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Journal Curr Opin Pediatr

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The clinical epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 in children and adolescents mirrors the widening gap in healthcare disparities.

Elissa Zirinsky, Elijah Paintsil, Carlos R Oliveira,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has exacerbated the longstanding racial/ethnic health disparities in the USA, with a disproportionately negative effect on children of color. This review summarizes recently published studies that describe the clinical epidemiology and racial/ethnic disparities associated with SARS-CoV-2 in children.<h4>Recent findings</h4>Children with ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):281-285]

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Editorial: Covid-19 and respiratory illness in children: seeking knowledge, discerning truth.

David N Cornfield,

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):292-293]

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Testing for and identification of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in children in the pediatric emergency department.

Roshni Patel, Katie J Patel, Joshua Rocker,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>The current article summarizes updates on multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) research and focuses on strategies to diagnose and manage these patients in the emergency department.<h4>Recent findings</h4>MIS-C is an inflammatory syndrome that occurs approximately 4-5 weeks after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. It is associated ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):275-280]

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Prone positioning in children with respiratory failure because of coronavirus disease 2019.

Matthew K Leroue, Aline B Maddux, Peter M Mourani,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common manifestation of severe COVID-19. Prone positioning has been used successfully in adult patients with ARDS and has been shown to decrease mortality. The efficacy of prone positioning in pediatric ARDS is less clear. In this review, we discuss the physiologic ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):319-324]

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Editorial introductions.

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):v-viii]

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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection and critically ill children.

Rahul Damania, Whitney Moore, Heather C Viamonte, Pradip Kamat, Rajit K Basu,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Amidst an ongoing pandemic, the delineation of the pediatric consequence of infection from the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) virus is emerging. This review summarizes available pediatric data and covers the aspects of epidemiology, critical illness with acute infection [coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)], the discovered ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):286-291]

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Maternal postpartum depression: risk factors, impacts, and interventions for the NICU and beyond.

Samuel M Shovers, Sara S Bachman, Leah Popek, Renee M Turchi,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Postpartum depression (PPD) negatively impacts caregivers, infants, siblings, and entire families. Mothers with infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) face additional risk for PPD, coupled with risk factors extending beyond a NICU admision. The novelty of this review is the focus on maternal PPD for ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):331-341]

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Management of chronic pulmonary disease in the time of coronavirus disease 2019.

John Palla, Theresa A Laguna,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>The purpose of this review is to discuss the most recent data describing the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the pediatric population with chronic pulmonary disease. We specifically focus on children with asthma, cystic fibrosis (CF), and lung transplant recipients.<h4>Recent findings</h4>Children with asthma, CF, and lung ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):294-301]

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Invasive and noninvasive ventilation strategies for acute respiratory failure in children with coronavirus disease 2019.

Jennifer A Blumenthal, Melody G Duvall,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 presents as symptomatic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disease in susceptible patients. Severe pediatric COVID-19 disease is rare, limiting potential data accumulation on associated respiratory failure in children. Pediatric intensivists and pulmonologists managing COVID-19 patients look to adult guidelines and pediatric-specific consensus statements ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):311-318]

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Coronavirus disease 2019 in the pediatric emergency department: unique considerations in preparation and response.

Suzanne Beno, Caitlin Ross, Tania Principi,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Pediatric Emergency Departments (PEDs) have experienced unique considerations throughout the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We review the adaptations and challenges surrounding the preparation and response for pediatric emergency patients, with a specific focus on operational modifications, evolving personal protected equipment (PPE) needs, protected resuscitation responses, clinical characteristics ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):269-274]

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Coronavirus disease 2019 respiratory disease in children: clinical presentation and pathophysiology.

Lea C Steffes, David N Cornfield,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) respiratory disease is a distinct entity from adult illness, most notable in its milder phenotype. This review summarizes the current knowledge of the clinical patterns, cellular pathophysiology, and epidemiology of COVID-19 respiratory disease in children with specific attention toward factors that account for ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):302-310]

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Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children: a microcosm of challenges and opportunities for translational bioinformatics in pediatric research.

Lara Murphy Jones, Purvesh Khatri,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Despite significant progress in our understanding and clinical management of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), significant challenges remain. Here, we review recently published studies on the clinical diagnosis, risk stratification, and treatment of MIS-C, highlighting key gaps in research progress that are a microcosm for challenges in ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(3):325-330]

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Dysfunctional voiding: update on evaluation and treatment.

