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Journal Cogn Behav Neurol

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Emotional Traumatic Brain Injury.

Lisa M Shulman,

The definition of traumatic brain injury (TBI) has expanded to include mild TBI and postconcussive syndrome. This evolution has resulted in difficulty disentangling the physical trauma of mild TBI from the emotional trauma of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Advances in stress neurobiology and knowledge of brain injury at the macroscopic, ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, :]

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Mild Cognitive Impairment in Retired Professional Football Players With a History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Investigation.

Nyaz Didehbani, Lindy M Fields, Kristin Wilmoth, Christian LoBue, John Hart, C Munro Cullum,

BACKGROUND:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a known risk factor for neurodegenerative dementias such as Alzheimer disease (AD); however, the potential risk of mild cases of TBI, such as concussions, remains unclear. OBJECTIVE:To explore whether a small sample of retired professional athletes with a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI)-the prodromal ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(3):208-217]

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Relationship Between Cognitive Functions and Insulin-degrading Enzyme in Individuals With Prediabetes.

Hikmet Saçmaci, Zeynep Ozan, Seda Özcan, Emine Meşe, Müjgan Ercan, Levent İnan,

BACKGROUND:Individuals with diabetes can develop cognitive impairment due to dysfunction of glucose metabolism; however, it remains unclear whether cognition becomes altered in the prediabetic stage. Substantial evidence links cognitive impairment in diabetes to aberrant serum insulin-degrading enzyme (s[IDE]) levels. This relationship remains to be investigated in individuals with prediabetes. OBJECTIVE:To ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(3):218-225]

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Investigations of Memory Monitoring in Individuals With Subjective Cognitive Decline and Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Hui Yu, Kai Wang, Ping Zhong, Huai-Dong Cheng, Xin-Yi Lv, Li-Li Yuan,

BACKGROUND:Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) has been called the prodromal stage of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI); however, further investigation is needed to confirm this observation. OBJECTIVE:To define the relationship between SCD and aMCI. METHOD:In this case-control study, we used the feeling-of-knowing in episodic memory (FOK-EM) test to measure the memory-monitoring ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(3):201-207]

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Telemedicine in Behavioral Neurology-Neuropsychiatry: Opportunities and Challenges Catalyzed by COVID-19.

David L Perez, Alessandro Biffi, Joan A Camprodon, David N Caplan, Zeina Chemali, Michael D Kritzer, Lauren R Moo, Amy L Newhouse, Liliana Ramirez-Gomez, Mahdi Razafsha, Kaloyan S Tanev, Jeremy D Schmahmann,

Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) has profoundly impacted the well-being of society and the practice of medicine across health care systems worldwide. As with many other subspecialties, the clinical paradigm in behavioral neurology and neuropsychiatry (BN-NP) was transformed abruptly, transitioning to real-time telemedicine for the assessment and management of the vast majorities ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(3):226-229]

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White Matter Hyperintensities Contribute to Language Deficits in Primary Progressive Aphasia.

Erin L Meier, Bonnie L Breining, Shannon M Sheppard, Emily B Goldberg, Donna C Tippett, Kyrana Tsapkini, Andreia V Faria, Argye E Hillis,

OBJECTIVE:To determine the contribution of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) to language deficits while accounting for cortical atrophy in individuals with primary progressive aphasia (PPA). METHOD:Forty-three individuals with PPA completed neuropsychological assessments of nonverbal semantics, naming, and sentence repetition plus T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery scans. Using three visual scales, we ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(3):179-191]

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An Efficient Bedside Measure Yields Prognostic Implications for Language Recovery in Acute Stroke Patients.

Lynsey M Keator, Andreia V Faria, Kevin T Kim, Sadhvi Saxena, Amy E Wright, Shannon M Sheppard, Bonnie L Breining, Emily Goldberg, Donna C Tippett, Erin Meier, Argye E Hillis,

BACKGROUND:It is estimated that ∼30% of stroke survivors have aphasia, a language disorder resulting from damage to left-hemisphere language networks. In acute care settings, efficient identification of aphasia is critical, but there is a paucity of efficient bedside assessments. OBJECTIVE:To determine whether objective measures on a picture description task administered ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(3):192-200]

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Clinical Features of Late-onset Semantic Dementia.

Mario F Mendez, Diana Chavez, Randy E Desarzant, Oleg Yerstein,

BACKGROUND:Semantic dementia (SD) is characterized by progressive semantic anomia extending to a multimodal loss of semantic knowledge. Although often considered an early-onset dementia, SD also occurs in later life, when it may be misdiagnosed as Alzheimer disease (AD). OBJECTIVE:To evaluate late-onset SD in comparison to early-onset SD and to AD. ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(2):122-128]

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The Montreal Cognitive Assessment in Veteran Postacute Care: Implications of Cut Scores.

