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Journal Drug Alcohol Depend

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Association of fatty acid ethyl esters in meconium with behavior during childhood.

Lynn T Singer, Meeyoung O Min, Hasina Momotaz, Gregory Powers, Sonia Minnes, Cynthia F Bearer,

OBJECTIVE:To examine associations between amounts of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in meconium and behavior in school aged children exposed to alcohol and drugs in utero. METHODS:A secondary analysis of a prospective cohort of cocaine, polydrug exposed children, primarily African-American, low socioeconomic status, recruited at birth into a longitudinal study. ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108437]

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Reactions to targeted tobacco control messaging: Transgender and gender diverse young adult perspectives.

Josephine T Hinds, Sherman Chow, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L Perry,

<b>Introduction:</b>Tobacco interventions specifically created for transgender and gender diverse young adults appear almost non-existent. The Food and Drug Administration's This Free Life is the first large scale campaign specifically designed to address the smoking disparities of sexual and gender minority (SGM) young adults. The purpose of this study was to ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, 218:108440]

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Abuse liability assessment of the JUUL system in two nicotine concentrations compared to combustible cigarette, nicotine gum and comparator electronic nicotine delivery system.

Nicholas I Goldenson, August R Buchhalter, Erik M Augustson, Mark L Rubinstein, Dennis Van Hoof, Jack E Henningfield,

BACKGROUND:To assess the abuse liability of the JUUL System (JS) in 5.0 % (59 mg/mL) and 3.0 % (35 mg/mL) nicotine concentrations. METHODS:Adult smokers (N = 146; 45.9 % female; mean age = 41.29 years) were randomized to one of four study flavor arms and then to a within-subjects cross-over ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108441]

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Reciprocal influences of tobacco use on illicit opioid and alcohol use during the first six-months of specialist addiction treatment.

Brian Eastwood, Tom Clare, Martin J Dockrell, Jo Locker, Qasim Chowdary, Stefan Jahr, Andrew Jones, Deborah Robson, John Marsden,

<b>Background:</b>This is the first national study of lagged reciprocal associations between tobacco smoking frequency and change in illicit opioid or alcohol use frequency within six-months of treatment.<br><br><b>Methods:</b>All adults admitted to publicly-funded specialist addiction treatment in England in 2018/19 and enrolled for at least six months for either opioid use disorder ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108418]

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Multi-session electrical neuromodulation effects on craving, relapse and cognitive functions in cocaine use disorder: A randomized, sham-controlled tDCS study.

Ilse Verveer, Frederik M van der Veen, Alireza Shahbabaie, Danielle Remmerswaal, Ingmar H A Franken,

BACKGROUND:The use of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) has previously shown promising results for reducing craving in cocaine use disorder. In this study we further explored the potential of tDCS as add-on intervention in the treatment of cocaine use disorder. METHODS:In a randomized, placebo-controlled, between subject study, we applied tDCS ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108429]

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Liver injury associated with kratom, a popular opioid-like product: Experience from the U.S. drug induced liver injury network and a review of the literature.

Jawad Ahmad, Joseph A Odin, Paul H Hayashi, Robert J Fontana, Hari Conjeevaram, Bharathi Avula, Ikhlas A Khan, Huiman Barnhart, Raj Vuppalanchi, Victor J Navarro, ,

BACKGROUND:Kratom is a botanical product used as an opium substitute with abuse potential. METHODS:Assessment of suspected cases of kratom-induced liver injury in a prospective US cohort. RESULTS:Eleven cases of liver injury attributed to kratom were identified with a recent increase. The majority were male with median age 40 years. All ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108426]

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Perceived risk, attitudes, and behavior of cigarette smokers and nicotine vapers receiving buprenorphine treatment for opioid use disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic

Joanna M. Streck, Sara Kalkhoran, Benjamin Bearnot, Priya S. Gupta, Kelly M. Kalagher, Susan Regan, Sarah Wakeman, Nancy A. Rigotti,

Highlights • COVID-19 had heterogeneous impact on tobacco use of people in treatment for OUD.• Most believed that smoking and vaping increased their vulnerability to COVID-19.• Since COVID-19, half of smokers increased interest in quitting and 24% tried to quit.• However, 35% of smokers and 27% of vapers increased tobacco ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :]

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An investigation of the link between prenatal alcohol exposure and sleep problems across childhood.

