that causes Lassa haemorrhagic fever in humans in West Africa. While previous studies suggest that spillover risk is focal within rural villages due to the spatial behaviour of the rodents, the level of clustering ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):1055-1064]

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Unexpected rabies variant identified in kinkajou (Potos flavus), Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Paulo Ricardo Dell'Armelina Rocha, Andres Velasco-Villa, Ernani Machado de Lima, Angela Salomoni, Alice Fusaro, Eunice da Conceição Souza, Risia Lopes Negreiros, Vera Lúcia Zafino, Gianpiero Zamperin, Stefania Leopardi, Isabella Monne, Paola De Benedictis,

A second case of a novel rabies variant described once in a capuchin monkey from Mato Grosso, Brazil, was discovered in a rabid wild kinkajou from the same region, indicating a public health risk following exposure to either of the two animals. ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):851-854]

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Non-active antibiotic and bacteriophage synergism to successfully treat recurrent urinary tract infection caused by extensively drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Juan Bao, Nannan Wu, Yigang Zeng, Liguang Chen, Linlin Li, Lan Yang, Yiyuan Zhang, Mingquan Guo, Lisha Li, Jie Li, Demeng Tan, Mengjun Cheng, Jingmin Gu, Jinghong Qin, Jiazheng Liu, Shiru Li, Guangqiang Pan, Xin Jin, Bangxin Yao, Xiaokui Guo, Tongyu Zhu, Shuai Le,

We report a case of a 63-year-old female patient who developed a recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) with extensively drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (ERKp). In the initial two rounds of phage therapy, phage resistant mutants developed within days. Although ERKp strains were completely resistant to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, the combination of sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim with ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):771-774]

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Clinical observation and management of COVID-19 patients.

Taisheng Li, Hongzhou Lu, Wenhong Zhang,

Three leading infectious disease experts in China were invited to share their bedside observations in the management of COVID-19 patients. Professor Taisheng Li was sent to Wuhan to provide frontline medical care. He depicts the clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Furthermore, he observes the significant abnormality of coagulation function and ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):687-690]

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Establishment and recent surge in spatio-temporal spread of dengue in Nepal.

Krishna Prasad Acharya, Bhim Chaulagain, Narayan Acharya, Kshitiz Shrestha, Supram Hosuru Subramanya,

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):676-679]

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Tick-borne encephalitis virus NS4A ubiquitination antagonizes type I interferon-stimulated STAT1/2 signalling pathway.

Qi Yang, Jia You, Yuan Zhou, Yun Wang, Rongjuan Pei, Xinwen Chen, Min Yang, Jizheng Chen,

Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) accounts for approximately 10,000 annual cases of severe encephalitis in Europe and Asia and causes encephalitis in humans. In this study, we demonstrate TBEV appears to activate the interferon (IFN)-β dependent on RIG-I/MDA5. Both the IFN-β accumulation and the IFN stimulated genes (ISGs) transcription greatly delay. ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):714-726]

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Interplay between enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli and nitric oxide during the infectious process.

Ilham Naïli, Marion Gardette, Annie Garrivier, Julien Daniel, Mickaël Desvaux, Mariagrazia Pizza, Alain Gobert, Thierry Marchal, Estelle Loukiadis, Grégory Jubelin,

Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) are bacterial pathogens responsible for life-threatening diseases in humans such as bloody diarrhoea and the hemolytic and uremic syndrome. To date, no specific therapy is available and treatments remain essentially symptomatic. In recent years, we demonstrated in vitro that nitric oxide (NO), a major mediator of ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):1065-1076]

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Correction.

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):794-795]

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Diagnostic value and key features of computed tomography in Coronavirus Disease 2019.

Bingjie Li, Xin Li, Yaxuan Wang, Yikai Han, Yidi Wang, Chen Wang, Guorui Zhang, Jianjun Jin, Hongxia Jia, Feifei Fan, Wang Ma, Hong Liu, Yue Zhou,

On 31 December 2019, a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, and caused the outbreak of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). To date, computed tomography (CT) findings have been recommended as major evidence for the clinical diagnosis of COVID-19 in Hubei, China. This ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):787-793]

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Analytical comparisons of SARS-COV-2 detection by qRT-PCR and ddPCR with multiple primer/probe sets.

Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Qiuhan Zhang, Dong Guo, Lu Zhang, Tao Suo, Wenjia Hu, Ming Guo, Xin Wang, Zhixiang Huang, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Yu Chen, Ke Lan,

Different primers/probes sets have been developed all over the world for the nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) as a standard method. In our recent study, we explored the feasibility of droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for clinical SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detection compared with ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, :1-12]

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Impact of the gonococcal FC428 penA allele 60.001 on ceftriaxone resistance and biological fitness.

Ke Zhou, Shao-Chun Chen, Fan Yang, Stijn van der Veen, Yue-Ping Yin,

Global dissemination of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae ceftriaxone-resistant FC428 clone jeopardizes the currently recommended ceftriaxone-based first-line therapies. Ceftriaxone resistance in the FC428 clone has been associated with presence of its mosaic penA allele 60.001. Here we investigated the contribution penA allele 60.001 to ceftriaxone resistance and its impact on biological fitness. ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, :1-34]

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Gemcitabine, lycorine and oxysophoridine inhibit novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in cell culture.

Ya-Nan Zhang, Qiu-Yan Zhang, Xiao-Dan Li, Jin Xiong, Shu-Qi Xiao, Zhen Wang, Zhe-Rui Zhang, Cheng-Lin Deng, Xing-Lou Yang, Hong-Ping Wei, Zhi-Ming Yuan, Han-Qing Ye, Bo Zhang,

The emerging SARS-CoV-2 infection associated with the outbreak of viral pneumonia in China is ongoing worldwide. There are no approved antiviral therapies to treat this viral disease. Here we examined the antiviral abilities of three broad-spectrum antiviral compounds gemcitabine, lycorine and oxysophoridine against SARS-CoV-2 in cell culture. We found that ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, :1-10]

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Evaluating the use of posterior oropharyngeal saliva in a point-of-care assay for the detection of SARS-CoV-2.

Jonathan Hon-Kwan Chen, Cyril Chik-Yan Yip, Rosana Wing-Shan Poon, Kwok-Hung Chan, Vincent Chi-Chung Cheng, Ivan Fan-Ngai Hung, Jasper Fuk-Woo Chan, Kwok-Yung Yuen, Kelvin Kai-Wang To,

During the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, logistic problems associated with specimen collection limited the SARS-CoV-2 testing especially in the community. In this study, we assessed the use of posterior oropharyngeal saliva as specimens for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 in an automated point-of-care molecular assay. Archived nasopharyngeal swab (NPS) and ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, :1-14]

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Nurse Infected with Covid-19 from a Provisional Dengue Patient.

Wisit Prasitsirikul, Krit Pongpirul, Wannarat A Pongpirul, Nayot Panitantum, Anuttra C Ratnarathon, Thirawat Hemachudha,

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, :1-5]

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COVID-19 pandemic - An African perspective.

Shabir Ahmad Lone, Aijaz Ahmad,

The recently emerged novel coronavirus, "severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)", caused a highly contagious disease called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The virus was first reported from Wuhan city in China in December, 2019, which in less than three months spread throughout the globe and was declared a global pandemic ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, :1-28]

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Non-walled spherical Acinetobacter baumannii is an important type of persisters upon β-lactam antibiotics treatment.

Jin Zou, Si-Hoi Kou, Ruiqiang Xie, Michael S VanNieuwenhze, Jiuxin Qu, Bo Peng, Jun Zheng,

Bacterial persistence is one of the major causes of antibiotic treatment failure and the step stone for antibiotic resistance. However, the mechanism by which persisters arise has not been well understood. Maintaining a dormant state to prevent antibiotics from taking effect is believed to be the fundamental mechanistic basis, and ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, :1-32]

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Cointegration as a mechanism for the evolution of a KPC-producing multidrug resistance plasmid in Proteus mirabilis.

Xiaoting Hua, Linyue Zhang, Robert A Moran, Qingye Xu, Long Sun, Willem van Schaik, Yunsong Yu,

The incidence and transmission of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) producing plasmids have been well documented. However, the evolutionary dynamics of KPC plasmids and their fitness costs are not well characterized. Here, two carbapenemase-producing plasmids from Proteus mirabilis, pT18 and pT211 (both carrying blaKPC-2), were characterized through whole genome sequencing. pT211 ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, :1-48]

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