Kathryn Tolle, Valencia Montgomery, Brian Gradwohl, Robert Spencer, Julija Stelmokas,

BACKGROUND:The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is often used for cognitive screening across health care settings, especially in rehabilitation centers, where assessment and treatment of cognitive function is considered key for successful multidisciplinary treatment. Although the original MoCA validation study suggested a cut score of <26 to identify cognitive impairment, recent ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(2):129-136]

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Cognitive Complaints in Motor Functional Neurological (Conversion) Disorders: A Focused Review and Clinical Perspective.

Priyanka R Alluri, Juliet Solit, Catherine L Leveroni, Katherine Goldberg, Julia V Vehar, Lauren E Pollak, Mary K Colvin, David L Perez,

Functional neurological (conversion) disorder (FND) is a neuropsychiatric condition characterized by sensorimotor symptoms exhibiting features incompatible with other neurologic diseases. Individuals with motor FND (mFND) typically present with limb weakness, nonepileptic seizures, and/or abnormal movements. However, this population also frequently reports clouded thinking, inattention, and memory difficulties. Cognitive complaints in ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(2):77-89]

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Cognitive Fatigability is Independent of Subjective Cognitive Fatigue and Mood in Multiple Sclerosis.

Christos Bakirtzis, Ioannis Nikolaidis, Marina-Kleopatra Boziki, Artemios Artemiadis, Athina Andravizou, Lambros Messinis, Panagiotis Ioannidis, Nikolaos Grigoriadis,

BACKGROUND:Sustained cognitive testing is used to detect cognitive fatigability and is often considered a substitute for subjective cognitive fatigue (CF). However, the relationship between cognitive fatigability and subjective CF in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) remains undetermined. OBJECTIVE:To explore potential associations between fatigability induced by sustained cognitive testing and subjective ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(2):113-121]

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Feeling and Looking Down: Impact of Depressive Symptoms on the Allocation of Vertical Attention.

Aleksandra Mańkowska, Michał Harciarek, Kenneth M Heilman,

BACKGROUND:Emotions and moods are often expressed using verbal, vertical spatial metaphors (eg, "I'm feeling down"). The reason for using these vertical metaphors is unknown; however, when individuals experience depressive symptoms, they often become self-reflective and ruminative. These mental activities are associated with activation of the default network, including the parietal ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(2):137-144]

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A Scope of the Social Brain in Multiple Sclerosis: Insights From Neuroimaging Studies.

Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache,

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common inflammatory neurologic disease in young adults. Its pathological mechanisms include demyelination, neurodegeneration, and synaptopathy. Cognitive deficits occur in up to 65% of individuals with MS and affect both nonsocial (eg, information processing speed, memory, and executive functions) and social (ie, emotion recognition, theory ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(2):90-102]

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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Treatment for Mal de Debarquement Syndrome: Case Report and Literature Review.

Isabelle Buard, Natalie Lopez-Esquibel, Stefanie Schoeneberger, Jean M Berliner, Benzi M Kluger,

This manuscript presents the case of an adult, male patient with mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS); results from his experimental treatment with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are also provided. Additionally, we included a review of literature related to the neurophysiology of MdDS and its treatment with rTMS. A 41-year-old ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(2):145-153]

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Neurocognitive Impairment in Bipolar Disorder and Associated Factors: Using Population-based Norms and a Strict Criterion for Impairment Definition.

Stella Maria de Sá Sarmento, Lorna Bittencourt, Euclides José de Mendonça Filho, Neander Abreu, Acioly Luiz Tavares de Lacerda, Ângela Miranda-Scippa,

BACKGROUND:Cognitive impairment is often identified in individuals with bipolar disorder and is associated with their functional impairment. However, there is controversy surrounding potential classification methods for impairment in cognitive measures. OBJECTIVE:To examine the proportion of cognitive measures indicating impairment of attention, processing speed, memory, visuoconstructional abilities, and executive functions in ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(2):103-112]

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Analysis of an Unusual Case of Nonfluent Aphasia With Predominantly Posterior Perisylvian Lesion: An Apparent Paradox.

Durjoy Lahiri, Alfredo Ardila, Souvik Dubey, Biman K Ray,

Lesion site-aphasia type discordance has garnered increasing interest in cognitive neuroscience over the last century. Diaschisis, the network concept of cognitive functions, and interindividual variability are among the plausible explanations cited in the literature for such unusual clinical cases. We describe here the case of a nonfluent type of aphasia ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(1):45-51]

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A Case of Right Temporal Lobectomy for Brain Tumor With Selective Semantic Pictorial Disorder.