Ned Chandler-Mather, Caroline Donovan, Doug Shelton, Sharon Dawe, Stefano Occhipinti,

<b>Objective:</b>To investigate the association between dose and frequency of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and sleep problems in children, after controlling for established risk factors for sleep problems.<br><br><b>Methods:</b>Data from the birth cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) was used. Mothers of 3447 children provided information on alcohol consumption ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108412]

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Perceived risk, attitudes, and behavior of cigarette smokers and nicotine vapers receiving buprenorphine treatment for opioid use disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Joanna M Streck, Sara Kalkhoran, Benjamin Bearnot, Priya S Gupta, Kelly M Kalagher, Susan Regan, Sarah Wakeman, Nancy A Rigotti,

Cigarette smoking may increase the risk of COVID-19 complications, reinforcing the urgency of smoking cessation in populations with high smoking prevalence such as individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD). Whether the COVID-19 pandemic has altered perceptions, motivation to quit, or tobacco use among cigarette smokers and nicotine e-cigarette vapers with ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, 218:108438]

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Students' stimulant use for cognitive enhancement: A deliberate choice rather than an emotional response to a given situation.

Koen Ponnet, Robert Tholen, Sara De Bruyn, Edwin Wouters, Joris Van Ouytsel, Michel Walrave, Guido Van Hal,

BACKGROUND:Prescription stimulants such as methylphenidate are usually prescribed to treat attention deficit (and hyperactivity) disorders (ADHD). Recently, these drugs have gained popularity among college students, because of the belief that they can help improve academic performance. OBJECTIVES:This study assessed whether engaging in nonmedical use of prescription stimulants for cognitive enhancement ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108410]

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Alcohol- and speeding-related fatal crashes among novice drivers age 18-20 not fully licensed at the time of the crash.

Eduardo Romano, James C Fell, Kaigang Li, Bruce G Simons-Morton, Federico E Vaca,

INTRODUCTION:Some teens may intentionally delay their driving licensure until age 18 or later, thereby skipping the learning and driver safety benefits provided by graduated driver licensing (GDL) programs. Delaying driving initiation could elevate teen crash risk once they begin driving. This study compares the prevalence of alcohol use and speeding ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108417]

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The predictive capacity of AUDIT and AUDIT-C among adolescents in a one-year follow-up study.

Joni Liskola, Henna Haravuori, Nina Lindberg, Olli Kiviruusu, Solja Niemelä, Linnea Karlsson, Mauri Marttunen,

AIM:The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) has been validated for use with adolescents to screen their harmful alcohol consumption. How well AUDIT or its derivative consumption version AUDIT-C predicts the development of problematic alcohol use among adolescents remains unknown. The aim of our study was to examine the predictive ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108424]

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Psychometric properties of the polish version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).

Anna Klimkiewicz, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Anna Mach, Małgorzata Abramowska, Jan Szczypiński, Dominika Berent, Jakub Skrzeszewski, Grzegorz Witkowski, Marcin Wojnar,

BACKGROUND:Alcohol consumption is one of the risk factors associated with over 200 types of diseases, being strongly correlated with unemployment, low socioeconomic status, traffic accidents, and violence. Alcohol is also one of the main causes of premature deaths, especially among males. Early diagnosis based on screening may help to prevent ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108427]

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Neural activation during anticipation of monetary gain or loss does not associate with positive subjective response to alcohol in binge drinkers.

Elisa Pabon, Natania A Crane, Milena Radoman, Jessica Weafer, Scott A Langenecker, K Luan Phan, Harriet de Wit,

BACKGROUND:Alcohol use disorder (AUD) remains an unresolved source of morbidity and mortality. Psychopharmacological challenge studies and neuroimaging experiments are two methods used to identify risk of problematic substance use. The present study combined these two approaches by examining associations between self-reported stimulation, sedation, liking or wanting more after a dose ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108432]

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Province-specific alcohol-attributable cancer deaths and years of potential life lost in China.

Zong-Ming Yang, Jun-Xia Cheng, Lin-Jie Yu, Xiao-Li Cui, Jian-Bing Wang,

OBJECTIVE:Cancer is a major cause of death in China. As alcohol drinking, a risk factor of cancer, is common in China, we aimed to estimate the alcohol-attributable cancer deaths and years of potential life lost (YPLL) across all provinces in China. METHODS:We estimated the proportion of cancer deaths and YPLL ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108431]

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Non-invasive brain stimulation as a tool to decrease chronic pain in current opiate users: A parametric evaluation of two promising cortical targets.

Julia P Imperatore, Daniel M McCalley, Jeffrey J Borckardt, Kathleen T Brady, Colleen A Hanlon,

BACKGROUND:Poorly controlled chronic pain can lead to non-prescription use of opiates, which is a growing crisis in our communities. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive therapeutic tool which has emerged as a potential treatment option for these patients. It is still unclear, however, if the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108409]

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Marijuana, but not alcohol, use frequency associated with greater loneliness, psychological distress, and less flourishing among young adults.