Abbie Bauer,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>This review will be covering dysfunctional voiding, its diagnosis, and treatment options. This will focus primarily on dysfunctional voiding rather than all lower urinary tract dysfunction and we will focus on some of the newer findings and progress within this disease.<h4>Recent findings</h4>Dysfunctional voiding is the inappropriate sphincter and ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):235-242]

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Evaluation and fetal intervention in severe fetal hydronephrosis.

Adnan Safdar, Kristianna Singh, Raphael C Sun, Ahmed A Nassr,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Fetal hydronephrosis secondary to congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) can adversely affect neonates in the postnatal period with long-term consequences. A prenatal diagnosis of CAKUT can have an early fetal intervention to minimize these consequences. This review aims to provide an overview of the ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):220-226]

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Editorial: A new teacher.

Thomas A Hooven, Tara M Randis,

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):179-180]

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Surgical indications for operative management of vesicoureteral reflux in children.

Caitlin Coco, Micah Jacobs,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) management has been steadily evolving over the last several years. There is not a definitive algorithm for operative intervention, but there are some recognized patterns to follow when caring for this patient base. It is extremely relevant to review the rationale behind practice patterns as ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):243-246]

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Kidney damage associated with vesico ureteric reflux.

Ian K Hewitt, Giovanni Montini,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>The aim of this review is to highlight the most recent developments in the understanding of kidney damage associated with vesico ureteral reflux. The severe damage, with major adverse long-term sequelae, was thought to be, for the most part, the result of pyelonephritis, predisposed to by vesico ureteral ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):247-251]

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Automated control of fraction of inspired oxygen: is it time for widespread adoption?

Souvik Mitra, Douglas McMillan,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Over the past two decades, numerous algorithms for automated control of the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) have been developed and incorporated into contemporary neonatal ventilators and high-flow devices in an attempt to optimize supplemental oxygen therapy in preterm infants. This review explores whether current evidence is sufficient ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):209-216]

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Addressing long-acting reversible contraception access, bias, and coercion: supporting adolescent and young adult reproductive autonomy.

Amanda Bryson, Atsuko Koyama, Areej Hassan,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is comprised of highly effective methods (the subdermal implant and intrauterine devices) available to adolescents and young adults (AYAs). Professional medical societies endorse LARC use in AYAs and, more recently, have emphasized the importance of using a reproductive justice framework when providing LARC. This ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Consequences of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in the perinatal period.

Mark L Hudak,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>To provide an update on the consequences of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV-2 infection on the health and perinatal outcomes of pregnant women and their infants.<h4>Recent findings</h4>The severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection is greater in pregnant compared to nonpregnant women as measured by rates of admission to intensive care ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):181-187]

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Editorial: Urinary tract obstruction in children.

Michel Baum,

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):217-219]

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Telemedicine in neonatal medicine and resuscitation.

Wannasiri Lapcharoensap, Kelli Lund, Trang Huynh,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Telehealth in neonatology is a rapidly expanding modality for providing care to neonatal patient populations. In this review, we describe the most recent published innovations in neonatal telehealth, spanning the neonatal ICU (NICU), community/rural hospitals and the patient's home.<h4>Recent findings</h4>Telemedicine for neonatal subspecialty care has continued to expand, ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):203-208]

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Ureteropelvic junction obstruction: diagnosis and management.

Vijaya M Vemulakonda,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is the most common cause of prenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis. Although associated with obstruction of the kidney, the natural history is variable, ranging from spontaneous resolution to progressive loss of function over the first few years of life. As a result, the optimal evaluation strategy ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):227-234]

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Alternative diets among adolescents: facts or fads?

Christian E Athanasian, Bojan Lazarevic, Elana R Kriegel, Ruth L Milanaik,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>With rising rates of chronic noninfectious diseases across the United States thought to be associated with the average American diet, many have adopted alternative diets. Most of these diets promise weight reduction via adherence to strict dietary guidelines, often removing certain types of food. With access to a ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):252-259]

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Ten tips for improving your clinical practice during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Elissa M Abrams, Alexander G Singer, Matthew Greenhawt, David Stukus, Marcus Shaker,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>This review provides ten tips for improving clinical practice during COVID-19 as pandemic fatigue begins to complicate personal and professional lives of clinicians.<h4>Recent findings</h4>COVID-19 has created unique and unexpected challenges to healthcare delivery, but has also provided opportunities for re-evaluation of practice patterns to optimize high-value practices. With ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pediatr (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2021, 33(2):260-267]

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