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Journal Dev Neuropsychol

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Executive Functions in Late Adolescence and Early Adulthood and Their Relationship with Risk-Taking Behavior.

James M Ogilvie, David H K Shum, Anna Stewart,

Executive functions (EF) continue developing throughout adolescence, with immaturity in EF theorized to underlie risk-taking. 129 older adolescents and young adults (aged 17 to 22 years) were assessed using a battery of cool and hot EF tasks, and a behavioral measure of risk-taking propensity. Minimal age-related differences in EF performance were ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, :1-23]

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Two Case Reports of Neuropsychological Functioning in Congenital Insensitivity to Pain with Anhidrosis (CIPA).

Yanin Santoya-Montes, Karol Gutiérrez-Ruiz, Rodrigo Zequeira Cotes, Pedro Puentes Rozo,

Individuals with congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) are reported to have intellectual disability but to our knowledge, no detailed study about neuropsychological functioning of this condition has ever been published. The present study assessed neuropsychological outcomes of two children with CIPA using standardized neuropsychological tests. The neuropsychological assessment ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(6):414-430]

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Executive Functions and Fine Motor Skills in Kindergarten as Predictors of Arithmetic Skills in Elementary School.

Eva Michel, Sabine Molitor, Wolfgang Schneider,

The present longitudinal study focused on domain-general predictors of arithmetics in elementary school. The role of executive functions (EFs) and fine motor skills for the prediction of arithmetic skills in 1st/2nd grade was examined. Data from N = 173 kindergarten children were included. Age, socioeconomic status, fluid intelligence, and processing speed ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(6):367-379]

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Perinatal Maternal Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms and Child Executive Function and Attention at Two-years of Age.

Kharah M Ross, Nicole Letourneau, Emma Climie, Gerald Giesbrecht, Deborah Dewey,

The objective was to investigate whether perinatal maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms predicted child attention and executive function (EF). Mothers (N = 614) reported pregnancy and three-months postnatal anxiety and depressive symptoms. Attention and EF were measured at two-years-of-age. Covariates were demographics, alcohol use, mood disorder history, and pregnancy factors. Higher prenatal ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(6):380-395]

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Test-Retest Reliability of Electroencephalographic Measures of Performance Monitoring in Children and Adults.

Mei-Heng Lin, Patricia L Davies, Jaclyn Stephens, William J Gavin,

This study examined the test-retest reliability of the error-related negativity (ERN) and error positivity (Pe) amplitudes using a Flanker task in 118 neurotypical children and 53 adults before and after latency jitter adjustments. The reliability of the ERN and Pe amplitudes was moderate for children and moderate to strong for ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(6):341-366]

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Inattention Symptoms are Predictors of Neuropsychological Functioning in Children from 3rd and 4th Grades.

Gabriella Koltermann, Natália Becker, Giulia Moreira Paiva, Mariuche Rodrigues De Almeida Gomides, Vitor Geraldi Haase, Jerusa Fumagalli De Salles,

Symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity, arranged along a continuum, are commonly associated with neuropsychological and academic deficits, even in the general population. The aim of this study is to analyze how Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms are associated with the performance in neuropsychological and academic abilities (phonological processing, processing ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(6):396-413]

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Longitudinal Associations between Parenting and Inattention, Impulsivity, and Delay of Gratification in Preschool-aged Children: The Role of Temperamental Difficultness and Toddler Attention Focusing.

Anne Conway,

Data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care were used to test whether maternal sensitivity and stimulation at 15 and 54 months predicted child attention, impulsivity, and delay of gratification at 54 months, and whether toddler attention and temperamental difficultness moderated associations. ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(5):309-329]

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A Representational Approach to Executive Function Impairments in Young Adults with Down Syndrome.

Lydie Iralde, Arnaud Roy, Juliette Detroy, Philippe Allain,

Based on a representational perspective, this paper examines executive functioning in Down syndrome. Sixteen young adults with Down syndrome, 16 mental age- and 16 age-matched controls were compared on script sequencing and sorting tasks. Participants were asked to reestablish the sequential structure of script actions given with or without irrelevant ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(5):263-278]

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Accuracy and Vividness in Motor Imagery Ability: Differences between Children and Young Adults.