Guido Gainotti, Sonia Bonnì, Michele Maiella, Jessica Carretta, Luca Zigiotto, Silvio Sarubbo, Costanza Papagno,

Disagreement exists regarding representational and connectionist interpretations of semantic knowledge subserved by the right versus left anterior temporal lobes (ATLs). These interpretations predict a different pattern of impairment in patients with a right unilateral ATL lesion. We conducted a neuropsychological study of a selective semantic pictorial defect exhibited by a ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(1):52-62]

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Effectiveness of Pharmacological Interventions for Symptoms of Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia: A Systematic Review.

Calvin Trieu, Flora Gossink, Max L Stek, Philip Scheltens, Yolande A L Pijnenburg, Annemieke Dols,

BACKGROUND:Clinical guidance on the symptomatic treatment of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is limited. OBJECTIVE:To provide a systematic review of pharmacological interventions for symptomatic treatment of bvFTD, based on the International bvFTD Criteria Consortium clinical diagnostic criteria: apathy, disinhibition, lack of empathy or sympathy, hyperorality, stereotypical behavior, and executive dysfunction. ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(1):1-15]

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Emotion Recognition in Patients With Parkinson Disease: Erratum.

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(1):76]

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The Impairment of Number Transcoding Abilities in Individuals with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer Disease: Associations With Attentional and Executive Functions.

Joël Macoir, Anne Lafay, Carol Hudon,

BACKGROUND:Studies have shown that number transcoding abilities (ie, translating numbers from one numerical code to another) are affected early in the development of Alzheimer disease (AD). However, no study has extensively explored how these abilities are affected in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). OBJECTIVE:To determine the contribution that number ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(1):33-44]

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Upper Vertical Spatial Neglect With A Right Temporal Lobe Stroke.

Michael Morris, Aleksandra Mańkowska, Kenneth M Heilman,

Individuals with a hemispheric infarction often reveal inattention to, or neglect of, contralesional lateral space (ie, hemispatial neglect). Individuals with a bilateral ventral temporal-occipital lesion have been shown to demonstrate upper vertical neglect, and those with a bilateral parietal-occipital lesion have been shown to demonstrate lower vertical neglect. However, to ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(1):63-66]

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Identification of Subtle Verbal Memory Deficits in Premanifest Huntington Disease Using the California Verbal Learning Test.

Heather M Holden, Savanna M Tierney, Lisa V Graves, Ilex Beltran-Najera, Steven Paul Woods, Chase M Snell, Dean C Delis, Jody Corey-Bloom, Paul E Gilbert,

BACKGROUND:Verbal memory impairment in individuals with Huntington disease (HD) is well-documented; however, the nature and extent of verbal memory impairment in individuals with premanifest HD (pre-HD) are less understood. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate verbal memory function in individuals with pre-HD by comparing their performance on the California Verbal Learning Test to that ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(1):16-22]

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Social Cognition and White Matter: Connectivity and Cooperation.

Christopher M Filley,

Humans are highly social animals whose survival and well-being depend on their capacity to cooperate in complex social settings. Advances in anthropology and psychology have demonstrated the importance of cooperation for enhancing social cohesion and minimizing conflict. The understanding of social behavior is informed by the notion of social cognition, ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(1):67-75]

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Executive Dysfunction Related to Binge Drinking in Ischemic Stroke.

Siiri P K Laari, Tatu V Kauranen, Katri E A Turunen, Satu M Mustanoja, Turgut Tatlisumak, Erja T Poutiainen,

BACKGROUND:Recent evidence has shown that cognitive dysfunction is associated with a history of binge drinking in adolescents who do not have an alcohol use disorder. Most previous studies with adults, however, have failed to show a link between cognitive dysfunction and subdiagnostic binge drinking, nor have any studies investigated the ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2020, 33(1):23-32]

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Emotion Recognition in Patients With Parkinson Disease.

Hai-Bo Chen, Dong-Dong Wu, Jing He, Shu-Hua Li, Wen Su,

BACKGROUND:Individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) display cognitive dysfunction. However, few studies have investigated how facial and musical emotion recognition are affected in individuals with PD. OBJECTIVE:To explore the relationship between facial and musical emotion recognition and executive functions in Chinese individuals with PD. METHODS:We showed 40 Chinese individuals with PD ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2019, 32(4):247-255]

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