Isaac C Rhew, Jennifer M Cadigan, Christine M Lee,

OBJECTIVE:To assess whether frequency of marijuana and alcohol use are cross-sectionally associated with indicators of social and emotional well-being including loneliness, psychological distress, and flourishing across important life domains among young adults. METHOD:The study sample included 562 participants ages 22-29 who were originally recruited from an urban Pacific Northwest region ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108404]

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Young adults' intention to quit using JUUL.

P D Dobbs, Y Lu, C M Dunlap, K V Newcombe, C M Baer, E Hodges, M K Cheney,

BACKGROUND:With research indicating some young audiences may desire to quit using JUUL, a high-nicotine e-cigarette, we sought to explore factors that may motivate them to quit. METHODS:This sequential, mixed methods study included a cross-sectional online survey of college students (n = 631) followed by in-person interviews (n = 51) with ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108399]

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The predictability of the Addiction Severity Index criminal justice assessment instrument and future imprisonment: A Swedish registry study with a national sample of adults with risky substance use.

Robert Grahn, Mojgan Padyab,

OBJECTIVE:In Sweden, social workers uses the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) as their main assessment tool when assessing individuals with risky substance use (RSU) or substance use disorder. The aim of this study is to identify among individuals with RSU, the associations of ASI Composite Scores (CSs) with future imprisonment controlling ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108396]

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Temporal relationship between a sudden disruption of a local illicit drug market in a deprived neighborhood of the Barcelona Metropolitan Area and the number of discarded syringes collected from public space.

María Gabriela Barbaglia, Oleguer Parés-Badell, Joan R Villalbí, Montse Bartroli, Laia Gasulla, Albert Espelt,

BACKGROUND:The objective of this study was to describe the temporal relationship between an illicit drug market abrupt disruption and the number of discarded syringes collected from public space in Barcelona. METHODS:The monthly number of discarded syringes collected and interrupted time-series analyses were used to analyze changes and trends from January ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108400]

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Blunted prefrontal signature of proactive inhibitory control in cocaine use disorder.

Kabir B Nigam, Lisa K Straub, Edward A Zuniga, Aysha Sami, Kathryn A Cunningham, Noelle C Anastasio, F Gerard Moeller, James M Bjork,

BACKGROUND:Impulsivity is an established risk factor for substance use disorder (SUD). Integral to SUD recovery is proactive control (leveraging information about a potential need for behavioral restraint to marshal increased cognitive resources toward inhibition) when cues for drug use are unavoidable. However, proactive control is little studied in SUD, and ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108402]

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How much and how fast: Alcohol consumption patterns, drinking-episode affect, and next-day consequences in the daily life of underage heavy drinkers.

Ryan W Carpenter, Jennifer E Merrill,

BACKGROUND:Understanding how alcohol consumption patterns are associated with negative and positive outcomes can inform efforts to reduce negative consequences through modification of those patterns. This is important in underage drinkers, many of whom drink heavily despite negative consequences. Most work has focused on the amount of alcohol consumed, but amount ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108407]

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Changes in opioid prescribing after implementation of mandatory registration and proactive reports within California's prescription drug monitoring program.

Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Andrés González-Santa Cruz, Magdalena Cerdá, Chris Delcher, Aaron B Shev, Garen J Wintemute, Stephen G Henry,

BACKGROUND:In 2016, California updated its prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP), adding two key features: automated proactive reports to prescribers and mandatory registration for prescribers and pharmacists. The effects of these changes on prescribing patterns have not yet been examined. We aimed to evaluate the joint effect of these two PDMP ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108405]

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Abnormal organization of inhibitory control functional networks in future binge drinkers.

Luis F Antón-Toro, Ricardo Bruña, Isabel Suárez-Méndez, Ángeles Correas, Luis M García-Moreno, Fernando Maestú,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Adolescent Binge drinking has become an increasing health and social concern, which cause several detrimental consequences for brain integrity. However, research on neurophysiological traits of vulnerability for binge drinking predisposition is limited at this time. In this work, we conducted a two-year longitudinal study with magnetoencephalography (MEG) over ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108401]

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Problems experienced by children from families with histories of substance misuse: An ABCD study®.

Briana Lees, Lexine A Stapinski, Maree Teesson, Lindsay M Squeglia, Joanna Jacobus, Louise Mewton,

BACKGROUND:There are significant knowledge gaps of the vulnerabilities faced by youth from families with histories of alcohol or substance misuse. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive assessment of problems experienced by substance-naive children with positive family histories of substance misuse (FHP). METHODS:Baseline data from up to 11,873 children (52.1 ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108403]

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