Chadwick T Fuchs, Kevin Becker, Erin Austin, Priscila Tamplain,

Motor imagery (MI) refers to the imagination of a motor task without actual movement execution. The purpose of this study was to compare MI accuracy and vividness, and motor proficiency between children (n = 101; 7-12 years) and young adults (n = 140; 18-25 years). Results indicated that young adults were significantly more accurate ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(5):297-308]

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Low Spatial Frequency Sensitivity and Emotional Face Processing in Adolescents: An Event-related Potential Study.

Jillian Grose-Fifer, Max Lobel, Danielle diFilipo, James Gordon,

Slow maturation of visual pathways transmitting low spatial frequency (LSF) information may contribute to inaccurate facial emotion recognition in adolescence. We recorded ERPs from adolescents and adults to upright and inverted happy faces, fearful faces, and chairs, which were unfiltered, contained only LSFs, or only high spatial frequencies. P100s and ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(5):279-296]

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A Cross-Cultural Examination of Parental Knowledge of Concussion in Sicily, Italy.

Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, Philip Schatz,

Forty parents of youth soccer players of ages 5-17 years, in Sicily, Italy completed a survey measuring knowledge of concussion symptoms and facts. Parents averaged 16 out of 23 correct responses (69.5%) on the survey, with no significant correlation between parental age and education and knowledge. Italian parents were more ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(5):330-340]

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Spanish-Speaking Pediatric Neuropsychology: Recent Research and New Frontiers.

Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla,

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(4):167-168]

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Validation of the ToMas-child Scale for the Assessment of the Theory of Mind in a Group of Spanish Speaking Children Aged 3 to 7 Years from Spain.

Sandra Rivas-Garcia, Andrew Bateman, Alfonso Caracuel,

This study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Theory of Mind assessment scale in children (ToMas-child). Two hundred and fifty-two Spanish children from 3 to 7 years were assessed in school settings. Rasch analysis showed the ToMas-child is a unidimensional scale valid for the assessment of the main components ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(4):232-245]

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How Is Temporal Processing Affected in Children with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder?

Isabel Suarez, Carlos De Los Reyes Aragón, Elisa Diaz, Tania Iglesias, Ernesto Barcelo, Jorge Ivan Velez, Laurence Casini,

We compared the performance of children with ADHD and typically developing children on two temporal tasks, a bisection task and a reproduction task, in auditory and visual modalities. Children with ADHD presented a larger variability when performing auditory and visual temporal tasks. Moreover, they overestimated the durations in bisection tasks ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(4):246-261]

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Practical Considerations in the Neuropsychological Assessment of Bilingual (Spanish-English) Children in the United States: Literature Review and Case Series.

Angela Canas, Veronica Bordes Edgar, Joy Neumann,

The field of neuropsychology is becoming increasingly responsive to addressing the specific needs of an ever-growing Hispanic/Latinx population. As such, bilingualism and bilingual education are at the forefront of considerations for neuropsychologists. This paper examines models of bilingual academic instruction and levels of bilingualism and how they impact neuropsychological findings ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(4):211-231]

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Youth Soccer Parents' Perceptions of Long-Term Effects of Concussion .

Philip Schatz, Mary Corcoran, Anthony P Kontos, R J Elbin,

Increased focus on sports-related concussion (SRC) in football in the media, and mandatory concussion education for parents of youth sport athletes, may result in parental concern that youth athletes will experience long-term effects from concussion. We sought to identify beliefs about long-term effects of concussion in parents of youth soccer ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(3):110-117]

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Examining the Relationship between a Verbal Incidental Learning Measure from the WAIS-IV and Neuroimaging Biomarkers for Alzheimer's Pathology.

Dustin B Hammers, Amanda Kucera, Robert J Spencer, Tracy J Abildskov, Zane G Archibald, John M Hoffman, Elizabeth A Wilde,

Convergent validation of a verbal incidental learning (IL) task from the WAIS-IV using neuroimaging biomarkers is warranted to understand its sensitivity to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Fifty-five memory clinic patients aged 59 to 87 years received neuropsychological assessment, and measures of IL and quantitative brain imaging. Worse IL-Total Score and IL-Similarities ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(3):95-109]

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Contributions of Working Memory and Inhibition to Cognitive Flexibility in Nigerian Adolescents.

Tochukwu Nweze, Wisdom Nwani,

This study used a novel approach that combined the latency and accuracy scores to examine the relative involvement of inhibition and working memory in two measures of cognitive flexibility - mixing cost and switch cost in 110 Nigerian adolescents. Results showed that inhibition was significantly associated with switch cost. On ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(3):118-128]

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Number Magnitude Processing and Verbal Working Memory in Children with Mild Intellectual Disabilities.

Ulf Träff, Anna Levén, Rickard Östergren, Daniel Schöld,

This study examined if children (Mage = 14.60) with Mild Intellectual Disabilities (MID) display weaknesses in number processing and verbal working memory. An age-matched and mental age-matched (MA, Mage = 6.17) design extended by a group of 9-10-year-olds, and a group of 11-12-year-olds were used. The MID children's working memory was equal to the ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(3):139-153]

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Symbol Digit Modalities Test-Oral Version: An Analysis of Culture Influence on a Processing Speed Test in Argentina, Mexico, and the USA.

María Bárbara Eizaguirre, Sandra Ines Vanotti, Adriana Aguayo Arelis, Brenda Rabago Barajas, Evangelina Valeria Cores, Miguel Angel Macías, Ralph H B Benedict, Fernando Cáceres,

The Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) is an information processing speed test. The aim of this study was to compare the SDMT across three samples: the USA, Mexico, and Argentina. The hypothesis is that performance will vary based on native language and cultural differences between these countries. The SDMT was ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(3):129-138]

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Callous-Unemotional Traits and Executive Functions are Unique Correlates of Disruptive Behavior in Children.

Jala Rizeq, Maggie E Toplak, Justine Ledochowski, Alexandra Basile, Brendan F Andrade,

This study examined the influence of executive functions on the association between callous-unemotional traits and severity and type of childhood disruptive behavior. Eighty one children aged 8-12 years and their parents participated in the study. We assessed children's callous-unemotional traits, executive functions, and two indices of disruptive behavior. Callous-unemotional traits and ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(3):154-166]

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Comparison of Intentional Inhibition and Reactive Inhibition in Adolescents and Adults: An ERP Study.

Yue Shen, Hui Zhao, Jiayin Zhu, Yi He, Xue Zhang, Songhan Liu, Jinghan Chen,

In contrast to reactive inhibition, intentional inhibition is the internally generated decision to "stop" without any external signals. Whether adults and adolescents' neural correlates on these two inhibitions have any differences is still unknown. We measured 20 adults and 21 adolescents' ERP-related N2 using a free-choice Go/Nogo task. The results ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(2):66-78]

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Relations between Everyday Executive Functioning and Language in Youth with Down Syndrome and Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Manisha Udhnani, Megan Perez, Liv S Clasen, Elizabeth Adeyemi, Nancy Raitano Lee,

Language and executive functioning are major impairments in many neurodevelopmental disorders, but little is known about the relations between these constructs, particularly using parent-report. Thus, the current research sought to examine relations between executive function and language in two groups - Down syndrome (DS; n=41; Mage = 11.2) and autism ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(2):79-93]

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Mathematical Difficulties vs. High Achievement: An Analysis of Arithmetical Cognition in Elementary School.

Valentín Iglesias-Sarmiento, Sonia Alfonso, Ángeles Conde, Leire Pérez, Manuel Deaño,

This study analyzed the contribution of cognitive processes (planning, attention, simultaneous and successive processing) and domain-specific skills (counting, number processing and conceptual comprehension) to the arithmetic performance achieved in the last three grades (4th, 5th, and 6th) of elementary school. Three groups of students with a different arithmetic achievement level ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(2):49-65]

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The Practice of Child Neuropsychology in Spanish-speaking Countries: What We've Learned and Where to Go from Here.

Rafael E Oliveras-Rentas, Ivonne Romero-García, Itziar Benito-Sánchez, Daniela Ramos-Usuga, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla,

The characteristics and current situation of pediatric neuropsychologists across Spanish-speaking countries was examined. A total of 409 self-identified professionals working in child neuropsychology from 12 Latin American countries and Spain completed an online survey between June and October 2018. Results revealed that pediatric neuropsychology as a related but distinct discipline ... Read more >>

Dev Neuropsychol (Developmental neuropsychology)
[2020, 45(4):169-188]

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